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1.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(6): 869-875, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and variation of hypotension in Chinese adults residents in 2002 and 2010-2012. METHODS: Data of the blood pressure measurements from 2002 and 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey(CNNHS), a multistage stratified cluster random sampling survey was conducted in 2002, and the sample size was 147 488, 64 869 males, 82 619 females, 50 123 urban residents, 97 365 rural residents, 71 078 northern residents and 76 410 southern residents. A multi-stage stratified and population-proportional cluster random sampling method was used in 2010-2012, and the sample size of was 120 427, 52 499 males, 67 928 females, 60 214 urban residents, 60 213 rural residents, 53 863 northern residents and 66 564 southern residents. The population data published by the National Bureau of Statistics in 2009 was used as a standard population of the data result for 2002 and 2010-2012. Complex sampling weighting method was adopted in data analyses. The prevalence of hypotension and 95%CI in different populations were calculated. Chi-square test was used to compare the rates, multi-factor analysis was conducted by using SURVEYLOGISTIC model regression. RESULTS: In 2002, the prevalence rate of hypotension in Chinese adults was 3. 0%, 1. 9% in males, 4. 1% in females, 2. 7% in urban residents, 3. 3% in rural residents, 2. 8% in northern residents and 3. 2% in southern residents. The prevalence rate of hypotension was the highest in 18-44 age group(4. 3%). Among people with different body mass index(BMI), the prevalence of hypotension was higher in low weight group(7. 0%). From 2010 to 2012, the prevalence rate of hypotension in Chinese adults was 2. 1%, 1. 1% in males, 3. 2% in females, 1. 9% in urban residents, 2. 2% in rural residents, 1. 8% in northern residents and 2. 3%in southern residents. The prevalence rate of hypotension was the highest in 18-44 age group(3. 1%). Among people with different BMI, the prevalence of hypotension was higher in low weight group(7. 4%). The total prevalence of hypotension in adult residents in China from 2010 to 2012 was lower than that in 2002, and the difference was statistically significant(χ~2= 624. 3, P <0. 0001). In 2002 and 2010-2012, the prevalence of hypotension in adult residents of China decreased with the increase of age, and the prevalence of hypotension in men and women also decreased with the increase of age. Women were higher than men, the lower age group was higher than the higher age group, and the lower weight group was higher than the normal population. The differences were statistically significant. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis also showed that lower age group, women and people with low weight were more prone to develop hypotension. CONCLUSION: In 2002 and 2010-2012, the total prevalence of hypotension in adult residents of China, and that of hypotension in both men and women decreased with the increase of age. Women were higher than men, the lower age group was higher than the higher age group, and the lower weight group was higher than the normal population. 18-44 age group, women and low weight group are more likely to have low blood pressure. Compared with 2002, the total prevalence of hypotension in Chinese adult residents showed a decreasing trend from 2010 to 2012.


Assuntos
Hipotensão , População Rural , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência
2.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(6): 888-944, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the weight recognition and control among women aged 15-49 in China. METHODS: Data was from the China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2013. Stratified multistage cluster sampling method was used. The data of 35 664(16 914 urban women and 18 750 rural women) 15-49 years old women of childbearing age was used. The basic information was collected by questionnaires. Physical measurement indexes such as height and weight were collected. RESULTS: Among overweight and obese women of childbearing age, only 34. 9%(95%CI 34. 2%-35. 6%) of them correctly judged themselves overweight or obese, and 61. 4%(95% CI 60. 6%-62. 1%) of them thought they were normal weight; 10. 8%(95%CI10. 3%-11. 2%) of the normal-weight women thought they were overweight; while 3. 0%(95% CI 2. 6%-3. 4%) of the low-weight women thought they were overweight. Only17. 1%(95% CI 16. 4%-17. 8%) of overweight and obese women of childbearing age take weight control measures. In addition, 3. 6%(95% CI 3. 1%-4. 1%) of low-weight women of childbearing age and 9. 7%(95% CI 9. 3%-10. 1%) of normal-weight women took weight control measures, respectively. The proportion of women aged 15-24 taking weight control measures was higher than that of women aged 25-34 and 35-49, 14. 8%(95% CI 13. 3%-16. 4%), 12. 2%(95% CI 11. 1%-13. 2%) and 10. 0%(95% CI9. 3%-10. 1%), respectively. The proportion of women aged 15-24 taking weight control measures was the highest among normal weight women and overweight and obese women, 13. 9%(95% CI 13. 1%-14. 7%) and 26. 9%(95% CI 26. 4%-27. 4%), respectively. CONCLUSION: At present, there were more women of childbearing age in China who could not correctly assess their own body weight, leading to the inability to take correct weight control measures.


