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1.
Nat Med ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941921

RESUMO

Durvalumab is a programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor with clinical activity in advanced urothelial cancer (AUC)1. AUC is characterized by several recurrent targetable genomic alterations2-5. This study ( NCT02546661 , BISCAY) combined durvalumab with relevant targeted therapies in biomarker-selected chemotherapy-refractory AUC populations including: (1) fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitors in tumors with FGFR DNA alterations (FGFRm); (2) pharmacological inhibitor of the enzyme poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) in tumors with and without DNA homologous recombination repair deficiency (HRRm); and (3) TORC1/2 inhibitors in tumors with DNA alteration to the mTOR/PI3K pathway3-5.This trial adopted a new, biomarker-driven, multiarm adaptive design. Safety, efficacy and relevant biomarkers were evaluated. Overall, 391 patients were screened of whom 135 were allocated to one of six study arms. Response rates (RRs) ranged 9-36% across the study arms, which did not meet efficacy criteria for further development. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were similar in the combination arms and durvalumab monotherapy arm. Biomarker analysis showed a correlation between circulating plasma-based DNA (ctDNA) and tissue for FGFRm. Sequential circulating tumor DNA analysis showed that changes to FGFRm correlated with clinical outcome. Our data support the clinical activity of FGFR inhibition and durvalumab monotherapy but do not show increased activity for any of the combinations. These findings question the targeted/immune therapy approach in AUC.

2.
Bull Cancer ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Swallowing difficulties in patients with advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) represent an obstacle to adequate antiemetic prophylaxis before chemotherapy. We aim to assess chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) risk in HNC patients in our center, with a specific focus among patients who could not receive appropriate NK1 receptor antagonist (NK1-RA) prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational monocentric study. CINV were evaluated with the MASCC Antiemesis Tool self-questionnaire (MAT) for all patients treated by platinum-based chemotherapy for advanced HNC (January-April 2019), thereafter, only for patients without NK1-RA prophylaxis due to swallowing difficulties were included (May-October 2019). RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were included (82% male, 49.2% reccurent/metastatic disease), 18 did not received NK1-RA prophylaxis due to swallowing difficulties. Among 52 patients included from January to April 2019, 17.3% reported swallowing difficulties. The chemotherapy regimen was highly and moderately emetic for 40 (65.6%) and 21 patients (34.4%), respectively. CINV was associated with both cisplatin-based chemotherapy (OR 10.66, 95% CI [2.17-52.08]) and exclusive chemotherapy (OR 7.76, 95% CI [1.79-33.78]). Patients who did not receive anti-NK1 prophylaxis had no more CINV than patients with adequate CINV prophylaxis. DISCUSSION: CINV remains frequent in patients treated by platinum-based chemotherapy for HNC. Oral NK1-RA prophylaxis can be unavailable because of swallowing difficulties, without an increased risk of CINV.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753043

RESUMO

This study looked at whether epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition by the monoclonal antibody panitumumab could increase the efficacy of standard chemotherapy in advanced urothelial cancer. Results were disappointing, with higher toxicity and no improvement in efficacy in the combination arm. BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is frequent and associated with poor outcome in urothelial carcinoma. EGFR inhibition could improve the antitumor activity of chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced, treatment-naïve, histologically confirmed advanced urothelial carcinoma and no HRAS or KRAS mutation in the primary tumor received dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (dd-MVAC) without or with the anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody panitumumab (Pmab). A randomized (1:2) phase II design was used with progression-free survival (PFS) as the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Ninety-seven eligible patients were randomized; 96 patients were evaluable for toxicity and 87 for efficacy. The median PFS were 6.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.3-9.2) for dd-MVAC and 5.7 months (95% CI, 4.6-6.4 months) for dd-MVAC+Pmab. For both immunohistochemical and molecular definition of basal/squamous-like (BASQ) tumors, no difference was observed in objective response rates or PFS between the two arms in BASQ and non-BASQ tumors. CONCLUSION: dd-MVAC+Pmab was associated with more serious adverse events and no improvement in efficacy outcomes.

