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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215995

RESUMO

AIMS: Scaffold design and plaque characteristics influence implantation outcomes and local flow dynamics in treated coronary segments. Our aim is to assess the impact of strut embedment/protrusion of bioresorbable scaffold on local shear stress distribution in different atherosclerotic plaque types. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen Absorb everolimus-eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds were implanted in human epicardial coronary arteries. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed post-scaffold implantation and strut embedment/protrusion were analysed using a dedicated software. OCT data were fused with angiography to reconstruct 3D coronary anatomy. Blood flow simulation was performed and wall shear stress (WSS) was estimated in each scaffolded surface and the relationship between strut embedment/protrusion and WSS was evaluated. There were 9083 struts analysed. Ninety-seven percent of the struts (n = 8840) were well-apposed and 243 (3%) were malapposed. At cross-section level (n = 1289), strut embedment was significantly increased in fibroatheromatous plaques (76 ± 48 µm) and decreased in fibrocalcific plaques (35 ± 52 µm). Compatible with strut embedment, WSS was significantly higher in lipid-rich fibroatheromatous plaques (1.50 ± 0.81 Pa), whereas significantly decreased in fibrocalcified plaques (1.05 ± 0.91 Pa). After categorization of WSS as low (<1.0 Pa) and normal/high WSS (≥1.0 Pa), the percent of low WSS in the plaque subgroups were 30.1%, 31.1%, 25.4%, and 36.2% for non-diseased vessel wall, fibrous plaque, fibroatheromatous plaque, and fibrocalcific plaque, respectively (P-overall < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The composition of the underlying plaque influences strut embedment which seems to have effect on WSS. The struts deeply embedded in lipid-rich fibroatheromas plaques resulted in higher WSS compared with the other plaque types.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to investigate the applicability of quantitative flow ratio (QFR) in patients with 3-vessel disease and to demonstrate the impact of functional SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score derived from QFR (fSSQFR) on clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: The applicability of QFR in patients with 3-vessel disease and the feasibility of fSSQFR have not yet been investigated. METHODS: All lesions interrogated using instantaneous wave-free ratio and/or fractional flow reserve in the SYNTAX II trial were retrospectively screened and analyzed for QFR. The diagnostic performance of QFR was investigated using hybrid wire-derived pressure assessment (instantaneous wave-free ratio and fractional flow reserve), used in the trial as a reference. Patients with analyzable QFR in 3 vessels were stratified according to fSSQFR to evaluate its clinical prognostic value on the basis of 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint. RESULTS: QFRs were analyzable in 71.0% of lesions (836 lesions). The diagnostic performance of QFR to predict binary wire-based ischemia was substantial (area under the curve 0.81, accuracy 73.8%), with a positive predictive value of 85.9%. Independent predictors of diagnostic discordance were lesions in side branches, involvement of bifurcation or trifurcation, and small vessel. According to the 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint, fSSQFR reclassified 26.1% of the patients (36 of 138) in the high- to intermediate-risk group into the low-risk group appropriately (net reclassification improvement 0.32, p < 0.001). The area under the curve for fSSQFR to predict the 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint was higher than that of the classic anatomic SYNTAX score (0.68 vs 0.56, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: QFR demonstrated substantial applicability in patients with 3-vessel disease. The fSSQFR has the potential to further refine prognostic risk estimation compared with the classic anatomic SYNTAX score.