Assuntos
Cognição , Sobrepeso , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
3.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(6): 913-918, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the hypertension awareness, treatment and control among adults in China in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. A stratified multistage cluster sampling was used from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities and selected 150 districts/counties. The sample was adults aged 18 and over selected through the method of Probability Proportion to Size(PPS). The mercury sphygmomanometer was used to measure the blood pressure. Each person had three measurements. The questionnaire was used to collect the information of hypertension awareness and control. RESULTS: The sample participants were 120 428 in 2010-2012. Among adults with hypertension, 46. 5%were aware of their hypertension, 41. 1% reported taking hypertension medicine in the last two weeks, and 13. 8% controlled the blood pressure. It was higher for hypertension awareness, treatment and control in women(49. 5%, 44. 2% and 14. 6%) than those of men(43. 0%, 37. 4% and 12. 9%). The three rates were increased with age. The prevalence of control was 33. 6% among the treated hypertensive individuals. It was higher for men and the rate was decreased with age. It was higher for hypertension awareness, treatment and control among hypertension and control among treated hypertensive participates in urban area(52. 7%, 47. 9%, 17. 9% and 37. 3%) than those in rural area(39. 5%, 33. 4%, 9. 2% and 27. 6%). The rates of overall, gender, and age groups were decreased in large city, medium and small city, general county, and poor county. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of hypertension awareness, treatment and control among hypertension and control among treated hypertensive participates among Chinese adults was increased in 2010-2012. But the rates were still keep a low level. The region and age differences need pay attention.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adolescente , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
4.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 531-536, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome(MS) among Chinese men and women aged 18 years and older. METHODS: The 2010᾿012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey(CNNHS) used multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method to select study participants. Basic information, health-related behaviors and diseases history were collected by questionnaire. Drink information was collected by food frequency questionnaire. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the updated NCEP ATP III criteria. A total of 102 591 participants aged 18 years and older were included in the analysis. Logistic regression model was performed to examine the association between alcohol consumption and MS. Restricted cubic spline(RCS) was performed to explore the dose response relation of alcohol intake and MS. RESULTS: The drink rate was 33. 66% in Chinese adults aged 18 years and older. Compared with non-drinkers, men who consumed⇿0 g/time had a lower MS prevalence(OR=0. 77, 95%CI 0. 66-0. 90). There was a linear dose response association between alcohol intake and MS among men but not among women. In men, there was no association between drinking type and MS. The OR of MS were 0. 91(95%CI 0. 81-1. 03), 0. 90(95%CI 0. 75-1. 08), 0. 85(95%CI 0. 54-1. 36), and 0. 96(95%CI 0. 84-1. 10) among men who consumed liquor, beer, wine, and mixed liquor. Compared with non-drinkers, women who drink liquor or mixed liquor had a decrease MS prevalence. The OR were 0. 74(95%CI 0. 56-0. 98) and 0. 78(95%CI 0. 66-0. 91). The association between drinking frequency and MS had no statistical significance and the P-trend was 0. 11 in men and 0. 31 in women. CONCLUSION: There is a linear dose response association between alcohol intake and MS among men but not in women. Men consumed >20 g/time have an increased MS prevalence.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas Alcoólicas , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vinho
5.
