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1.
British journal of haematology ; 143(2): 288-293, Oct.2008. tabgraf
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17881

RESUMO

Neutropenia associated with race/ethnicity has essentially been unexplained and, although thought to be benign, may affect therapy for cancer or other illnesses. A recent study linked a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs2814778) in the Duffy antigen/receptor chemokine gene (DARC) with white blood cell count. We therefore analysed the association of the rs2814778 CC, TC and TT genotypes with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) among asymptomatic women from the Caribbean, Europe and the United States. Among 261 study participants, 33/47 women from Barbados/Trinidad-Tobago, 34/49 from Haiti, 26/37 from Jamaica, and 29/38 US-born black women, but only 4/50 from the Dominican Republic and 0/40 US- or European-born whites (P = 0.0001) had the CC genotype. In a linear regression model that included percentage African ancestry, national origin, cytokines, socio-economic factors and the ELA2 rs57834246 SNP, only the DARC rs2814778 genotype and C-reactive protein were associated with ANC (P < 0.0001). Women with the CC genotype had lower ANC than other women. Further research is needed on the associations of rs2814778 genotype with neutropenia and treatment delay in the setting of cancer. A better understanding of these associations may help to improve cancer outcomes among individuals of African ancestry.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Neutropenia , Grupos Étnicos , Quimiocinas , Genótipo , Trinidad e Tobago , Região do Caribe
2.
Br J Haematol ; 143(2): 288-93, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18710383

RESUMO

Neutropenia associated with race/ethnicity has essentially been unexplained and, although thought to be benign, may affect therapy for cancer or other illnesses. A recent study linked a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs2814778) in the Duffy antigen/receptor chemokine gene (DARC) with white blood cell count. We therefore analysed the association of the rs2814778 CC, TC and TT genotypes with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) among asymptomatic women from the Caribbean, Europe and the United States. Among 261 study participants, 33/47 women from Barbados/Trinidad-Tobago, 34/49 from Haiti, 26/37 from Jamaica, and 29/38 US-born black women, but only 4/50 from the Dominican Republic and 0/40 US- or European-born whites (P = 0.0001) had the CC genotype. In a linear regression model that included percentage African ancestry, national origin, cytokines, socio-economic factors and the ELA2 rs57834246 SNP, only the DARC rs2814778 genotype and C-reactive protein were associated with ANC (P < 0.0001). Women with the CC genotype had lower ANC than other women. Further research is needed on the associations of rs2814778 genotype with neutropenia and treatment delay in the setting of cancer. A better understanding of these associations may help to improve cancer outcomes among individuals of African ancestry.


Assuntos
Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo Duffy/genética , Neutropenia/etnologia , Neutropenia/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Região do Caribe , Estudos Transversais , Europa (Continente) , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/imunologia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Pharm ; 293(1-2): 171-82, 2005 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15778055

RESUMO

A novel method of rapidly sampling drug concentrations, based on pulsatile microdialysis (PMD), was developed. In PMD, a dialysate fluid is pumped into a microdialysis probe, allowed to occupy the probe while at rest for some time, and then flushed at a high rate. A model that is based on a Fick's Laws was solved and tested, using methazolamide (MTZ) as the test drug in a variety of experimental setups, including time-dependent donor concentrations. Calibration plots of the donor versus sample concentrations were linear. There was excellent agreement between the calculated and experimental values of the fraction recovered obtained from the calibration plots. In a system for which the donor concentration declined in a first order manner, the data obtained using PMD and direct sampling of the donor were in nearly exact agreement with the theoretical value of k=0.09 min(-1). PMD was also able to collect data points quickly enough to characterize the rapid binding kinetics of MTZ by activated charcoal. It was concluded that PMD is an accurate method of sampling drug concentrations, and can obtain samples over shorter time intervals and more frequently than previously available methods.


Assuntos
Microdiálise/métodos , Modelos Químicos , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Microdiálise/instrumentação , Fluxo Pulsátil
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