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1.
J Proteomics ; : 103508, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476444

RESUMO

To identify potential biomarkers supporting better phenotyping and to improve understanding of the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), this study comparatively analyzed plasma protein profiles of DCM patients and individuals with low normal and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by mass spectrometry. After plasma depletion using a MARS Hu-6 column, global proteome profiling was performed using an LTQ-Orbitrap Velos mass spectrometer. To compare and confirm results, two different discovery sets of samples were investigated. Differentially abundant proteins are involved in lipid metabolism, coagulation, and acute phase response. Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1), cystatin C, lysozyme C, apolipoprotein A-II, and apolipoprotein M were validated by targeted protein analysis in a third independent patient cohort. Additionally, PON1 levels were also determined by an ELISA. These data highlight PON1 as a potential marker for differentiating DCM patients not only from patients with normal LVEF, but also from heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction. The results highlight lipid metabolism and inflammation as the major pathways being altered in DCM patients in comparison to patients presenting with suspicious myocarditis to the hospital. SIGNIFICANCE: Several studies focused on the identification of heart failure (HF) associated protein signatures in blood plasma, but only few that are largely based on only small sample series considered specific HF pathologies. Therefore, we performed a comparative global blood plasma protein profiling of a larger sample of individuals with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) classified as dilated cardiomyopathy patients and individuals with normal LVEF but presenting with suspicious myocarditis. DCM patients displayed altered levels of proteins involved in lipid metabolism, coagulation, and acute phase response. The most reliable candidates, such as serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1), cystatin C, lysozyme C, apolipoprotein A-II, and apolipoprotein M were validated by targeted protein analysis in an independent patient cohort. PON1 levels were also determined by an ELISA. These data highlight PON1 as a potential marker for differentiating DCM patients not only from patients with normal LVEF, but also from heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction.

3.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND : The aetiology of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is highly heterogeneous including genetic and/or acquired (infective, toxic, immune, endocrine, and nutritional) factors. The major part of acquired DCM in developed countries is caused by either viral or autoimmune myocarditis. It is believed that the activation of the T-lymphocyte cell system is the major pathomechanism underlying autoimmune myocarditis and inflammatory DCM (DCMi). However, in the hearts of a subset of patients, a significant number of CD20+ B-lymphocytes can be detected too. Limited information exists on the role of B-cell-dependent mechanisms in the progression of DCMi. Particularly CD20+ B-lymphocytes, which can be targeted by anti-CD20+ B-lymphocytes antibodies or inhibitors, might contribute to the pathogenesis of myocardial damage beyond antibody production. CASE SUMMARY : Here, we present a case series of six patients with subacute and chronic endomyocardial biopsy-proven CD20+ B-lymphocyte-associated DCMi, where symptomatic heart failure therapy, with or without combined immunosuppressive therapy with steroid-based treatment regime, was insufficient to improve cardiac function. Five patients improved clinically several weeks after a standard infusion protocol with rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against the pan-B-cell surface molecule CD20. DISCUSSION : Our case series shows that CD20+ B-lymphocyte persistence can play a pathophysiologic role in a subset of DCMi patients and highlights the potential of targeting CD20+ B cells in patients with prominent CD20+ B-lymphocyte persistence.

