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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 489, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is widely used and recommended as first-line treatment for patients infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, current data are limited regarding the efficacy and safety of switching to TDF for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who are virologically suppressed with another nucleos(t)ide analogue. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) reduction potential of switching from entecavir (ETV) to TDF at week 48 in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with undetectable serum HBV-DNA. METHODS: In this multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase 4 clinical study, 75 participants currently treated with ETV 0.5 mg once daily were switched to TDF 300 mg once daily for 96 weeks. RESULTS: At week 48, 3/74 participants (4%) achieved 0.25 log10 reduction of HBsAg levels from baseline (the primary endpoint). Mean HBsAg reduction was -0.14 log10 IU/mL and 12% (9/74) achieved 0.25 log10 reduction by 96 weeks. No participants achieved HBsAg seroclearance. HBsAg reduction at weeks 48 and 96 was numerically greater in participants with higher alanine aminotransferase levels (≥ 60 U/L). Seventeen participants (25%) achieved HBeAg seroclearance up to week 96. No participants experienced viral breakthrough. All drug-related adverse events (18 participants [24%]) were mild in intensity, including an increase in urine beta-2-microglobulin (15 participants [20%]). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, HBsAg reduction was limited after switching from ETV to TDF in this study population. Further investigation is warranted to better understand the clinical impact of switching from ETV to TDF. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03258710 registered August 21, 2017. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03258710?term=NCT03258710&draw=2&rank=1.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico
2.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although systemic therapy is recommended for patients with multiple intermediate stage unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) classified as beyond the up-to-7 criteria (UT-7 out/multiple) as a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) unsuitable condition, few reports have examined the therapeutic efficacy of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab combination therapy (Atez/Bev) in such cases. This study aimed to elucidate the therapeutic response of Atez/Bev in u-HCC patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple. MATERIAL/METHODS: From September 2020 to September 2021, 95 u-HCC Japanese patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple/Child-Pugh A were enrolled from 21 institutions (median age 76 years, males 73, Child-Pugh 5:6 = 68:27, TNM stage II:III = 17:78). Therapeutic response was retrospectively evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1 and modified RECIST (mRECIST). RESULTS: Atez/Bev was given as first-line treatment to 52 (54.7%). Objective response rate (ORR)/disease control rate (DCR) at six weeks of RECIST and mRECIST were 17.7%/84.7% and 42.5%/86.2%, respectively. Median PFS was 8.0 months (median observation period: 6.0 months). Child-Pugh A/modified Albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) 1 and 2a at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 weeks, were 100%/69.4%, 89.8%/57.3%, 94.8%/65.3%, and 91.4%/60.0%, respectively. Among adverse events (any-grade, >10%) during the present observation period, general fatigue was most frequent (23.2%), followed by urine protein (21.1%), appetite loss (20.0%), and hypertension (13.7%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev treatment showed favorable therapeutic response with less influence on hepatic function, suggesting it as a useful therapeutic option for patients with such condition.

3.
Hepatol Commun ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676692

RESUMO

The identification of patients with advanced fibrosis who do not need any further hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance after the eradication of hepatitis C is pivotal. In this study, we developed a simple serum-based risk model that could identify patients with low-risk HCC. This was a nationwide multicenter study involving 16 Hospitals in Japan. Patients with advanced fibrosis (1,325 in a derivation cohort and 508 in a validation cohort) who achieved sustained virological responses at 24 weeks after treatment (SVR24) were enrolled. The HCC risk model at any point after SVR24 and its change were evaluated, and subsequent HCC development was analyzed. Based on the multivariable analysis, patients fulfilling all of the factors (GAF4 criteria: gamma-glutamyl transferase < 28 IU/L, alpha-fetoprotein < 4.0 ng/mL, and Fibrosis-4 Index < 4.28) were classified as low-risk and others were classified as high-risk. When patients were stratified at the SVR24, and 1 year, and 2 years after SVR24, subsequent HCC development was significantly lower in low-risk patients (0.5-1.1 per 100 person-years in the derivation cohort and 0.9-1.1 per 100 person-years in the validation cohort) than in high-risk patients at each point. HCC risk from 1 year after SVR24 decreased in patients whose risk improved from high-risk to low-risk (HCC incidence: 0.6 per 100 person-years [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.163 in the derivation cohort] and 1.3 per 100 person-years [HR = 0.239 in the validation cohort]) than in those with sustained high risk. Conclusion: The HCC risk model based on simple serum markers at any point after SVR and its change can identify patients with advanced fibrosis who are at low HCC risk, and these patients may be able to reduce HCC surveillance.

