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1.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939997

RESUMO

Importance: Trastuzumab improves outcomes in patients with ERBB2-positive (formerly HER2) breast cancer but is associated with treatment-induced cardiotoxicity, most commonly manifest by an asymptomatic decline in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Little is known to date regarding the long-term effects of treatment-induced cardiotoxicity on cardiopulmonary function in patients who survive trastuzumab-treated breast cancer. Objective: To determine whether treatment-induced cardiotoxicity recovers or is associated with long-term cardiopulmonary dysfunction in survivors of ERBB2-positive breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional case-control study enrolled patients with nonmetastatic ERBB2-positive breast cancer after completion of trastuzumab-based therapy (median, 7.0 [interquartile range (IQR), 6.2-8.7] years after therapy) who met 1 of 2 criteria: (1) cardiotoxicity (TOX group) developed during trastuzumab treatment (ie, asymptomatic decrease of LVEF≥10% from baseline to <55% [n = 22]) or (2) no evidence of cardiotoxicity during trastuzumab treatment (NOTOX group [n = 20]). Patients were treated at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Fifteen healthy control participants (HC group) were also enrolled for comparison purposes. All groups were frequency matched by age strata (<55, 55-64, and ≥65 years). Data were collected from September 9, 2016, to August 10, 2018, and analyzed from November 20, 2018, to August 12, 2019. Main Outcomes and Measures: Speckle-tracking echocardiography and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed to measure indices of left ventricular function (including LVEF and global longitudinal strain [GLS]) and peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2). Results: A total of 57 participants (median age, 60.8 [IQR, 52.7-65.7] years) were included in the analysis. Overall, 38 of 42 patients with breast cancer (90%) were treated with anthracyclines before trastuzumab. Resting mean (SD) LVEF was significantly lower in the TOX group (56.9% [5.2%]) compared with the NOTOX (62.4% [4.0%]) and HC (65.3% [2.9%]) groups; similar results were found for GLS (TOX group, -17.8% [2.2%]; NOTOX group, -19.8% [2.2%]; HC group, -21.3% [1.8%]) (P < .001). Mean peak VO2 in the TOX group (22.9 [4.4] mL/kg/min) was 15% lower compared with the NOTOX group (27.0 [5.3] mL/kg/min; P = .03) and 25% lower compared with the HC group (30.5 [3.4] mL/ kg/min; P < .001). In patients with breast cancer, GLS was significantly associated with peak VO2 (ß coefficient, -0.75; 95% CI, -1.32 to -0.18). Conclusions and Relevance: Treatment-induced cardiotoxicity appears to be associated with long-term marked impairment of cardiopulmonary function and may contribute to increased risk of late-occurring cardiovascular disease in survivors of ERBB2-positive breast cancer.

2.
Eye (Lond) ; 34(1): 138-154, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822854

RESUMO

This article is a systematic review of evidence regarding the impact of different lighting conditions on the vision and quality of life (QoL) of people with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). A systematic literature search was carried out using CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, Embase, and Ovid Nursing Database for studies: published up to April 2019; including people diagnosed with POAG; and assessing visual function or QoL in response to changing lighting/luminance levels or glare. Two researchers independently screened studies for eligibility. Data were extracted from eligible studies regarding study design, participant characteristics, outcomes, and results. Quality of included studies was critically appraised. Of 8437 studies, 56 eligible studies were included. Studies investigated the effects of lighting on the following domains among people with POAG: QoL (18/56), psychophysical measures (16/56), functional vision (10/56), activities of daily living (10/56), and qualitative findings (2/56). POAG negatively affects low-luminance contrast sensitivity, glare symptoms, and dark adaptation time and extent. In vision-related QoL questionnaires, people with POAG report problems with lighting, glare, and dark adaptation more frequently than any other domain. These problems worsen with progressing visual field loss. Early-stage POAG patients experience significantly more difficulties in low-luminance or changing lighting conditions than age-matched controls (AMCs), challenging perceptions of early-stage POAG as asymptomatic. However, performance-based studies seldom show significant differences between POAG participants and AMCs on tasks simulating daily activities under non-optimal lighting conditions. Further research with larger samples is required to optimise ambient and task-oriented lighting that can support patients' adaptation to POAG.

