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1.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312201

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent autoimmune disease involving the joints. Although anti-TNF therapies have proven effective in the management of RA, approximately one third of patients do not show a significant clinical response. The objective of this study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy in RA. Methods: We performed a sequential multi-omic analysis integrating different sources of molecular information. First, we extracted the RNA from synovial biopsies of 11 RA patients starting anti-TNF therapy to identify gene coexpression modules (GCMs) in the RA synovium. Second, we analyzed the transcriptomic association between each GCM and the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy. The clinical response was determined at week 14 using the EULAR criteria. Third, we analyzed the association between the GCMs and anti-TNF response at the genetic level. For this objective, we used genome-wide data from a cohort of 348 anti-TNF treated patients from Spain. The GCMs that were significantly associated with the anti-TNF response were then tested for validation in an independent cohort of 2,706 anti-TNF treated patients. Finally, the functional implication of the validated GCMs was evaluated via pathway and cell type epigenetic enrichment analyses. Results: A total of 149 GCMs were identified in the RA synovium. From these, 13 GCMs were found to be significantly associated with anti-TNF response (P < 0.05). At the genetic level, we detected two of the 13 GCMs to be significantly associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0015) and infliximab (P = 0.021) in the Spain cohort. Using the independent cohort of RA patients, we replicated the association of the GCM associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0019). The validated module was found to be significantly enriched for genes involved in the nucleotide metabolism (P = 2.41e-5) and epigenetic marks from immune cells, including CD4+ regulatory T cells (P = 0.041). Conclusions: These findings show the existence of a drug-specific genetic basis for anti-TNF response, thereby supporting treatment stratification in the search for response biomarkers in RA.

2.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043678

RESUMO

The production of antibodies to anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) agents is one of the main causes of treatment failure in Crohn's disease (CD). To date, however, the contribution of genetics to anti-TNF immunogenicity in CD is still unknown. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation associated with anti-TNF immunogenicity in CD. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study in a cohort of 96 and 123 adalimumab-treated patients, respectively. In the discovery stage, we identified a genome-wide significant association between the CD96 locus and the production of antibodies to anti-TNF treatment (P = 1.88e-09). This association was validated in the replication stage (P < 0.05). The risk allele for anti-TNF immunogenicity was found to be also associated with a lack of response to anti-TNF therapy (P = 0.019). These findings represent an important step toward the understanding of the immunogenicity-based mechanisms that underlie anti-TNF response in CD.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 100, 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common systemic autoimmune disease with a complex genetic inheritance. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have significantly increased the number of significant loci associated with SLE risk. To date, however, established loci account for less than 30% of the disease heritability and additional risk variants have yet to be identified. Here we performed a GWAS followed by a meta-analysis to identify new genome-wide significant loci for SLE. METHODS: We genotyped a cohort of 907 patients with SLE (cases) and 1524 healthy controls from Spain and performed imputation using the 1000 Genomes reference data. We tested for association using logistic regression with correction for the principal components of variation. Meta-analysis of the association results was subsequently performed on 7,110,321 variants using genetic data from a large cohort of 4036 patients with SLE and 6959 controls of Northern European ancestry. Genetic association was also tested at the pathway level after removing the effect of known risk loci using PASCAL software. RESULTS: We identified five new loci associated with SLE at the genome-wide level of significance (p < 5 × 10- 8): GRB2, SMYD3, ST8SIA4, LAT2 and ARHGAP27. Pathway analysis revealed several biological processes significantly associated with SLE risk: B cell receptor signaling (p = 5.28 × 10- 6), CTLA4 co-stimulation during T cell activation (p = 3.06 × 10- 5), interleukin-4 signaling (p = 3.97 × 10- 5) and cell surface interactions at the vascular wall (p = 4.63 × 10- 5). CONCLUSIONS: Our results identify five novel loci for SLE susceptibility, and biologic pathways associated via multiple low-effect-size loci.