4.
Hepatol Res ; 51(12): 1229-1241, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced Hepatocarcinoma (HCC) is an important health problem worldwide. Recently, the REFLECT trial demonstrated the non-inferiority of Lenvatinib compared to Sorafenib in I line setting, thus leading to the approval of new first-line standard of care, along with Sorafenib. AIMS AND METHODS: With aim to evaluate the optimal choice between Sorafenib and Lenvatinib as primary treatment in clinical practice, we performed a multicentric analysis with the propensity score matching on 184 HCC patients. RESULTS: The median overall survival (OS) were 15.2 and 10.5 months for Lenvatinib and Sorafenib arm, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.0 and 4.5 months for Lenvatinib and Sorafenib arm, respectively. Patients treated with Lenvatinib showed a 36% reduction of death risk (p = 0.0156), a 29% reduction of progression risk (p = 0.0446), a higher response rate (p < 0.00001) and a higher disease control rate (p = 0.002). Sorafenib showed to be correlated with more hand-foot skin reaction and Lenvatinib with more hypertension and fatigue. We highlighted the prognostic role of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG-PS), bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase and eosinophils for Sorafenib. Conversely, albumin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase and Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) resulted prognostic in Lenvatinib arm. Finally, we highlighted the positive predictive role of albumin > Normal Value (NV), ECOG > 0, NLR < 3, absence of Hepatitis C Virus positivity, and presence of portal vein thrombosis in favor of Lenvatinib arm. Eosinophil < 50 and ECOG > 0 negatively predicted the response to Sorafenib. CONCLUSION: SLenvatinib showed to better perform in a real-word setting compared to Sorafenib. More researches are needed to validate the predictor factors of response to Lenvatinib rather than Sorafenib.

5.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lenvatinib is a standard of care option in first-line therapy of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we aim to identify, in patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib, a possible association between occurrence and grading of adverse events (AEs) and outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 606 Japanese and Italian patients treated with lenvatinib in first-line setting and investigated the possible correlation between the onset of AEs, toxicity grade (G) and outcome measures such as overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: The appearance of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 independently predicted prolonged OS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.93, P = .0188], whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 independently predicted decreased OS (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.25-2.32, P = .0007) by multivariate analysis. Appearance of hand-foot skin reaction independently predicted prolonged PFS (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56-0.93, P = .0149), whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicted decreased PFS (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.04-1.77, P = .0277). CONCLUSIONS: Our main findings are that the occurrence of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 is a predictor of longer survival, whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicts for a poor prognosis. A careful management of AEs under lenvatinib treatment for HCC is required, to improve patients' quality of life, minimize the need for treatment discontinuation and achieve optimal outcome.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14474, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262065

RESUMO

We investigated the impact on survival of modified albumin-bilirubin (mALBI) grade versus Child-Pugh classification in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received lenvatinib. A total of 524 patients with HCC who received lenvatinib were included. Univariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 and Child-Pugh class B/C were significantly associated with survival [hazard ratio (HR), 2.471; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.944-3.141 and HR, 2.178; 95%CI, 1.591-2.982]. In patients with a Child-Pugh score of 5, multivariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 was independently associated with survival (HR, 1.814; 95%CI, 1.083-3.037). Conversely, among patients with mALBI grade 1/2a, there was no difference in survival between those with a Child-Pugh class of 5 or 6 (p = 0.735). Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the ALBI score predicted survival better than the Child-Pugh score. The optimal cut-off value of the ALBI score for predicting survival was nearly the same as the value separating mALBI grades 2a and 2b. In conclusion, the mALBI grade was a better predictor of survival than the Child-Pugh classification in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib therapy.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
J Med Virol ; 93(11): 6247-6256, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170517