4.
BMJ Open ; 9(12): e030068, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Performing surgery on patients with only one seeing-eye, where complications may result in catastrophic vision loss, presents unique challenges for the ophthalmic care team. There is currently no evidence regarding how surgeons augment their care when treating only eye patients and no guidelines for how these patients should be managed in hospital eye services. This study aimed to explore ophthalmic surgeons' experiences of only eye surgery and perceptions of current practice. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Ten ophthalmic surgeons were asked to relate their experiences and views on performing only eye surgery in indepth, semistructured interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. Qualitative data were subjected to thematic analysis to identify key themes. SETTING: Hospital eye service. RESULTS: Five key themes emerged relating to surgeons' experiences and perceptions of only eye surgery: (1) differences in approach to consent, (2) strategies for risk reduction, (3) unmet training needs, (4) value of surgical mentor and (5) emotional impact of unsuccessful outcomes. Recommendations for improving the surgical journey for both the patient and the surgeon related primarily to better recognition and understanding of the complexities inherent with only eye surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of only eye surgery may be improved through a number of methods, including development of purpose-designed training fellowships, adoption of stress-reducing strategies and enhancement of available support services. The findings identify emerging themes unique to only eye surgery and the need for guidelines on the provision of care for these high-stakes surgical patients.

5.
Oncologist ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771988

RESUMO

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Affected patients frequently experience debilitating disease-related symptoms, including dyspnea, cough, fatigue, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and pain, despite the progresses achieved in term of treatment efficacy.Physical activity and exercise are nonpharmacological interventions that have been shown to improve fatigue, quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness, pulmonary function, muscle mass and strength, and psychological status in patients with lung cancer. Moreover, physical fitness levels, especially cardiorespiratory endurance and muscular strength, are demonstrated to be independent predictors of survival. Nevertheless, patients with lung cancer frequently present insufficient levels of physical activity and exercise, and these may contribute to quality of life impairment, reduction in functional capacity with skeletal muscle atrophy or weakness, and worsening of symptoms, particularly dyspnea.The molecular bases underlying the potential impact of exercise on the fitness and treatment outcome of patients with lung cancer are still elusive. Counteracting specific cancer cells' acquired capabilities (hallmarks of cancer), together with preventing treatment-induced adverse events, represent main candidate mechanisms.To date, the potential impact of physical activity and exercise in lung cancer remains to be fully appreciated, and no specific exercise guidelines for patients with lung cancer are available. In this article, we perform an in-depth review of the evidence supporting physical activity and exercise in lung cancer and suggest that integrating this kind of intervention within the framework of a global, multidimensional approach, taking into account also nutritional and psychological aspects, might be the most effective strategy. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Although growing evidence supports the safety and efficacy of exercise in lung cancer, both after surgery and during and after medical treatments, most patients are insufficiently active or sedentary. Engaging in exercise programs is particularly arduous for patients with lung cancer, mainly because of a series of physical and psychosocial disease-related barriers (including the smoking stigma). A continuous collaboration among oncologists and cancer exercise specialists is urgently needed in order to develop tailored programs based on patients' needs, preferences, and physical and psychological status. In this regard, benefit of exercise appears to be potentially enhanced when administered as a multidimensional, comprehensive approach to patients' well-being.

6.
Cell ; 179(5): 1003-1009, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730844

RESUMO

Astronauts and cancer patients are subject to similar multisystem physiological toxicities. Over the past sixty years, NASA developed a state-of-the-art countermeasures program (CMP) to characterize and mitigate the physiological consequences of spaceflight. Here, we propose a NASA-modeled CMP to elucidate and abrogate physiological toxicities in patients with cancer.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoking is a grossly overlooked risk factor for people with chronic hepatitis C with regard to disease progression. It is unclear whether current smoking cessation interventions are effective for this population. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) intervention for smokers with chronic hepatitis C to quit or reduce rates of smoking. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with participants randomized and stratified according to heaviness of smoking. Ninety-two eligible adults who smoked cigarettes and attended hepatology outpatient clinics were recruited. The intervention included NRT and telephone counseling compared with telephone counseling alone. Data collection occurred from December 2010 to November 2011. Data were collected at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks to assess smoking cessation. Change scores were analyzed using analysis of variance to examine the differences between smoking interventions. RESULTS: At 6 weeks, both control and intervention groups had quit or reduced the number of cigarettes smoked daily. However, over 12 weeks, the intervention group showed sustained quitting or reduced smoking, with 5.8 (confidence interval [CI]: 2.4, 9.3) fewer cigarettes smoked per day from baseline. The control group maintained an average reduction of 1.6 (CI: -1.9, 5.2) fewer cigarettes per day. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nicotine replacement therapy and individualized telephone counseling interventions increase the prospects of smoking cessation. Interventions such as these, introduced at routine clinic appointments in the outpatients' setting, by a nurse practitioner (hepatology) showed clinically important results for smoking cessation in this population.