4.
Viruses ; 11(3)2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845701

RESUMO

Aims: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection directly induces apoptosis and modulates CXCR4 expression of infected marrow-derived circulating angiogenic cells (CACs). This leads to dysfunctional endogenous vascular repair. Treatment for B19V-associated disease is restricted to symptomatic treatment. Telbivudine, a thymidine analogue, established in antiviral treatment for chronic hepatitis B, modulates pathways that might influence induction of apoptosis. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis of whether telbivudine influences B19V-induced apoptosis of CAC. Methods and Results: Pretreatment of two CAC-lines, early outgrowth endothelial progenitor cells (eo-EPC) and endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) with telbivudine before in vitro infection with B19V significantly reduced active caspase-3 protein expression (-39% and -40%, both p < 0.005). Expression of Baculoviral Inhibitor of apoptosis Repeat-Containing protein 3 (BIRC3) was significantly downregulated by in vitro B19V infection in ECFC measured by qRT-PCR. BIRC3 downregulation was abrogated with telbivudine pretreatment (p < 0.001). This was confirmed by single gene PCR (p = 0.017) and Western blot analysis. In contrast, the missing effect of B19V on angiogenic gene expression postulates a post-transcriptional modulation of CXCR4. Conclusions: We for the first time show a treatment approach to reduce B19V-induced apoptosis. Telbivudine reverses B19V-induced dysregulation of BIRC3, thus, intervening in the apoptosis pathway and protecting susceptible cells from cell death. This approach could lead to an effective B19V treatment to reduce B19V-related disease.

5.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 249, 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enteroviral cardiomyopathy is a life-threatening disease, and detection of enterovirus (EV) RNA in the initial endomyocardial biopsy is associated with adverse prognosis and increased mortality. Some patients with EV infection may spontaneously eliminate the virus and recover, whereas those with virus persistence deteriorate and progress to heart failure. Interferon-beta (IFN-ß) therapy eliminates the virus, resulting in increased survival of treated patients. CCR5 is expressed on antigen-presenting cells (both macrophages and dendritic cells) and immune effector cells (T-lymphocytes with memory/effector phenotype and natural killer cells). Its 32-bp deletion (CCR5del32) is the most frequent human coding sequence mutation. This study addresses the correlation of CCR5 polymorphism to the clinical course of EV infection and the necessity for IFN-ß treatment. METHODS: We examined 97 consecutive patients with chronic/inflammatory cardiomyopathy and biopsy-proven EV infection and reliable information on clinical outcomes by CCr5 genotyping. These data were evaluated in relation to virus persistence in follow-up biopsies and survival rates over a 15-year period. RESULTS: Genotyping revealed a strong correlation between the CCR5del32 genotype and spontaneous virus clearance with improved outcomes. All patients with CCR5del32 eliminated EV spontaneously and none of them died within the observed period. In the group of untreated CCR5 wildtype patients, 33% died (Kaplan-Meier log-rank p = 0.010). However, CCR5 wildtype individuals treated with IFN-ß are more likely to survive than without therapy (Kaplan-Meier log-rank p = 0.004) in identical proportions to individuals with the CCR5del32 genotype. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that CCR5 genotyping is a novel predictive genetic marker for the clinical course of human EV cardiomyopathies. Hereby clinicians can identify those EV positive individuals who will eliminate the virus spontaneously based on CCR5 phenotype and those patients with CCR5 wildtype genotype who would be eligible for immediate antiviral IFN-ß treatment to minimize irreversible cardiac damage.

