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1.
Am J Hypertens ; 24(8): 893-7, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21525965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the environment and the observer on the measurement of blood pressure (BP) as well as to compare home BP (HBP) and ambulatory BP (ABP) measurements in the diagnosis of white coat hypertension (WCH) and masked hypertension (MH) in children and adolescents with hypertension (HT). METHODS: BP of 40 patients with HT (75% of which had secondary HT and were on antihypertensive medication), mean age 12.1 years was evaluated through casual measurements at the clinic and at the HT unit, HBP for 14 days with the OMRON HEM 705 CP monitor (Omron, Tokyo, Japan) and ABP performed with SPACELABS 90207 (Spacelabs, Redmond, WA), for 24 h. RESULTS: HT was diagnosed at the doctor's office by ABP and HBP in 30/40, 27/40, and 31/40 patients, respectively. Based on office BP and ABP, 60% of patients were normotensive, 17.5% HT, 7.5% had WCH, and 15% had MH, whereas based on office BP and HBP 65, 12.5, 10, and 12.5% of patients were classified according to these diagnoses, respectively. There was considerable diagnostic agreement of HT by ABP and HBP (McNemar test, P < 0.01) (κ = 0.56). CONCLUSION: In hypertensive children and adolescents, HBP and ABP present comparable results. HBP appears to be a useful diagnostic test for the detection of MH and WCH in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Consultórios Médicos , Meio Social
2.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 70(5): 664-73, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21039760

RESUMO

AIMS: This study was conducted to determine whether atenolol was able to decrease BP level and mitigate BP increase during dynamic resistance exercise performed at three different intensities in hypertensives. METHODS: Ten essential hypertensives (systolic/diastolic BP between 140/90 and 160/105mmHg) were blindly studied after 6 weeks of placebo and atenolol. In each phase, volunteers executed, in a random order, three protocols of knee-extension exercises to fatigue: (i) one set at 100% of 1RM; (ii) three sets at 80% of 1RM; and (iii) three sets at 40% of 1RM. Intra-arterial radial blood pressure was measured throughout the protocols. RESULTS: Atenolol decreased systolic BP maximum values achieved during the three exercise protocols (100% = 186 ± 4 vs. 215 ± 7, 80% = 224 ± 7 vs. 247 ± 9 and 40% = 223 ± 7 vs. 252 ± 16mmHg, P < 0.05). Atenolol also mitigated an increase in systolic BP in the first set of exercises (100% =+38 ± 5 vs.+54 ± 9; 80% =+68 ± 11 vs. +84 ± 13 and 40% =+69 ± 7 vs.+84 ± 14, mmHg, P < 0.05). Atenolol decreased diastolic BP values and mitigated its increase during exercise performed at 100% of 1RM (126 ± 6 vs. 145 ± 6 and +41 ± 6 vs.+52 ± 6, mmHg, P < 0.05), but not at the other exercise intensities. CONCLUSIONS: Atenolol was effective in both reducing systolic BP maximum values and mitigating BP increase during resistance exercise performed at different intensities in hypertensive subjects.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Atenolol/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Exercício/fisiologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Atenolol/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos
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