8.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580383

RESUMO

Importance: Sight is often considered to be the sense most valued by the general public, but there are limited empirical data to support this. This study provides empirical evidence for frequent assertions made by practitioners, researchers, and funding agencies that sight is the most valued sense. Objective: To determine which senses are rated most valuable by the general public and quantify attitudes toward sight and hearing loss in particular. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted from March to April 2016 through a market research platform and captured a heterogeneous sample of 250 UK adults ages 22 to 80 years recruited in March 2016. The data were analyzed from October to December 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Participants were first asked to rank the 5 traditional senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste) plus 3 other senses (balance, temperature, and pain) in order of most valuable (8) to least valuable (1). Next, the fear of losing sight and hearing was investigated using a time tradeoff exercise. Participants chose between 10 years without sight/hearing vs varying amounts of perfect health (from 0-10 years). Results: Of 250 participants, 141 (56.4%) were women and the mean (SD) age was 49.5 (14.6) years. Two hundred twenty participants (88%) ranked sight as their most valuable sense (mean [SD] rating, 7.8 [0.9]; 95% CI, 7.6-7.9). Hearing was ranked second (mean [SD] rating, 6.2 [1.3]; 95% CI 6.1-6.4) and balance third (mean [SD] rating, 4.9 [1.7]; 95% CI, 4.7-5.1). All 3 were ranked above the traditional senses of touch, taste, and smell (F7 = 928.4; P < .001). The time tradeoff exercise indicated that, on average, participants preferred 4.6 years (95% CI, 4.2-5.0) of perfect health over 10 years without sight and 6.8 years (95% CI, 6.5-7.2) of perfect health over 10 years without hearing (mean difference between sight and hearing, 2.2 years; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In a cross-sectional survey of UK adults from the general public, sight was the most valued sense, followed by hearing. These results suggest that people would on average choose 4.6 years of perfect health over 10 years of life with complete sight loss, although how this generalizes to other parts of the world is unknown.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478921

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are limited data on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), following open repair for a proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection. The aim was to evaluate serious adverse events, abnormal CPX event rate, CRF (peak oxygen uptake, Vo2peak), and blood pressure. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified from cardiac rehabilitation participation or prospectively enrolled in a research study and grouped by phenotype: (1) bicuspid aortic valve/thoracic aortic aneurysm, (2) tricuspid aortic valve/thoracic aortic aneurysm, and (3) acute type A aortic dissection. RESULTS: Patients (n = 128) completed a CPX a median of 2.9 mo (interquartile range: 1.8, 3.5) following repair. No serious adverse events were reported, although 3 abnormal exercise tests (2% event rate) were observed. Eighty-one percent of CPX studies were considered peak effort (defined as respiratory exchange ratio of ≥1.05). Median measured Vo2peak was <36% predicted normative values (19.2 mL·kgmin vs 29.3 mL·kg·min, P < .0001); the most marked impairment in Vo2peak was observed in the acute type A aortic dissection group (<40% normative values), which was significantly different from other groups (P < .05). Peak exercise systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 160 mm Hg (144, 172) and 70 mm Hg (62, 80), with no differences noted between groups. CONCLUSIONS: We observed no serious adverse events with an abnormal CPX event rate of only 2% 3 mo following repair for a proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection. Vo2peak was reduced among all patient groups, especially the acute type A aortic dissection group, which may be clinically significant, given the well-established prognostic importance of reduced cardiorespiratory fitness.

10.
Eye (Lond) ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488885

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

11.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 566, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412867

RESUMO

In the original publication of this article [1], some values are missing in Table 3. Table 3 is revised in the updated figure below.