6.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2018 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30121697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction predicts adverse outcome in peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). We recently demonstrated beneficial effects associated with the prolactin release inhibitor bromocriptine at different doses when added to standard heart failure therapy in PPCM. Here, we evaluated for the first time the therapeutic potential of bromocriptine particularly in PPCM patients with RV involvement. METHODS: In this study, 40 patients with PPCM were included, of whom 24 patients had reduced RV ejection fraction (RVEF < 45%). We examined the effect of short-term (1W: bromocriptine, 2.5 mg, 7 days, n = 10) compared with long-term bromocriptine treatment (8W: 5 mg for 2 weeks followed by 2.5 mg for another 6 weeks, n = 14) in addition to guideline-based heart failure therapy in patients with an initial RVEF < 45% on the following outcomes: (1) change from baseline (Δ delta) in RVEF, (2) change from baseline in left ventricular EF (LVEF), and (3) rate of patients with full LV recovery (LVEF ≥ 50%) and (4) rate of patients with full RV recovery (RVEF ≥ 55%) at 6-month follow-up as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Reduced RVEF at initial presentation was associated with a lower rate of full cardiac recovery at 6-month follow-up (patients with RV dysfunction: 58% vs. patients with normal RV function: 81%; p = 0.027). RVEF increased from 38 ± 7 to 53 ± 11% with a delta-RVEF of + 15 ± 12% in the 1W group, and from 35 ± 9 to 58 ± 7% with a Δ RVEF of + 23 ± 10% in the 8W group (Δ RVEF 1W vs 8W: p = 0.118). LVEF increased from 25 ± 8 to 46 ± 12% with a Δ LVEF of + 21 ± 11% in the 1W group, and from 22 ± 6 to 49 ± 10% with a Δ LVEF of + 27 ± 9% in the 8W group (Δ LVEF 1W vs 8W: p = 0.211). Full LV recovery was present in 50% of the 1W group and in 64% of the 8W group (p = 0.678). Full RV recovery was observed in 40% of the 1W group and in 79% of the 8W group (p = 0.092). CONCLUSIONS: Despite overall worse outcome in patients with RV dysfunction at baseline, bromocriptine treatment in PPCM patients with RV involvement was associated with a high rate of full RV and LV recovery, although no significant differences were observed between the short-term and long-term bromocriptine treatment regime. These findings suggest that bromocriptine in addition to standard heart failure therapy may be also effective in PPCM patients with biventricular impairment.

7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(5): 818-829, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099854

RESUMO

AIMS: Myocarditis is often associated with parvovirus B19 (B19V) persistence, which can induce vascular damage. Based on the antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties of telbivudine, we aimed to evaluate its efficacy to protect B19V-infected endothelial cells in vitro and to treat chronic lymphocytic myocarditis patients with B19V transcriptional activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the endothelial-protective potential of telbivudine in human microvascular endothelial cells-1, which were infected with B19V. Treatment with 10 ng/mL of telbivudine decreased the B19V-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Along with this finding, telbivudine reduced the expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 and of tenascin-C. The endothelial-protective properties of telbivudine were also found in tumour necrosis factor-α-stressed human microvascular endothelial cells-1. In addition, oxidative stress in angiotensin II-stressed and transforming growth factor-ß1-stressed HL-1 cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts, respectively, was reduced upon telbivudine treatment, illustrating that telbivudine exerts multimodal protective effects. Based on these in vitro findings, four patients severely suffering from an endomyocardial biopsy-proven myocarditis associated with B19V transcriptional activity (VP1/VP2-mRNA positive) were treated with telbivudine (600 mg/dL) for 6 months in a single-patient-use approach. Follow-up biopsies 6 months after treatment showed that VP1/VP2-mRNA levels and CD3 cells decreased in all patients and were associated with an improvement in ejection fraction and New York Heart Association class. These findings were paralleled by a drop in tenascin-C expression as shown via matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-imaging mass spectrometry. CONCLUSIONS: Telbivudine exerts endothelial-protective effects in B19V-infected endothelial cells and improves chronic myocarditis associated with B19V transcriptional activity. These findings will be further evaluated in the clinical exploratory trial: the PreTopic study.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 18(1): 155, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials have shown that pulmonary artery pressure-guided therapy via the CardioMEMS™ system reduces the risk of recurrent hospitalizations in chronic heart failure (HF) patients. The CardioMEMS™ pressure sensor is percutaneously implanted in a branch of the pulmonary artery and allows telemetric pressure monitoring via a receiver. According to the most recent ESC guidelines, this technology has currently a class IIb indication in patients with class III New York Heart Association symptoms and a previous hospitalization for congestive heart failure within the last year, regardless of ejection fraction. Aim of this guided-therapy is multifold, including an early prediction of upcoming decompensation, optimization of patients' therapy and thereby avoidance of hospital admissions. In addition, it can be used during acute decompensation events as a novel tool to direct intra-hospital therapeutic interventions such as inotropes infusion or left ventricular (LV) assist device monitoring, with the aim of achieving an optimal volume status. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case series of three end-stage HF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who received a CardioMEMS™ device as an aid in their clinical management. The CardioMEMS™ system enabled a closer non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring of these patients and guided the extent of therapeutic interventions. Patients were free from device- or system-related complications. In addition, no pressure-sensor failure was observed. Two patients received a 24-h infusion of the calcium sensitizer levosimendan. One patient showed a refractory acute decompensation and underwent LV assist device (LVAD) implantation as a bridge to cardiac transplantation. Switching a patient with recurrent hospitalizations to the Angiotensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor (ARNI, Sacubitril-Valsartan) on top of the optimal heart failure-therapy improved its subjective condition and hemodynamics, avoiding further hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Our case series underlines the potential impact of CardioMEMS™ derived data in the daily clinical management of end-stage HF patients. The new concept to combine CardioMEMS™ in the setting of an outpatient levosimendan program as well as a bridge to LVAD-implantation/heart transplantation looks promising but needs further investigations.