3.
EuroIntervention ; 2018 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969424

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the effect of strut protrusion(SP) on wall shear stress(WSS) and neointimal growth(NG) one and five-year after implantation of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight patients were selected from the first-in-man study.Following three-dimensional(3D) reconstruction of the coronaries, WSS was quantified using Newtonian steady-flow simulation in each cross-section at 5°-subunit(sector) of the circumferential luminal surface.At 1-year, neointimal thickness(NT) was measured by optical coherence tomography(OCT) and correlated to WSS and SP post-procedure.Median-SP was 112.9(90.8,133.1)µm post-implantation. Post-procedure, a logarithmic inverse relationship between SP and post-implantation WSS(r=-0.425,p<0.001;correlation-coefficients range from -0.143 to -0.553)was observed whereas a correlation between baseline logarithmic-transformed-WSS(log-WSS) and NT(r=-0.451,p<0.001;correlation-coefficients ranged from -0.140 to -0.662)was documented at one-year.Mixed-effects analysis between baseline log-WSS and NT at follow-up yielded a slope of 30µm/ln Pascal(Pa) and a y-intercept of 98µm. As result of NG, median flow-area decreased from 6.91(6.53,7.48)mm2 post-implantation to 5.65(5.47,6.02)mm2 at 1-year(p=0.01) and to 5.75±1.37mm2 at 5-year follow-up(p=0.024).However, vessel surface exposed to low-WSS(<1Pa) decreased significantly post-procedure(42%) to one-year(35.9%) and five-year(15.2%)(p-overall<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: SP disturbs laminar flow, creates regions of low-WSS(<1.0Pa) that are associated with NG and lumen-area reduction. Low-WSS post-implantation significantly reduced at long-term follow-up. Thin strut with effective vessel wall embedment would substantially reduce NG and accelerate homogenization of WSS towards physiological values.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(24): 2756-2769, 2018 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The functional SYNTAX score (FSS) has been shown to improve the discrimination for major adverse cardiac events compared with the anatomic SYNTAX score (SS) while reducing interobserver variability. However, evidence supporting the noninvasive FSS in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of and validate the noninvasive FSS derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) with fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) in patients with 3-vessel CAD. METHODS: The CTA-SS was calculated in patients with 3-vessel CAD included in the SYNTAX II (SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery II) study. The noninvasive FSS was determined by including only ischemia-producing lesions (FFRCT ≤0.80). SS derived from different imaging modalities were compared using the Bland-Altman and Passing-Bablok method, and the agreement on the SS tertiles was investigated with Cohen's Kappa. The risk reclassification was compared between the noninvasive and invasive physiological assessment, and the diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT was assessed by the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve using instantaneous wave-free ratio as a reference. RESULTS: The CTA-SS was feasible in 86% of patients (66 of 77), whereas the noninvasive FSS was feasible in 80% (53 of 66). The anatomic SS was overestimated by CTA compared with conventional angiography (27.6 ± 6.4 vs. 25.3 ± 6.9; p < 0.0001) whereas the calculation of the FSS yielded similar results between the noninvasive and invasive imaging modalities (21.6 ± 7.8 vs. 21.2 ± 8.8; p = 0.589). The noninvasive FSS reclassified 30% of patients from the high- and intermediate-SS tertiles to the low-risk tertile, whereas invasive FSS reclassified 23% of patients from the high- and intermediate-SS tertiles to the low-risk tertile. The agreement on the classic SS tertiles based on Kappa statistics was slight for the anatomic SS (Kappa = 0.19) and fair for the FSS (Kappa = 0.32). The diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT to detect functional significant stenosis based on an instantaneous wave-free ratio ≤0.89 revealed an area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve of 0.85 (95% CI: 0.79 to 0.90) with a sensitivity of 95% (95% CI: 89% to 98%), specificity of 61% (95% CI: 48% to 73%), positive predictive value of 81% (95% CI: 76% to 86%), and negative predictive value of 87% (95% CI: 74% to 94%). CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of the noninvasive FSS is feasible and yielded similar results to those obtained with invasive pressure-wire assessment. The agreement on the SYNTAX score tertile classification improved with the inclusion of the functional component from slight to fair agreement. FFRCT has good accuracy in detecting functionally significant lesions in patients with 3-vessel CAD. (A Trial to Evaluate a New Strategy in the Functional Assessment of 3-Vessel Disease Using SYNTAX II Score in Patients Treated With PCI; NCT02015832).

5.
Eur Heart J ; 39(18): 1602-1609, 2018 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409057

RESUMO

Aims: As a sine qua non for arterial wall physiology, local hemodynamic forces such as endothelial shear stress (ESS) may influence long-term vessel changes as bioabsorbable scaffolds dissolve. The aim of this study was to perform serial computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations to examine immediate and long-term haemodynamic and vascular changes following bioresorbable scaffold placement. Methods and results: Coronary arterial models with long-term serial assessment (baseline and 5 years) were reconstructed through fusion of intravascular optical coherence tomography and angiography. Pulsatile non-Newtonian CFD simulations were performed to calculate the ESS and relative blood viscosity. Time-averaged, systolic, and diastolic results were compared between follow-ups. Seven patients (seven lesions) were included in this analysis. A marked heterogeneity in ESS and localised regions of high blood viscosity were observed post-implantation. Percent vessel area exposed to low averaged ESS (<1 Pa) significantly decreased over 5 years (15.92% vs. 4.99%, P < 0.0001) whereas moderate (1-7 Pa) and high ESS (>7 Pa) did not significantly change (moderate ESS: 76.93% vs. 80.7%, P = 0.546; high ESS: 7.15% vs. 14.31%, P = 0.281), leading to higher ESS at follow-up. A positive correlation was observed between baseline ESS and change in lumen area at 5 years (P < 0.0001). Maximum blood viscosity significantly decreased over 5 years (4.30 ± 1.54 vs. 3.21± 0.57, P = 0.028). Conclusion: Immediately after scaffold implantation, coronary arteries demonstrate an alternans of extremely low and high ESS values and localized areas of high blood viscosity. These initial local haemodynamic disturbances may trigger fibrin deposition and thrombosis. Also, low ESS can promote neointimal hyperplasia, but may also contribute to appropriate scaffold healing with normalisation of ESS and reduction in peak blood viscosity by 5 years.