4.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(2): 267-276, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab is approved in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of ovarian cancer, either in first-line therapy or for patients with recurrent disease not previously treated with the same drug. We aimed to test the value of continuing bevacizumab beyond progression after first-line treatment with the same drug. METHODS: In our open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial done at 82 sites in four countries, we enrolled women (aged ≥18 years) who had previously received first-line platinum-based therapy including bevacizumab, and had recurrent (≥6 months since last platinum dose), International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics stage IIIB-IV ovarian cancer with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive a carboplatin-based doublet intravenously (carboplatin area under the concentration curve [AUC] 5 on day 1 plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 1, every 21 days; carboplatin AUC 4 on day 1 plus gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8, every 21 days; or carboplatin AUC 5 on day 1 plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 on day 1, every 28 days), or a carboplatin-based doublet plus bevacizumab (10 mg/kg intravenous every 14 days combined with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin-carboplatin, or 15 mg/kg every 21 days combined with gemcitabine-carboplatin or paclitaxel-carboplatin). Evaluable disease according to RECIST 1.1 guidelines was required before randomisation. Randomisation was done through the trial website with a minimisation procedure, stratified by centre, time of recurrence, performance status, and type of second-line chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival, analysed on an intention-to-treat basis. Safety was assessed in all participants who received at least one dose. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01802749 and EudraCT 2012-004362-17. FINDINGS: Between Dec 6, 2013, and Nov 11, 2016, 406 patients were recruited (203 [50%] assigned to the bevacizumab group and 203 [50%] to the standard chemotherapy group). 130 patients (64%) in the bevacizumab group and 131 (65%) in the standard chemotherapy group had progressed after receiving a last dose of platinum more than 12 months before, and 146 patients (72%) in the bevacizumab group and 147 (72%) in the standard chemotherapy group had progressed after completion of first-line bevacizumab maintenance. 161 participants (79%) progressed in the standard chemotherapy group, as did 143 (70%) in the bevacizumab group. Median progression-free survival was 8·8 months (95% CI 8·4-9·3) in the standard chemotherapy group and 11·8 months (10·8-12·9) in the bevacizumab group (hazard ratio 0·51, 95% CI 0·41-0·65; log-rank p<0·0001). Most common grade 3-4 adverse events were hypertension (20 [10%] in the standard chemotherapy group vs 58 (29%) in the bevacizumab group), neutrophil count decrease (81 [41%] vs 80 [40%]), and platelet count decrease (43 [22%] vs 61 [30%]). 68 patients (33%) died in the standard chemotherapy group and 79 (39%) died in the bevacizumab group; two deaths (1%) in the standard chemotherapy group and one death (<1%) in the bevacizumab group were deemed to be treatment-related. INTERPRETATION: Continuing bevacizumab beyond progression combined with chemotherapy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer improves progression-free survival compared with standard chemotherapy alone and might be considered in clinical practice. FUNDING: Hoffmann-La Roche and Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This ancillary study aimed to evaluate 18F-FDG PET parameter changes after one cycle of treatment compared to baseline in patients receiving first-line neoadjuvant anti-angiogenic nintedanib combined to paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy or chemotherapy plus placebo and to evaluate the ability of 18F-FDG PET parameters to predict progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and success of second-look surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Central review was performed by two readers blinded to the received treatment and to the patients' outcome, in consensus, by computing percentage change in PET metrics within a volume of interest encompassing the entire tumor burden. EORTC and PERCIST criteria were applied to classify patients as responders (partial metabolic response and complete metabolic response) or non-responders (stable metabolic disease and progressive metabolic disease). Also analyzed was the percentage change in metabolic active tumor volume (MATV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included in this ancillary study: 10 received chemotherapy + placebo and 14 chemotherapy + nintedanib. PERCIST and EORTC criteria showed similar discriminative power in predicting PSF and OS. Variation in MATV/TLG did not predict PFS or OS, and no optimal threshold could be found for MATV/TLG for predicting survival. Complete cytoreductive surgery (no residual disease versus residual disease < 0.25 cm/0.25-2.5 cm/> 2.5 cm) was more frequent in responders versus non-responders (P = 0.002 for PERCIST and P = 0.02 for EORTC criteria). No correlation was observed between the variation of PET data and the variation of CA-125 blood level between baseline sample and that performed contemporary to the interim PET, but a statistically significant correlation was observed between ΔSULpeak and ΔCA-125 between baseline sample and that performed after the second cycle. CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET using EORTC or PERCIST criteria appeared to be a useful tool in ovarian cancer trials to analyze early tumor response, and predict second-look surgery outcome and survival. An advantage of PERCIST is the correlation of ΔSULpeak and ΔCA-125, PET response preceding tumor markers response by 1 month. Neither MATV nor TLG was useful in predicting survival. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01583322 ARCAGY/ GINECO GROUP GINECO-OV119, 24 April 2012.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 975, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, oral targeted therapies are known to be effective and are frequently used to treat metastatic cancer patients, but fatigue is a frequently reported early side effect of these treatments. This fatigue may impact the patient's treatment adherence and result in a negative impact on quality of life. Physical exercise significantly improved the general well-being and quality of life of advanced cancer patients. However, there is no specific physical activity program adapted for patients with advanced disease. METHODS: QUALIOR is a two-part, randomized, open-label, and multicenter with two arms phase II/III trial. Patients (phase II: n = 120; phase III: n = 312) with metastatic cancer (breast cancer, kidney cancer, lung cancer, and other cancers [including but not limited to colon cancer, melanoma, sarcoma, or hepatocarcinoma]) treated with a first- or second-line oral targeted therapy without chemotherapy will be included. Patients will be randomized (2:1) to a 3-month supervised home-based standardized physical activity program or to a recommended adapted physical activity (via a booklet). The primary objective of the phase II is to evaluate the feasibility of the supervised program. The primary objective of the phase III is the evaluation of the benefit of the supervised home-based program compare to the recommended program in terms of fatigue and quality of life at 3 months. The secondary objectives aim to evaluate the impact of the supervised program on fatigue over time, pain, physical capacities, psychosocial and cognitive functions, general quality of life, frequency of dose reduction and patients' adherence to the targeted therapy, overall survival, and progression-free survival. This study will also evaluate the medico-economic impact of supervised program compared to the recommended adapted physical activity program. DISCUSSION: The aim of this study is to evaluate home-based physical exercise program for metastatic cancer patients treated with oral targeted therapies to help patients to cope with fatigue and improve quality of life. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov since May 2017 ( NCT03169075 ).