RESUMO

The real-world virological efficacy and safety of interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with sofosbuvir (SOF) and velpatasvir (VEL) were assessed in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1- and 2-infected patients with decompensated cirrhosis. A total of 65 patients with HCV-related decompensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh score of 7 points or more) who were treated with the SOF/VEL regimen were enrolled. The sustained virological response (SVR) rate and safety profile were analyzed. SVR was defined as undetectable serum HCV RNA at 12 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12). The percentages of patients with undetectable HCV RNA at 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the start of therapy were 81.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 69.5-89.9) (52/64), 98.4% (95% CI, 91.2-100.0) (60/61), and 98.5% (95% CI, 91.7-100.0) (64/65), respectively. The overall SVR rate was 92.3% (95% CI, 83.0-97.5) (60/65). Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) scores decreased during and after treatment (p < 0.001), and there were significant differences between baseline and end of treatment and between baseline and SVR12. Subgroup analyses showed no significant differences in SVR rates according to patient age, sex, HCV genotype (subtype), Child-Pugh classification, modified ALBI grade, presence of ascites, presence of hepatic coma, or history of hepatocellular carcinoma. In all subpopulations, the SVR rates were higher than 80%. There were no severe adverse events associated with the treatment. The SOF/VEL regimen showed good virological efficacy and acceptable safety even in patients with HCV-related decompensated cirrhosis.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lenvatinib (LEN) has been approved for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) since March 2018 in Japan. We performed a retrospective nationwide multicenter study to clarify the clinical characteristics of LEN in real-world practice. METHODS: A total of 343 u-HCC patients who received LEN from March 2018 to May 2020 at 23 sites in Japan were registered. RESULTS: During the median observation period of 10.5 months, 143 patients died. In Child-Pugh A (n = 276) and Child-Pugh B (n = 67) patients, the median overall survival (OS) was 21.0 and 9.0 months. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.8 months in Child-Pugh A patients. The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) according to modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST criteria) were 42.1% and 82.1%. The independent pretreatment factors associated with mortality in all patients were AFP ≥ 400 ng/mL (hazard ratio (HR) 2.00, 95% confidential interval (95% CI) 1.08-2.09, p < 0.0001), modified albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade 2b or 3 (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.09-2.17, p = 0.012), major vascular invasion (HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.26-2.89, p = 0.0022), PS > 0 (HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.09-2.08, p = 0.014), and MTT (molecular targeted therapy) experience (HR 2.22, 95% CI 1.56-3.13, p = 0.00038). In the MTT naïve patients with ALBI grade 1 or modified ALBI 2a and BCLC stage B (n = 68), median OS and PFS were 25.3 and 12.3 months. Liver-related adverse events during LEN were the only significant adverse event associated with OS (HR 2.74, 95% CI 1.93-3.88, p < 0.0001). Among the Child-Pugh A patients with extrahepatic metastasis and no major vascular invasion, median PFS in the patients with bone metastasis was significantly shorter than those with lung or adrenal grand metastasis (6.3 vs. 12.5 months, p = 0.0025). CONCLUSION: LEN showed a high response rate in real-world practice. Pretreatment factors, including ALBI score, AFP, and major vascular invasion are important in making a treatment strategy for patients with u-HCC. The patients with bone metastasis would be candidates for new therapeutic approaches.