6.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 19(2): 157-167, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28064153

RESUMO

Aims: The Lotus and SAPIEN3 are second-generation transcatheter heart valves, which are designed to minimize paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to compare both devices for valve performance and with emphasis on PAR by independent core laboratory analysis. Methods and results: A total of 162 (79 Lotus and 83 SAPIEN3) consecutive patients (51% female, 80 ± 8 years, Logistic EuroSCORE 14.8 ± 9.4%) who underwent TAVR because of aortic stenosis were included. Patients with aortic valve-in-valve treatment were excluded. Pre-discharge echocardiograms were analysed by an independent core laboratory using the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 criteria. There were no differences in baseline and procedural characteristics, except for a larger aortic annulus and sizing indices in SAPIEN3-treated patients and frequency of post-dilatation (0% in Lotus and 13.1% in SAPIEN3). Both valves have similar mean residual gradient, indexed effective orifice area and Doppler velocity index when adjusted to valve size. The frequency of mild (13.9% vs. 31.3%) and at least moderate (1.3% vs. 3.6%) PAR was less after Lotus than after SAPIEN3 implantation (P = 0.02). Multi-slice computed tomography-based annulus and left ventricular outflow tract diameters, calcification and percentage of oversizing were not different between those with or without mild or more PAR. On multivariate analysis, the use of Lotus valve was associated with less (odds ratio OR, 0.41, P = 0.03) occurrence of PAR. Conclusion: Overall, haemodynamic performance was comparable between the Lotus and SAPIEN3 valves. Lotus valve required less oversizing and was associated with less PAR than SAPIEN3.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 10(10 Pt A): 1151-1161, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28330651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess calcium growth with fused grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), IVUS-virtual histology, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) from baseline to 5-year follow-up in patients treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. BACKGROUND: IVUS and OCT have individual strengths in assessing plaque composition and volume. Fusion of images obtained using these methods could potentially aid in coronary plaque assessment. METHODS: Anatomic landmarks and endoluminal radiopaque markers were used to fuse OCT and IVUS images and match baseline and follow-up. RESULTS: Seventy-two IVUS-virtual histology and OCT paired matched cross-sectional in- and out-scaffold segments were fused at baseline and follow-up. In total, 46 calcified plaques at follow-up were detected using the fusion method (33 in-scaffold, 13 out-scaffold), showing either calcium progression (52.2%) or de novo calcifications (47.8%). On OCT, calcification volume increased from baseline to follow-up by 2.3 ± 2.4 mm3 (p = 0.001). The baseline virtual histologic tissue precursors of dense calcium at follow-up were necrotic core in 73.9% and fibrous or fibrofatty plaque in 10.9%. In 15.2%, calcium was already present at baseline. Precursors on OCT were lipid pool in 71.2%, fibrous plaque in 4.3%, and fibrocalcific plaque in 23.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of OCT and IVUS fusion imaging shows similar calcium growth in- and out-scaffold segments. Necrotic core is the most frequent precursor of calcification. The scaffold resorption process creates a tissue layer that re-caps the calcified plaques. (Absorb Clinical Investigation, Cohort B [ABSORB B]; NCT00856856).