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care ; 30(4): 428-439, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241507

RESUMO

Intimate partners of people living with HIV are at risk of HIV infection. We assessed the acceptability of female condom use among 89 married, heterosexual, HIV-serodiscordant couples from Sichuan and Hunan provinces in China for this prospective observational cohort study. Participants used female condoms for 3 months, reporting use and attitudes in written logs and questionnaires. At the end of the study, 58.4% of couples expressed willingness to continue using female condoms. Factors associated with willingness to use female condoms were (a) the female partner reporting having experienced forced sex by the male partner, (b) applying a lubricant to the penis, (c) understanding the correct application method, (d) being married more than 20 years, and (e) experiencing no difficulty during the first use. Most HIV-serodiscordant couples found female condoms to be acceptable. Increasing access to female condoms could be an acceptable alternative barrier method to male condoms for preventing HIV transmission.

6.
Nutrients ; 11(1)2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577428

RESUMO

Childhood obesity is associated with both near- and longer-term health implications. Few studies have been conducted to explore the associations between dietary patterns and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents. The present study was designed to identify dietary patterns and their relationships with childhood obesity in medium and small cities. This is a cross-sectional study of children participants aged 6⁻17 years old in the 2010⁻2012 China Nutrition and Health Survey (CNHS). Socio-demographics, life-style, physical activity, anthropometric variables, and hundred-item food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were collected. Household income was classified as low, middle, and high. Traffic tools, from non-advanced to advanced, included walking, biking, bus, and car. Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from FFQs. Two dietary patterns were identified: a Westernized pattern (i.e., high cakes, snacks, sugary beverages, aquatic products, red meat, fruits, and nuts) and a Traditional Chinese pattern (i.e., high cereals, tubers, legumes, fried cereal food, and vegetables). The Westernized pattern was positively correlated with energy intake, household income, traffic tools, and negative correlated with age and housework time. The Traditional Chinese pattern was positively correlated with age, energy intake, and housework time, and negatively correlated with household income and traffic tools. After adjusting for confounding factors, the Westernized pattern was found to be associated with BMI increment, yielding ß coefficients (95% confidence interval, 95% CI) of 0.57 (0.40, 0.85) for the fourth quartile. In addition, the Westernized pattern was also found to be significantly associated with an increased risk of obesity, yielding an odds ratio (OR, 95% CI) of 1.49 (1.21, 1.84) from fully-adjusted confounders. Promoting healthier eating patterns could help to prevent obesity in Chinese children. The findings of this study could be used to guide the development of evidence-based preventive nutrition interventions to curb childhood obesity epidemic in small⁻medium cities in China.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Dieta/métodos , Ingestão de Energia , Análise Fatorial , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Razão de Chances , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
7.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(5): 689-704, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trends and food sources composition of energy, protein and fat in Chinese residents from 1992 to 2012. METHODS: Based on the dietary data of the China Nutrition and Health Surveys in 1992, 2002 and 2010-2012, to compare the food sources composition of energy, protein and fat in Chinese residents. A stratified multistage cluster random sampling was used in 1992, and the sample size was100 201. A multistage stratified cluster random sampling survey was conducted in 2002, and the sample size was 68 962. A multi-stage stratified and population-proportional cluster random sampling method was used in 2010-2012, and the sample size of was63 993. Three consecutive 24-hour recalls method and face-to-face interviews were used in three dietary surveys, and household edible oil and condiment weighing were adopted in three surveys. The dietary energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat intake, and the proportion of dietary pattern among the participants were analyzed based on the China Food Composition table. RESULTS: The average daily dietary energy intake in Chinese residents in 1992, 2002 and 2010-2012 was 2328. 3, 2250. 5 and 2172. 1 kcal, respectively. The carbohydrate intake was 378. 4, 321. 2 and 300. 8 g respectively, and the protein intake was 68. 0, 65. 9 and 64. 5 g, respectively. The fat intake was 58. 3, 76. 2 and 79. 9 g, respectively. The dietary energy in Chinese residents mainly came from cereals, and the proportion of cereals energy supply was 66. 