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1.
Qual Life Res ; 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666334

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients requiring orthognathic surgery, and evaluate if depression, temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and genetic polymorphisms in interleukin-6 (IL6) influence their OHRQoL. METHODS: A total of 132 individuals included in three different groups. Two groups were composed by patients with dentofacial deformity (DFD) Class II (n = 44) or Class III (n = 44) malocclusions, requiring orthognathic surgery. The control group (n = 44) included individuals without DFD. Patients from all groups were evaluated in preoperative appointments to assessOHRQoL, TMD, and genetic polymorphisms in IL6. OHRQoL was assessed using the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). TMD and depression were assessed using Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocol. The genetic polymorphisms rs1800795 and rs1800796 in IL6 were assessed through genomic DNA using real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: OHIP-14 scores were increased in patients with depression, myofascial pain, and inflammatory temporomandibular joint alterations in the right side, regardless of sex and DFD group. Individual homozygous CC in rs1800795 had increased values in domains "social disability" and "handicap" of the OHIP-14 compared with those who were homozygous GG. Individual heterozygous CG in the rs1800796 demonstrated increased values in domain "psychological discomfort" compared with those homozygous for CC and GG. CONCLUSION: In individuals requiring orthognathic surgery, depression, TMD, and genetic polymorphisms in IL6 contribute to negative impact on OHRQoL. These physical and emotional conditions, together with biological pathways, should receive more attention in treatment plans, in order to improve the patients' quality of life.

2.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-7, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene (rs1800795) and in Interleukin-1-beta (IL-1ß) gene (rs1143627 and rs1143629) with dental caries and gingivitis in Brazilian children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-three children aged 8-11 years were included. Visible biofilm and gingival bleeding were evaluated by Community Periodontal Index. The International System for Detection and Assessment of Carious Lesions (ICDAS) was used to investigate dental caries. Real-time PCR evaluated SNPs in the DNA. Chi-square test, haplotype analysis and logistic regression were applied (alpha of 5%). RESULTS: The GG genotype in rs1800795 (IL-6) decreases the risk of gingivitis in a co-dominant model (p = .05; OR = 0.64). The GG genotype in rs1143627 (IL-1ß) reduces the risk of dental caries (Co-dominant model: ICDAS0 versus ICDAS1-6: p = .05; OR = 0.55. ICDAS0-2 versus ICDAS3-6: p = .02; OR = 0.49. Recessive model: ICDAS0 versus ICDAS1-6: p = .005; OR = 0.48. ICDAS0-2 versus ICDAS3-6: p = .004; OR = 0.45. Logistic regression: ICDAS0-2 versus ICDAS3-6: p = .05; OR = 0.24; CI 95%= 0.05-1.00). The GG genotype in rs1143629 was more frequent in ICDAS0 (p = .05; OR: 0.60). In the haplotype analysis, IL-1ß was associated with gingivitis. CONCLUSION: The rs1800795 in IL-6 gene was associated with gingivitis. The rs1143627 and rs1143629 in IL-1ß were associated with dental caries and gingivitis.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate if genetic variants in PAX9, MSX1, TGFα, FGF3, FGF10, FGF13, GLI2 and GLI3 are involved in TS of permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pretreatment dental records from orthodontic patients were assessed prior to recruitment. Patients with tooth agenesis and congenital anomalies (including oral cleft) and/or syndromes were excluded. Dental casts were used to measure the maximum crown dimensions of all fully erupted permanent teeth except second and third molars in mesiodistal direction. Teeth with caries, occlusal wear, mesiodistal restorations, and obvious deformities were not evaluated. Genomic DNA samples were used for genotyping. The allelic discrimination of 13 genetic variants was performed. The associations between TS and genotype were analyzed by linear regression, adjusted by gender at a significance level of p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Genetic polymorphisms in the tooth agenesis-related genes studied here were associated with increased and decreased TS, in both maxilla and mandible (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study reported associations of novel tooth agenesis-related gene variants with permanent tooth size variations. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The presence of some genetic variants could allow the prediction of permanent tooth size.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e055, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578798