9.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1464, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (Atez/bev) treatment has been developed for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC), changes in hepatic function during therapy have yet to be reported. AIM: This retrospective clinical study aimed to elucidate early responses to Atez/Bev. METHODS: From September 2020 to April 2021, 171 u-HCC patients undergoing Atez/Bev treatment were enrolled (BCLC stage A:B:C:D = 5:68:96:2). Of those, 75 had no prior history of systemic treatment. Relative changes in hepatic function and therapeutic response were assessed using albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1, respectively. RESULTS: In initial imaging examination findings, objective response rates for early tumor shrinkage and disease control after 6 weeks (ORR-6W/DCR-6W) were 10.6%/79.6%. Similar response results were observed in patients with and without a past history of systemic treatment (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 9.7%/77.8% and 12.2%/82.9%), as well as patients in whom Atez/Bev was used as post-progression treatment following lenvatinib (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 7.7%/79.5%), for which no known effective post-progression treatment has been established. In 111 patients who underwent a 6-week observation period, ALBI score was significantly worsened at 3 weeks after introducing Atez/Bev (-2.525 ± 0.419 vs -2.323 ± 0.445, p < .001), but then recovered at 6-weeks (-2.403 ± 0.452) as compared to 3-weeks (p = .001). During the observation period, the most common adverse events were appetite loss (all grades) (12.3%), general fatigue/hypertension (all grades) (11.1%, respectively), and urine protein (all grades) (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev might have therapeutic potential not only as first but also later-line treatment of existing molecular target agents. In addition, this drug combination may have less influence on hepatic function during the early period, as the present patients showed a good initial therapeutic response.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 699, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An unexpected recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) sometimes occurs in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) after treatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). However, the characteristics of patients with HCC recurrence may differ depending on time after DAA treatment. We aimed to identify risk factors related to HCC recurrence according to time after DAA treatment. METHODS: Of 1663 patients with HCV treated with a DAA, 199 patients had a previous history of HCC. We defined HCC recurrence within 1 year after DAA treatment as 'early recurrence', and recurrence more than 1 year after as 'late recurrence'. The different risk factors between the early and late phases of HCC recurrence after the end of DAA therapy were investigated. RESULTS: Ninety-seven patients experienced HCC recurrence during the study period. Incidences of recurrence were 29.8, 41.0, and 53.4% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively, after the end of DAA therapy. Multivariate analysis identified post-treatment α-fetoprotein (AFP) as an independent factor contributing to HCC recurrence in the early phase (hazard ratio, 1.056; 95% confidence interval, 1.026-1.087, p < 0.001) and post-treatment estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-0.99, p = 0.032) as a predictor of HCC recurrence in the late phase. CONCLUSION: Patients with higher post-treatment AFP in the early phase and those with lower post-treatment eGFR in the late phase had a high risk of HCC recurrence. The risk factors associated with HCC recurrence after DAA treatment were different between the early and late phases.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Idoso , Antivirais/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Liver Cancer ; 10(2): 115-125, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977088

RESUMO

Background/Aim: An effective postprogression treatment of lenvatinib (LEN) against unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) has not been established. We aimed to elucidate the clinical role of continuing LEN beyond progression of disease (PD). Methods: From March 2018 to October 2020, 99 u-HCC patients, in whom PD was confirmed (male:female = 78:21, median age 72 years, Child-Pugh A = 99, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A:B:C = 2:43:54, LEN as first-line = 55), were enrolled (stopped LEN at PD [A group], n = 26; continued LEN beyond PD [B group], n = 73). Radiological response was evaluated with RECIST 1.1. Clinical features and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) were retrospectively investigated using inverse probability weighting (IPW) calculated by propensity score. Results: Median time to progression, best response, and modified albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) at both baseline and PD did not show significant difference between the groups. Postprogression treatment in the A group was best supportive care in 17, sorafenib in 4, regorafenib in 3, ramucirumab in 1, and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy in 1. After adjusting with IPW, the B group showed better prognosis in regard to OS after PD and OS after introducing LEN than the A group (10.8/19.6 vs. 5.8/11.2 months, p < 0.001, respectively). In IPW-adjusted Cox hazard multivariate analysis, significant prognostic factors for OS after PD were mALBI 2b/3 at PD (HR 1.983, p = 0.021), decline of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) from baseline at PD (HR 3.180, p < 0.001), elevated alpha-fetoprotein (≥100 ng/mL) at introducing LEN (HR 2.511, p = 0.004), appearance of new extrahepatic metastasis (HR 2.396, p = 0.006), positive for hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) before PD (any grade) (HR 0.292, p < 0.001), and continuing LEN beyond PD (HR 0.297, p < 0.001). Conclusion: When ECOG PS and hepatic reserve function permit, continuing LEN treatment beyond PD, especially in u-HCC patients showed HFSR during LEN treatment, might be a good therapeutic option, at least until a more effective drug as a postprogression treatment after LEN failure is developed.