12.
J Pharm Pract ; : 897190019867850, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) plus basal insulin is noninferior to insulin monotherapy for glycemic control in medical-surgical patients, but data in postoperative cardiac surgery patients are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To compare glucose control in postoperative cardiac surgery patients with prediabetes or diabetes receiving a DPP-4i plus insulin versus other antihyperglycemic regimens. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with prediabetes or diabetes who underwent cardiac surgery at our hospital between May 2016 and June 2017. Included patients were stratified into cohorts: (1) DPP-4i plus insulin and (2) other antihyperglycemic regimens. Blood glucose levels were collected on postoperative days 2 to 7. Uncontrolled glucose (≥2 measurements <80 or >180 mg/dL in 1 day), hyperglycemia (>2 measurements ≥180 mg/dL in 1 day), and hypoglycemia (any measurement <70 mg/dL) were compared between cohorts using logistic regression adjusted for home antihyperglycemics. RESULTS: We included 135 cardiac surgery patients, of which 65 received DPP-4i plus insulin. Eighty-two patients received antihyperglycemics at home. Uncontrolled glucose occurred in 61 (45.2%) patients; while hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia occurred in 50 (37.0%) and 24 (17.8%) patients, respectively. There was no difference in the adjusted odds of uncontrolled glucose (odds ratio [OR] = 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.65-3.11), hyperglycemia (OR = 1.20; 95% CI = 0.52-2.78), or hypoglycemia (OR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.27-1.75) for those receiving DPP-4i plus insulin versus other regimens. CONCLUSION: Glucose control was no different among postoperative cardiac surgery patients receiving a DPP-4i plus insulin versus other regimens. DPP-4i use was not associated with hypoglycemia.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442303

RESUMO

Obesity adversely impacts overall and cancer-specific survival among breast cancer patients. Preclinical studies demonstrate negative energy balance inhibits cancer progression; however, feasibility and effects in patients are unknown. A two-arm, single-blinded, randomized controlled weight-loss trial was undertaken presurgery among 32 overweight/obese, Stage 0-II breast cancer patients. The attention control arm (AC) received basic nutritional counseling and upper-body progressive resistance training whereas the weight loss intervention (WLI) arm received identical guidance, plus counseling on caloric restriction and aerobic exercise to promote 0.68-0.92 kg/week weight loss. Anthropometrics, body composition, blood and survey data were collected at baseline and presurgery ∼30 days later. Tumor markers (e.g., Ki67) and gene expression were assessed on biopsy and surgical specimens; sera were analyzed for cytokines, growth and metabolic factors. Significant WLI vs. AC differences were seen in baseline-to-follow-up changes in weight (-3.62 vs. -0.52 kg), %body fat (-1.3 vs. 0%), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (+224 vs. +115 min/week), caloric density (-0.3 vs. 0 kcal/g), serum leptin (-12.3 vs. -4.0 ng/dl) and upregulation of tumor PI3Kinase signaling and cell cycle-apoptosis related genes (CC-ARG; all p-values <0.05). Cytolytic CD56dim NK cell expression was positively associated with weight loss; CC-ARG increased with physical activity. Increased tumor (nuclear) TNFα and IL-1ß, CX3CL1 and CXCL1 gene expression was observed in the WLI. Tumor Ki67 did not differ between arms. Feasibility benchmarks included 80% accrual, 100% retention, no adverse effects and excellent adherence. Short-term weight loss interventions are feasible; however, mixed effects on tumor biology suggest unclear benefit to presurgical caloric restriction, but possible benefits of physical activity.

14.
JAMA Oncol ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436828

RESUMO

Importance: Observational data linking physical activity and exercise exposure with reduced risk of either development or progression of cancer have fueled interest in the initiation of large-scale definitive trials to test the association of exercise therapy with disease outcomes. However, several major knowledge gaps impede the rational and optimal design of such trials. Observations: Critical requirements underpinning the success of several recent contemporary anticancer agents have included adequate demonstration of antitumor activity (in phase 1/2 trials) as well as identification of essential prerequisites (eg, biologically effective dose and predictors of response) permitting optimal design of definitive trials. The existing evidence base investigating exercise as a candidate anticancer preventive or treatment strategy is predominantly confined to observational data, which have several inherent limitations. Consequently, the antitumor activity of exercise remains unclear and, perhaps more important, such data are not sufficient to accurately derive the exercise dose, prescription regimen, or patients most likely to benefit from exercise. In adherence with translational frameworks for lifestyle therapy development, the need for early phase 1/2-equivalent trials to fill current knowledge gaps to optimize the development and potential efficacy of exercise therapy is highlighted. Conclusions and Relevance: Exercise therapy has significant promise to be an efficacious and cost-effective therapy to improve cancer outcomes, with few toxic effects. Although most nontraditional therapies in cancer prevention and prognosis fail in definitive trials, these failures provide critical lessons for the continued development of exercise as a candidate anticancer therapy.

