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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(11): 7193-7201, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome appears as a group of symptoms like proteinuria, edema and hyperlipidemia. Identification of monogenic forms revealed the physiology and pathogenesis of the SRNS. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed Illumina panel sequencing of seven genes in 90 Indian patients to determine the role of these genetic mutations in nephrotic syndrome prognosis. Samtool was used for variants calling, and SnpEff and Snpsift did variants annotation. Clinical significance and variant classification were performed by the ClinVar database. In SSNS and SRNS patients, we found 0.78% pathogenic and 3.41% likely pathogenic mutations. Pathogenic mutations were found in LAMB2, LMX1B and WT1 genes, while likely pathogenic mutations were found in (6/13) LAMB2, (2/13) LMX1B, (2/13) TRPC6, (2/13) PTPRO and (1/13) PMM2 genes. Approximately 46% likely pathogenic mutations were contributed to the LAMB2 gene in SSNS and SRNS patients. We also detect 30 VUS (variants of uncertain significance), which were found (17/30) pathogenic and (13/30) likely pathogenic by different prediction tools. CONCLUSIONS: Multigene panels were used for genetic screening of heterogeneous disorders like nephrotic syndrome in the Indian population. We found pathogenic, likely pathogenic and certain VUS, which were responsible for the pathogenesis of the disease. Therefore, mutational analysis of SSNS and SRNS is necessary to avoid adverse effects of corticosteroids, modify the intensity of immunosuppressing agents, and prevent the disease's progression.

2.
Inform Med Unlocked ; 25: 100670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307830

RESUMO

Novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has claimed more than 3.3 million lives worldwide and still counting. As per the GISAID database, the genomics of SARS-CoV-2 has been extensively studied, with more than 500 genome submissions per day. Out of several hotspot mutations within the SARS-CoV-2 genome, recent research has focused mainly on the missense variants. Moreover, significantly less attention has been accorded to delineate the role of the untranslated regions (UTRs) of the SARS-CoV-2 genome in the disease progression and etiology. One of the most frequent 5' UTR variants in the SARS-CoV-2 genome is the C241T, with a global frequency of more than 95 %. In the present study, the effect of the C241T mutation has been studied with respect to the changes in RNA structure and its interaction with the host replication factors MADP1 Zinc finger CCHC-type and RNA-binding motif 1 (hnRNP1). The results obtained from molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation indicated weaker interaction of C241T mutant stem-loops with the host transcription factor MADP1, indicating a reduced replication efficiency. The results are also correlated with increased recovery rates and decreased death rates of global SARS-CoV-2 cases.

3.
Protein Expr Purif ; 187: 105941, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273540

RESUMO

Bacterial esterases are gaining the importance in pharmaceuticals and agrochemical industries due to their excellent biocatalytic properties and a wide range of applications. In the present study, a novel gene encoding an esterase (designated as Est-CR) was identified from shotgun metagenomic sequencing data of camel rumen (Camelus dromedarius) liquor. The open reading frame consisted of 1,224bp, which showed 84.03% sequence identity to Bacteroidales bacterium, corresponding to a protein of 407 amino acids and has a catalytic domain belonging to an esterase. Est-CR belonged to family V with GLSMG domain. The purified enzyme with a molecular mass of 62.64 kDa was checked on SDS-PAGE, and its expression was confirmed by western blotting. The enzyme was active and stable over a broad range of temperature (35-65 °C), displayed the maximum activity at 50 °C and pH 7.0. Individually all metal ions inhibited the enzyme activity, while in combination, K2+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+ metal ions enhanced the enzyme activity. The detergents strongly inhibited the activity, while EDTA (10 mM) increased the activity of the Est-CR enzyme. The enzyme showed specificity to short-chain substrates and displayed an optimum activity against butyrate ester. This novel enzyme might serve as a promising candidate to meet some harsh industrial processes enzymatic needs.

