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1.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 139(8): 896-897, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196670

RESUMO

Importance: Emerging vision scientists who have yet to be awarded their first independent funding may have their research careers disproportionately affected by early COVID-19-related disruptions. In September 2020, the Alliance for Eye and Vision Research convened a panel of 22 such scientists (nominated by their academic institutions) to communicate to the US Congress about the importance of vision research. As part of the effort, interviews were conducted with scientists about the effect of the pandemic on their research. Observations: Qualitative areas of adverse consequences from the early months of COVID-19 disruptions included striking interruptions of patient-based research, limits on other types of clinical research, loss of research time for scientists with young children (especially women), challenges with animal colonies and cell cultures, impediments to research collaborations, and loss of training time. Conclusions and Relevance: The early months during the COVID-19 pandemic increased career stress on many early-stage investigators in the vision field and delayed (and may potentially derail) their ability to attract their first independent research funding grant. As a result, federal and private granting agencies may need to take these factors into account to retain talented, early-stage vision researchers.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , COVID-19/complicações , Escolha da Profissão , Oftalmologia/organização & administração , Pesquisadores/educação , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oftalmologia/educação , Quarentena/psicologia , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
2.
Optom Vis Sci ; 94(1): 16-19, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27668633

RESUMO

In this article, we explore the roles of media, research, and advocacy in education and research funding. All three have played critical roles in advancing our understanding of eye, vision, and brain injuries in sports and in the military.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Lesões Encefálicas/complicações , Defesa do Consumidor , Traumatismos Oculares/complicações , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/etiologia , Educação em Saúde , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Militares
3.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 134(10): 1111-1118, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27490785

RESUMO

Importance: Understanding the importance of eye health to the US population across ethnic and racial groups helps guide strategies to preserve vision in Americans and inform policy makers regarding priority of eye research to Americans. Objective: To understand the importance and awareness of eye health in the US population across ethnic and racial groups. Design, Setting, and Participants: Online nationwide poll created by experienced policy makers in August 2014 designed to understand the importance of eye health in the US population, although the poll was not subjected previously to formal construct-validity testing. The population survey comprised 2044 US adults including non-Hispanic white individuals and minority groups with minority oversampling to provide predicted margins of error no greater than 5%. Main Outcomes and Measures: Respondent attitudes on the importance of eye health, concerns about losing vision, support for eye health research, and awareness of eye diseases and risk factors. Results: Of the 2044 survey respondents, the weighten mean age was 46.2 years, 48% were male, and 11% were uninsured. Sixty three percent reported wearing glasses. Most individuals surveyed (87.5%; 95% CI, 84.5%-90%) believed that good vision is vital to overall health while 47.4% (95% CI, 43.7%-51.1%) rated losing vision as the worst possible health outcome. Respondents ranked losing vision as equal to or worse than losing hearing, memory, speech, or a limb. When asked about various possible consequences of vision loss, quality of life ranked as the top concern followed by loss of independence. Nearly two-thirds of respondents were aware of cataracts (65.8%) or glaucoma (63.4%); only half were aware of macular degeneration; 37.3% were aware of diabetic retinopathy; and 25% were not aware of any eye conditions. Approximately 75.8% and 58.3%, respectively, identified sunlight and family heritage as risk factors for losing vision; only half were aware of smoking risks on vision loss. Conclusions and Relevance: In this well-characterized survey across all US ethnic and racial groups, vision health was a priority with high support for ongoing research for vision and eye health. Many Americans were unaware of important eye diseases and their behavioral or familial risk factors. The consistency of these findings among the varying ethnic/racial groups underscores the importance of educating the public on eye health and mobilizing public support for vision research.


Assuntos
Atitude , Grupos Étnicos , Oftalmopatias/psicologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Opinião Pública , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Oftalmopatias/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários , Morbidade/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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