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1.
Anesth Prog ; 66(3): 151-155, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545668

RESUMO

While anaphylaxis can occur at any time during general anesthesia, 90% of cases occur at induction of anesthesia. As several drugs are administered simultaneously at this time, it is difficult to identify the causative agent. However, it has been found that rocuronium is the most common drug associated with perioperative anaphylaxis. We treated 2 cases of patients who were administered sugammadex for anaphylactic symptoms thought to be caused by rocuronium, after which the anaphylactic symptoms disappeared. One of the most important aspects of treating anaphylactic shock is improving hemodynamics. If signs indicating circulatory collapse are observed, epinephrine should be administered immediately. However, because rocuronium was suspected of being the causative agent, and taking the patients' clinical course over time into consideration, sugammadex was initially administered. As a result, symptoms improved. Therefore, we believe that the administration of sugammadex may be effective for treating anaphylaxis caused by rocuronium and also help in identifying the causative agent.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Fármacos Neuromusculares não Despolarizantes , Rocurônio , gama-Ciclodextrinas , Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Androstanóis , Humanos , Rocurônio/efeitos adversos , Sugammadex/uso terapêutico
2.
Odontology ; 105(4): 494-503, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197773

RESUMO

Tongue pressure is reportedly associated with dysphagia. This study investigated relationships among characteristics of head and neck cancer, tongue pressure and dysphagia screening tests performed in patients with head and neck cancer during the acute phase after surgical resection. Fifty-seven patients (36 men, 21 women; age range 26-95 years) underwent surgical resection and dysphagia screening tests (Repetitive Saliva Swallowing Test, Water Swallowing Test, Modified Water Swallowing Test and Food Test) and pre- and postoperative measurement of tongue pressure at 5 time points (preoperatively, and 1-2 weeks and 1, 2, and 3 months postoperatively). Progression of cancer (stage), tracheotomy, surgical reconstruction, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and neck dissection were factors associated with postoperative tongue pressure. Data were analyzed by linear mixed-effect model, Spearman correlation coefficient and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Tongue pressure was significantly reduced 1-2 weeks after surgery, and recovered over time. Changes in tongue pressure were significantly associated with stage, radiotherapy and reconstruction. All screening tests showed a significant relationship with tongue pressure. Analysis of ROC and area under the effect curve suggested that a tongue pressure of 15 kPa can be used as a cut-off value to detect dysphagia after surgery for head and neck cancer. Our results suggest that tongue pressure evaluation might offer a safe, useful and objective tool to assess dysphagia immediately postoperatively in patients with head and neck cancer.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Língua/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão
3.
Acute Med Surg ; 2(4): 253-256, 2015 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123733

RESUMO

Case: A patient was transported to our hospital with swelling in his right face and neck after restorative dental treatment. Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum were discovered using computed tomography scans. Outcome: The patient had no severe symptoms. We prescribed prophylactic antibiotics and he recovered uneventfully. Conclusions: Clinicians must keep this pathology in mind because prompt diagnosis and treatment contribute to early improvement. Otherwise, patients may face life-threatening complications.

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