4.
Transl Anim Sci ; 5(2): txab033, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33981962

RESUMO

India is considered as the home tract of some of the best buffalo breeds. However, the genetic structure of the Indian river buffalo is poorly understood. Hence, there is a need to characterize the populations and understand the genetic structure of various buffalo breeds for selection and to design breeding strategies. In this study, we have analyzed genetic variability and population structure of seven buffalo breeds from their respective geographical regions using Axiom Buffalo Genotyping Array. Diversity, as measured by expected heterozygosity, ranged from 0.364 in Surti to 0.384 in Murrah breed, and pair-wise F ST values revealed the lowest genetic distance between Murrah and Nili-Ravi (0.0022), while the highest between Surti and Pandharpuri (0.030). Principal component analysis and structure analysis unveiled the differentiation of Surti, Pandharpuri, and Jaffarabadi in first two principal components and at K = 4, respectively, while remaining breeds were grouped together as a separate single cluster and admixed. Murrah and Mehsana showed early linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay, while Surti breed showed late decay. In LD blocks to quantitative trait locis (QTLs) concordance analysis, 4.65% of concordance was observed with 873 LD blocks overlapped with 2,330 QTLs. Overall, total 4,090 markers were identified from all LD blocks for six types of traits. Results of this study indicated that these single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers could differentiate phenotypically distinct breeds like Surti, Pandharpuri, and Jaffarabadi but not others. So, there is a need to develop SNP chip based on SNP markers identified by sequence information of local breeds.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9400, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931716

RESUMO

In dromedary camels, which are pseudo-ruminants, rumen or C1 section of stomach is the main compartment involved in fiber degradation, as in true ruminants. However, as camels are adapted to the harsh and scarce grazing conditions of desert, their ruminal microbiota makes an interesting target of study. The present study was undertaken to generate the rumen microbial profile of Indian camel using 16S rRNA amplicon and shotgun metagenomics. The camels were fed three diets differing in the source of roughage. The comparative metagenomic analysis revealed greater proportions of significant differences between two fractions of rumen content followed by diet associated differences. Significant differences were also observed in the rumen microbiota collected at different time-points of the feeding trial. However, fraction related differences were more highlighted as compared to diet dependent changes in microbial profile from shotgun metagenomics data. Further, 16 genera were identified as part of the core rumen microbiome of Indian camels. Moreover, glycoside hydrolases were observed to be the most abundant among all Carbohydrate-Active enzymes and were dominated by GH2, GH3, GH13 and GH43. In all, this study describes the camel rumen microbiota under different dietary conditions with focus on taxonomic, functional, and Carbohydrate-Active enzymes profiles.


Assuntos
Camelus/microbiologia , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Dieta , Enzimas/metabolismo , Microbiota , Rúmen/microbiologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo
6.
Environ Res ; 196: 110946, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662347

RESUMO

Wastewater-based Epidemiological (WBE) surveillance offers a promising approach to assess the pandemic situation covering pre-symptomatic and asymptomatic cases in highly populated area under limited clinical tests. In the present study, we analyzed SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the influent wastewater samples (n = 43) from four wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Gandhinagar, India, during August 7th to September 30th, 2020. A total of 40 samples out of 43 were found positive i.e. having at least two genes of SARS-CoV-2. The average Ct values for S, N, and ORF 1 ab genes were 32.66, 33.03, and 33.95, respectively. Monthly variation depicted a substantial rise in the average copies of N (~120%) and ORF 1 ab (~38%) genes in the month of September as compared to August, while S-gene copies declined by 58% in September 2020. The SARS-CoV-2 genome concentration was higher in the month of September (~924.5 copies/L) than August (~897.5 copies/L), corresponding to a ~2.2-fold rise in the number of confirmed cases during the study period. Further, the percentage change in genome concentration level on a particular date was found in the lead of 1-2 weeks of time with respect to the official confirmed cases registered based on clinical tests on a temporal scale. The results profoundly unravel the potential of WBE surveillance to predict the fluctuation of COVID-19 cases to provide an early warning. Our study explicitly suggests that it is the need of hour that the wastewater surveillance must be included as an integral part of COVID-19 pandemic monitoring which can not only help the water authorities to identify the hotspots within a city but can provide up to 2 weeks of time lead for better tuning the management interventions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Cidades , Humanos , Índia , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Águas Residuárias
7.
DNA Res ; 28(1)2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416875