8%, 57. 9% and 53. 1%, respectively. Dietary energy was mainly derived from carbohydrates, and the proportion of carbohydrate energy supply was 66. 2%, 58. 6% and 55. 0%, respectively. The proportion of fat energy supply was 22. 0%, 29. 6% and 32. 9%, respectively. The main food sources of protein was cereals. The proportion of protein intake in cereals was 61. 6%, 52. 0% and47. 3%, respectively. The proportion of high quality protein intake was 24. 0%, 32. 6%and 37. 0%, respectively. The main food sources of fat was plant food, and the proportion of plant fat intake was 62. 8%, 60. 8% and 64. 1%, respectively. The dietary energy in urban and rural residents in 1992, 2002 and 2010-2012 years was mainly derived from cereals. The nutrients of dietary energy were mainly derived from carbohydrates. The food sources of protein were mainly cereals. The food sources of fat were mainly plant food, and the proportion of high quality protein intake increased. The proportion of cereals supply in 2002 and 2010-2012 years was less than 50%. The fat supply of urban residents was 35. 0% and 36. 1% higher than that in 2002 and 2010-2012, and the proportion of high quality protein intake in rural residents was less than 40%. CONCLUSION: The dietary composition in urban and rural residents in 1992, 2002 and 2010-2012 was mainly composed of cereal and vegetable food. The proportion of energy supply from fat was very high and increased, the average dietary intake per reference man per day for protein intake was insufficient and decreased. The trend of average energy intake per reference man per day was from excessive intake to insufficient and decreased in Chinese residents and urban residents. The proportion of high quality protein intake was insufficient for the Chinese residents and rural residents. The proportion of energy supply from cereals and carbohydrate were low and decreased.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , China , Dieta , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional
8.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(5): 695-699, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe complementary feeding time among 0-5 years old children in 2013 in China. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. A stratified multistage cluster sampling was used from 31 provinces( autonomous regions and municipalities) and selected 55 districts/counties. The study included 24 580 children aged 0-5 years. The basic situation and complementary feeding of children aged 0-5 years were collected by questionnaires. RESULTS: The average time for children aged 0-5 years in China to start complementary foods was 6. 1 months. The urban( 5. 7 months) was earlier than the rural( 6. 4 months), large cities, medium and small cities, general rural and poor rural areas were 5. 5, 5. 8, 6. 9 and 5. 5 months, respectively. The proportions of early complementary feeding( < 4 months) and late complementary feeding( > 9 months) were 10. 2 %( n = 2496) and 9. 5%( n = 2336), which were 7. 3% and 5. 5% respectively in urban area and 13. 1% and 13. 7%respectively in rural area. The proportions of early complementary feeding was the highest( 19. 6%) in poor rural areas, the proportions of late complementary feeding was the highest( 15%) in the general rural areas. The rate of introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods was 82. 3%, the urban( 89. 4%) was higher than the rural( 73. 6%), and it was the lowest( 63. 4%) in the poor rural areas. CONCLUSION: There were both early complementary feeding and late complementary feeding among 0-5 years children in China in 2013, and the regional difference were significant. It is more likely to add complementary foods too early or too late in rural areasthan in urban areas, especially in poor rural areas.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Cidades , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , População Rural
9.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(5): 705-715, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of diabetes from 7 to 17 years old children and adolescents in China, and analyze the change during 2002-2012. METHODS: Data was from China Nutrition and Health Survey( 2002) and China Nutrition and Health Surveillance( 2012). In 2002, 243 479 subjects were selected from 132 countries of mainland China by the multilevel stratified equal volume cluster random sampling method. In 2012, 183 137 subjects were selected from 205 countries of mainland China by the multilevel stratified equal proportional cluster random sampling. While 32161 and25376 plasma glucose test results were got in 2002 and 2012, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose and 2 h-OGTT levels were be used to diagnose diabetesbased on the guideline ofprevention and treatment for type 2 diabetes in China( 2010). RESULTS: In 2002, the average fasting blood-glucose of Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 was( 4. 62± 0. 56 mmol/L), and in 2012, it was( 4. 91 ± 0. 67 mmol/L). In 2002, the prevalence of diabetes was 0. 24% among children and adolescents aged 7 to 17, the rate of impaired fasting blood-glucose was 0. 33%. In urban areas, the prevalence of diabetes was 0. 