4.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0185889, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28982122

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular events compared to the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in autoimmunity. We analyzed genome-wide genotyping data from 6,485 patients from six autoimmune diseases that are associated with a high socio-economic impact. First, for each disease, we tested the association of established CVD risk loci. Second, we analyzed the association of autoimmune disease susceptibility loci with CVD. Finally, to identify genetic patterns associated with CVD risk, we applied the cross-phenotype meta-analysis approach (CPMA) on the genome-wide data. A total of 17 established CVD risk loci were significantly associated with CVD in the autoimmune patient cohorts. From these, four loci were found to have significantly different genetic effects across autoimmune diseases. Six autoimmune susceptibility loci were also found to be associated with CVD risk. Genome-wide CPMA analysis identified 10 genetic clusters strongly associated with CVD risk across all autoimmune diseases. Two of these clusters are highly enriched in pathways previously associated with autoimmune disease etiology (TNFα and IFNγ cytokine pathways). The results of this study support the presence of specific genetic variation associated with the increase of CVD risk observed in autoimmunity.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 138, 2017 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28619073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a genetically complex rheumatic disease characterized by heterogeneous clinical manifestations of unknown etiology. Recent studies have suggested the existence of a genetic basis for SLE heterogeneity. The objective of the present study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinically relevant phenotypes in SLE. METHODS: A two-stage pathway-based approach was used to identify the genetic variation associated with the main clinical phenotypes in SLE. In the discovery stage, 482 SLE patients were genotyped using Illumina Human Quad610 microarrays. Association between 798 reference genetic pathways from the Molecular Signatures Database and 11 SLE phenotypes was tested using the set-based method implemented in PLINK software. Pathways significantly associated after multiple test correction were subsequently tested for replication in an independent cohort of 425 SLE patients. Using an in silico approach, we analyzed the functional effects of common SLE therapies on the replicated genetic pathways. The association of known SLE risk variants with the development of the clinical phenotypes was also analyzed. RESULTS: In the discovery stage, we found a significant association between the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway and oral ulceration (P value for false discovery rate (P FDR) < 0.05), and between the negative regulation signaling pathway of retinoic acid inducible gene-I/melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 and the production of antinuclear antibodies (P FDR < 0.05). In the replication stage, we validated the association between the VEGF pathway and oral ulceration. Therapies commonly used to treat mucocutaneous phenotypes in SLE were found to strongly influence VEGF pathway gene expression (P = 4.60e-4 to 5.38e-14). Analysis of known SLE risk loci identified a strong association between PTPN22 and the risk of hematologic disorder and with the development of antinuclear antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: The present study has identified VEGF genetic pathway association with the risk of oral ulceration in SLE. New therapies targeting the VEGF pathway could be more effective in reducing the severity of this phenotype. These findings represent a first step towards the understanding of the genetic basis of phenotype heterogeneity in SLE.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Úlceras Orais/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Masculino , Fenótipo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(26): e7308, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28658137

RESUMO

To analyze in several immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) the influence of demographic and clinical-related variables on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and compare their standardized prevalences.Cross-sectional study, including consecutive patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn disease, or ulcerative colitis, from rheumatology, gastroenterology, and dermatology tertiary care outpatient clinics located throughout Spain, between 2007 and 2010. Our main outcome was defined as previous diagnosis of angina, myocardial infarction, peripheral vascular disease, and/or stroke. Bivariate and multivariate logistic and mixed-effects logistic regression models were performed for each condition and the overall cohort, respectively. Standardized prevalences (in subjects per 100 patients, with 95% confidence intervals) were calculated using marginal analysis.We included 9951 patients. For each IMID, traditional cardiovascular risk factors had a different contribution to CVD. Overall, older age, longer disease duration, presence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and male sex were independently associated with a higher CVD prevalence. After adjusting for demographic and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, systemic lupus erythematosus exhibited the highest CVD standardized prevalence, followed by rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, Crohn disease, psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis (4.5 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.2, 6.8], 1.3 [95% CI: 0.8, 1.8], 0.9 [95% CI: 0.5, 1.2], 0.8 [95% CI: 0.2, 1.3], 0.6 [95% CI: 0.2, 1.0], and 0.5 [95% CI: 0.1, 0.8], respectively).Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis are associated with higher prevalence of CVD compared with other IMIDs. Specific prevention programs should be established in subjects affected with these conditions to prevent CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/complicações , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Centros de Atenção Terciária
7.
Hum Mol Genet ; 26(14): 2803-2811, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28475762