9.
J Infect Dis ; 217(3): 456-465, 2018 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28961998

RESUMO

Background: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection and damage of circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) results in dysfunctional endogenous vascular repair (DEVR) with secondary end-organ damage. Trafficking of CAC is regulated by SDF-1α and the respective receptor CXCR4. We thus tested the hypothesis of a deregulated CXCR4/SDF-1α axis in symptomatic B19V-cardiomyopathy. Methods: CAC were infected in vitro with B19V and transfected with B19V-components. Read-out were: CXCR4-expression and migratory capacity at increasing doses of SDF-1α. In 31 patients with chronic B19V-cardiomyopathy compared to 20 controls read-outs were from blood: migratory capacity, CXCR4 expression on CAC, serum SDF-1α; from cardiac biopsies: SDF-1α mRNA, HIF-1α mRNA, microvascular density, resident cardiac stem cells (CSC), transcardiac gradients of CAC. Results: In vitro B19V-infected CAC showed up-regulation of surface CXCR4 with increased migratory capacity further enhanced by elevated SDF-1α concentrations. Overexpression of the B19V capsid protein VP2 was associated with this effect. Chronic B19V-cardiomyopathy patients showed increased numbers of ischaemia mobilised CAC but DEVR as well as diminished numbers of CAC after transcardiac passage. Cardiac microvascular density and CSC were significantly reduced in B19V-cardiomyopathy. Conclusions: We thus conclude that B19V infection has a direct VP2-mediated negative impact on trafficking of CAC in the presence of impaired cardiac regeneration.

10.
Heart Vessels ; 33(2): 205-211, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28808788

RESUMO

Prediction of follow-up shock is crucial to stratify patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) requiring implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The objective of the article is to assess the predictive value of endo-myocardial biopsy (EMB) towards ICD shock and follow-up mortality. A series of patients with DCM scheduled for ICD implantation underwent EMB to further determine the genesis of DCM. Presence of fibrosis and inflammation was documented and related to outcomes. A total of 240 patients were referred for ICD as primary (56%) and secondary (44%) prophylaxis. EMB showed myocardial fibrosis in 55.4%, inflammation in 55.7%, and viral genomic material in 60%. Median follow-up was 39 months (1-209). Appropriate and inappropriate shocks occurred in 29.2 and 20.4%. At logistic regression, determinants of appropriate shock were ICD indication for secondary prophylaxis (direct relationship: p = 0.009, OR 3.4, CI 1.3-8.8) and presence of inflammation at EMB (inverse relationship: p = 0.04, OR 0.4, CI 0.1-0.9). Moreover, the sole determinant of inappropriate shock was age at implant (inverse relationship: p = 0.003, OR = 0.9, CI 0.90-0.98). Overall mean estimated survival was 168 months and 5-year survival was 83%. Degree of improvement in LVEF% was the sole determinant of follow-up mortality (inverse relationship p = 0.02; HR = 0.9; CI 0.88-0.99). Present selection criteria for ICDs implant rely mainly on LVEF% that lacks sensitivity and specificity. EMB can identify the substrate of increased or reduced life-threatening arrhythmias. Presence of inflammation is a positive prognostic factor for reduced arrhythmogenic risk, independently by the ICD implantation indication.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Miocárdio/patologia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(4): 751-757, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29067795