RESUMO

This study was performed to evaluate the interplay between dental caries, nutritional status, and genetic polymorphisms in TAS1R1 and TAS1R2 (taste receptor, type 1, member 1 and 2) in preschool children and pre-adolescents. We included 525 subjects (306 preschool children and 219 pre-adolescents). Parents/caregivers answered a self-administered questionnaire about their children's systemic health, characteristics, oral hygiene habits, and diet. Clinical examination was performed to evaluate dental caries and nutritional status. Saliva samples were collected for DNA extraction. The genotyping of rs17492553 ( TAS1R1 ), rs3935570, and rs4920566 ( TAS1R2 ) polymorphisms was performed using real-time PCR with Taqman Genotyping Master Mix and SNP assay. Both univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analyses with robust variance were used for the data analysis. In preschool children, consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries by 85% (PR c = 1.85; 95%CI 1.39-2.46; p < 0.001), whereas in pre-adolescents, this prevalence increased by 34% (PR a = 1.34; 95%CI 1.11-1.62; p = 0.002), regardless of genetic polymorphisms . Moreover, individuals carrying at least one allele C in rs17492553 presented 23% more prevalence of dental caries (PR a = 1.23; 95%CI 1.02-1.49 p = 0.030). Nutritional status was not associated with dental caries, neither with genetic polymorphisms . Consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries. In pre-adolescents, rs17492553 genetic polymorphism in TAS1R1 was associated with dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/genética , Estado Nutricional/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Paladar/genética
5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor (VDR) genes increase the prevalence of dental caries, molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH), and hypomineralized primary second molars (HPSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A representative population-based sample of 731 schoolchildren, 8 years of age, was randomly selected in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. MIH, HPSM, and dental caries were clinically assessed by four calibrated examiners (kappa > 0.80) using European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (2003) criteria, the modified Developmental Defects of Enamel (DDE) index, and the Decayed, Missing, or Filled Teeth (DMFT) index by the World Health Organization (2013), respectively. The VDR rs739837 and rs2228570 polymorphisms were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Associations were analyzed by Poisson regression with robust variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Schoolchildren with MIH presented a higher prevalence of dental caries (DMFT > 1, PR = 2.52, confidence interval = 1.60-3.97, p ≤ 0.001). No association was observed between MIH, HPSM, and dental caries, with rs739837 and rs2228570 polymorphisms. Individuals with the GT/GG genotype in rs739837 polymorphism presented a higher prevalence of MIH in molars and incisors than individuals TT (PR = 2.34, confidence interval = 1.08-5.07, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Children with MIH presented a significant higher prevalence of dental caries than children without MIH. To carry at least one G allele in rs739837 was associated to higher prevalence of MIH in molars and incisors. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our findings suggested that more severe cases with incisors affected by MIH could be associated with polymorphism in VDR gene.

6.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 109-112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246691

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate demographic and clinical factors involved in the immediate seeking of care after traumatic dental injury (TDI) in Brazilian children. Materials and Methods: Records from 74 patients, age ranged 1-11 years, who sought treatment at the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto at University of São Paulo, Brazil, were collected. Data was analyzed using the Epi Info 7.0 software by t-test, odds ratio calculation, Chi-square, or Fisher's exact tests. Results: Twenty-three (31.1%) sought dental treatment immediately and 51 (68.9%) did not seek dental treatment immediately. The most common type of trauma was lateral luxation (44.6%). In primary teeth, 31 cases (60.78%) involved the soft tissue and 16 (39.2%) involved hard tissue injuries. While in permanent teeth, 20 cases (40%) involved soft tissue and 24 (60%) involved hard tissue injuries had more traumas in the hard tissue (P = 0.04). The type of injury and dentition was not associated with the time that the guardians sought dental treatment (P > 0.05). None of the factors were involved in immediately seeking care after TDI. Conclusion: Moreover, the majority of parents/caregivers did not immediately seek dental treatment after TDI, regardless of the type of injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Dentários , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Lactente , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo
7.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 9, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess if genetic polymorphisms in tooth agenesis (TA)-related genes are associated with craniofacial morphological patterns. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multi-center, genetic study evaluated 594 orthodontic Brazilians patients. The presence or absence of TA was determined by analysis of panoramic radiography. The patients were classified according to their skeletal malocclusion and facial growth pattern by means of digital cephalometric analysis. Genomic DNA was extracted from squamous epithelial cells of buccal mucosa and genetic polymorphisms in MSX1 (rs1042484), PAX9 (rs8004560), TGF-α (rs2902345), FGF3 (rs1893047), FGF10 (rs900379), and FGF13 (rs12838463, rs5931572, and rs5974804) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry and end-point analysis. RESULTS: Genotypes (p = 0.038) and allele (p = 0.037) distributions for the FGF3 rs1893047 were significantly different according to the skeletal malocclusion. Carrying at least one G allele increased in more than two times the chance of presenting skeletal class III malocclusion (OR = 2.21, CI 95% = 1.14-4.32; p = 0.017). There was no association between another skeletal craniofacial pattern and some polymorphism assessed in the present study. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the genetic polymorphism rs1893047 in FGF3 might contribute to variations in the craniofacial sagittal pattern.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Má Oclusão , Brasil , Cefalometria , Estudos Transversais , Genótipo , Humanos
8.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 19-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159700