RESUMO

Epigenetic regulation of immune cell types could be critical for the development and maintenance of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). B cells are highly relevant in RA, since patients express autoantibodies and depleting this cell type is a successful therapeutic approach. Epigenetic variation, such as DNA methylation, may mediate the pathogenic activity of B cells. In this study, we performed an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) for RA with three different replication cohorts, to identify disease-specific alterations in DNA methylation in B cells. CpG methylation in isolated B lymphocytes was assayed on the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip in a discovery cohort of RA patients (N = 50) and controls (N = 75). Differential methylation was observed in 64 CpG sites (q < 0.05). Six biological pathways were also differentially methylated in RA B cells. Analysis in an independent cohort of patients (N = 15) and controls (N = 15) validated the association of 10 CpG sites located on 8 genes CD1C, TNFSF10, PARVG, NID1, DHRS12, ITPK1, ACSF3 and TNFRSF13C, and 2 intergenic regions. Differential methylation at the CBL signaling pathway was replicated. Using an additional case-control cohort (N = 24), the association between RA risk and CpGs cg18972751 at CD1C (P = 2.26 × 10-9) and cg03055671 at TNFSF10 (P = 1.67 × 10-8) genes was further validated. Differential methylation at genes CD1C, TNFSF10, PARVG, NID1, DHRS12, ITPK1, ACSF3, TNFRSF13C and intergenic region chr10p12.31 was replicated in a cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients (N = 47) and controls (N = 56). Our results highlight genes that may drive the pathogenic activity of B cells in RA and suggest shared methylation patterns with SLE.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Epigenômica/métodos , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais
8.
J Invest Dermatol ; 137(5): 1000-1002, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411830

RESUMO

Taroni et al. integrate and analyze genomic information generated from different clinical trials on systemic sclerosis, a disease for which there is yet no Food and Drug Administration-approved therapy. By using a recent network analysis approach based on tissue-specific functionality, they leverage the biological information extracted from molecular profiling studies and report findings that could be useful for patient stratification.