8.
Psychooncology ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are more frequent in women with breast cancer (BC) than in healthy controls and can be present before any treatment. Findings regarding contributive factors remain inconsistent. This study aimed to identify different groups of patients with cognitive complaints at BC diagnosis and to determine whether these different groups were associated with demographic, medical, or psychological characteristics. METHODS: Cognitive complaints were assessed in a subset of 264 women from the French multicenter prospective CANTO cohort, at baseline before any treatment. Clustering analyzes were performed using the six-cognitive dimension Costa's scoring of the FACT-Cog V3. Univariable analyses were used to study how cognitive function (standardized neuropsychological tests, ICCTF), anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life (HADS, FA12, QLQ-C30) were associated with specific cognitive complaints groups. RESULTS: Results included 263 women (54±11 years), newly diagnosed with BC (69% stages I-III). Four distinct groups emerged, ranged from "no complaints" (22.8%), "low complaints" (55.1), "mixed complaints" (14.5%), to "consistent complaints" (7.6%). No significant differences were found in terms of demographic and medical factors between the four groups. However, the groups with higher proportions of patients with complaints were found to have more impairment in executive function, higher scores of anxiety, depressive symptoms, and fatigue, and lower quality of life, than the groups with lower proportions of cognitive complaints. CONCLUSION: Using complete cognitive assessment prior to BC treatment, we identified four distinct cognitive complaints groups with specific characteristics. This work provides valuable clinical basis to further investigations for a better understanding of cognitive complaints and their associates.