RESUMO

This study evaluated the association between polymorphisms in genes encoding estrogen receptors 1 (ESR1) and 2 (ESR2), vitamin D receptor (VDR) and in microRNA17 (which binds to ESR1 and VDR) with persistent apical periodontitis (PAP) after the endodontic treatment. We included 162 patients who completed endodontic treatment at least one year ago and presented apical periodontitis at the beginning of the root canal therapy. Clinical and radiographic exams were performed to evaluate the presence of PAP or healthy periradicular tissues (healed). Saliva samples were collected as a genomic DNA. The genotyping of ESR1 (rs2234693 and rs9340799), ESR2 (rs1256049 and rs4986938), VDR (rs739837 and rs2228570) and miRNA17 (rs4284505) were performed by real-time PCR. Chi-square test was used to the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies. Haplotype analysis was also performed. Eighty-nine patients were included in the "healed" group and 73 in the "PAP" group. No association was found between the allelic and genotypic polymorphisms studied and PAP (p>0.05). Haplotype analysis also did not demonstrated an association (p>0.05). In conclusion, the genetic polymorphisms in ESR1, ESR2, VDR and miRNA17 are not associated with PAP.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Vitamina D , Estrogênios , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
9.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 63-68, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159708

RESUMO

The present study evaluated polymorphisms in RANK, RANKL and OPG-encoding genes to assess whether they are associated with mucositis and peri-implantitis in a population from the Brazilian Amazon region. One hundred and fourteen patients with dental implants were included in the study. After clinical and radiographic examination, the sample was categorized into 4 groups, according to the peri-implant status: Healthy (n=71), Mucositis (n=30), Peri-implantitis (n=13) and Diseased (Mucositis + Peri-implantitis, n=43). Genomic DNA was extracted from buccal cells from saliva, and the genetic polymorphism in osteoprotegerin (OPG), Kappa nuclear factor activator receptor (RANKL) and nuclear kappa factor activator receptor (RANK) were genotyped by the real time PCR. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to compare clinical variables among groups and to evaluate genotypes and alleles distributions and the established alpha was 5%. Age, peri-implant biotype, diabetes and presence of peri-implant biofilm were associated with mucositis (p<0.05) and peri-implantitis (p<0.05). Smoking, alcoholism, and periodontal biofilms were also associated with the presence of peri-implantitis (p<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis did not demonstrate an association of peri-implantitis or mucositis with any genetic polymorphism in RANK (rs3826620), RANKL (rs9594738) and OPG (rs2073618) (p>0.05). The studied genetic polymorphism in RANK, RANKL and OPG were not associated with mucositis and peri-implantitis in a Brazilian population from the Amazon region.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Peri-Implantite , Ligante RANK/genética , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/genética , Brasil , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Polimorfismo Genético
10.
J Orthod ; 47(1): 65-71, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of genetic markers in ESR1 and ESR2 with craniofacial measurements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 146 biologically unrelated, self-reported Caucasian Brazilians with no syndromic conditions were included. METHODS: Sagittal and vertical measurements (ANB, S-N, Ptm'-A', Co-Gn, Go-Pg, N-Me, ANS-Me, S-Go and Co-Go) from lateral cephalograms were examined for craniofacial evaluation. DNA was extracted from saliva and genetic markers in ESR1 (rs2234693 and rs9340799) and in ESR2 (rs1256049 and rs4986938) were analysed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was evaluated using the Chi-square test within each marker. The associations between craniofacial dimensions and genotypes were analysed by linear regression and adjusted by sex and age. The established alpha was 5%. RESULTS: Individuals carrying CC in ESR1 rs2234693 had a decrease of -3.146 mm in ANS-Me (P = 0.044). In addition, rs4986938 in ESR2 was associated with S-N measurement (P = 0.009/ ß = -3.465). This marker was also associated with Go-Pg measurement, in which the CC genotype had a decrease of -3.925 mm in the length of the mandibular body (P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that in ESR1 and ESR2 are markers for variations in the craniofacial dimensions. However, further research should confirm the results.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Receptor beta de Estrogênio , Estudos Transversais , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 63-68, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1089266

