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1.
Angle Orthod ; 91(1): 22-29, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339047

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the dental and skeletal treatment effects after total arch distalization using modified C-palatal plates (MCPPs) on adolescent patients with hypo- and hyperdivergent Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 40 patients with Class II malocclusion (18 boys and 22 girls, mean age = 12.2 ± 1.4 years) treated with MCPPs. Fixed orthodontic treatment started with the distalizing process in both groups. Participants were divided into hypo- or hyperdivergent groups based on their pretreatment Frankfort mandibular plane angle (FMA) ≤22° or ≥28°, respectively. Pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms were digitized, and 23 variables were measured and compared for both groups using paired and independent t-tests. RESULTS: The hyper- and hypodivergent groups showed 2.7 mm and 4.3 mm of first molar crown distalizing movement, respectively (P < .001). The hypodivergent group had a slight 2.2° crown distal tipping of first molars compared with 0.3° in the hyperdivergent group. After distalization, the FMA increased 3.1° and 0.3°, in the hypodivergent and hyperdivergent groups, respectively (P < .001). SNA decreased in the hypodivergent group, while other skeletal variables presented no statistically significant differences in the changes between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The hypodivergent group showed more distal and tipping movement of the maxillary first molar and increased FMA than the hyperdivergent group. Therefore, clinicians must consider vertical facial types when distalizing molars using MCPPs in Class II nonextraction treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Maxila , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
2.
Angle Orthod ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the dental and skeletal treatment effects after total arch distalization using modified C-palatal plates (MCPPs) on adolescent patients with hypo- and hyperdivergent Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 40 patients with Class II malocclusion (18 boys and 22 girls, mean age = 12.2 ± 1.4 years) treated with MCPPs. Fixed orthodontic treatment started with the distalizing process in both groups. Participants were divided into hypo- or hyperdivergent groups based on their pretreatment Frankfort mandibular plane angle (FMA) ≤22° or ≥28°, respectively. Pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms were digitized, and 23 variables were measured and compared for both groups using paired and independent t-tests. RESULTS: The hyper- and hypodivergent groups showed 2.7 mm and 4.3 mm of first molar crown distalizing movement, respectively (P < .001). The hypodivergent group had a slight 2.2° crown distal tipping of first molars compared with 0.3° in the hyperdivergent group. After distalization, the FMA increased 3.1° and 0.3°, in the hypodivergent and hyperdivergent groups, respectively (P < .001). SNA decreased in the hypodivergent group, while other skeletal variables presented no statistically significant differences in the changes between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The hypodivergent group showed more distal and tipping movement of the maxillary first molar and increased FMA than the hyperdivergent group. Therefore, clinicians must consider vertical facial types when distalizing molars using MCPPs in Class II nonextraction treatment.

3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(9)2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484416

RESUMO

Background and objectives: This study investigated the morphology of the labial and palatal bony wall of the maxillary central and lateral incisors using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The difference between males and females and the measurement between right and left sides were measured. Materials and Methods: Twenty participants, consisting of 11 females and 9 males having normal occlusion, were used for the analysis. The mean age was 21.9 ± 3.0 years. The thickness of the labial bony wall and palatal bony wall, perpendicular to the long axis of the root, were evaluated at 3 and 5 mm apical from the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and at the root apex. The available bony wall below the apex of the central and lateral incisors, and the angulation between the long axis of the tested tooth and outer surface of the labial bone were measured. Results: The mean labial bony wall thickness at the 3 and 5 mm apical from the CEJ were 1.1 ± 0.3 mm and 1.0 ± 0.4 mm for central incisors, respectively, as well as 1.2 ± 0.4 mm and 1.0 ± 0.4 mm for lateral incisors, respectively. The mean palatal bony wall thickness at 5 mm from the CEJ was above 2 mm in the central and lateral incisors. The percentage of labial bony wall thickness 2 mm or greater at the root apex in central incisors was higher than in lateral incisors (62.5% vs. 55.0%). The percentage of palatal bony wall thickness ≥2 mm at 3 mm apical from the CEJ in the central incisors was higher than in the lateral incisors (37.5% vs. 15.0%). The results on the left and right sides did not show statistically significant differences, except in the labial and palatal bony wall thickness at 3 mm from the CEJ in the lateral incisor. Generally, no significant differences were seen between males and females, but males had a significantly higher labial bony wall thickness at 3 and 5 mm from the CEJ in the central and lateral incisors when compared with females. Conclusions: This study showed that a majority of the cases of Korean participants had less than 2 mm of labial bony wall thickness at 3 and 5 mm apical from the CEJ at central and lateral incisors, and this should be kept in mind while performing dental practices, including tooth extraction or immediate implantation in anterior regions. Preoperative analysis using CBCT may be beneficial for establishing the treatment plan.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/classificação , Oclusão Dentária , Incisivo/patologia , Adolescente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/patologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 152(6): 859-869, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29173865

RESUMO

A modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) is introduced as a treatment option for adolescent patients with Class I malocclusion and severe overjet. A boy, 10 years 11 months old, was successfully treated without extractions in 22 months. Indications for clinical application of the MCPP as well as procedures and biomechanical analysis of the treatment effects are described in detail. The MCPP was used to distalize the maxillary dentition. The results were stable 1 year after retention. Clinicians should consider the application of MCPP as a nonextraction treatment option for adolescents with Class I malocclusion and severe overjet when the patient or parent refuses extractions.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Sobremordida/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Palato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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