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the influence of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)-proven intramyocardial inflammation on mortality in patients with cardiac transthyretin amyloid (ATTR) or amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 54 consecutive patients (mean age 68.83 ± 9.59 years; 45 men) with EMB-proven cardiac amyloidosis. We followed up patients from first diagnostic biopsy to as long as 36 months (mean 11.5 ± 12 months) and compared their outcome with information on all-cause mortality with or without proof of inflammation on EMB. Intramyocardial inflammation was assessed by quantitative immunohistology. Patients suffering from amyloidosis revealed a significant poor prognosis with proof of intramyocardial inflammation in contrast to those without inflammation (log-rank P = 0.019). Re-grouping of patients indicated AL amyloidosis to have a significant impact on all-cause mortality (log-rank P = 0.012). The detailed subgroup analysis showed that patients suffering from AL amyloidosis with intramyocardial inflammation have a significantly worse prognosis compared with AL amyloidosis without inflammation and ATTR with or without inflammation, respectively (log-rank P = 0.014, contingency Fisher's exact test, P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Our study reports for the first time a high incidence (48.1%) of intramyocardial inflammation in a series of patients with EMB-proven cardiac amyloidosis and could show that in patients with AL amyloidosis, intramyocardial inflammation correlated significantly with increased mortality. Our data have a direct clinical impact because one can hypothesize that additional immunomodulating/anti-inflammatory treatment regimens in patients with biopsy-proven inflammation of heart muscle tissue could be beneficial for patients suffering from cardiac AL amyloidosis.

12.
SAGE Open Med ; 5: 2050312117744978, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276589

RESUMO

Background: Endomyocardial biopsy is considered as the gold standard in patients with suspected myocarditis. We aimed to evaluate the impact of bioptic findings on prediction of successful return to work. Methods: In 1153 patients (48.9 ± 12.4 years, 66.2% male), who were hospitalized due to symptoms of left heart failure between 2005 and 2012, an endomyocardial biopsy was performed. Routine clinical and laboratory data, sociodemographic parameters, and noninvasive and invasive cardiac variables including endomyocardial biopsy were registered. Data were linked with return to work data from the German statutory pension insurance program and analyzed by Cox regression. Results: A total of 220 patients had a complete data set of hospital and insurance information. Three quarters of patients were virus-positive (54.2% parvovirus B19, other or mixed infection 16.7%). Mean invasive left ventricular ejection fraction was 47.1% ± 18.6% (left ventricular ejection fraction <45% in 46.3%). Return to work was achieved after a mean interval of 168.8 ± 347.7 days in 220 patients (after 6, 12, and 24 months in 61.3%, 72.2%, and 76.4%). In multivariate regression analysis, only age (per 10 years, hazard ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-1.46; p = 0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (per 5% increase, hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.12; p = 0.002) were associated with increased, elevated work intensity (heavy vs light, congestive heart failure, 0.58; 95% confidence interval, 0.34-0.99; p < 0.049) with decreased probability of return to work. None of the endomyocardial biopsy-derived parameters was significantly associated with return to work in the total group as well as in the subgroup of patients with biopsy-proven myocarditis. Conclusion: Added to established predictors, bioptic data demonstrated no additional impact for return to work probability. Thus, socio-medical evaluation of patients with suspected myocarditis furthermore remains an individually oriented process based primarily on clinical and functional parameters.