RESUMO

Abstract The present study evaluated polymorphisms in RANK, RANKL and OPG-encoding genes to assess whether they are associated with mucositis and peri-implantitis in a population from the Brazilian Amazon region. One hundred and fourteen patients with dental implants were included in the study. After clinical and radiographic examination, the sample was categorized into 4 groups, according to the peri-implant status: Healthy (n=71), Mucositis (n=30), Peri-implantitis (n=13) and Diseased (Mucositis + Peri-implantitis, n=43). Genomic DNA was extracted from buccal cells from saliva, and the genetic polymorphism in osteoprotegerin (OPG), Kappa nuclear factor activator receptor (RANKL) and nuclear kappa factor activator receptor (RANK) were genotyped by the real time PCR. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to compare clinical variables among groups and to evaluate genotypes and alleles distributions and the established alpha was 5%. Age, peri-implant biotype, diabetes and presence of peri-implant biofilm were associated with mucositis (p<0.05) and peri-implantitis (p<0.05). Smoking, alcoholism, and periodontal biofilms were also associated with the presence of peri-implantitis (p<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis did not demonstrate an association of peri-implantitis or mucositis with any genetic polymorphism in RANK (rs3826620), RANKL (rs9594738) and OPG (rs2073618) (p>0.05). The studied genetic polymorphism in RANK, RANKL and OPG were not associated with mucositis and peri-implantitis in a Brazilian population from the Amazon region.


Resumo O presente estudo avaliou a associação da predisposição clínica e dos fatores genéticos com a presença de doenças peri-implantares. Cento e quatorze pacientes com implantes dentais instalados na Clínica de Especialização do Amazonas, Brazil, foram incluidos no estudo. Após exame clínico e radiográfico, a amostra foi categorizada em 4 grupos, de acordo com o Status peri-implantar: saúde (n=71), mucosite (n=30), peri-implantite (n=13) e doentes (mucosite + peri-implantite). DNA genômico foi extraído de células orais da saliva, e o polimorfismo genético em osteoprotegerina (OPG), ligante do receptor ativador do fator Kappa nuclear (RANKL) e receptor ativador do fator Kappa nuclear (RANK) foram genotipados por PCR em tempo real. O estudo se propôs a avaliar se os polimorfismos em RANK, RANKL e OPG estão envolvidos na patogênese da mucosite e da peri-implantite, e avaliar também a presença de fatores de risco moduladores da resposta em uma população brasileira. Idade, biotipo peri-implantar, diabetes e presença de biofilme peri-implantar foram associados a mucosite (p<0.05) e peri-implantite (p<0.05). Tabagismo, alcoolismo e biofilme periodontal também foram associados com a presença de peri-implantite (p<0.05). Análise univariada e multivariada não demonstraram associação de peri-implantite ou mucosite com os polimorfismos genéticos em RANK (rs3826620), RANKL (rs9594738) e OPG (rs2073618) (p>0.05). Os polimorfismos genéticos estudados não foram associados com mucosite e peri-implantite em uma população brasileira da região Amazônica.

12.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 19-24, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1089269