9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081111

RESUMO

Cognitive complaints are common adverse effects in cancer patients. Identifying subjects at risk could make it possible to limit their impact. We aimed to explore the relationship between current cognitive complaints and demographic and psychological factors in a group of breast cancer survivors. Through an online survey, cancer survivors reported current cognitive complaints using the FACT-Cog questionnaire (Perceived Cognitive Impairment) and answered questions about their demographics, lifestyle and cancer-related characteristics. Anxiety, depression, fatigue and post-traumatic stress symptoms were also assessed. We used multivariable logistic regression models to explore the relationships between current cognitive complaints and social and psychological factors. Among the 1393 breast cancer survivors, 47.2% (n = 657) reported current cognitive complaints. Chemotherapy (OR = 2.26, 95%CI = 1.67-3.05), age (OR21-44 vs. >65 = 0.14, 95%CI = 0.07-0.27), sleep difficulties (ORnever vs. often = 2.41, 95%CI = 1.47-3.95), frequency of psychotropic treatments (ORnever vs. >1/week = 1.70, 95%CI = 1.23-2.36), post-traumatic stress symptoms (OR = 2.05, 95%CI = 1.57-2.69) and employment status (ORfull-time or part-time vs. sick leave = 1.64, 95%CI = 1.08-2.49) were strongly associated with current cognitive complaints. In this large study, about half of breast cancer survivors reported cognitive complaints, particularly after chemotherapy. Some risk factors should be detected early to reduce persistent cognitive complaints after cancer: mainly sleep difficulties, post-traumatic stress symptoms and psychotropic medications.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 250, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased levels of cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), reflect inflammation and have been shown to be predictive of therapeutic responses, fatigue, pain, and depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but limited data exist on associations between IL-6 levels and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This post hoc analysis of MONARCH phase III randomized controlled trial data evaluated the potential of baseline IL-6 levels to differentially predict HRQoL improvements with sarilumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against both soluble and membrane-bound IL-6 receptor α (anti-IL-6Rα) versus adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor α inhibitor, both approved for treatment of active RA. METHODS: Baseline serum IL-6 levels in 300/369 randomized patients were categorized into low (1.6-7.1 pg/mL), medium (7.2-39.5 pg/mL), and high (39.6-692.3 pg/mL) tertiles. HRQoL was measured at baseline and week (W)24 and W52 by Short Form 36 (SF-36) physical/mental component summary (PCS/MCS) and domain scores, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy -fatigue, and duration of morning stiffness visual analog scale (AM-stiffness VAS). Linear regression of changes from baseline in HRQoL (IL-6 tertile, treatment, region as a stratification factor, and IL-6 tertile-by-treatment interaction as fixed effects) assessed predictivity of baseline IL-6 levels, with low tertile as reference. Pairwise comparisons of improvements between treatment groups were performed by tertile; least squares mean differences and 95% CIs were calculated. Similar analyses evaluated W24 patient-level response on minimum clinically important differences (MCID). RESULTS: At baseline, patients with high versus medium or low IL-6 levels (n = 100, respectively) reported worse (nominal p < 0.05) SF-36 MCS and role-physical, bodily pain, social functioning, role-emotional domain, and AM-stiffness VAS scores. There was a greater treatment effect with sarilumab versus adalimumab in high tertile versus low tertile groups in SF-36 PCS, physical functioning domain, and AM-stiffness VAS (nominal interaction p < 0.05). PCS improvements ≥MCID were higher in high (odds ratio [OR] 6.31 [2.37, 16.81]) versus low (OR 0.97 [0.43, 2.16]) tertiles with sarilumab versus adalimumab (nominal interaction p < 0.05). Adverse events between IL-6 tertiles were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with high baseline IL-6 levels reported better improvements in PCS, physical functioning domain, and AM-stiffness scores with sarilumab versus adalimumab and safety consistent with IL-6R blockade. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02332590 . Registered on 5 January 2015.

