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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-7, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1116244

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical behaviour of endodontically treated teeth with direct veneer that received or not intra-radicular glass fiber post by finite elements analysis. Material and methods: Six models were designed, varying the presence or absence of glass fiber post and the thickness of direct veneer (0.5, 0.7 and 1 mm). Tridimensional models of maxillary central incisors were obtained with CAD software, Rhinoceros 4.0, and transferred to CAE software, ANSYS 17.2, which a 100N load was applied in a 45° on the lingual surface to simulate functional movements. Geometry contacts were bonded, and the structures were isotropic, linear, elastics, and homogeneous. After coherence and convergence analysis of mashes, the chosen fail criterion was the maximum principal stresses. Results: For cement, glass fiber post, the stress distribution was similar independently of glass fiber post presence or veneer thickness. Models with glass fiber post had better stress distribution and lower values of maximum stress for inner dentin and veneers. Veneers with 0.5 and 1 mm had higher stress concentration areas. Conclusions: It can be concluded that glass fiber post is favorable for restored teeth with direct veneers, and very thin or very thick preparations can damage the biomechanical behavior of restorations.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de dentes tratados endodonticamente com faceta direta que receberam ou não pinos de fibra de vidro intrarradicular através de análise de elementos finitos. Material e métodos: Foram desenhados seis modelos, variando a presença ou ausência do pino de fibra de vidro e a espessura da faceta direta (0,5, 0,7 e 1 mm). Modelos tridimensionais de incisivos centrais superiores foram obtidos com o software CAD, Rhinoceros 4.0, e transferidos para o software CAE, ANSYS 17.2, cuja carga de 100N foi aplicada a 45° na superfície lingual para simular movimentos funcionais. Os contatos geométricos foram colados e as estruturas eram isotrópicas, lineares, elásticas e homogêneas. Após análise de coerência e convergência de malhas, o critério de falha escolhido foi a tensão principal máxima. Resultados: Para cimento e pino de fibra de vidro, a distribuição de tensões foi semelhante independentemente da presença do pino de fibra de vidro ou da espessura da faceta. Os modelos com pinos de fibra de vidro apresentaram melhor distribuição de tensão e menores valores de tensão máxima para dentina interna e facetas. Facetas com 0,5 e 1mm apresentaram maiores áreas de concentração de estresse. Conclusões: Pode-se concluir que o pino de fibra de vidro é favorável para dentes restaurados com facetas diretas, e preparações muito finas ou muito espessas podem prejudicar o comportamento biomecânico das restaurações.(AU)


Assuntos
Dente não Vital , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Pinos Dentários , Facetas Dentárias
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2,supl): 1-10, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1100194

RESUMO

The current outbreak of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) challenges how professional standards have been defined so far. In Dentistry, biosafety measures already taken by professionals have been intensified, aiming to offer the patient urgent and emergency treatment with safety for both. In this context, Restorative Dentistry is responsible for the care of patients with caries injuries, with or without symptoms and, fractures of teeth and existing restorations. This article guides professionals, during the pandemic period, on the risks involved in adult and pediatric dental care for patients with restorative needs. It also discusses strategies to optimize clinical practice, reducing risks of contamination and virus transmission. (AU)


O atual surto de coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19), fez com que muitos profissionais repensassem sua postura de trabalho. Na Odontologia, medidas de biossegurança já realizadas pelos profissionais, foram intensificadas, com o objetivo de oferecer ao paciente um tratamento de urgência e emergência com segurança para ambos. Neste contexto, a Odontologia Restauradora é responsável pelo atendimento de pacientes com lesões de cárie, com ou sem sintomatologia, e fraturas de dentes e restaurações já existentes. Este trabalho orienta os profissionais quanto aos riscos envolvidos no atendimento odontológico, adulto e pediátrico, de paciente com necessidades restauradoras durante o período de pandemia. O artigo também discute estratégias para otimizar o atendimento, diminuindo riscos de contaminação e transmissão do vírus. (AU)


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Odontologia , Pandemias
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e052, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269116