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the association between polymorphisms in genes encoding estrogen receptors 1 (ESR1) and 2 (ESR2), vitamin D receptor (VDR) and in microRNA17 (which binds to ESR1 and VDR) with persistent apical periodontitis (PAP) after the endodontic treatment. We included 162 patients who completed endodontic treatment at least one year ago and presented apical periodontitis at the beginning of the root canal therapy. Clinical and radiographic exams were performed to evaluate the presence of PAP or healthy periradicular tissues (healed). Saliva samples were collected as a genomic DNA. The genotyping of ESR1 (rs2234693 and rs9340799), ESR2 (rs1256049 and rs4986938), VDR (rs739837 and rs2228570) and miRNA17 (rs4284505) were performed by real-time PCR. Chi-square test was used to the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies. Haplotype analysis was also performed. Eighty-nine patients were included in the "healed" group and 73 in the "PAP" group. No association was found between the allelic and genotypic polymorphisms studied and PAP (p>0.05). Haplotype analysis also did not demonstrated an association (p>0.05). In conclusion, the genetic polymorphisms in ESR1, ESR2, VDR and miRNA17 are not associated with PAP.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a associação entre polimorfismos em genes que codificam os receptores de estrogênio 1 (ESR1) e 2 (ESR2), receptor de vitamina D (VDR) e no microRNA17 (que se liga à ESR1 e VDR) e a periodontite apical persistente (PAP) após o tratamento endodôntico. Foram incluídos 162 pacientes com tratamento endodôntico concluído há pelo menos um ano e que apresentavam periodontite apical no início da terapia endodôntica. Exames clínicos e radiográficos foram realizados para avaliar a presença de PAP ou tecidos perirradiculares saudáveis (cicatrizados). As amostras de saliva foram coletadas como fonte de DNA genômico. A genotipagem de ESR1 (rs2234693 e rs9340799), ESR2 (rs1256049 e rs4986938), VDR (rs739837 e rs2228570) e miRNA17 (rs4284505) foram realizadas por PCR em tempo real. O teste do qui-quadrado foi utilizado para a distribuição das frequências genotípicas e alélicas. A análise de haplótipos também foi realizada. Oitenta e nove pacientes foram incluídos no grupo "curado" e 73 no grupo "PAP". Não foi encontrada associação entre os polimorfismos alélicos e genotípicos estudados e a PAP (p>0,05). Concluí-se que os polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1, ESR2, VDR e miRNA17 não estão associados à PAP.

13.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(3): 181-188, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646926

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate if temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are associated with genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 and ESR2, which are genes encoding oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERß). Also, we included an animal model to check if ERα and ERß are expressed in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during adolescence.Materials and methods: A total of 139 teenagers and 93 adults were diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMDs). The DNA was collected and the markers ESR1 and ERS2 were genotyped. Additionally, immunohistochemistry was performed in TMJ tissues from female Wistar rats during puberty. All data were submitted to statistical analysis with confidence interval of 95%.Results: Teenagers presented more disc displacement and arthralgia than adults (p < .05). The genetic polymorphism rs1256049 in ESR2 was associated with disc displacement (p = .040; OR = 10.50/95%CI 1.17-98.74) and arthralgia (p = .036; OR = 7.20/95%CI 1.10-46.88) in adults. The ERα and ERß are expressed in rat TMJ tissues.Conclusions: We provide evidence that ESR2 is associated with TMD and could be a genetic marker for this condition in adult women. Furthermore, oestrogens receptors are presented in TMJ of adolescent female rats.

14.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(2): 142-162, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association of traumatic dental injury (TDI) on oral health-related to quality of life (OHRQoL) in children and adolescents. METHODS: A focused structured question using Population (P), Exposition (E), Comparisons (C), Outcomes (O) (PECO) was designed: "Does traumatic dental injury impact OHRQoL of children and adolescents?" A broad search according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was conducted. Evaluation criteria of methodological quality and risk of bias control were applied to selected articles. A fixed-effect model was used for the meta-analysis, and the quality of the evidence was performed using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: Nineteen studies were qualified with moderate to high quality, and 11 studies were considered for meta-analysis. Negative impact on OHRQoL was detected for children in the symptoms domain (P = .005; IC; -0.07 [-0.12, -0.02]) with moderate certainty of evidence quality level (GRADE). For adolescents, the total scale and all domain presented statistical significance (P < .05) with moderate certainty of evidence in the areas of functional limitation and social well-being (GRADE). CONCLUSIONS: Based on articles with moderate to high quality, the impact of TDI on OHRQoL in children under age 10 was only significant in the symptom domain using Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS). The impact of TDI on OHRQoL in early adolescents aged 11 to 14 was significant in every assessed domain using Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14). However, future studies should be done improving the available certainty of evidence considered moderate. (CRD42016035686).


