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1.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 72-81, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888363

RESUMO

AIMS: The early mortality in patients with hip fractures from bony metastases is unknown. The objectives of this study were to quantify 30- and 90-day mortality in patients with proximal femoral metastases, and to create a mortality prediction tool based on biomarkers associated with early death. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients referred to the orthopaedic department at a UK trauma centre with a proximal femoral metastasis (PFM) over a seven-year period (2010 to 2016). The study group were compared to a matched control group of non-metastatic hip fractures. Minimum follow-up was one year. RESULTS: There was a 90-day mortality of 46% in patients with metastatic hip fractures versus 12% in controls (89/195 and 24/192, respectively; p < 0.001). Mean time to surgery was longer in symptomatic metastases versus complete fractures (9.5 days (SD 19.8) and 3.4 days (SD 11.4), respectively; p < 0.05). Albumin, urea, and corrected calcium were all independent predictors of early mortality and were used to generate a simple tool for predicting 90-day mortality, titled the Metastatic Early Prognostic (MEP) score. An MEP score of 0 was associated with the lowest risk of death at 30 days (14%, 3/21), 90 days (19%, 4/21), and one year (62%, 13/21). MEP scores of 3/4 were associated with the highest risk of death at 30 days (56%, 5/9), 90 days (100%, 9/9), and one year (100%, 9/9). Neither age nor primary cancer diagnosis was an independent predictor of mortality at 30 and 90 days. CONCLUSION: This score could be used to predict early mortality and guide perioperative counselling. The delay to surgery identifies a potential window to intervene and correct these abnormalities with the aim of improving survival. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(1):72-81.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Femorais/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Neoplasias Femorais/secundário , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escócia/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento
2.
Surgeon ; 17(2): 80-87, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29929769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To improve surgical planning and reduce fasting times with a tool designed to predict average surgical times for the commonest orthopaedic trauma operations. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comprising two 2-week periods before and after introduction of a surgical planning tool. The tool was used in the post-intervention group to predict surgical times for each patient and the predicted end-time for each list. The study was conducted in a UK trauma unit with consecutive orthopaedic trauma patients listed for surgery with no exclusions. INTERVENTION: A surgical planning tool was generated by analysing 5146 electronic records for trauma procedure times. Average surgical times for the commonest 20 procedures were generated with 95% confidence intervals. The primary outcome measure was number of patients fasted for a single day. The secondary outcome measures were the day of surgery and total fast times for food and fluids. RESULTS: After introduction of the planning tool, patients were more likely to fast for only one day (65% 46/71 vs 53% 40/75, p < 0.05). Day of surgery food fast was significantly lower with use of the surgical planning tool (13:11 h to 11:44 h, p < 0.05). Fast times were lower for patients with hip fractures after the intervention, with a reduction in day of surgery fast from 8:25 h to 4:28 h (p < 0.05) and a total fluid fast of 13:00 h to 4:31 h (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Introduction of a surgical planning tool was associated with a decrease in fasting times for orthopaedic trauma patients with no patient cancelled for not being adequately fasted.


Assuntos
Eficiência Organizacional , Jejum , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
3.
Injury ; 47(3): 685-90, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26696248

RESUMO

In a recently published report from the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, around 20% of clinical practice which encompasses blood science investigations is considered wasteful. Blood tests including liver function tests (LFTs), C-reactive protein (CRP), coagulation screens, and international normalising ratios (INR) are frequently requested for patients who undergo emergency hospital admission. The paucity of guidance available for blood requesting in acute trauma and orthopaedic admissions can lead to inappropriate requesting practices and over investigation. Acute admissions over a period of one month were audited retrospectively for the frequency and clinical indications of requests for LFTs, coagulation screens/INR, and CRP. The total number of blood tests requested for the duration of the patient's admission was recorded. Initial auditing of 216 admissions in January 2014 demonstrated a striking amount of over-investigation. Clinical guidelines were developed with multidisciplinary expert input and implemented within the department. Re-audit of 233 admissions was carried out in September 2014. Total no. of LFTs requested: January 895, September 336 (-62.5%); coagulation screens/INR requested: January 307, September 210 (-31.6%); CRPs requested: January 894, September 317 (-64.5%). No. of blood requests per patient: January (M=4.81, SD 4.75), September (M=3.60, SD=4.70). Approximate combined total cost of LFT, coagulation/INR, CRP in January £2674.14 and September £1236.19 (-£1437.95, -53.77%). A large decrease was observed in admission requesting and subsequent monitoring (p<0.01) following the implementation. This both significantly reduced cost and venepuncture rates.


Assuntos
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Testes Hematológicos , Ortopedia , Admissão do Paciente , Procedimentos Desnecessários , Idoso , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escócia
4.
J Eval Clin Pract ; 16(3): 556-9, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20102435

RESUMO

RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to investigate if an electronic prescribing system designed specifically to reduce errors would lead to fewer errors in prescribing medicines in a secondary care setting. METHOD: The electronic system was compared with paper prescription charts on 16 intensive care patients to assess any change in the number of prescribing errors. RESULTS: The overall level of compliance with nationally accepted standards was significantly higher with the electronic system (91.67%) compared with the paper system (46.73%). Electronically generated prescriptions were found to contain significantly fewer deviations (28 in 329 prescriptions, 8.5%) than the written prescriptions (208 in 408 prescriptions, 51%). CONCLUSION: Taking an interdisciplinary approach to work on the creation of a system designed to minimize the risk of error has resulted in a favoured system that significantly reduces the number of errors made.


Assuntos
Prescrições de Medicamentos , Prescrição Eletrônica , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Medicação/normas , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Entrevistas como Assunto
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