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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Prognosis after segmentectomy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a high consolidation tumour ratio (CTR) and [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) accumulation on positron emission tomography/computed tomography is unclear. METHODS: Participants of this study were 465 patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy for clinical N0 NSCLC presenting solid component predominant tumour (CTR >50%) with a whole size ≤3 cm. Accumulations of FDG on positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans were scored according to the Deauville criteria, a 5-point visual evaluating method (Deauville score). The correlations between Deauville score, prognosis, and procedures were analysed. RESULTS: Characteristics of pathological invasiveness, such as lymphatic invasion (P < 0.001), vascular invasion (P < 0.001) and pleural invasion (P < 0.001), and non-adenocarcinoma histologies (P < 0.001) were more common in patients with Deauville scores of 3-5. The cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR) was higher in patients with Deauville scores of 3-5 (P < 0.001). The CIR after lobectomy and segmentectomy did not differ significantly among patients with Deauville scores of 1 or 2 (P = 0.598) or those with Deauville scores of 3-5 (P = 0.322). In the analysis of propensity score matched cohort, the CIR after lobectomy and segmentectomy did not differ significantly between patients with Deauville scores of 1 or 2 and Deauville scores of 3-5. CONCLUSIONS: Segmentectomy may be feasible for NSCLC with high CTR (>50%) and accumulation of FDG. This finding should be confirmed in larger prospective studies.

2.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643053

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tumor size is an absolute recurrence risk in lung cancer. Although morphological features also reflect recurrence risk, its significance among lower-risk cases characterized by small size is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between pathological invasive tumor size and morphological features, and their prognostic impact by considering them simultaneously in lung adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 563 pN0M0 patients with pathological invasive size of ≤40 mm. The patients were classified by pathological invasive size and pathological malignant grading using the proportion of subhistological components. The prognostic impact was evaluated using recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). The impact on prognosis was evaluated using uni- and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The proportion of histological grade changed according to invasive tumor size. Patients with high malignant grade (G3) showed worse RFS than those with low and intermediate malignant grade (G1+2) with invasive size ≤20 mm. The 5-year RFS (G1+2 vs. G3) in 5-10 mm was 96.0% vs. 83.3% (HR = 5.505, 95% CI = 7.156-1850, p < 0.001) and in 10-20 mm was 87.8% vs. 67.1% (HR = 2.829, 95% CI = 4.160-43.14, p < 0.001). G3 patients were significantly bigger in invasive size and included more pleural/lymphatic/vascular invasion and recurrence. Multivariate analysis indicated pathological G3 status was significantly associated with worse RFS (HR = 2.097, 95% CI = 1.320-3.333, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Invasive tumor size and pathological malignant grade overlap in invasive adenocarcinoma. G3 patients are more likely to have pleural/lymphatic/vascular invasion and significantly worse RFS compared to G1/G2 cases, even with a small invasive size of ≤20 mm.

3.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 2(2): 100126, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589986

RESUMO

Introduction: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer proposed a new grading criteria for invasive adenocarcinoma. However, its utility has not been validated. Methods: Patients who underwent complete resection of lung adenocarcinoma were included in this study. Then, they were divided into the following three groups on the basis of the criteria recently proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer: grade 1, lepidic predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; grade 2, acinar or papillary predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; and grade 3, any tumor with greater than or equal to 20% of high-grade patterns. Results: Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly different among the proposed grades (p < 0.001). The RFS of patients upgrading from current grade 2 (papillary or acinar predominant tumor) to proposed grade 3 (5-y RFS, 65.2%) was significantly worse than that of patients with proposed grade 2 (77.1%, hazard ratio = 1.882, 95% confidence interval: 1.236-2.866) but not significantly different from that of patients with grade 3 in both the current (micropapillary or solid predominant tumor) and proposed criteria (53.2%, hazard ratio = 0.761, 95% confidence interval: 0.456-1.269). Among patients with pathologic stage 0 or I, RFS was well stratified by the new grading system (p < 0.001) but not among patients with stage II or III (p = 0.334). In the multivariable analysis, the new grading was not a predictive factor of RFS. Conclusions: Although the proposed grading system well stratified RFS in patients with pathologic stage 0 or I lung adenocarcinoma, there is room for improvement.

4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3673-3682, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230166

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate useful prognostic factors of immunotherapy in patients with lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively observed 73 patients who underwent immunotherapy (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and atezolizumab) for lung cancer. The systemic inflammatory score (SIS) was calculated as the sum of the following factors scored one point each: Hemoglobin <12.5 g/dl and serum albumin <3.6 g/dl, resulting in scores of 0-2. We examined the correlation between the SIS and initial tumor response and progression-free and overall survival with other existing markers, namely tumor programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression level; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR); modified Glasgow prognostic score; and prognostic nutritional index, etc. Results: SIS ≤1 was significantly associated with better initial tumor response. In multivariate analysis, PD-L1 expression ≥50% (p=0.010), SIS ≤1 (p=0.028) and NLR <5.6 (p=0.047) were significantly associated with longer progression-free survival, and SIS ≤1 (p=0.030) and NLR <5.6 (p=0.037) were associated with longer overall survival. CONCLUSION: SIS is a useful marker of the efficacy of immunotherapy that can be obtained via routine blood tests.