Assuntos
Genômica , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Humanos
9.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 18(1): 221, 2016 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27716427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor (TLR) family members are key players in inflammation. TLR10 has been poorly studied in chronic inflammatory disorders, and its clinical relevance in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is as yet unknown. We aimed at identifying TLR10 variants within all coding regions of the gene in patients with RA as well as studying their functional and clinical significance. METHODS: TLR10 gene variants were studied by performing sequencing of 66 patients with RA and 30 control subjects. A selected variant, I473T, was then analyzed in 1654 patients and 1702 healthy control subjects. The capacity of this TLR10 variant to modify the transcriptional activity of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFkB) was determined by using a luciferase reporter assay and analyzing the expression of NFkB target genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Differences between groups were analyzed by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the unpaired two-tailed Student's t test. RESULTS: We detected ten missense variants in the TLR10 gene and focused on the I473T substitution based on allele frequencies and the predicted functional impact. I473T variant is not associated with susceptibility to RA, but it significantly correlates with erosive disease in patients seropositive for antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (p = 0.017 in the total cohort and p = 0.0049 in female patients) and with a lower response to infliximab treatment as measured by the change in Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (p = 0.012) and by the European League Against Rheumatism criteria (p = 0.049). Functional studies showed that TLR10 reduced activation of the NFkB inflammatory pathway in hematopoietic cells, whereas the I473T variant lacked this inhibitory capacity. Consistently, after exposure to infliximab, cells expressing the I437T variant showed higher NFkB activity than cells carrying wild-type TLR10. CONCLUSIONS: A TLR10 allelic variant, I473T, has impaired NFkB inhibitory activity and is highly associated with disease severity and low response to infliximab in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Receptor 10 Toll-Like/genética , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , NF-kappa B/biossíntese , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptor 10 Toll-Like/imunologia
10.
BMC Med ; 14(1): 133, 2016 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27609333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are a group of complex and prevalent diseases where disease diagnostic and activity monitoring is highly challenging. The determination of the metabolite profiles of biological samples is becoming a powerful approach to identify new biomarkers of clinical utility. In order to identify new metabolite biomarkers of diagnosis and disease activity, we have performed the first large-scale profiling of the urine metabolome of the six most prevalent IMIDs: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: Using nuclear magnetic resonance, we analyzed the urine metabolome in a discovery cohort of 1210 patients and 100 controls. Within each IMID, two patient subgroups were recruited representing extreme disease activity (very high vs. very low). Metabolite association analysis with disease diagnosis and disease activity was performed using multivariate linear regression in order to control for the effects of clinical, epidemiological, or technical variability. After multiple test correction, the most significant metabolite biomarkers were validated in an independent cohort of 1200 patients and 200 controls. RESULTS: In the discovery cohort, we identified 28 significant associations between urine metabolite levels and disease diagnosis and three significant metabolite associations with disease activity (P FDR < 0.05). Using the validation cohort, we validated 26 of the diagnostic associations and all three metabolite associations with disease activity (P FDR < 0.05). Combining all diagnostic biomarkers using multivariate classifiers we obtained a good disease prediction accuracy in all IMIDs and particularly high in inflammatory bowel diseases. Several of the associated metabolites were found to be commonly altered in multiple IMIDs, some of which can be considered as hub biomarkers. The analysis of the metabolic reactions connecting the IMID-associated metabolites showed an over-representation of citric acid cycle, phenylalanine, and glycine-serine metabolism pathways. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that urine is a source of biomarkers of clinical utility in IMIDs. We have found that IMIDs show similar metabolic changes, particularly between clinically similar diseases and we have found, for the first time, the presence of hub metabolites. These findings represent an important step in the development of more efficient and less invasive diagnostic and disease monitoring methods in IMIDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Inflamação/urina , Metaboloma , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/urina , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Colite Ulcerativa/urina , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Doença de Crohn/urina , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/urina , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metabolômica/métodos , Psoríase/metabolismo , Psoríase/urina
11.
JAMA Psychiatry ; 73(5): 497-505, 2016 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007234

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: A recently published study of national data by McGrath et al in 2014 showed increased risk of schizophrenia (SCZ) in offspring associated with both early and delayed parental age, consistent with a U-shaped relationship. However, it remains unclear if the risk to the child is due to psychosocial factors associated with parental age or if those at higher risk for SCZ tend to have children at an earlier or later age. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a genetic association between SCZ and age at first birth (AFB) using genetically informative but independently ascertained data sets. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This investigation used multiple independent genome-wide association study data sets. The SCZ sample comprised 18 957 SCZ cases and 22 673 controls in a genome-wide association study from the second phase of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, and the AFB sample comprised 12 247 genotyped women measured for AFB from the following 4 community cohorts: Estonia (Estonian Genome Center Biobank, University of Tartu), the Netherlands (LifeLines Cohort Study), Sweden (Swedish Twin Registry), and the United Kingdom (TwinsUK). Schizophrenia genetic risk for each woman in the AFB community sample was estimated using genetic effects inferred from the SCZ genome-wide association study. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: We tested if SCZ genetic risk was a significant predictor of response variables based on published polynomial functions that described the relationship between maternal age and SCZ risk in offspring in Denmark. We substituted AFB for maternal age in these functions, one of which was corrected for the age of the father, and found that the fit was superior for the model without adjustment for the father's age. RESULTS: We observed a U-shaped relationship between SCZ risk and AFB in the community cohorts, consistent with the previously reported relationship between SCZ risk in offspring and maternal age when not adjusted for the age of the father. We confirmed that SCZ risk profile scores significantly predicted the response variables (coefficient of determination R2 = 1.1E-03, P = 4.1E-04), reflecting the published relationship between maternal age and SCZ risk in offspring by McGrath et al in 2014. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study provides evidence for a significant overlap between genetic factors associated with risk of SCZ and genetic factors associated with AFB. It has been reported that SCZ risk associated with increased maternal age is explained by the age of the father and that de novo mutations that occur more frequently in the germline of older men are the underlying causal mechanism. This explanation may need to be revised if, as suggested herein and if replicated in future studies, there is also increased genetic risk of SCZ in older mothers.