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos Dentários , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104604, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association between genetic variants in WNT3A and WNT11, and palatal rugae phenotypes. DESIGN: Eighty-five biological unrelated orthodontic patients were included. Dental casts were assessed and data regarding the length, shape, direction and unification of rugae were recorded. The individuals were subsequently classified for each of the following rugae traits: total amount of rugae; bilateral symmetry in the amount, length and shape of the rugae; presence of secondary or fragmentary rugae; presence of unifications; predominant shape; and, direction of the rugae. Genetic variants in WNT3A (rs708111) and WNT11 (rs1533767) were genotyped by real-time PCR. Genotype and allele distributions were compared with an established alpha of 5 %. RESULTS: The wavy and curve rugae were the most common. Genotype/phenotype analyses identified that the presence of the rs708111 A allele (OR = 2.2, 95 % CI: 1.1-4.4, p = 0.01) and the rs1533767 G allele (OR = 2.3, 95 % CI: 1.0-5.3, p = 0.05) increased in more than two times the chance of having bilateral asymmetry in the amount of the rugae. In the recessive model, individuals carrying two risk alleles (AA) of WNT3A rs708111 had a higher risk of presenting this phenotype. SNP-SNP interaction analysis revealed that individuals carrying one rs708111 A allele and rs1533767 G allele showed even a higher chance of having bilateral asymmetry in the amount of rugae (OR = 5.6, 95 % CI: 1.1-28.8, p = 0.03). No associations were identified for other rugae phenotype (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Genetic variants in WNT3A and WNT11 were associated with the left-right asymmetry in the amount of palatal rugae.


Assuntos
Palato Duro , Proteínas Wnt , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Proteína Wnt3A/genética , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Palato Duro/anatomia & histologia , Fenótipo , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
16.
J Endod ; 46(1): 3-11.e1, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843126

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies involving genetic polymorphism and expression have provided information about their role in periapical lesions. This study aimed to evaluate if there is an association between the genetic polymorphism and gene and protein expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) in the periapical inflammatory response. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted through a rigorous search in electronic databases as well as a hand search. Two reviewers (κ = 0.90) evaluated the studies considering predetermined eligibility criteria, extracted data for interpretation, and finally used the Strengthening the Reporting of the Genetic Association statement to determine the quality of the scientific evidence. RESULTS: The initial search identified 251 studies. After excluding the duplicates and applying the eligibility criteria, 15 studies were eligible to be assessed in full. Two studies had grade A and 13 grade B quality according to the Strengthening the Reporting of the Genetic Association and were included. The selected studies showed that the periapical lesion tissue samples had a high concentration of MMPs; moreover, there was an expressive decrease in the concentration of MMPs and TIMPs in patients with periapical lesions after mechanical chemical preparation. In relation to genetic polymorphisms, MMP1, MMP2, MMP3, and MMP8 were associated with a higher risk of periapical lesions. Moreover, MMPs 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, and 25 and TIMP 1, 2, 3, and 4 can play an important role in the progression of periapical lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Based on articles with medium to high quality, MMPs and TIMPs are associated with the formation of periapical lesions (PROSPERO number: CDR42018100406).


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Polimorfismo Genético , Cárie Dentária/genética , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética
17.
Cranio ; : 1-8, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868570

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association of bruxism phenotypes with single nucleotide polymorphisms in FKBP5, DRD2, ANKK1, and COMT.Methods: Clinical oral examination was performed to diagnose bruxism phenotypes in 150 children. DNA was collected from saliva. Logistic univariate regression, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were performed (p < 0.05).Results: Bruxism was associated with DRD2 (p = 0.02). Tooth grinding while awake was associated with ANKK1 (p < 0.001), and tooth grinding while asleep was associated with DRD2 in the additive (p = 0.030) and dominant (p = 0.008) model. Tooth clenching while awake was associated with ANKK1 in the additive (p = 0.005) and dominant (p = 0.008) models, whereas tooth clenching while asleep was associated with ANKK1 (p < 0.001) and with COMT in the additive (p = 0.001) and dominant (p = 0.003) models.Discussion: Polymorphisms in DRD2, ANKK1, and COMT are associated with bruxism phenotypes.