16.
Radiother Oncol ; 139: 72-78, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445838

RESUMO

AIM: Investigate the effects of StrataXRT® versus 10% Glycerine (Sorbolene cream) for preventing and managing radiation dermatitis in patients with head and neck cancer receiving radical radiotherapy (≥50 Gy) with or without chemotherapy or biotherapy. METHODS: A single-blind, randomised controlled, superiority trial was conducted. Patients either received StrataXRT® or Sorbolene (usual care). Skin toxicity, pain, itching and skin-related quality of life scores were collected from baseline, and up to four weeks post-treatment. RESULTS: A total of 197 patients were randomised into the study. Skin toxicity was dependent on the treatment group with StrataXRT® patients experiencing lower mean skin toxicity at the end of the radiation treatment (P = 0.002). At the end of treatment, the StrataXRT® arm had a lower percentage of grade 2 (80%) and grade 3 (28%) skin toxicity compared to the sorbolene arm (91% and 45% respectively). After adjustment for Cetuximab, the StrataXRT® arm had a 12% lower risk of experiencing grade 2 skin toxicity (RRR = 0.876, 95% CI: 0.778-0.987, P = 0.031); and a 36% lower risk of experiencing grade 3 skin toxicity (RRR = 0.648, 95% CI: 0.442-0.947, P = 0.025). Cox regression analysis showed that patients receiving StrataXRT® had a 41.0% and 49.4% reduced risks of developing grade 2 and 3 skin toxicity respectively throughout treatment compared to the Sorbolene arm. There were no differences between groups in patient-reported outcomes. No treatment interruptions and study product related adverse events were reported in either arm. CONCLUSION: StrataXRT® is effective for preventing, and delaying the development of grade 2 and 3 skin toxicity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ACTRN12616000511437.

18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(4): 567-577, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345432

RESUMO

A novel, common, and potent cardiovascular risk factor has recently emerged: clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP). CHIP arises from somatic mutations in hematopoietic stem cells that yield clonal progeny of mutant leukocytes in blood. Individuals with CHIP have a doubled risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke, and worsened heart failure outcomes independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The recognition of CHIP as a nontraditional risk factor challenges specialists in hematology/oncology and cardiovascular medicine alike. Should we screen for CHIP? If so, in whom? How should we assess cardiovascular risk in people with CHIP? How should we manage the excess cardiovascular risk in the absence of an evidence base? This review explains CHIP, explores the clinical quandaries, strives to provide reasonable recommendations for the multidisciplinary management of cardiovascular risk in individuals with CHIP, and highlights current knowledge gaps.

19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 523, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health literacy is strongly associated with health outcomes and is important for health policy and service delivery. Low health literacy was reported in 59% of Australian adults, however, there is no national data on the health literacy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) peoples. The ATSI population in Australia experience a notable gap in health outcomes compared with non-Indigenous Australians which is due, in part to a higher prevalence of chronic diseases. The health outcome gap is more pronounced in rural and remote locations. This study aims to establish the health literacy profile of ATSI adults with chronic disease living in remote North-West Queensland Australia, and to investigate associations between the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) domains and self-reported chronic disease and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 200 ATSI adults with a diagnosis of chronic disease/s (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory disease and/or chronic kidney disease) were recruited from two sites with the assistance of Aboriginal Health Workers. Data were collected using the HLQ, a multidimensional 44 item instrument to assess nine domains of health literacy. Demographic and health data were also collected. Analysis of variance using backwards modelling was used to determine predictors of health literacy. RESULTS: Participants were mostly male (53.5%) and aged between 19 and 89 years. The most prevalent chronic disease was cardiovascular disease (74%) followed by diabetes (67.5%). More than half (62%) had two or more chronic diseases. There was at least one independent predicator for each of the nine health literacy domains. Age, number of chronic diseases, gender, and level of education were all highly significant predictors of health literacy. CONCLUSION: Improved health literacy will enable individuals to take an active role in their health. Understanding the health literacy of ATSI adults is a crucial first step. Our findings can assist Australian healthcare organisations to review their health literacy responsiveness and examine ways to improve patients' needs and health capabilities to better support people to engage in effective self-management for chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/etnologia , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Queensland/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(17): 5179-5181, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227498

RESUMO

Observational findings suggest exercise is associated with improved outcomes in early-stage breast cancer. However, whether exercise has biological activity in patients with breast cancer has not been investigated. Preoperative window of opportunity studies provide a setting in which to test the short-term effects of novel treatment strategies on validated surrogates.See related article by Ligibel et al., p. 5398.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Exercício , Humanos
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