RESUMO

The walking catfish Clarias magur (Hamilton, 1822) (magur) is an important catfish species inhabiting the Indian subcontinent. It is considered as a highly nutritious food fish and has the capability to walk to some distance, and survive a considerable period without water. Assembly, scaffolding and several rounds of iterations resulted in 3,484 scaffolds covering ∼94% of estimated genome with 9.88 Mb largest scaffold, and N50 1.31 Mb. The genome possessed 23,748 predicted protein encoding genes with annotation of 19,279 orthologous genes. A total of 166 orthologous groups represented by 222 genes were found to be unique for this species. The Computational Analysis of gene Family Evolution (CAFE) analysis revealed expansion of 207 gene families and 100 gene families have rapidly evolved. Genes specific to important environmental and terrestrial adaptation, viz. urea cycle, vision, locomotion, olfactory and vomeronasal receptors, immune system, anti-microbial properties, mucus, thermoregulation, osmoregulation, air-breathing, detoxification, etc. were identified and critically analysed. The analysis clearly indicated that C. magur genome possessed several unique and duplicate genes similar to that of terrestrial or amphibians' counterparts in comparison to other teleostean species. The genome information will be useful in conservation genetics, not only for this species but will also be very helpful in such studies in other catfishes.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/genética , Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Genoma , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Genômica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Masculino , Filogenia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
8.
Life Sci ; 264: 118701, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130086

RESUMO

AIMS: Deriving canine-induced pluripotent stem cells (ciPSCs) have paved the way for developing novel cell-based disease models and transplantation therapies in the dog. Though ciPSCs have been derived in the presence of Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) as well in the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), the positioning of ciPSCs in the naïve or the primed state of pluripotency remains elusive. This study aims to understand whether canine iPSCs belong to naïve or prime state in comparison to mouse (m) iPSCs and human (h) iPSCs. MAIN METHODS: In the present study, we derived ciPSCs in presence of LIF and compared their state of pluripotency with that of miPSCs and hiPSCs by culturing them in the presence of LIF, bFGF, and LIF + bFGF. Gene expression level at transcript level was performed by RT-PCR and qRT-PCR and at the protein level was analysed by immunofluorescence. We also attempted to understand the pluripotency state using lipid body analysis by bodipy staining and blue fluorescence emission. KEY FINDINGS: In contrast to miPSCs, the naïve pluripotent stem cells, ciPSCs showed the expression of FGF5 similar to that of primed pluripotent stem cell, hiPSCs. Compared to miPSCs, ciPSCs cultured in presence of LIF showed enhanced expression of primed pluripotent marker FGF5, similar to hiPSCs cultured in presence of bFGF. Upon culturing in hiPSC culture condition, ciPSCs showed enhanced expression of core pluripotency genes compared to miPSCs cultured in similar condition. However, ciPSCs expressed naïve pluripotent marker SSEA1 similar to miPSCs and lacked the expression of primed state marker SSEA4 unlike hiPSCs. Interestingly, for the first time, we demonstrate the ciPSC pluripotency using lipid body analysis wherein ciPSCs showed enhanced bodipy staining and blue fluorescence emission, reflecting the primed state of pluripotency. ciPSCs expressed higher levels of fatty acid synthase (FASN), the enzyme involved in the synthesis of palmitate, similar to that of hiPSCs and higher than that of miPSCs. As ciPSCs exhibit characteristic properties of both naïve and primed pluripotent state, it probably represents a unique intermediary state of pluripotency that is distinct from that of mice and human pluripotent stem cells. SIGNIFICANCE: Elucidating the pluripotent state of ciPSCs assists in better understanding of the reprogramming events and development in different species. The study would provide a footprint of species-specific differences involved in reprogramming and the potential implication of iPSCs as a tool to analyse evolution.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Reprogramação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Fluorescência , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/farmacologia , Lipídeos/química , Camundongos
9.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(1): 107-123, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772117