18.
Odontology ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741103

RESUMO

Genetic polymorphisms could be involved in the individual rate of OTM (orthodontic tooth movement) corresponding to the clinical phenomenon of "slow movers" and "fast movers". This study evaluated, if genetic polymorphisms in RANK, RANKL, OPG, COX2 and IL6 are associated with the expression of RANKL, OPG, COX2 and IL6 by human periodontal ligament (hPDL) fibroblasts during OTM. Primary hPDL fibroblasts from periodontal connective tissue of teeth extracted from 57 human subjects for medical reasons were collected, isolated, cultivated and characterized. To simulate orthodontic forces in PDL pressure areas, a physiological compressive force of 2 g/cm2 was applied to the hPDL fibroblasts under cell culture conditions at 70% confluency for 48 h, using a glass disc. Thereafter we analysed relative expression of RANKL, OPG, COX2 and IL6 by RT-qPCR. We also performed genotyping analysis of seven genetic polymorphisms in RANK, RANKL, OPG, COX2 and IL6. Relative gene expression was compared among the genotypes. The genotype TT in polymorphism rs9594738 (RANKL) had a higher RANKL expression in the recessive model (p = 0.021; TT vs. CT + CC). For polymorphism rs9594738 (RANKL), in the recessive model, TT was associated with a higher RANKL/OPG expression ratio (p = 0.013; TT vs. CT + CC). In the dominant model, GG genotype in rs5275 (COX2) was associated with a lower gene expression of COX2 (p = 0.04; GG vs. AA + AG). Genetic polymorphisms in genes associated with OTM affect the relative force-induced upregulation of these genes in hPDL fibroblasts.

19.
Eur J Orthod ; 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Craniofacial discrepancies have been associated with congenital dental anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine if there is any scientific evidence in the literature regarding the association between dental agenesis and craniofacial morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis following the PRISMA Statement were conducted and registered in PROSPERO database. A broad search was conducted on databases (PubMed, Virtual Health Library, Web of Science, and Scopus) and grey literature. Articles that were selected based on predetermined eligibility criteria were assessed for quality and risk of bias according to the guidelines described by Folkes and Fulton. Those articles with similarities were submitted to meta-analysis using the RevMan 5.3 program. The certainty of the evidence was tested using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation). RESULTS: An electronic search of 975 articles resulted in 12 articles. These and four articles identified through manual search were eligible to be assessed for methodological quality and the risk of bias. Eleven articles presented moderate to high methodological quality. The included articles observed a reduced mandibular plane, a smaller maxilla and more differences with the increase in the severity of dental agenesis. Seven articles were included in the meta-analyses. Dental agenesis presented smaller SNA angle (P < 0.0001/CI -1.74 [-2.55, -0.92]) with moderate certainty of the evidence; and smaller ANB angle (P = 0.01/CI -0.80 [-1.44, -0.17]), with low certainty of the evidence. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that dental agenesis may be associated with specific craniofacial morphology. Further studies are necessary due to the variation of the certainty of the evidence. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: none declared. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (CRD42017055882).

20.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2082-2084, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms in FGF3, FGF10, and FGF13 are associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients that presented dentofacial deformities requiring orthognathic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised a total of 113 patients of both sexes. The diagnosis of TMD was performed before orthognathic surgery between Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC-TMD). According to the TMD assessment, the patients were divided into 3 major groups: myofascial pain, articular disc displacements and other TMD conditions (arthralgia, arthritis, and arthrosis). Genomic DNA was collected from saliva samples and genetic polymorphisms in FGF3 (rs1893047 and rs7932320), FGF10 (rs900379) and FGF13 (rs5931572 and rs5974804) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reactions. The association between the TMD conditions and the genetic polymorphisms assessed were analyzed by Poisson Regression. The model was calculated on bivariate and adjusted by sex. The established alpha was 5%. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software (IBM, Armonk, NY). RESULTS: The genetic polymorphisms rs7932320 in FGF3 (P < 0.001) and rs900379 in FGF10 (P < 0.05) were associated with the presence of muscle disorder. The genetic polymorphisms rs1893047 in FGF3, rs900379 in FGF10, and rs5974804 and rs5931572 in FGF13, were associated with the presence of disk displacement (P < 0.05). The genetic polymorphisms rs1893047 and rs7932320 in FGF3, rs900379 in FGF10, and rs900379 in FGF10 were associated with other TMD conditions (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Genetic polymorphisms in FGF3, FGF10, and FGF13 genes were associated with temporomandibular disorders in a population with dentofacial deformities.


Assuntos
Fator 10 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 3 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Artralgia , Artrite , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
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