12.
Hepatol Res ; 51(8): 880-889, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837620

RESUMO

AIM: Multiple molecular agents have been developed for treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical efficacy of sequential treatment with lenvatinib after regorafenib failure. METHODS: From June 2017 to October 2020, 63 patients with Child-Pugh A and treated with regorafenib followed by sorafenib were enrolled (median age 71 years, 52 men, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer B:C = 23:40). They were divided into two groups, those treated with lenvatinib after regorafenib treatment (R-L group, n = 47) and those who did not receive lenvatinib after regorafenib (non-R-L group, n = 16). Prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed after adjustment with inverse probability weighting. RESULTS: Serum albumin level at the start of regorafenib and reasons for discontinuation of regorafenib were significantly different between the R-L and non-R-L groups, whereas the albumin-bilirubin score, Child-Pugh class, and tumor burden were not. Progression-free survival was also not significantly different (median 4.1 vs. 3.8 months, p = 0.586). As for overall survival, the R-L group showed better prognosis after introducing regorafenib and after introducing sorafenib, following inverse probability weighting adjustment (MST 19.7 vs. 10.3 months, 33.8 vs. 15.3 months, p < 0.001 and p = 0.022, respectively). Modified albumin-bilirubin grade 2b (score >-2.27) at the start of regorafenib (HR 2.074, p = 0.041) and the presence of lenvatinib treatment after regorafenib failure (HR 0.355, p = 0.004) were found to be significant prognostic factors in Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis, after inverse probability weighting adjustment. CONCLUSION: These results show that lenvatinib is a good sequential treatment option after progression under regorafenib therapy in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma patients with better hepatic reserve function.

13.
Oncology ; 99(8): 518-527, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906189

RESUMO

AIM/BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is recommended for patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the impact of early lenvatinib administration in patients with intermediate-stage HCC, especially those with tumors beyond the up-to-7 criteria. MATERIALS/METHODS: A total of 208 patients with intermediate-stage HCC whose initial treatment was early lenvatinib administration or TACE were enrolled. Multivariate overall survival analysis was performed in this cohort. In addition, the impact of early lenvatinib administration on survival in patients with HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria was clarified using inverse probability weighting (IPW) analysis. RESULTS: The overall cumulative survival rates at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months were 94.4, 79.9, 65.8, and 50.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that HCC treatment with lenvatinib (hazard ratio [HR], 0.199; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.077-0.517; p < 0.001), α-fetoprotein ≥100 ng/mL (HR, 1.687), Child-Pugh class B disease (HR, 1.825), and beyond the up-to-7 criteria (HR, 2.016) were independently associated with overall survival. The 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month cumulative survival rates were 96.0, 90.4, 65.7, and 65.7%, respectively, in patients treated with lenvatinib, and 94.1, 78.5, 65.3, and 48.4%, respectively, in patients who received TACE (p < 0.001). In addition, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted by IPW showed that lenvatinib therapy was significantly associated with overall survival in patients with HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria (HR, 0.230; 95% CI, 0.059-0.904; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Lenvatinib may be a suitable first-line treatment for patients with intermediate-stage HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
J Gastroenterol ; 56(1): 90-100, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) on survival and recurrence rates after curative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remain controversial. METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter study involved Child-Pugh class A patients within the Milan criteria who had a first diagnosis of HCC and survived 6 months or longer after undergoing hepatectomy or radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The DAA-treated group (DAA group) included 56 patients, and the DAA-untreated group (untreated group) included 261 patients. The study was conducted using the propensity score-matched (1:2) DAA group and untreated group, 56 and 112 patients, respectively. RESULTS: The survival rate at 48 months in the DAA group and the untreated group was 91.0% and 68.7%, respectively, showing significantly better survival in the DAA group (HR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.13-0.84; p = 0.021). The recurrence rate at 48 months was 36.7% and 66.7%, respectively, showing a significantly lower recurrence rate in the DAA group (HR, 0.46; 95% CI 0.27-0.77; p = 0.003). The median albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score at 3 years post-HCC treatment was - 2.84 in the DAA group and - 2.34 in the untreated group. The ALBI score showed a significant improvement from baseline to 3 years post-HCC treatment (p = 0.001), whereas that in the untreated group showed a significant decline (p = 0.040). CONCLUSIONS: DAAs after HCC treatment prevents deterioration of hepatic functional reserve and significantly improves both recurrence and survival rates.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(7): 1812-1819, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study aimed to elucidate the clinical importance of muscle volume loss (pre-sarcopenia) in patients receiving lenvatinib as treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC). METHODS: Of 437 u-HCC patients treated with lenvatinib at specific institutions in Japan between March 2018 and May 2020, 151 with available computed tomography imaging data from the time of lenvatinib introduction were enrolled. Pre-sarcopenia was diagnosed based on a previously reported cut-off value calculation formula [psoas muscle area at level of middle of third lumbar vertebra (cm2 )/height (m)2 ]. Clinical features and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) with inverse probability weighting were investigated retrospectively for their relationship with pre-sarcopenia. RESULTS: Cox hazard multivariate analysis showed alpha-fetoprotein (≥400 ng/mL) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.271, P < 0.001), Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage (C and D) (HR 1.625, P = 0.018), and positive for pre-sarcopenia (HR 1.652, P = 0.042) to be significant prognostic factors. OS rates for the pre-sarcopenia group (n = 41) were worse than those for the non-pre-sarcopenia group (n = 110) (0.5-, 1-, and 1.5-year OS: 72.5%, 27.9%, and 7.0% vs 80.7%, 56.7%, and 46.1%, respectively; P < 0.001), as was progression-free survival (P = 0.025). Time to stopping lenvatinib or disease progression was better in the non-pre-sarcopenia group (0.5-, 1-, and 1.5-year OS: 48.0%, 24.5%, and 8.4% vs 20.0%, 10.3%, and 4.2%, respectively; P < 0.001). Also, the frequency of the adverse event appetite loss (any grade) was greater in the pre-sarcopenia group (43.9% vs 18.2%, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Pre-sarcopenia was shown to be a significant prognostic factor in patients treated with lenvatinib for u-HCC.