11.
Cancer ; 126(24): 5328-5336, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no treatment for cancer-related cognitive impairment, an important adverse effect that negatively impacts quality of life (QOL). We conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation (CR) on cognition, QOL, anxiety, and depression among cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients who reported cognitive complaints during or after completing chemotherapy were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 12-week CR programs: computer-assisted CR with a neuropsychologist (experimental group A), home cognitive self-exercises (active control group B), or phone follow-up (active control group C). Subjective cognition was assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog), objective cognition was assessed by neuropsychological tests, QOL was assessed by the FACT-General, and depression and anxiety were assessed by psychological tests. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a 7-point improvement in the FACT-Cog perceived cognitive impairment (PCI) score. RESULTS: Among the 167 enrolled patients (median age, 51 years), group A had the highest proportion of patients with a 7-point PCI improvement (75%), followed by groups B (59%) and C (57%), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = .13). Compared with groups B and C, the mean difference in PCI score was significantly higher in group A (P = .02), with better perceived cognitive abilities (P < .01) and a significant improvement in working memory (P = .03). Group A reported higher QOL related to cognition (FACT-Cog QOL) (P = .01) and improvement in depression symptoms (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a benefit of a computer-based CR program in the management of cancer-related cognitive impairment and complaints.

12.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; : e13333, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969128

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the evolution of living conditions (LC) in long-term survivors of localised prostate cancer 10 years after treatment compared with those of a same-age control group from the general population. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-seven patients diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001 were selected in 11 French cancer registries. They were matched with controls randomly selected for age and residency. Both patients and controls completed a self-administered LC questionnaire concerning their familial, social and professional life, and general and specific quality of life (QoL) and anxiety and depression questionnaires. RESULTS: Compared with controls, patients reported more sexual modifications (p < .0001), but without any difference in marital status. Patients' circle of friends was more stable than that of the controls (91% vs. 63%; p < .0001) and patients reported fewer friendship modifications than controls (p < .0006). Their professional and physical activities were also preserved. They reported more anxiolytic intake (p = .002) but did not consult their general practitioner more often. Type of specialist consulted differed in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Patients treated for localised prostate cancer had the same living conditions as men of the same age. Their social life was satisfying on the whole, albeit they reported more sexual difficulties than their counterparts.

13.
Bull Cancer ; 107(10): 1006-1018, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958220

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer is a common cancer in older women and is often associated with comorbidities. Management of metastatic disease and/or relapse requires a multidisciplinary approach. Recent advances in the understanding of oncogenesis and molecular classification of endometrial cancers offer new therapeutic perspectives. These first recommendations, established following the methodology of Nice-Saint-Paul recommendations for clinical practice (RPC), aims to integrate molecular advances in diagnostic and therapeutic management. In 2020, the histological diagnosis of endometrial cancer is based on morphology and immunohistochemistry, including at least p53, oestrogen and progesterone receptors. Deficiency in the DNA mismatch repair system (MMR) must be assessed in all advanced endometrial tumors for oncogenetic and theranostic purposes. It can be sought initially by an analysis in immunohistochemistry with the 4 markers (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2). Medical treatment depends on histological type, presence of hormone receptors and patient's profile to refer to chemotherapy (carboplatin-paclitaxel) or hormone therapy (for example of the progestogen type); in the event of MMR-deficiency, immunotherapy trial is the best option. As part of overall management of advanced endometrial cancer, radiotherapy (and surgery in rare cases) must be discussed, in particular in the event of loco-regional only relapse or oligometastatic disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Árvores de Decisões , Neoplasias do Endométrio/secundário , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Bull Cancer ; 107(9): 867-880, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919610