43%and the rate of impaired fasting blood-glucose was 0. 40%, and it was 0. 18% and 0. 29%in the rural areas. In 2012, the prevalence of diabetes was 0. 52% among children and adolescents aged 7 to 17, the rate of impaired fasting blood-glucose was 1. 95%, the prevalence of diabetes was 0. 38% and the impaired fasting blood-glucose rate was 1. 59%in urban areas, and it was 0. 60% and 2. 11% in the rural areas. CONCLUSION: From2002 to 2012, the mean of FPG, the prevalence of diabetes and the rate of impaired fasting blood-glucose were rising among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 17. The growth prevalence of diabetes in China was obvious, but the differences between the urban and rural areas, between low age group and high age group were not obvious.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Adolescente , Glicemia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estado Pré-Diabético , Prevalência
10.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(1): 1-6, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the mean of systolic blood pressure( SBP), diastolic blood pressure( DBP), and the prevalence of hypertension among 6-17 years old children and adolescents in China in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. The total number was 35 657 which selected through the method of multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling and probability proportion to size( PPS). The study objects were 6-17 years old childrenand adolescents in 31 Provinces and 150 sites in China Mainland. Blood pressure was measured by mercury sphygmomanometer. Hypertension was defined using Blood pressure reference standards for Chinese children and adolescents( 2010). Age-standardized result were calculated incorporating a sample weighting using the national census from the National Bureau of Statistics in 2009. RESULTS: The overall mean SBP was 101 mmHg. It was 102 mmHg for boys and 99 mmHg for girls. It showed 94 mmHg and 105 mmHg in 6-11 and 12-17 age groups. The mean DBP was 65 mmHg. Both boys and girls were 65 mmHg. It was 61 mmHg and 68 mmHg in 6-11 and 12-17 age groups. The prevalence of hypertension was 12. 4% in children and adolescents in China. It was 12. 4% in boys and 12. 3% in girls. It showed 7. 3% in 6-11 age group and 15. 6% in 12-17 group. The SBP, DBP and prevalence of hypertension were increased with age. The mean SBP of poor rural area was lowest and there was no difference in SBP and hypertensive prevalence. CONCLUSION: The government should pay more attention on blood pressure and hypertension in 6-17 years old children and adolescents. It is important to strengthen the surveillance and early detection and prevention.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
11.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(1): 13-17, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the age-standardized average intake of dietary sodium in Chinese adults of 18 years old and over in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. A stratified multistage cluster sampling was used from 31 provinces( autonomous regions and municipalities) and selected 150 districts/counties. The sample was selected through the method of probability proportion to size( PPS). The sample participants were adults aged 18 and over. The average sodium intake was calculated based on dietary data collected using the method of 3 consecutive day edible oil and seasonings weighting and 3 days 24-hour dietary recall. The result were calculated using the complex weight based on national census from the National Bureau of Statistics in 2009. RESULTS: The mean intake of sodium was( 5335. 7 ± 95. 3)mg/d and it was higher for men(( 5744. 9 ± 117. 8) mg/d) than for women(( 4918. 9 ±79. 4) mg/d). The age groups of 40-49(( 5602. 3 ± 152. 7) mg/d), 50-59(( 5640. 0± 113. 8) mg/d) and 60-69(( 5363. 5 ± 100. 8) mg/d) had higher sodium intake than those of other age groups. The sodium intake among the adults in rural(( 5352. 3 ±121. 7) mg/d) area was similar with that of urban(( 5319. 5 ± 145. 9) mg/d). Overall, the mean intake of sodium in medium and small cities(( 5378. 4 ± 170. 3) mg/d), general rural(( 5369. 8 ± 142. 7) mg/d) and poor rural areas(( 5335. 9 ± 231. 6) mg/d) was similar while big city was lowest(( 4993. 8 ± 150. 3) mg/d). CONCLUSION: In2010-2012, the mean sodium intake among Chinese adults was still in a very high level. It was necessary to monitor the population sodium intakes and the strategies should be developed to reduce national salt/sodium intakes.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta
12.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(1): 18-21, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status and variation trend of eggs food intake among Chinese residents. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster randomization sampling method was used to collect data about eggs food intake among residents in 150 surveillance sites of China National Nutrition and Health Survey in 31 provinces of China from 2010 to 2012. Food frequency questionnaire and 24-hours recall for three consecutive days were used to collect information on eggs food consumption of the participants. The eggs food intake per standard people were calculated based on the China Food Composition. RESULTS: The proportion of residents reporting the frequency of 1 or more times per day for eggs food were 31. 3% in the children and 25. 8% in the adult and the estimated daily eggs food was24. 3 grams for all the residents. The estimated daily eggs food for the residents of urban( 29. 5 g) was higher than that of rural( 19. 4 g)( T = 47. 86, P < 0. 0001). The eggs food consumption frequency and intake showed a decreasing trend for the residents with different residential regions in an order of big cities, small and medium-sized cities, common rural area, and poverty rural area. In past 30 years, the eggs food intake was increased substantial in the residents from 1982 to 2002. Althought the total the eggs food intake was increased gradually for all residents from 2002 to 2010-2012, the eggs food intake was decreased slightly for both the residents in urban and rural areas during the period. CONCLUSION: The consumption frequency and intake of eggs food among Chinese residents are still at a low level and exist regional differences. Some measures should be taken to guide reasonable eggs food consumption behavior among Chinese residents.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Ovos , Comportamento Alimentar , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adulto , Criança , China , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
13.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(1): 22-26, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among Chinese adults in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance: 2010-2012. Multi-stage stratified random cluster and probability proportionate sampling method was used, and 45 203 respondents aged 18 and over from 150 sites of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities were involved in the analysis. The consumption rate of sugar-sweetened beverages, distribution of the classification of the consumption frequency and percentage of variety beverages consumption frequency were calculated. RESULTS: There were 50. 1% of Chinese adults in2010-2012 consuming sugar-sweetened beverages, men and women were 49. 2% and 50. 8%, for age groups of 18-44, 45-59 and 60 and over, the consumption rates were65. 4% %, 47. 0% % 36. 3%, respectively. The prevalence in cities was 49. 0% and in counties was 51. 3%. The rate of consuming 1 time/week and over was 15. 3% and consuming 1 time/day was 1. 3%. As the economical level decreased, the two rates decreased. Carbonated beverages had the highest consumption frequency( 39. 8%), and the lactic acid beverages had the lowest( 10. 8%). Consumption of carbonated beverages in men( 44. 8%) was higher than that in women( 35. 3%), while for the fruit and vegetable juice, lactic acid beverages, disposable milk beverages and coffee, the consumption in women were higher than that in men. As the economical level decreased, consumption of carbonated and disposable milk beverages were increasing, and lactic acid beverages and coffee were decreasing significantly. CONCLUSION: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adults in 2010-2012 was relatively high. The targeted nutrition health education and intervention was needed and implemented to decrease the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , China , Sacarose na Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Açúcares
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 36(6): 565-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26564625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the ways of spousal notification and its associated factors among HIV discordant couples. METHODS: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted in Henan, Yunnan, Sichuan provinces and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China. Information including democratic characteristics, knowledge and behaviors correlated with HIV infections and ways of HIV infectious status notification was collected. 'Data information system' on AIDS prevention and control was used to collect information on the transmission route. RESULTS: A total of 770 pairs of HIV discordant couples were studied, among which 414 (53.77%) HIV positive respondents reported as self-notification, with another 44.68% were notified by medical staff. Factors associated with ways of notification included gender, nation, transmission route, and education level. HIV positive respondents who were female, under Han nationality, being paid blood donors, having had higher education level, were more likely to inform their HIV negative spouse by themselves. CONCLUSION: Nationality and HIV transmission route of the HIV positive individuals were found as significant factors associated with ways of spousal notification. Therefore, HIV discordant couples notification should be strengthened, especially in the Minority-living areas and areas where HIV transmission was predomint through sexual contact and/or via injected drug use.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Cônjuges/psicologia , Revelação da Verdade , China , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários/psicologia , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual , Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa
15.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 15: 253, 2015 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26135395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The growing number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in China points to an increased need for case management services of HIV/AIDS. This study sought to explore the challenges and enablers in shifting the HIV/AIDS case management services from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) to Community Health Service Centers (CHSCs) in urban China. METHODS: A qualitative method based on the Health Policy Triangle (HPT) framework was employed to gain in-depth insights into four elements of the task shifting strategy. This included a review on published literature and health policy documents, 15 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 30 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with four types of key actors from three cities in China. A total of 78 studies and 17 policy files at the national, municipal and local levels were obtained and reviewed comprehensively. Three semi-structured interview guides were used to explore key actors' views on shifting the HIV/AIDS case management services to CHSCs. RESULTS: It is necessary and feasible for CHSCs to engage in case management services for PLWHA in local communities. The increasing number of PLWHA and shortage of qualified health professionals in CDCs made shifting case management services downwards to CHSCs an urgent agenda. CHSCs' wide distribution, technical capacity, accessibility and current practice enabled them to carry out case management services for PLWHA. However our findings indicated several challenges in this task shifting process. Those challenges included lack of specific policy and stable financial support for CHSCs, inadequate manpower, relatively low capacity for health service delivery, lack of coordination among sectors, PLWHA's fear for discrimination and privacy disclosure in local communities, which may compromise the effectiveness and sustainability of those services. CONCLUSIONS: Shifting the HIV/AIDS case management services from CDCs to CHSCs is a new approach to cope with the rising number of PLWHA in China, but it should be implemented alongside with other efforts and resources such as increasing public funding, planned team building, professional training, coordination with other sectors and education on privacy protection as well as non-discrimination to make this approach more effective and sustainable. Policy makers need to ensure both political feasibility and resources accessibility to facilitate this shifting process.


Assuntos
Administração de Caso , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Formulação de Políticas , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Pessoal Administrativo , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Doenças Transmissíveis , Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1109-12, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26837355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence of informing doctors of the HIV infection status during medical care seeking and influential factors among people living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The study was conducted among people living with HIV/AIDS in 7 provinces in China, including those receiving HIV test, HIV counsel and HIV infection treatment. The data were analyzed with software SAS 9.2. Chi-square test was used to compare the informing rates in patients with different characteristics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify the influential factors. RESULTS: Of the 2 432 HIV/AIDS patients, 49.7% (716/1 442) didn't inform the doctors of their HIV infection status actively. The non-active informing rate was 51.9% (559/1 077) in males, 62.9% (212/337) in age group 18-30 years old, 58.1% (555/955) in those with a educational level >primary school, 65.7% (241/367) in those working in private/joint companies or the self employed and 62.5% (197/315) in those living in small cities. The non active informing rate was highest in those infected through sexual contact (66.3%, 275/415). Multivariate logical regression analysis indicated that those infected through illegal blood donation would like to inform of the HIV infection status actively (OR=0.083, 95% CI: 0.049-0.141) , but those working in private/joint companies or the self employed would like not to inform of the HIV infection status actively (OR=1.531, 95% CI: 1.017-2.304). CONCLUSION: The non active informing rate of HIV infection status was high in people living with HIV/AIDS. It is necessary to conduct the targeted health education to encourage people living with HIV/AIDS to inform of their HIV infection status actively.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Comunicação , Infecções por HIV , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Relações Médico-Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Prevalência , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto Jovem
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