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fibrose , Seguimentos , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Placa Aterosclerótica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
EuroIntervention ; 13(5): e585-e594, 2017 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28262625

RESUMO

AIMS: Immediately after stent/scaffold implantation, quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in comparison to optical coherence tomography (OCT) more severely underestimates the lumen diameter (LD) in Absorb than in XIENCE. This OCT-QCA discrepancy has not been evaluated at long-term follow-up. The present study aimed to assess the accuracy of QCA with reference to OCT in Absorb as compared to XIENCE. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed two-year QCA and OCT in the ABSORB Japan randomised trial (Absorb n=87, XIENCE n=44). The accuracy of QCA parameters was assessed with reference to OCT measurements. OCT-QCA luminal dimensions were compared in matched cross-sections at both edges of the scaffolds (n=127) and stents (n=78). OCT-QCA late lumen loss (LLL) was also assessed using the Bland-Altman method. The systematic error of LD on QCA in Absorb was -0.092 mm (relative difference -3.3%) with a random error of 0.473 mm, whereas in XIENCE the systematic error was -0.018 mm (-0.5%) with a random error of 0.477 mm. These OCT-QCA discrepancies did not differ between Absorb and XIENCE (p=0.275) at two-year follow-up. QCA tended to underestimate LLL more in Absorb than in XIENCE (QCA-LLL minus OCT-LLL: -0.180±0.308 mm vs. -0.058±0.322 mm, p=0.058) at two-year follow-up, although this comparison was not statistically powered. CONCLUSIONS: The two-year dimensional measurements on QCA had minor and insignificant systematic errors between both devices. A discrepancy between QCA-LLL and OCT-LLL would raise a question as to whether this parameter is appropriate for the comparative assessment of device performance.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Cromo , Cobalto , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 33(4): 441-449, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28012050

RESUMO

The purpose of the study to assess the comparability of immediate changes in plaque/media volume (PV) on three modalities of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after implantation of either bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) or everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES) in Absorb II Study. The two devices have different device volume and ultrasound backscattering that may interfere with the "plaque/media" assessed by three modalities on IVUS: grayscale, backscattering of radiofrequency and brightness function. In a multicenter randomized controlled trial, 501 patients with stable or unstable angina underwent documentary IVUS pre- and post- implantation. The change in plaque/media volume (PV) was categorized into three groups according to the relative PV change in device segment: PV "increased" >+5% (PVI), PV unchanged ±5% (PVU), and PV decreased <-5% (PVD). The change in PV was re-evaluated three times: after subtraction of theoretical device volume, after analysis of echogenicity based on brightness function. In 449 patients, 483 lesions were analyzed pre- and post-implantation. "PVI" was more frequently observed in BVS (53.8%) than EES group (39.4%), p = 0.006. After subtraction of the theoretical device volume, the frequency of "PVI" decreased in both BVS (36.2%) and EES (32.1%) groups and became comparable (p = 0.581). In addition, the percentage of "PVI" was further reduced in both device groups after correction for either radiofrequency backscattering (BVS 34.4% vs. EES 22.6%) or echogenicity (BVS 25.2% vs. EES 9.7%). PV change in device segment was differently affected by BVS and EES devices implantation due to their differences in device volume and ultrasound backscattering. It implies that the lumen volume was also artifactually affected by the type of device implanted. Comparative IVUS assessment of lumen and plaque/media volume changes following implantation of BVS and EES requires specific methodological adjustment.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Metais , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Placa Aterosclerótica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
EuroIntervention ; 12(8): e998-e1008, 2016 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27721215

RESUMO

AIMS: The current study aimed to assess the difference in lumen dimension measurements between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in the polymeric bioresorbable scaffold and metallic stent. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the randomised ABSORB Japan trial, 87 lesions in the Absorb arm and 44 lesions in the XIENCE arm were analysed. Post-procedural OCT-QCA lumen dimensions were assessed in matched proximal/distal non-stented/non-scaffolded reference (n=199), scaffolded (n=145) and stented (n=75) cross-sections at the two device edges using the Bland-Altman method. In the non-stented/non-scaffolded reference segments, QCA systematically underestimated lumen diameter (LD) compared with OCT (accuracy, -0.26 mm; precision, 0.47 mm; 95% limits of agreement as a mean bias±1.96 standard deviation, -1.18-0.66 mm). When compared to OCT, QCA of the Absorb led to a more severe underestimation of the LD (-0.30 mm; 0.39 mm; -1.06-0.46 mm) than with the XIENCE (-0.14 mm; 0.31 mm; -0.75-0.46 mm). QCA underestimated LD by 9.1%, 4.9%, and 9.8% in the reference, stented, and scaffolded segments, respectively. The protrusion distance of struts was larger in the Absorb arm than in the XIENCE arm (135±27 µm vs. 18±26 µm, p<0.001), and may have contributed to the observed differences. CONCLUSIONS: In-device QCA measurement was differently affected by the presence of a metallic or polymeric scaffold, a fact that had a significant impact on the QCA assessment of acute gain and post-procedural minimum LD.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Poliésteres , Tecidos Suporte , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 32(10): 1519-27, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27464964