Assuntos
Ordem de Nascimento , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Idade Materna , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Fenótipo , Gravidez , Risco
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(6): 1106-11, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26983453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: RA patients with serum ACPA have a strong and specific genetic background. The objective of the study was to identify new susceptibility genes for ACPA-positive RA using a genome-wide association approach. METHODS: A total of 924 ACPA-positive RA patients with joint damage in hands and/or feet, and 1524 healthy controls were genotyped in 582 591 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the discovery phase. In the validation phase, the most significant SNPs in the genome-wide association study representing new candidate loci for RA were tested in an independent cohort of 863 ACPA-positive patients with joint damage and 1152 healthy controls. All individuals from the discovery and validation cohorts were Caucasian and of Southern European ancestry. RESULTS: In the discovery phase, 60 loci not previously associated with RA risk showed evidence for association at P < 5×10(-4) and were tested for replication in the validation cohort. A total of 12 loci were replicated at the nominal level (P < 0.05, same direction of effect as in the discovery phase). When combining the discovery and validation cohorts, an intronic SNP in the Solute Carrier family 8 gene (SLC8A3) was found to be associated with ACPA-positive RA at a genome-wide level of significance RA [odds ratio (95% CI): 1.42 (1.25, 1.6), Pcombined = 3.19×10(-8)]. CONCLUSIONS: SLC8A3 was identified as a new risk locus for ACPA-positive RA. This study demonstrates the advantage of analysing relevant subsets of RA patients to identify new genetic risk variants.

14.
J Invest Dermatol ; 136(3): 593-602, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26743605

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a complex genetic architecture. To date, the psoriasis heritability is only partially explained. However, there is increasing evidence that the missing heritability in psoriasis could be explained by multiple genetic variants of low effect size from common genetic pathways. The objective of this study was to identify new genetic variation associated with psoriasis risk at the pathway level. We genotyped 598,258 single nucleotide polymorphisms in a discovery cohort of 2,281 case-control individuals from Spain. We performed a genome-wide pathway analysis using 1,053 reference biological pathways. A total of 14 genetic pathways (PFDR ≤ 2.55 × 10(-2)) were found to be significantly associated with psoriasis risk. Using an independent validation cohort of 7,353 individuals from the UK, a total of 6 genetic pathways were significantly replicated (PFDR ≤ 3.46 × 10(-2)). We found genetic pathways that had not been previously associated with psoriasis risk such as retinol metabolism (Pcombined = 1.84 × 10(-4)), the transport of inorganic ions and amino acids (Pcombined = 1.57 × 10(-7)), and post-translational protein modification (Pcombined = 1.57 × 10(-7)). In the latter pathway, MGAT5 showed a strong network centrality, and its association with psoriasis risk was further validated in an additional case-control cohort of 3,429 individuals (P < 0.05). These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms associated with psoriasis susceptibility.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Psoríase/fisiopatologia , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
15.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(6): 1384-91, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26815016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid factor (RF) is a well-established diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, ∼20% of RA patients are negative for this anti-IgG antibody. To date, only variation at the HLA-DRB1 gene has been associated with the presence of RF. This study was undertaken to identify additional genetic variants associated with RF positivity. METHODS: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for RF positivity was performed using an Illumina Quad610 genotyping platform. A total of 937 RF-positive and 323 RF-negative RA patients were genotyped for >550,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Association testing was performed using an allelic chi-square test implemented in Plink software. An independent cohort of 472 RF-positive and 190 RF-negative RA patients was used to validate the most significant findings. RESULTS: In the discovery stage, a SNP in the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 (SNP rs1502644) showed a genome-wide significant association with RF positivity (P = 4.13 × 10(-8) , odds ratio [OR] 0.37 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.26-0.53]). In the validation stage, the association of IRX1 with RF was replicated in an independent group of RA patients (P = 0.034, OR 0.58 [95% CI 0.35-0.97] and combined P = 1.14 × 10(-8) , OR 0.43 [95% CI 0.32-0.58]). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first GWAS of RF positivity in RA. Variation at the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 is associated with the presence of RF. Our findings indicate that IRX1 and HLA-DRB1 are the strongest genetic factors for RF production in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Loci Gênicos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Fator Reumatoide/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Risco
16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 242, 2015 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26336855

