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Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 48(2): 171-176, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147648


Ventricular arrhythmias arising from coronary cusps are not uncommon. However, the mapping and ablation of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias originating from aortic cusps can be challenging. Radiofrequency ablation of this area can cause rare but serious complications. This was a report of a 17-year-old male patient with very frequent, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia attacks and premature ventricular contraction-induced cardiomyopathy. The origin of the ventricular arrhythmia was determined to be the left coronary cusp, and the patient was treated successfully with cryoablation. In high-risk areas, cryoablation is an effective and safe alternative method.

Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008060


We aimed to investigate the complications after epicardial pacemaker (PM) implantation in neonates and infants and their relationship with factors such as device size and patient size. Between May 2010 and July 2018, 55 patients under 1 year of age who underwent epicardial PM placement were retrospectively evaluated. PM-related complications requiring rehospitalization were determined as wound site problems requiring surgical intervention, battery pocket infection, battery pocket dehiscence without infection, PM removal, relocation of the PM system, and replacement of the PM system with another system. The patients were divided into three groups: < 3 kg, 3-5 kg and > 5 kg. Fifty-five patients underwent PM implantation, 43 (78.2%) because of postoperative atrioventricular block (AVB), 10 (18.2%) because of congenital AVB, and two (3.6%) with diagnoses of c-TGA and AVB. Five (9%) patients incurred 18 complications. No statistically significant difference was observed in complication development between the groups (p > 0.05). Single- or dual-chamber device implantation did not affect complication development (p > 0.05). Despite the role of factors such as low weight, low age, and device volume in the development of wound complications, the relationship between these factors and complications is not statistically significant. Therefore, our results are encouraging in terms of the use of dual-chamber PMs instead of single-chamber ones in heart diseases in which AV synchronization is important.

Anatol J Cardiol ; 22(2): 60-67, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375646


OBJECTIVE: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a myocardial genetic disease that occurs primarily in the right ventricle. Patients with ARVD may present with severe ventricular arrhythmias, syncope, and cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical features and arrhythmic complications of patients with pediatric-onset ARVD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ARVD between January 2010 and January 2019 were included in this study. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients with ARVD were evaluated. Of them, 15 patients were male, and their mean age was 12±4 years. The most common symptoms were palpitations (n=6), syncope (n=4), and heart failure symptoms (n=2). Five patients were asymptomatic. Thirteen patients had an epsilon wave; all patients ≥14 years had a T wave inversion in V1-3. Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) were observed in 15 patients, and ventricular tachycardia (VT) was observed in 9 patients. All patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Echocardiography and cardiac MRI of two patients were normal at the time of admission; patients were in the concealed phase, and the diagnosis was made by ECG, Holter monitoring, and genetic findings. We administered a beta-blocker in all patients. Two patients underwent an electrophysiological study and ablation because of PVC/VT. An implantable cardiac defibrillator was implanted in 8 patients. The mean follow-up period was 21.5±11 months. Two patients were deceased with incessant VT and heart failure, and one patient was deceased with multiorgan dysfunction after biventricular assist device implantation (n=3). CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of pediatric-onset ARVD might be much more difficult in children. Sudden cardiac death might be prevented in the early period by raising the awareness of physicians about the disorder. Prevention of sudden death with implantable cardiac defibrillators is crucial in the management of these patients. It should be kept in mind that children with structurally normal hearts may present with an earlier concealed phase and can be diagnosed with ARVD.

Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/genética , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/terapia , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Seguimentos , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(3): 335-343, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310473


OBJECTIVE: To reveal the risk factors that can lead to a complicated course and an increased morbidity in patients < 1 year old after surgical ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who were admitted to our institution for surgical VSD closure who were under one year of age, between 2015 and 2018. Mechanical ventilation (MV) time > 24 hours, intensive care unit (ICU) stay longer than three days, and hospital stay longer than seven days were defined as "prolonged". Unplanned reoperation, complete heart block requiring a permanent pacemaker implantation, sudden circulatory arrest, and death were considered as significant major adverse events (MAE). RESULTS: VSD closure was performed in 185 patients. The median age was five (1-12) months. There was prolonged MV time in 54 (29.2%) patients. Four patients (2.2%) required permanent pacemaker implantation. Hemodynamically significant residual VSD was observed in six (3.2%) patients. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in one (0.5%) patient. Small age (< 4 months) (P-value<0.001) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (P=0.03) were found to delay extubation and to prolong MV time. Low birth weight at the operation was associated with MAE (P=0.03). CONCLUSION: Higher body weight during operation had a reducing effect on the MAE frequency and shortened the MV duration, ICU stay, and hospital stay. As a conclusion, for patients who are scheduled to undergo VSD closure, body weight should be taken into consideration.

Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Peso Corporal , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(3): 477-482, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30244304


Catheter ablation via the femoral vein has been widely used in children. However, in certain conditions, an alternative vascular access is required for a successful ablation. Herein we reported that, accessory pathways (APs) and ectopic foci which reside right anterior and anterolateral to tricuspid valve orifice can be safely and effectively ablated with transjugular venous approach. Eleven procedures performed via the transjugular venous approach were reviewed retrospectively from the 355 electrophysiological procedures performed between March 2016 and November 2017. EnSite 3D electro-anatomic mapping and limited flouroscopy was used in all patients. The mean age of patients was 14.4 ± 2.9 years (12-18) and 6/11 (54.5%) were males. Seven of the patients had previous ablation procedures via the femoral vein approach and due to failure or recurrence the procedures had to be repeated. In these patients mean procedure time shortened from 196 ± 80 (105-280) to 111 ± 13 (96-125) min with the transjugular approach. 10/11 patients had APs, and one patient had focal atrial tachycardia. One of the APs was a Mahaim pathway. Ablation localisations were right anterior and right anterolateral in 8/11 and 3/11 patients respectively. The average fluoroscopy time was 3.38 ± 6.5 (0-15) min. All of the RF ablations via transjugular approach were successful (100%, 11/11). The mean follow-up period was 10.6 ± 1.1 (9-12) months. So far no recurrence has been observed. Right anterior and anterolateral regions are the most challenging areas in terms of catheter stabilization even when long sheaths are used during femoral route ablation. Ablation attempts in these regions have partial success, frequent recurrence, and high complication rates. This study revealed that transjugular approach seems as an effective alternative for those cases where transfemoral approach is unsuccessful for the ablation targets located in the right anterior and antero-lateral regions.

Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Veias Jugulares/cirurgia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos