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Nanotechnology ; 31(14): 145502, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842006


Highly porous ZnO nanoflakes were successfully prepared using a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The presence of aluminum changes the environment of the preparation reaction, which controlled the crystallographic orientation. The unique morphology and properties of ZnO nanoflakes may be due to the effect of microwave irradiation and the ambient condition. The approach is very simple and there is rapid growth of around 3 µm ZnO within 30 min. The mechanism of the construction of unique ZnO nanoflake growth using the present approach is proposed. Hence, the prospective performance of ethanol vapor sensing for the rapid growth of ZnO porous nanostructures was investigated.

Nanotechnology ; 29(14): 145707, 2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384494


Mesoporous TiO2 hollow spherical nanostructures with high surface areas were successfully prepared using a microwave method. The prepared hollow spheres had a size range between 200 and 500 nm. The spheres consisted of numerous smaller TiO2 nanoparticles with an average diameter of 8 nm. The particles had an essentially mesoporous structure, with a pore size in the range of 2-50 nm. The results confirmed that the synthesised of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with specific surface area approximately 172.3 m2 g-1. The effect of ultraviolet and visible light irradiation and catalyst dosage on the TiO2 photocatalytic activity was studied by measuring the degradation rate of methylene blue. The maximum dye degradation performances with low catalyst loading (30 mg) were 99% and 63.4% using the same duration of ultraviolet and visible light irradiation, respectively (120 min).

Nanoscale Res Lett ; 8(1): 346, 2013 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23919496


Recently, TiO2/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) hybrid nanocatalysts have been a subject of high interest due to their excellent structures, large surface areas and peculiar optical properties, which enhance their photocatalytic performance. In this work, a modified microwave technique was used to rapidly synthesise a TiO2/MWCNT nanocatalyst with a large surface area. X-ray powder diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements were used to characterise the structure, morphology and the surface area of the sample. The photocatalytic activity of the hybrid nanocatalysts was evaluated through a comparison of the degradation of methylene blue dye under irradiation with ultraviolet and visible light. The results showed that the TiO2/MWCNT hybrid nanocatalysts degraded 34.9% of the methylene blue (MB) under irradiation with ultraviolet light, whereas 96.3% of the MB was degraded under irradiation with visible light.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 13(4): 2667-74, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23763142


Porous ZnO nanostructures have become the subject of research interest--due to their special structures with high surface to volume ratio that may produce peculiar properties for use in optoelectronics, sensing and catalysis applications. A microwave-assisted hydrothermal method has been used for effecting the formation of porous nanostructure of metaloxide materials, such as CoO and SnO2, in solution. Here, by adopting the unique performance of a microwave-assisted-hydrothermal method, we realized the formation of highly porous ZnO nanostructures directly on the substrate surface, instead of in solution. The effects of the ambient reaction conditions and the microwave power on the structural growth of the ZnO nanostructures were studied in detail. Two different ambient reaction conditions, namely refluxed and isolated in autoclave systems, were used in this work. Porous ZnO (PZO) nanostructures with networked-nanoflakes morphology is the typical result for this approach. It was found that the morphology of the ZnO nanostructures was strongly depended on the ambient conditions of the reaction; the isolated-autoclave system may produce reasonably high porous ZnO that is constituted by vertically oriented grainy-flakes structures, whereas the refluxed system produced solid vertically-oriented flake structures. The microwave power did not influence the structural growth of the ZnO. It was also found that both the ambient reaction conditions and the microwave power used influenced the crystallographic orientation of the PZO. For instance, PZO with dominant (002) Bragg plane could be obtained by using refluxed system, whereas PZO with dominant (101) plane could be realized if using isolated system. For the case of microwave power, the crystallographic orientation of PZO prepared using both systems changed from dominant (002) to (101) planes if the power was increased. The mechanism for the formation of porous ZnO nanostructures using the present approach is proposed. The ZnO nanostructures prepared using the present method should find an extensive use in currently existing application due to its property of reasonably high porosity.