13.
Circ Heart Fail ; 10(11)2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 are damage-associated molecular patterns, which play a pivotal role in cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and viral infections. We aimed to investigate their role in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS: S100A8 and S100A9 mRNA expression was 13.0-fold (P=0.012) and 5.1-fold (P=0.038) higher in endomyocardial biopsies from patients with CVB3-positive myocarditis compared with controls, respectively. Elimination of CVB3 led to a downregulation of these alarmins. CVB3-infected mice developed an impaired left ventricular function and displayed an increased left ventricular S100A8 and S100A9 protein expression versus controls. In contrast, CVB3-infected S100A9 knockout mice, which are also a complete knockout for S100A8 on protein level, showed an improved left ventricular function, which was associated with a reduced cardiac inflammatory and oxidative response, and lower CVB3 copy number compared with wild-type CVB3 mice. Exogenous application of S100A8 to S100A9 knockout CVB3 mice induced a severe myocarditis similar to wild-type CVB3 mice. In CVB3-infected HL-1 cells, S100A8 and S100A9 enhanced oxidative stress and CVB3 copy number compared with unstimulated infected cells. In CVB3-infected RAW macrophages, both alarmins increased MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) chemokine expression, which was reduced in CVB3 S100A8 knockdown versus scrambled siRNA CVB3 cells. CONCLUSIONS: S100A8 and S100A9 aggravate CVB3-induced myocarditis and might serve as therapeutic targets in inflammatory cardiomyopathies.


Assuntos
Calgranulina A/metabolismo , Calgranulina B/metabolismo , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Enterovirus Humano B/patogenicidade , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Calgranulina A/deficiência , Calgranulina A/genética , Calgranulina B/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CXCL2/metabolismo , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/genética , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano B/genética , Feminino , Fibrose , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/genética , Miocardite/virologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/virologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Estresse Oxidativo , Células RAW 264.7 , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 6(8)2017 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28862949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors analyzed the effects of perforin-dependent infiltration on long-term mortality in patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy (CMi). We previously demonstrated that left ventricular function deteriorates and progresses to substantial cardiac dysfunction in patients with perforin-positive cardiac cell infiltration. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2003 and 2013, 2389 consecutive patients with clinically suspected CMi who underwent endomyocardial biopsies were enrolled. Endomyocardial biopsies were performed at first admission after exclusion of ischemic or valvular heart disease, and CMi was confirmed in 1717 patients. Follow-up was up to 10.1 years (median 0.47 years; interquartile range, 0.03-2.56 years) and information on vital status was obtained from official resident data files. Multivariable statistical analysis was conducted for all patients with CMi regarding significant predictors of all-cause mortality or need for heart transplantation. Multiple Cox regression analysis revealed perforin above the calculated cutoff point of 2.9 cells/mm² as a strong predictor of impaired survival with a hazard ratio of 1.881 (95% confidence interval, 1.177-3.008; P=0.008), independent of left ventricular function and other myocardial inflammation markers (CD3, macrophage-1 antigen, leukocyte function-associated antigen-1, human leukocyte antigen-1, and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1). Unexpectedly, male sex emerged as another strong adverse predictor of survival in CMi (hazard ratio, 1.863; confidence interval, 1.096-3.168 [P=0.022]). Whereas left ventricular ejection fraction course is adversely affected by myocardial perforin, multivariate analysis indicates that left ventricular ejection fraction explains only part of the observed overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: High perforin-positive cardiac cell infiltration and male sex are independent adverse predictors of long-term mortality in CMi. Furthermore, exact quantification of immunohistochemically detected infiltrates is necessary to assess the prognosis.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito , Miocardite/mortalidade , Miocárdio/química , Perforina/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Biópsia , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/imunologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Circ Heart Fail ; 10(9)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cytoplasmatic pattern recognition receptor, NOD2 (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2), belongs to the innate immune system and is among others responsible for the recognition of single-stranded RNA. With Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) being a single-stranded RNA virus, and the recent evidence that the NOD2 target, NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3) is of importance in the pathogenesis of CVB3-induced myocarditis, we aimed to unravel the role of NOD2 in CVB3-induced myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Endomyocardial biopsy NOD2 mRNA expression was higher in CVB3-positive patients compared with patients with myocarditis but without evidence of persistent CVB3 infection. Left ventricular NOD2 mRNA expression was also induced in CVB3-induced myocarditis versus healthy control mice. NOD2 knockdown(-/-) mice were rescued from the detrimental CVB3-mediated effects as shown by a reduced cardiac inflammation (less cardiac infiltrates and suppression of proinflammatory cytokines), cardiac fibrosis, apoptosis, lower CAR (Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor) expression and CVB3 copy number, and an improved left ventricular function in NOD2-/- CVB3 mice compared with wild-type CVB3 mice. In agreement, NOD2-/- decreased the CVB3-induced inflammatory response, CVB3 copy number, and apoptosis in vitro. NOD2-/- was further associated with a reduction in CVB3-induced NLRP3 expression and activity as evidenced by lower ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) expression, caspase 1 activity, or IL-1ß (interleukin-1ß) protein expression under in vivo and in vitro CVB3 conditions. CONCLUSIONS: NOD2 is an important mediator in the viral uptake and inflammatory response during the pathogenesis of CVB3 myocarditis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Enterovirus Humano B/metabolismo , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano B/genética , Enterovirus Humano B/imunologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/prevenção & controle , Miocardite/virologia , Miocárdio/imunologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/deficiência , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Fenótipo , Interferência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima
16.
Eur Heart J ; 38(35): 2671-2679, 2017 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28934837