RESUMO

Cellulose is the most abundant natural polymer present on Earth in the form of agriculture waste. Hydrolysis of agriculture waste for simple fermentable reducing sugars is the bottleneck in the area of biofuel generation and other value-added products. The present study aims to utilize the camel rumen as a bioreactor for potent cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacteria by altering the feed types with varying cellulosic concentrations. A total of 6716 bacterial cultures were subjected to three layers of screening, where plate zymography and chromophoric substrate screening served as primary screening method for cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic potential. The potential isolates were genetically grouped using RAPD, and 51 representative isolates from each group were subjected to molecular identification through 16S rDNA sequencing, followed by quantification of various cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic enzymes. Out of 51 potent isolates, 5 isolates had high endoglucanase activity ranging from 0.3 to 0.48 U/ml. The selected five key isolates identified as Pseudomonas, Paenibacillus, Citrobacter, Bacillus subtilis, and Enterobacter were employed for hydrolyzing the various agriculture residues and resulted in approximately 0.4 mg/ml of reducing sugar. Furthermore, the metaculturomics approach was implemented to deduce the total cultured diversity through 16S rRNA amplicon library sequencing. The metaculturomics data revealed the dominance of proteobacteria and unidentified bacterial population in all four feed types, which indicates the possibility of culturing novel cellulose-deconstructing bacteria. Moreover, the presence of diverse hydrolytic enzymes in cultured isolates supports the usage of these bacteria in bio-processing of agriculture waste residues and obtaining the biofuels and other value-added products.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Bactérias , Biocombustíveis , Camelus/microbiologia , Microbiota , Rúmen/microbiologia , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis/microbiologia , Celulase/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Hidrólise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142329, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254951

RESUMO

For the first time, we present, i) an account of decay in the genetic material loading of SARS-CoV-2 during Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) treatment of wastewater, and ii) comparative evaluation of polyethylene glycol (PEG), and ultrafiltration as virus concentration methods from wastewater for the quantification of SARS-CoV-2 genes. The objectives were achieved through tracking of SARS-CoV-2 genetic loadings i.e. ORF1ab, N and S protein genes on 8th and 27th May 2020 along the wastewater treatment plant (106000 m3 million liters per day) equipped with UASB system in Ahmedabad, India. PEG method performed better in removing materials inhibiting RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2 gene detection from the samples, as evident from constant and lower CT values of control (MS2). Using the PEG method, we found a reduction >1.3 log10 reduction in SARS-CoV-2 RNA abundance during UASB treatment, and the RNA was not detected at all in the final effluent. The study implies that i) conventional wastewater treatment systems is effective in SARS-CoV-2 RNA removal, and ii) UASB system significantly reduces SARS-CoV-2 genetic loadings. Finally, PEG method is recommended for better sensitivity and inhibition removal during SARS-CoV-2 RNA quantification in wastewater.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Humanos , Índia , Pandemias , RNA , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 746: 141326, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768790

RESUMO

We made the first ever successful effort in India to detect the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2 viruses to understand the capability and application of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) surveillance in India. Sampling was carried out on 8 and 27 May 2020 at the Old Pirana Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) at Ahmedabad, Gujarat that receives effluent from Civil Hospital treating COVID-19 patients. All three, i.e. ORF1ab, N and S genes of SARS-CoV-2, were found in the influent with no genes detected in effluent collected on 8 and 27 May 2020. Increase in SARS-CoV-2 genetic loading in the wastewater between 8 and 27 May 2020 samples concurred with corresponding increase in the number of active COVID-19 patients in the city. The number of gene copies was comparable to that reported in untreated wastewaters of Australia, China and Turkey and lower than that of the USA, France and Spain. However, temporal changes in SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentrations need to be substantiated further from the perspectives of daily and short-term changes of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater through long-term monitoring. The study results SARS-CoV-2 will assist concerned authorities and policymakers to formulate and/or upgrade COVID-19 surveillance to have a more explicit picture of the pandemic curve. While infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 through the excreted viral genetic material in the aquatic environment is still being debated, the presence and detection of genes in wastewater systems makes a strong case for the environmental surveillance of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Águas Residuárias , Austrália , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , França , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha , Turquia
12.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(7): 5101-5114, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557173