RESUMO

This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of dentin pretreatment with 100% ethanol (EWBT - ethanol wet bonding technique) and different adhesive protocols in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) after 6 months. Patients presenting at least one NCCL were included. NCCLs (n=148) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: NE (Non-EWBT + three-step etch-and-rinse (Scotchbond Multi Purpose, 3M ESPE [MP]), E (EWBT + MP); EB (EWBT + [Bond - third step of MP]), and EU (EWBT + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE). Conventional acid-etching (Condac 37%, FGM) and nanohybrid resin composite (Z350, 3M ESPE) were used. Trained and calibrated examiners (Kappa = 0.61) evaluated the restorations at baseline (7 days) and 6-month recall using the USPHS modified criteria. Data were subjected to Chi square (α = 0.05). Differences in the success rate were found for the treatments (p = 0.003). EB presented the lowest success rate compared with the other groups (p < 0.02). No significant differences were detected among NE, E, and EU (p > 0.49). The survival rates were 97.23%, 97.30%, 78.95%, and 97.30% for NE, E, EB, and EU, respectively. Regarding postoperative sensitivity, a significant reduction was found for groups E (p = 0.027) and EU (p < 0.01) after 6 months. After 6 months, EWBT associated to the hydrophobic adhesive system had the highest failure rate.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Desgaste dos Dentes/terapia , Resinas Compostas/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina/química , Método Duplo-Cego , Etanol , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e052, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011663

RESUMO

Abstract This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of dentin pretreatment with 100% ethanol (EWBT - ethanol wet bonding technique) and different adhesive protocols in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) after 6 months. Patients presenting at least one NCCL were included. NCCLs (n=148) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: NE (Non-EWBT + three-step etch-and-rinse (Scotchbond Multi Purpose, 3M ESPE [MP]), E (EWBT + MP); EB (EWBT + [Bond - third step of MP]), and EU (EWBT + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE). Conventional acid-etching (Condac 37%, FGM) and nanohybrid resin composite (Z350, 3M ESPE) were used. Trained and calibrated examiners (Kappa = 0.61) evaluated the restorations at baseline (7 days) and 6-month recall using the USPHS modified criteria. Data were subjected to Chi square (α = 0.05). Differences in the success rate were found for the treatments (p = 0.003). EB presented the lowest success rate compared with the other groups (p < 0.02). No significant differences were detected among NE, E, and EU (p > 0.49). The survival rates were 97.23%, 97.30%, 78.95%, and 97.30% for NE, E, EB, and EU, respectively. Regarding postoperative sensitivity, a significant reduction was found for groups E (p = 0.027) and EU (p < 0.01) after 6 months. After 6 months, EWBT associated to the hydrophobic adhesive system had the highest failure rate.

5.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 30(2): E39-E44, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29392894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 35% hydrogen peroxide at different pH values and the degree of tooth staining on whitening efficacy and enamel microhardness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 enamel-dentin specimens were obtained from bovine incisors. They were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 45), 1 group was immersed in a staining broth for 14 days, and another group was not stained and kept in distilled water at 37°C. Twenty-four hours after the staining procedure, each group was distributed into 3 subgroups that were whitened by 35% hydrogen peroxide with different pH values (5, 7, and 8.4) for 30 minutes. The color was measured at baseline and 7 days after whitening. Microhardness was measured at baseline, immediate, 24 hours, and 1 month after the whitening procedure. Data were submitted to 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey test for multiple comparisons for color analysis. Repeated measures ANOVA and the Tukey test were used to analyze microhardness data. RESULTS: The color change of the stained groups (ΔE00 = 4.6) was significantly higher than that of the nonstained groups (ΔE00 = 3.7). Microhardness value decreased significantly immediately after whitening for all subgroups and did not return to initial values. For each measurement time, microhardness was not significantly different among subgroups with different pH values. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the effectiveness of 35% hydrogen peroxide, changes on gel pH did not affect the whitening efficacy, and the enamel was superficially demineralized, regardless of pH values. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Independently of the pH value of whitening gel, enamel undergoes superficial demineralization and with a reduction in superficial microhardness that does not return to the initial values. However, using hydrogen peroxide with different pH values does not alter the whitening effect.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
6.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2016. 82 p. ^ctab., graf.78 il..
Tese em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-848080