RESUMO

Aims: An anti-angiogenic cleaved prolactin fragment is considered causal for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Experimental and first clinical observations suggested beneficial effects of the prolactin release inhibitor bromocriptine in PPCM. Methods and results: In this multicentre trial, 63 PPCM patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35% were randomly assigned to short-term (1W: bromocriptine, 2.5 mg, 7 days) or long-term bromocriptine treatment (8W: 5 mg for 2 weeks followed by 2.5 mg for 6 weeks) in addition to standard heart failure therapy. Primary end point was LVEF change (delta) from baseline to 6 months assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Bromocriptine was well tolerated. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 28 ± 10% to 49 ± 12% with a delta-LVEF of + 21 ± 11% in the 1W-group, and from 27 ± 10% to 51 ± 10% with a delta-LVEF of + 24 ± 11% in the 8W-group (delta-LVEF: P = 0.381). Full-recovery (LVEF ≥ 50%) was present in 52% of the 1W- and in 68% of the 8W-group with no differences in secondary end points between both groups (hospitalizations for heart failure: 1W: 9.7% vs. 8W: 6.5%, P = 0.651). The risk within the 8W-group to fail full-recovery after 6 months tended to be lower. No patient in the study needed heart transplantation, LV assist device or died. Conclusion: Bromocriptine treatment was associated with high rate of full LV-recovery and low morbidity and mortality in PPCM patients compared with other PPCM cohorts not treated with bromocriptine. No significant differences were observed between 1W and 8W treatment suggesting that 1-week addition of bromocriptine to standard heart failure treatment is already beneficial with a trend for better full-recovery in the 8W group. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, study number: NCT00998556.