RESUMO

The present study describes rumen microbiota composition and their functional profiles in Indian Surti buffaloes by metagenomic (MG) and metatranscriptomic (MT) approaches. The study compares samples from buffaloes fed three different proportion of roughages; green and dry type of roughage; and different rumen liquor fractions. Irrespective of sample, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes were the most predominant bacterial phyla, followed by Proteobacteria, Fibrobacteres and Actinobacteria while, Prevotella, Bacteroides, Ruminococcus and Clostridium were the most abundant genera. Different proportions of taxa were observed in both MG and MT approaches indicating the differences in organisms present and organisms active in the rumen. Higher proportions of fungal taxa were observed in MT while important organisms like Fibrobacter and Butyrivibrio and abundant organisms like Bacteroides and Prevotella were underrepresented in MT data. Functionally, higher proportions of genes involved in Carbohydrate metabolism, Amino acid metabolism and Translation were observed in both data. Genes involved in Metabolism were observed to be underrepresented in MT data while, those involved in Genetic information processing were overrepresented in MT data. Further, genes involved in Carbohydrate metabolism were overexpressed compared to genes involved in Amino acid metabolism in MT data compared to MG data which had higher proportion of genes involved in Amino acid metabolism than Carbohydrate metabolism. In all significant differences were observed between both approaches, different fractions of rumen liquor (liquid and solid) and different proportions of roughage in diet.


Assuntos
Búfalos/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metagenoma , Rúmen/microbiologia , Transcriptoma , Animais , Búfalos/genética , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , RNA-Seq , Rúmen/metabolismo
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(7): 1861-1872, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448959

RESUMO

In addition to a wide variety of anaerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria, camel rumen also harbors a diverse of eukaryotic organisms. In the present study, the eukaryotic communities of camel rumen were characterized using 18S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Metagenomic DNA was isolated from rumen samples of fourteen adult Bikaneri and Kachchhi breeds of camel fed different diets containing Jowar, Bajra, Maize, and Guar. Illumina sequencing generated 27,161,904 number of reads corresponding to 1543 total operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Taxonomic classification of community metagenome sequences from all the samples revealed the presence of 92 genera belonging to 16 different divisions, out of which Ciliophora (73%), Fungi (13%) and Streptophyta (9%) were found to be the most dominant. Notably, the abundance of Ciliophora was significantly higher in the case of Guar feed, while Fungi was significantly higher in the case of Maize feed, indicating the influence of cellulose and hemicellulose content of feedstuff on the composition of eukaryotes. The results suggest that the camel rumen eukaryotes are highly dynamic and depend on the type of diet given to the animal. Pearson's correlation analysis suggested the ciliate protozoa and fungi were negatively correlated with each other. To the best of our knowledge, this is first systematic study to characterize camel rumen eukaryotes, which has provided newer information regarding eukaryotic diversity patterns amongst camel fed on different diets.


Assuntos
Camelus/microbiologia , Camelus/parasitologia , Cilióforos , Dieta , Fungos , Rúmen/microbiologia , Rúmen/parasitologia , Animais , Cilióforos/classificação , Cilióforos/genética , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Metagenoma , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Microbiol Res ; 233: 126407, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945518

RESUMO

Lichens have been widely studied for their symbiotic properties and for the secondary metabolites production by its fungal symbiont. Recent molecular studies have confirmed coexistence of bacteria along with the fungal and algal symbionts. Direct nucleic acid study by -omics approaches is providing better insights into their structural and functional dynamics. However, genomic analysis of individual members of lichen is difficult by the conventional approach. Hence, genome assembly from metagenome data needs standardization in the eukaryotic system like lichens. The present study aimed at metagenomic characterization of rock associated lichen Dirinaria collected from Kutch and Dang regions of Gujarat, followed by genome reconstruction and annotation of the mycobiont Dirinaria. The regions considered in the study are eco-geographically highly variant. The results revealed higher alpha diversity in the dry region Kutch as compared to the tropical forest associated lichen from Dang. Ascomycota was the most abundant eukaryote while Proteobacteria dominated the bacterial population. There were 23 genera observed only in the Kutch lichen (KL) and one genus viz., Candidatus Vecturithrix unique to the Dang lichen (DL). The exclusive bacterial genera in the Kutch mostly belonged to groups reported for stress tolerance and earlier isolated from lithobionts of extreme niches. The assembled data of KL & DL were further used for genome reconstruction of Dirinaria sp. using GC and tetra-pentamer parameters and reassembly that resulted into a final draft genome of 31.7 Mb and 9556 predicted genes. Twenty-eight biosynthesis gene clusters were predicted that included genes for polyketide, indole and terpene synthesis. Association analysis of bacteria and mycobiont revealed 8 pathways specific to bacteria with implications in lichen symbiosis and environment interaction. The study provides the first draft genome of the entire fungal Dirinaria genus and provides insights into the Dirinaria lichen metagenome from Gujarat region.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Ecossistema , Fungos/genética , Líquens/genética , Metagenoma , Ascomicetos/genética , Vias Biossintéticas , Genômica , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteobactérias/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Simbiose/genética
16.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 20(1): 75-87, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368028