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a cor, fluorescência, e microdureza de agentes clareadores de venda livre associados ou não ao clareamento com Peróxido de Carbamida a 10% (PC10%) e comparar sua eficácia ao do clareamento caseiro com gel de PC10%. Duzentos e dez espécimes de esmalte e dentina foram obtidos a partir de incisivos bovinos e manchados em caldo de manchamento durante 14 dias. Foram randomizados em dois grupos, um deles foi clareado previamente com Peróxido de Carbamida a 10% (PC) e o outro não. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 7 subgrupos de acordo com o produto (n = 15): PC-Lis e Lis­ enxaguatório clareador (Listerine Whitening); PC-AG e AG ­ água deionizada; PC-E e E­ escovação mecânica. PC-EConv e EConv ­ creme dental convencional (Colgate Total Clean Mint); PC-EPerox e EPerox (Colgate Luminous White Advanced); PC-EAbras e EAbras (Oral-B 3D White Luxe); e PC-EOpt e EOpt (Close Up Diamond Attraction) ­ dentifrícios clareadores. O grupo clareado com PC10% foi submetido a 14 dias de ciclos diários de clareamento caseiro associado aos tratamentos com agentes de venda livre. Após isso, todos os subgrupos passaram por ciclos de escovação ou enxágue durante 12 semanas. As medidas de cor, fluorescência e microdureza foram realizadas após o manchamento, após o clareamento com PC10% e após as 12 semanas dos tratamentos com os agentes clareadores de venda livre. Os dados de cor foram analisados pelo teste de análise de variância (ANOVA) e teste de Tukey de comparações múltiplas. Para fluorescência e microdureza foi utilizado o teste Tukey no grupo clareado com PC10%, e teste t-pareado para o outro grupo. Na comparação dos produtos com o PC10%, foi utilizado o teste de Dunnet. Para o grupo clareado com PC10% os resultados foram: valores do ∆Eab* e ∆b* foram semelhantes após o clareamento com PC10%, após 12 semanas PC-Lis e PC-AG apresentaram os menores valores de ∆Eab* e PC-Lis, PC-AG e PC-E apresentaram maiores valores de ∆b; A fluorescência aumentou para todos os grupos e após 12 semanas, diminuiu significativamente para PC-AG e PC-E. Para a dureza não houve diferenças estatísticas entre os subgrupos. Para o grupo não clareado com PC10%: Lis, EConv, EPerox, EOpt, e EAbras apresentaram valores negativos para ∆b, mostrando eficácia clareadora significantemente maior que AG e E; após 12 semanas a microdureza do subgrupo EConv aumentou; a fluorescência aumentou para Lis, EConv, EPerox, EAbras e EOpt. Nenhum dos agentes clareadores de venda livre apresentou valores semelhantes ao clareamento com PC10%. Pode-se concluir que todos dentifrícios testados são capazes de manter o clareamento obtido pelo PC10%, já o enxaguatório não teve a mesma eficácia. Quando não associados ao clareamento com PC10% os agentes clareadores de venda livre promovem efeito clareador similar, mas não promovem o mesmo efeito do PC10%. (AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate color change, fluorescence and microhardness of different over-the-counter (OTC) whitening products, and to compare them with 10% carbamide peroxide (10%CP) gel. Two hundreds and ten enamel-dentin specimens were obtained from bovine incisors and stained in staining broth for 14 days, then randomly divided into 2 groups, one of them was bleached with 10%CP and the other was not bleached. Each group was divided into 7 subgroups according to type of product (n = 15): PC-Lis and Lis­ whitening mouth rinse (Listerine Whitening); PC-AG and AG ­ deionized water; PC-E and E­ mechanical brushing. PC-EConv and EConv ­ conventional dentifrice (Colgate Total Clean Mint); PCEPerox and EPerox (Colgate Luminous White Advanced); PC-EAbras and Eabras (Oral-B 3D White Luxe); and PC-EOpt and EOpt (Close Up Diamond Attraction) ­ whitening dentifrices. Bleached groups were submitted to daily cycles of at-home bleaching associated with OTC whitening products. Then, all subgroups were submitted to cycles of whitening of OTC whitening products. Color, fluorescence and microhardness were measured after staining and after bleaching with 10%CP and after 12 weeks of whitening treatment with OTC products. Color data was submitted for analysis of variance and Tukey's test for multiple comparisons, for microhardness and fluorescence, Tukey's test was used for bleached groups and paired t-test was used for non-bleached group. In comparison of OTC whitening agents with 10%CP bleaching was used Dunnet's test. Results for bleached group: ∆Eab* and ∆b* values was similar after 10%CP bleaching; after 12 weeks PC-Lis e PC-AG presented lower values of ∆Eab* and PC-Lis, PC-AG and PC-E presented lower values of ∆b*; fluorescence increased for all groups after 10%CP treatment and after 12 weeks, decreased significantly for PC-AG and PC-E. For microhardness there were not statistical differences between subgroups. For non-bleached group: Lis, EConv, EPerox, EOpt, and EAbras presented negative ∆b* values, showing bleaching efficacy significantly higher than AG and E. After 12 weeks EConv microhardness values was increased and fluorescence was increased for Lis, EConv, EPerox, EAbras and EOpt. None of the OTC agents presented a whitening effect similar to 10%CP. It is concluded that all dentifrices tested were able to preserve bleaching obtained with 10%CP, the mouth rinse did not present the same efficacy. When they were not associated with 10%CP, they promoted a similar whitening effect. Despite this, OTC whitening agents did not present a similar whitening effect compared to athome bleaching with 10%CP.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Clareamento Dental , Antissépticos Bucais , Cremes Dentais
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