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine signaling is key in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) pathophysiology. Blocking IL-6 receptor (IL6R) has proven to be a highly effective treatment to prevent joint damage. This study was performed to investigate the association between the genetic variation at IL6R gene and the severity of joint damage in RA. METHODS: IL6R gene tagging SNPs (n = 5) were genotyped in a discovery group of 527 RA patients from 5 different university hospitals from Spain. For each marker, a linear regression analysis was performed using an additive model and adjusting for the years of evolution of the disease, autoantibody status, gender and age. Haplotypes combining the SNPs were also estimated and tested for association with the level of joint destruction. Using an independent cohort of 705 RA patients from 6 university hospitals we performed a validation study of the SNPs associated in the discovery phase. RESULTS: In the discovery group we found a highly significant association between IL6R SNP rs4845618 and the level of joint destruction in RA (P = 0.0058, P corrected = 0.026), and a moderate association with SNP rs4453032 (P = 0.02, P corrected = 0.05). The resulting haplotype from both SNPs was more significantly associated with joint damage (P = 0.0037, P corrected = 0.011). Using the validation cohort, we replicated the association between the two IL-6R SNPs with the degree of joint destruction in RA (P = 0.007 and P = 0.04, meta-analysis P = 0.00011 and P = 0.0021, respectively), and the haplotype association (P = 0.0058, meta-analysis P = 6.64 e-5). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation at IL6R gene is associated with joint damage in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Articulações/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Interleucina-6/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Articulações/patologia , Modelos Lineares , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Metanálise como Assunto , Espanha
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 74(10): 1875-81, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25990289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Copy number variants (CNVs) have been associated with the risk to develop multiple autoimmune diseases. Our objective was to identify CNVs associated with the risk to develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a genome-wide analysis approach. METHODS: A total of 835 patients with PsA and 1498 healthy controls were genotyped for CNVs using the Illumina HumanHap610 BeadChip genotyping platform. Genomic CNVs were characterised using CNstream analysis software and analysed for association using the χ(2) test. The most significant genomic CNV associations with PsA risk were independently tested in a validation sample of 1133 patients with PsA and 1831 healthy controls. In order to test for the specificity of the variants with PsA aetiology, we also analysed the association to a cohort of 822 patients with purely cutaneous psoriasis (PsC). RESULTS: A total of 165 common CNVs were identified in the genome-wide analysis. We found a highly significant association of an intergenic deletion between ADAMTS9 and MAGI1 genes on chromosome 3p14.1 (p=0.00014). Using the independent patient and control cohort, we validated the association between ADAMTS9-MAGI1 deletion and PsA risk (p=0.032). Using next-generation sequencing, we characterised the 26 kb associated deletion. Finally, analysing the PsC cohort we found a lower frequency of the deletion compared with the PsA cohort (p=0.0088) and a similar frequency to that of healthy controls (p>0.3). CONCLUSIONS: The present genome-wide scan for CNVs associated with PsA risk has identified a new deletion associated with disease risk and which is also differential from PsC risk.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/genética , Artrite Psoriásica/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Deleção de Genes , Proteína ADAMTS9 , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/genética , Fatores de Risco
18.
PLoS One ; 10(4): e0122088, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25848939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anti-TNF therapies have been highly efficacious in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but 25-30% of patients do not show a significant clinical response. There is increasing evidence that genetic variation at the Fc receptor FCGR2A is associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy. We aimed to validate this genetic association in a patient cohort from the Spanish population, and also to identify new genes functionally related to FCGR2A that are also associated with anti-TNF response. METHODS: A total of 348 RA patients treated with an anti-TNF therapy were included and genotyped for FCGR2A polymorphism rs1081274. Response to therapy was determined at 12 weeks, and was tested for association globally and independently for each anti-TNF drug (infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab). Using gene expression profiles from macrophages obtained from synovial fluid of RA patients, we searched for genes highly correlated with FCGR2A expression. Tag SNPs were selected from each candidate gene and tested for association with the response to therapy. RESULTS: We found a significant association between FCGR2A and the response to adalimumab (P=0.022). Analyzing the subset of anti-CCP positive RA patients (78%), we also found a significant association between FCGR2A and the response to infliximab (P=0.035). DHX32 and RGS12 were the most consistently correlated genes with FCGR2A expression in RA synovial fluid macrophages (P<0.001). We found a significant association between the genetic variation at DHX32 (rs12356233, corrected P=0.019) and a nominally significant association between RGS12 and the response to adalimumab (rs4690093, uncorrected P=0.040). In the anti-CCP positive group of patients, we also found a nominally significant association between RGS12 and the response to infliximab (rs2857859, uncorrected P=0.042). CONCLUSIONS: In the present study we have validated the FCGR2A association in an independent population, and we have identified new genes associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de IgG/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Líquido Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquido Sinovial/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25798438