16.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 32(2): 261-268, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lenvatinib, a newly developed molecularly targeted agent, has become available as a first-line therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been associated with poor outcome in various malignancies, including HCC. In this study, we investigated the ability of PLR to predict outcomes in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. METHODS: Multivariate survival analysis was performed in 283 patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. In addition, the utility of PLR for predicting survival was clarified using an inverse probability weighting (IPW) analysis. RESULTS: Cumulative overall survival at 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 days was 95.2, 83.8, 68.3, 60.3, and 49.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that PLR (≥150) [hazard ratio, 1.588; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.039-2.428; P = 0.033], α-fetoprotein level, and Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage were independently associated with overall survival. Cumulative overall survival differed significantly between patients with low versus high PLR (P = 0.029). In addition, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.396; 95% CI, 1.051-1.855; P = 0.021) was significantly associated with overall survival. Conversely, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted only by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.254; 95% CI, 1.016-1.549; P = 0.035) was significantly associated with progression-free survival. PLR values were not independently associated with therapeutic responses before or after IPW-adjusted logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PLR predicted overall survival in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos , Compostos de Fenilureia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Quinolinas
17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 13021, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747646

RESUMO

Nucleos(t)ide analogs (NA) suppress hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication and reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, NA cannot suppress carcinogenesis completely in patients with chronic hepatitis B. The aims of this study were to identify risk factors for HCC and develop a refined carcinogenesis prediction model. Patients receiving NA therapy (n = 1,183) were recruited retrospectively from the 16 hospitals. All patients had been receiving NA continuously for more than 1 year until the end of the follow-up. During a median follow-up of 4.9 (1.0-12.9) years, 52 (4.4%) patients developed HCC. A multivariate analysis revealed that male gender, older age, lower platelet counts at the baseline, and detectable HBV DNA during NA therapy were independent predictive factors of HCC development. The PAGE-B score was calculated by using these factors. 240 (20.3%), 661 (55.9%), and 282 (23.8%) patients were classified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively. In the intermediate- and high-risk group, detectable HBV DNA was significantly associated with a higher risk of HCC development compared with continuously undetectable HBV DNA, respectively (HR 3.338; 95% CI 1.045-10.66/HR 3.191; 95% CI 1.543-6.597). PAGE-B-DNA, which is the combined PAGE-B and HBV DNA status, was valuable for a more refined stratification of PAGE-B.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco
18.
JHEP Rep ; 2(5): 100138, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817930