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Few studies have explored the long-term occupational situation after cancer. The aim of our study were to study the employment status among long-term cancer survivors and to compare it to cancer-free controls from the general population at 5, 10 or 15 years after cancer diagnosis. METHODS: From data of a registry-based study, long-term survivors from breast,cervical and colorectal cancer, randomly selected from three tumor registries in France, were compared to cancer-free controls randomly selected from electoral lists. We selected active cancer survivors and cancer-free controls aged less than 60 at the time of the survey. We have studied the employment status of cases vs. controls and the factors associated with employment status. RESULTS: At 5, 10 or 15 years after diagnosis, we did not observe any significant difference in employment status between cases and controls. Among cases, 17% had lost their jobs. Older age, lower incomes, lower education, a short-term employment contract, the presence of co-morbidities, fatigue and a worse quality of life were associated with job loss. DISCUSSION: Although the employment status of the cases was comparable to that of the controls, efforts should be intensified to make it easier for patients diagnosed with cancer to return to work.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Eur Urol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative chemotherapy (neoadjuvant or adjuvant) has been developed to increase overall survival for nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Retrospective studies or prospective phase II trials have been reported to use dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (dd-MVAC) or gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC). As dd-MVAC has shown higher response rates in metastatic disease, better efficacy is expected in the perioperative setting. OBJECTIVE: We designed a randomized phase III trial to compare the efficacy of dd-MVAC or GC in MIBC perioperative (neoadjuvant or adjuvant) setting. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 500 patients were randomized from February 2013 to March 2018 in 28 centers and received either six cycles of dd-MVAC every 2 wk or four cycles of GC every 3 wk. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary endpoint (progression-free survival at 3 yr) was not reported. We focused on secondary endpoints: chemotherapy toxicity and pathological responses. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: In the neoadjuvant group, 218 patients received dd-MVAC and 219 received GC. Of the patients, 60% received six cycles in the dd-MVAC arm and 84% received four cycles in the GC arm; 199 (91%) and 198 (90%) patients underwent surgery, respectively. Complete pathological response (ypT0pN0) was observed in 84 (42%) and 71 (36%) patients, respectively (p=0.2). An organ-confined status (

17.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(1): 142-149, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adding bevacizumab to cisplatin-paclitaxel for advanced cervical cancer significantly improves overall and progression-free survival. We evaluated bevacizumab with a widely used carboplatin-paclitaxel backbone. METHODS: Patients with metastatic/recurrent/persistent cervical cancer not amenable to curative surgery and/or radiotherapy received 3-weekly bevacizumab 15 mg/kg, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, and carboplatin AUC 5 until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Maintenance bevacizumab was allowed. Patients with ongoing bladder/rectal involvement, prior cobalt radiotherapy, a history of fistula/gastrointestinal perforation, or recent bowel resection/chemoradiation were excluded. The primary objective was to determine incidences of gastrointestinal perforation/fistula, gastrointestinal-vaginal fistula, and genitourinary fistula. RESULTS: Among 150 treated patients, disease at study entry was persistent in 21%, recurrent in 56%, and newly diagnosed metastatic in 23%. After 27.8 months' median follow-up, median bevacizumab duration was 6.7 months; 57% received maintenance bevacizumab. Seventeen patients (11.3%; 95% CI: 6.7-17.5%) experienced ≥1 perforation/fistula event: gastrointestinal perforation/fistula in 4.7% (1.9-9.4%), gastrointestinal-vaginal fistula in 4.0% (1.5-8.5%), and genitourinary fistula in 4.7% (1.9-9.4%). Of these, 16 were previously irradiated, several with ongoing radiation effects. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (25%), anemia (19%), and hypertension (14%). Five patients (3%) had fatal adverse events. Objective response rate was 61% (95% CI: 52-69%), median progression-free survival was 10.9 (10.1-13.7) months, and median overall survival was 25.0 (20.9-30.4) months. CONCLUSIONS: Bevacizumab can be combined with carboplatin-paclitaxel in the CECILIA study population. The fistula/gastrointestinal perforation incidence is in line with GOG-0240; efficacy results are encouraging. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02467907 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