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) was previously considered as a non-functional transcript, which now established as part of regulatory elements of biological events such as chromosome structure, remodeling, and regulation of gene expression. The study presented here showed the role of lncRNA through differential expression analysis on cancer-related coding genes in horn squamous cell carcinoma of Indian zebu cattle. A total of 10,360 candidate lncRNAs were identified and further analyzed for its coding potential ability using three tools (CPC, CPAT, and PLEK) that provide 8862 common lncRNAs. Pfam analysis of these common lncRNAs gave 8612 potential candidates for lncRNA differential expression analysis. Differential expression analysis showed a total of 59 significantly differentially expressed genes and 19 lncRNAs. Pearson's correlation analysis was used to identify co-expressed mRNA-lncRNAs to established relation of the regulatory role of lncRNAs in horn cancer. We established a positive relation of seven upregulated (XLOC_000016, XLOC_002198, XLOC_002851, XLOC_ 007383, XLOC_010701, XLOC_010272, and XLOC_011517) and one downregulated (XLOC_011302) lncRNAs with eleven genes that are related to keratin family protein, keratin-associated protein family, cornifelin, corneodesmosin, serpin family protein, and metallothionein that have well-established role in squamous cell carcinoma through cellular communication, cell growth, cell invasion, and cell migration. These biological events were found to be related to the MAPK pathway of cell cycle regulation indicating the role of lncRNAs in manipulating cell cycle regulation during horn squamous cell carcinomas that will be useful in identifying molecular portraits related to the development of horn cancer.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/genética , Cornos , Neoplasias/veterinária , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
17.
Anim Biotechnol ; 31(2): 93-106, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570357

RESUMO

The 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (17ß-HSD2) enzyme regulates steroid levels by the inactivation of estrogen and androgens. Spermatogenesis associated protein 2 (SPATA2) plays a vital role in spermatogenesis in vertebrates including fish. We report cloning and characterization of full cds of 17ß-HSD2 and SPATA2 genes in Clarias magur. The full-length cDNA sequences of 17ß-HSD2 and SPATA2 were 1187 bp (ORF 1125 bp) and 1806 bp (ORF 1524 bp) encoding 375 and 508 amino acids, respectively. Signal peptide analysis revealed SPATA2 is nonsecretory, while 17ß-HSD2 is a secretory protein. Hydropathy profiles showed both proteins are hydrophilic in nature. Tissue distribution of both the genes revealed high mRNA level of SPATA2 in all tissues examined indicating its wide range of expression. 17ß-HSD2 indicated higher expression in preparatory phase compared to spawning phase in ovary while it was opposite in case of testis. SPATA2 showed significantly higher expression in preparatory phase compared to spawning phase in both ovary and testis. Administration of OvatideTM (GnRH analog) resulted in upregulation of SPATA2 expression at 6 and 16 h post-injection while 17ß-HSD2 showed upregulation only at 6 h post-injection. To the best of our knowledge, this is a first report on characterization of 17ß-HSD2 and SPATA2 full-length cDNA in catfish.


Assuntos
17-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/metabolismo , Espermatogênese/fisiologia , 17-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Filogenia , Conformação Proteica , Sinais Direcionadores de Proteínas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/genética , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
Front Oncol ; 10: 568786, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33552952