RESUMO

Background & Aims: We aimed to clarify the features of resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) after failure of multiple interferon (IFN)-free regimens in HCV genotype 1b infections. Methods: A total of 1,193 patients with HCV for whom direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment had failed were enrolled from 67 institutions in Japan. The RASs in non-structural protein (NS)3, NS5A, and NS5B were determined by population sequencing. Results: Failure of 1, 2, and 3 regimens was observed in 1,101; 80; and 12 patients, respectively. Among patients with failure of 1 regimen, Y56H and D168V in NS3 were more frequently detected after failure of paritaprevir, whereas D168E was more frequently detected after failure of regimens including asunaprevir. R30H and L31-RAS in NS5A were frequently detected after failure of regimens including daclatasvir. The prevalence of Y93-RAS was high irrespective of the regimen. S282T RAS in NS5B was detected in 3.9% of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir failures. The prevalence of D168-RAS increased significantly according to the number of failed regimens (p <0.01), which was similar to that seen with L31-RAS and Y93-RAS. The prevalence of patients with RASs in either NS3 or NS5A, or in both, increased significantly with increasing numbers of failed regimens. The P32del, which is unique to patients for whom DAA had failed, was linked to the absence of Y93H, the presence of L31F, and previous exposure to IFN plus protease inhibitor regimens. Conclusions: Failure of multiple DAA regimens can lead to the generation of multiple RASs in the NS3 and NS5A regions of the HCV 1b genome. These mutations contribute to viral resistance to multiple treatment regimens and, therefore, should be considered during decision making for treatment of chronic HCV. Lay summary: Resistance-associated substitutions (RAS) in the genome of the hepatitis C virus are 1 of the major causes for failed treatment. We investigated RASs after failure of various treatments for chronic hepatitis C, and found that more complicated RASs accumulated in the viral genome with successive failed treatments. The highly resistant P32del RAS at NS5A region was uniquely found in patients for whom DAA treatments had failed, and was linked to the presence and absence of specific RASs.

19.
J Med Virol ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374470

RESUMO

Sex differences in the predictors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development after direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy was investigated. DAA therapy was given to 1438 (663 male, 775 female) patients. Sex differences in the HCC development rate and the factors contributing to HCC development after DAA therapy were investigated. Male patients had a significantly higher cumulative HCC incidence (log-rank test, P = .007). On multivariate analysis, the fibrosis-4 index (HR = 1.11; 95%CI, 1.042-1.202, P = .002) and posttreatment α-fetoprotein (AFP) (HR = 1.11; 95%CI, 1.046-1.197, P = .001) were found to be independent factors that contributed to HCC development following DAA therapy in female patients, whereas only posttreatment AFP (HR = 1.090; 95%CI, 1.024-1.160, P = .007) was an independent factor in male patients. The optimal posttreatment AFP cut-off values were set based on receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. The optimal posttreatment AFP cut-off value was much higher in females (6.0 ng/mL) than in male (3.5 ng/mL) patients. In conclusion both in male and female patients, posttreatment AFP was an independent predictor of HCC development after DAA therapy. However, the cut-off values differed between the sexes. In male patients, HCC could be seen in patients with relatively low posttreatment AFP levels; more careful observation might be needed in such patients.

20.
Liver Cancer ; 9(1): 50-62, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071909

RESUMO

Introduction: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is considered a safe and minimally invasive procedure. We previously reported that the mortality and complication rates for RFA were 0.038% (5/13,283 patients) and 3.54% (579 complications/16,346 procedures), respectively, from 1999 to 2010 (previous period). In this study, we investigated the clinical criteria for RFA and the mortality and complication rates from 2011 to 2015 (recent period). Methods: Data were collected from 25 centers by using a questionnaire developed by the Chugoku-Shikoku Society for Local Ablation Therapy of HCC. The criteria for RFA, RFA modification, use of image-guidance modalities, mortality, and complications during the previous and recent periods were compared. Results: We evaluated 11,298 procedures for 9,411 patients, including those that involved new devices (bipolar RFA and internally adjustable electrode system). The criterion of hepatic function for RFA increased from a Child-Pugh score ≤8 during the previous period to ≤9 during the recent period. The criteria regarding the tumor location and other risk factors have been expanded recently because of the increased use of several modifications of the RFA procedure and image-guidance modalities. The mortality rate was 0.064% (6/9,411 patients), and the complication rate was 2.92% (330 complications/11,298 procedures). There was no difference in mortality rates between the 2 periods (p = 0.38), but the complication rates was significantly lower during the recent period (p = 0.038). Discussion and Conclusions: Our findings confirmed that RFA, including the use of new devices, is a low-risk procedure for HCC, despite the expansion of the criteria for RFA during the recent period.

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