18.
Bull Cancer ; 107(7-8): 830-842, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758364

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have revolutionized oncological management in several tumor types, allowing prolonged tumoral responses. Thus, they are administered over long periods of time and can give specific autoimmune adverse reactions that may have a potential impact on quality of life (QoL). Most of phase III trials with ICI have included an assessment of QoL. In metastatic setting, in comparison with chemotherapy or targeted therapies, they indicate an absence of degradation of the QoL scores or even an improvement of these scores. In adjuvant setting, the deterioration of QoL scores is not clinically significant, regardless of the ICI used. In addition, there is no impairment of quality of life in patients with prolonged treatment duration. However, the measurement of QoL under ICI remains a challenge because of the specificities of these treatments and adapted measurement scales are being developed to improve the assessment of the impact of these treatments on patients' QoL.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Qualidade de Vida , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(27): 3129-3137, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716740

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Women with gestational trophoblastic tumors (GTT) resistant to single-agent chemotherapy receive alternative chemotherapy regimens, which, although effective, cause considerable toxicity. All GTT subtypes express programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and natural killer (NK) cells are involved in trophoblast immunosurveillance. Avelumab (anti-PD-L1) induces NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. The TROPHIMMUN trial assessed avelumab in women with chemotherapy-resistant GTT. METHODS: In this phase II multicenter trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03135769), women with GTT who experienced disease progression after single-agent chemotherapy received avelumab 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks until human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) normalization, followed by 3 consolidation cycles. Rate of hCG normalization was the primary endpoint (2-step Simon design). RESULTS: Between December 2016 and September 2018, 15 patients were treated. Median age was 34 years; disease stage was I or III in 53.3% and 46.7% of women, respectively; and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) score was 0-4 in 33.3%, 5-6 in 46.7%, and ≥ 7 in 20% of patients. Prior treatment included methotrexate (100%) and actinomycin D (7%). Median follow-up was 25 months, and median number of avelumab cycles was 8 (range, 2-11). Grade 1-2 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 93% of patients, most commonly (≥ 25%) fatigue (33.3%), nausea/vomiting (33.3%), and infusion-related reaction (26.7%). One patient had grade 3 uterine bleeding (treatment unrelated). Eight patients (53.3%) had hCG normalization after a median of 9 avelumab cycles; none subsequently relapsed. Probability of normalization was not associated with disease stage, FIGO score, or baseline hCG. One patient subsequently had a healthy pregnancy. In avelumab-resistant patients (46.7%), hCG was normalized with actinomycin D (42.3%) or combination chemotherapy/surgery (57.1%). CONCLUSION: In patients with single-agent chemotherapy-resistant GTT, avelumab had a favorable safety profile and cured approximately 50% of patients. Avelumab could be a new therapeutic option, particularly in patients who would otherwise receive combination chemotherapy.

20.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(9): 1759-1766, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Twenty to 30% of patients with breast cancer have cognitive impairment after surgery and before adjuvant treatment, but very few studies have focused on cognition before any treatment. This study used a subgroup of women with newly diagnosed breast cancer from the French cancer and toxicities (CANTO) cohort to describe cognition before any treatment in comparison with a group of healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Cognitive assessment was performed before any breast cancer treatment (surgery or neoadjuvant treatment) on women with newly diagnosed invasive stage I-III breast cancer and HCs. Objective cognitive performance, cognitive complaints, anxiety, depression, and fatigue were assessed. Objective cognitive impairment was defined according to International Cognition and Cancer Task Force recommendations. RESULTS: Of the 264 included patients with breast cancer (54 ± 11 years) and 132 age-matched HCs (53 ± 9 years), overall objective cognitive impairment was observed in 28% of patients with breast cancer and 8% of HCs (P < 0.001). Cognitive complaints were reported by 24% of patients versus 12% of HCs (P < 0.01). Patients reported significantly more anxiety and emotional and cognitive fatigue than HCs (P < 0.01). After adjustment, significantly more patients with breast cancer had overall objective cognitive impairment than HCs [OR = 3.01; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.31-6.88] without significant difference between groups for cognitive complaints (OR = 1.38; 95% CI: 0.65-2.92). Cognitive complaints were positively associated with fatigue (OR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.02-1.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective study, compared with HCs, patients with localized breast cancer had more objective cognitive impairment before any treatment. Cognitive complaints were mostly related to fatigue. IMPACT: Baseline assessment before treatment is important to assess the impact of each cancer treatment on cognition.

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