RESUMO

Background: Breast and ovarian cancers are the most prevalent cancers and one of the leading causes of death in Indian women. The healthcare burden of breast and ovarian cancers and the rise in mortality rate are worrying and stress the need for early detection and treatment. Methods: We performed amplicon sequencing of 144 cases who had breast/ovarian cancer disease (total 137 cases are patients and seven are tested for BRCA1/2 carrier) Using our custom designed gene panel consisting of 14 genes, that are associated with high to moderate risk of breast and ovarian cancers. Variants were called using Torrent Variant Caller and were annotated using ThermoFisher's Ion Reporter software. Classification of variants and their clinical significance were identified by searching the variants against ClinVar database. Results: From a total of 144 cases, we were able to detect 42 pathogenic mutations in [40/144] cases. Majority of pathogenic mutations (30/41) were detected in BRCA1 gene, while (7/41) pathogenic mutations were detected in BRCA2 gene, whereas, (2/41) pathogenic mutations were detected in TP53 gene and BRIP1, PALB2, and ATM genes respectively. So, BRCA genes contributed 88.09% of pathogenic mutations, whereas non-BRCA genes contributed 11.91% of pathogenic mutations. We were also able to detect 25 VUS which were predicted to be damaging by in silico prediction tools. Conclusion: Early detection of cancers in the Indian population can be done by genetic screening using customized multi-gene panels. Indications of our findings show that in the Indian population, apart from the common BRCA genes, there are other genes that are also responsible for the disease. High frequency mutations detected in the study and variants of uncertain significance predicted to be damaging by in silico pathogenicity prediction tools can be potential biomarkers of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer in Indian HBOC patients.

19.
Oncotarget ; 10(58): 6168-6183, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692905

RESUMO

Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, with tobacco as the leading cause. However, it is increasing in non-tobacco users also, hence limiting our understanding of its underlying molecular mechanisms. RNA-seq analysis of cancers has proven as effective tool in understanding disease etiology. In the present study, RNA-Seq of 86 matched Tumor/Normal pairs, of tobacco smoking (TOB) and non-smokers (N-TOB) HNSCC samples analyzed, followed by validation on 375 similar datasets. Total 2194 and 2073 differentially expressed genes were identified in TOB and N-TOB tumors, respectively. GO analysis found muscle contraction as the most enriched biological process in both TOB and N-TOB tumors. Pathway analysis identified muscle contraction and salivary secretion pathways enriched in both categories, whereas calcium signaling and neuroactive ligand-receptor pathway was more enriched in TOB and N-TOB tumors respectively. Network analysis identified muscle development related genes as hub node i. e. ACTN2, MYL2 and TTN in both TOB and N-TOB tumors, whereas EGFR and MYH6, depicts specific role in TOB and N-TOB tumors. Additionally, we found enriched gene networks possibly be regulated by tumor suppressor miRNAs such as hsa-miR-29/a/b/c, hsa-miR-26b-5p etc., suggestive to be key riboswitches in regulatory cascade of HNSCC. Interestingly, three genes PKLR, CST1 and C17orf77 found to show opposite regulation in each category, hence suggested to be key genes in separating TOB from N-TOB tumors. Our investigation identified key genes involved in important pathways implicated in tobacco dependent and independent carcinogenesis hence may help in designing precise HNSCC diagnostics and therapeutics strategies.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17281, 2019 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754151

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance has been one of the most persistent global issue. Specifically, marine microbiomes have served as complex reservoirs of antibiotic resistant genes. Molecular advancements have enabled exploration of the uncultured microbial portion from hitherto difficult to sample niches such as deeper oceans. The Gulfs of Kathiawar Peninsula have been known for their unique properties like extreme tidal variations, different sediment textures and physicochemical variations. Pelagic sediment cores across four coordinates each of the Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat and an open Arabian Sea were collected, processed for metagenomic sequencing and assessed for antibiotic and metal resistome. The dominant genes were mostly resistant to macrolides, glycopeptides and tetracycline drugs. Studied samples divided into three clusters based on their resistome with carA, macB, bcrA, taeA, srmB, tetA, oleC and sav1866 among the abundant genes. Samples from creek of Gulf of Kutch and mouth of Gulf of Khambhat were most diverse in resistance gene profile. Biomarkers observed include gyrA mutation conferring resistance gene in the Arabian Sea; Proteobacteria species in Gulf of Kutch and Arabian sea; while Aquificae, Acidobacteria and Firmicutes species in the Gulf of Khambhat. Region-wise differentially abundant 23 genes and 3 taxonomic biomarkers were proposed for antibiotic resistance monitoring.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Metagenoma , Microbiota/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Oceanos e Mares
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