RESUMO

Paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is challenging to quantitate. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the main tool used for the assessment of PVL but is modestly reproducible. We sought to develop a reproducible echocardiographic approach to assess PVL in the post-TAVI setting. Four observers independently analyzed eleven parameters of PVL severity in 50 pre-discharge TTE studies performed after TAVI. The parameters included color-Doppler parameters [jet circumferential extent (CE) and planimetered vena contracta area in the short-axis view and jet breadth and qualitative features in the long-axis views], continuous-wave Doppler parameters [jet velocity time integral (VTI) and pressure half time (PHT)], quantitative Doppler parameters (regurgitation volume and fraction and effective regurgitant orifice area), aortic diastolic flow reversal and valve stent eccentricity. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV) for numerical parameters and kappa coefficient (κ) for categorical parameters were calculated for inter- and intra-observer comparisons. Inter-observer ICC was highest and CV lowest for CE (0.88 and 0.36), jet origin breadth (0.82 and 0.39), jet qualitative features in long-axis views (0.87 and 0.26), jet VTI (0.87 and 0.04) and PHT (0.73 and 0.10). Similar results were found in intra-observer comparisons. A 2-step granular approach combining the most reproducible parameters was used to grade PVL by the four observers. Inter-observer agreement was achieved in 86 % of cases (κ = 0.79). Combining color Doppler and continuous wave Doppler parameters in a granular algorithm yields excellent reproducibility of PVL assessment by TTE.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 86(3): E140-9, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25914327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) provides more accurate measurements by minimizing inherent limitations of two-dimensional (2D) QCA. The aim of this study was to compare the measurements between 2D and 3D QCA analyses in bifurcation lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 114 cases with non-left main bifurcation lesions in the TRYTON pivotal IDE Coronary Bifurcation Trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01258972) were analyzed using a validated bifurcation QCA software (CAAS 5.10, Pie Medical Imaging, Maastricht, the Netherlands). All cases were analyzed in matched projections between pre- and post-procedure. The 2D analysis was performed using one of two angiographic images used for 3D reconstruction showing a larger distal bifurcation angle. In the treated segments (stent and balloon), there were no differences in minimal luminal diameter (MLD) between 2D and 3D, while diameter stenosis (DS) was significantly higher in 2D compared to 3D both pre-procedure and post-procedure (53.9% for 2D vs. 52.1% for 3D pre-procedure, P < 0.01; 23.2% for 2D vs. 20.9% for 3D post-procedure, P = 0.01). In the sub-segment level analysis, lengths of proximal main branch, distal main branch, and side branch were consistently shorter in 2D compared to 3D both pre-procedure and post-procedure. Using 3D QCA, the anatomic location of the smallest MLD or the highest DS was relocated to a different bifurcation sub-segment in a considerable proportion of the patients compared to when 2D-QCA was used (kappa values: 0.50 for MLD, 0.55 for DS). CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed differences in addressing anatomical severity and location of coronary bifurcation lesions between in vivo 2D and 3D QCA analyses. More studies are needed to investigate potential clinical benefits in using 3D approach over 2D QCA for the assessment of bifurcation lesions.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Software , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 187: 111-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25828327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical profile and long-term mortality in SYNTAX score II based strata of patients who received percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in contemporary randomized trials. BACKGROUND: The SYNTAX score II was developed in the randomized, all-comers' SYNTAX trial population and is composed by 2 anatomical and 6 clinical variables. The interaction of these variables with the treatment provides individual long-term mortality predictions if a patient undergoes coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or PCI. METHODS: Patient-level (n=5433) data from 7 contemporary coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) trials were pooled. The mortality for CABG or PCI was estimated for every patient. The difference in mortality estimates for these two revascularization strategies was used to divide the patients into three groups of theoretical treatment recommendations: PCI, CABG or PCI/CABG (the latter means equipoise between CABG and PCI for long term mortality). RESULTS: The three groups had marked differences in their baseline characteristics. According to the predicted risk differences, 5115 patients could be treated either by PCI or CABG, 271 should be treated only by PCI and, rarely, CABG (n=47) was recommended. At 3-year follow-up, according to the SYNTAX score II recommendations, patients recommended for CABG had higher mortality compared to the PCI and PCI/CABG groups (17.4%; 6.1% and 5.3%, respectively; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The SYNTAX score II demonstrated capability to help in stratifying PCI procedures.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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