RESUMO

Metabolomics comprises the methods and techniques that are used to measure the small molecule composition of biofluids and tissues, and is actually one of the most rapidly evolving research fields. The determination of the metabolomic profile - the metabolome - has multiple applications in many biological sciences, including the developing of new diagnostic tools in medicine. Recent technological advances in nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry are significantly improving our capacity to obtain more data from each biological sample. Consequently, there is a need for fast and accurate statistical and bioinformatic tools that can deal with the complexity and volume of the data generated in metabolomic studies. In this review, we provide an update of the most commonly used analytical methods in metabolomics, starting from raw data processing and ending with pathway analysis and biomarker identification. Finally, the integration of metabolomic profiles with molecular data from other high-throughput biotechnologies is also reviewed.

20.
Gastroenterology ; 148(4): 794-805, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25557950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Crohn's disease is a highly heterogeneous inflammatory bowel disease comprising multiple clinical phenotypes. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have associated a large number of loci with disease risk but have not associated any specific genetic variants with clinical phenotypes. We performed a GWAS of clinical phenotypes in Crohn's disease. METHODS: We genotyped 576,818 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a well-characterized cohort of 1090 Crohn's disease patients of European ancestry. We assessed their association with 17 phenotypes of Crohn's disease (based on disease location, disease behavior, disease course, age at onset, and extraintestinal manifestations). A total of 57 markers with strong associations to Crohn's disease phenotypes (P < 2 × 10(-4)) were subsequently analyzed in an independent replication cohort of 1296 patients of European ancestry. RESULTS: We replicated the association of 4 loci with different Crohn's disease phenotypes. Variants in MAGI1, CLCA2, 2q24.1, and LY75 loci were associated with a complicated stricturing disease course (Pcombined = 2.01 × 10(-8)), disease location (Pcombined = 1.3 × 10(-6)), mild disease course (Pcombined = 5.94 × 10(-7)), and erythema nodosum (Pcombined = 2.27 × 10(-6)), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In a GWAS, we associated 4 loci with clinical phenotypes of Crohn's disease. These findings indicate a genetic basis for the clinical heterogeneity observed for this inflammatory bowel disease.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Canais de Cloreto/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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