Assuntos
Bromocriptina/administração & dosagem , Cardiomiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Puerperais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Bromocriptina/efeitos adversos , Cardiotônicos/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Int J Cardiol ; 243: 374-378, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28536004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up to one third of patients with chronic myocarditis (MC) have preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (MCpEF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of adding 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) in the diagnosis of patients with MCpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 67 patients with suspected MCpEF who underwent endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). Thirty-two patients with confirmed chronic myocardial inflammation by EMB served as study group (MCpEF) and the remaining patients (n=35) served as control group. In all patients, 2D STE and cMRI were performed within 48h before EMB. Patients with MCpEF had significantly lower LV global longitudinal systolic strain (GLS) than controls (GLS: -17.01±2.42% vs. -19.39±3.81%, p<0.001; respectively). In line, an abnormal GLS had adequate diagnostic performance to detect MCpEF (sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 82%, 70%, and 76%, respectively), which was superior to cMRI based on the Lake-Louise criteria (sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy 54%, 71%, and 67%, respectively). In addition, adding GLS to the Lake-Louise criteria improved significantly the diagnostic performance of cMRI to detect MCpEF (sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy 96%, 55%, and 75%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that GLS using 2D STE could play an important role in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected chronic myocarditis with preserved LV ejection fraction (MCpEF).


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 3(2): 138-142, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774273

RESUMO

We report the case of a 17-year-old female patient with known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and a Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. She came to our department for further evaluation of a new diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy characterized by an enlargement of the left ventricle and a fall in ejection fraction. Clinically, she complained about atypical chest pain, arrhythmic episodes with presyncopal events, and dyspnea (NYHA III) during the last 6 months. Non-invasive and invasive examinations including magnetic resonance imaging, electrophysiological examinations, and angiography did not lead to a conclusive diagnosis. Therefore, endomyocardial biopsies (EMBs) were taken to investigate whether a specific myocardial disease caused the impairment of the left ventricular function. EMB analysis resulted in the diagnosis of a virus-negative, active myocarditis. Based on this diagnosis, an immunosuppressive treatment with prednisolone and azathioprine was started, which led to an improvement of cardiac function and symptoms within 3 months after initiating therapy. In conclusion, we show that external stress triggered by myocarditis can induce a reversible transition from a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype. This case strongly underlines the need for a thorough and invasive examination of heart failure of unknown causes, including EMB investigations as recommend by the actual ESC position statement.

19.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 14(4): 224-34, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27475403

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can be found in a wide range of tissues and body fluids, and their specific signatures can be used to determine diseases or predict clinical courses. The miRNA profiles in biological samples (tissue, serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells or other body fluids) differ significantly even in the same patient and therefore have their own specificity for the presented condition. Complex profiles of deregulated miRNAs are of high interest, whereas the importance of non-expressed miRNAs was ignored. Since miRNAs regulate gene expression rather negatively, absent miRNAs could indicate genes with unaltered expression that therefore are normally expressed in specific compartments or under specific disease situations. For the first time, non-detectable miRNAs in different tissues and body fluids from patients with different diseases (cardiomyopathies, Alzheimer's disease, bladder cancer, and ocular cancer) were analyzed and compared in this study. miRNA expression data were generated by microarray or TaqMan PCR-based platforms. Lists of absent miRNAs of primarily cardiac patients (myocardium, blood cells, and serum) were clustered and analyzed for potentially involved pathways using two prediction platforms, i.e., miRNA enrichment analysis and annotation tool (miEAA) and DIANA miRPath. Extensive search in biomedical publication databases for the relevance of non-expressed miRNAs in predicted pathways revealed no evidence for their involvement in heart-related pathways as indicated by software tools, confirming proposed approach.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
20.
Mitochondrion ; 30: 236-47, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27562426

RESUMO

We developed a multiplex fragment length analysis (MFLA) for clearly assigning mitochondrial haplogroups mostly endemic in Europe for future cardiac diagnostics. As a technical proof, 23 commonly used human cell lines were haplotyped as reference standards. The functional analysis on mtDNA copies per cell revealed no correlation to haplogroups but a relatively high rate of mitochondria per cell and at the same time a very low expression of all mitochondrial and some nuclear encoded mitochondrial related genes. Established MFLA is an easy to handle method for analysing European mitochondrial haplogroups to perform epidemic studies and elucidate correlations to distinct diseases.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genes Mitocondriais , Haplótipos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Linhagem Celular , Impressões Digitais de DNA , DNA Mitocondrial/normas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Tipagem Molecular
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