Assuntos
Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/patologia , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In lung cancer patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) postoperative acute exacerbation can be fatal. However the predictive biomarkers for postoperative exacerbation of ILD have not been fully elucidated. The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products is a lung-derived antiinflammatory protein that can prevent acute lung injury. This study aimed to elucidate its role in this fatal complication, especially focusing on the predictive potential of serum levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 152 patients with lung cancer and ILD who underwent lung resection and had blood samples collected before surgery. Independent predictors of postoperative acute exacerbation were evaluated in all patients and in subgroups based on the surgical procedure. Additionally serial changes in soluble receptor levels in these subgroups were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (11.2%) developed postoperative acute exacerbation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed 547.4 pg/mL as the optimal soluble receptor level cutoff value. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed a significant association between soluble receptor serum levels (≤547.4 pg/mL) and postoperative acute exacerbation. In the subgroup analysis this independent association was observed only in the lobectomy group. Additionally lobectomy caused a significant reduction in postoperative soluble receptor levels. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased baseline levels of circulatory soluble receptor might be a potential risk factor for postoperative acute exacerbation in patients with lung cancer and ILD. Moreover additional reduction in the levels of this antiinflammatory protein occurs because of lung resection.

6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 186, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial pneumonia (IP) is the most fatal complication after lung resection for lung cancer. To improve the prognosis of lung cancer with IP, the risk factors of AE of IP after lung resection should be assessed. S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (S100A4) is a member of the S100 family of proteins and is a known marker of tissue fibrosis. We examined the usefulness of S100A4 in predicting AE of IP after lung resection for lung cancer. METHODS: This study included 162 patients with IP findings on preoperative high-resolution computed tomography scan who underwent curative-intent lung resection for primary lung cancer between April 2007 and March 2019. Serum samples were collected preoperatively. Resected lung tissue from 76 patients exhibited usual IP (UIP) pattern in resected lung were performed immunohistochemistry (IHC). Relationship between S100A4 and the incidence of AE of IP and short-term mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: The receiver operating characteristic area under the curve for serum S100A4 to predict postoperative AE of IP was 0.871 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.799-0.943; P < 0.001), with a sensitivity of 93.8% and a specificity of 75.3% at the cutoff value of 17.13 ng/mL. Multivariable analysis revealed that a high serum S100A4 level (> 17.13 ng/mL) was a significant risk factor for AE of IP (odds ratio, 42.28; 95% CI, 3.98-449.29; P = 0.002). A 1-year overall survival (OS) was significantly shorter in patients with high serum levels of S100A4 (75.3%) than in those with low serum levels (92.3%; P = 0.003). IHC staining revealed that fibroblasts, lymphocytes, and macrophages expressed S100A4 in the UIP area, and the stroma and fibrosis in the primary tumor expressed S100A4, whereas tumor cells did not. CONCLUSIONS: Serum S100A4 had a high predictive value for postoperative AE of IP and short-term mortality after lung resection.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Modelos Logísticos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(7): 1123-1131, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognostic role of interstitial pneumonia with emphysema in lung cancer is not fully understood. This study aimed to examine the prognostic role of the presence of emphysema in patients with clinical stage I lung cancer and interstitial pneumonia. METHODS: The presence of interstitial pneumonia and emphysema was evaluated on preoperative high-resolution computed tomography. In total, 836 consecutive patients with clinical stage I lung cancer who underwent complete resection between April 2007 and March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model to examine survival differences. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in 5-year overall survival between patients with interstitial pneumonia and emphysema (n = 65) and those without (n = 771) (62.6% vs. 86.5%; P < 0.001). However, in patients with interstitial pneumonia on high-resolution computed tomography, there was no significant difference in 5-year overall survival between patients with emphysema (n = 65) and those without emphysema (n = 50) (62.6% vs. 59.4%, P = 0.84). Multivariable backward stepwise Cox proportional hazard analysis in patients with interstitial pneumonia showed that histology, %diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide, radiologic interstitial pneumonia pattern and surgical procedure were independent prognostic factors for overall survival, but the presence of emphysema was not. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of emphysema was not an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with clinical stage I lung cancer with interstitial pneumonia. Poor survival of patients with IP and emphysema may be due to the presence of interstitial pneumonia.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Enfisema Pulmonar/mortalidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Enfisema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Enfisema Pulmonar/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10105, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980944

RESUMO

Postoperative acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease (AE-ILD) can be fatal in patients with lung cancer concomitant with ILD. We aimed to elucidate the predictive potential of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is associated with the development and severity of lung injury, for evaluating the risk of this complication. We included 152 patients with lung cancer and ILD who underwent radical surgery between January 2011 and August 2019. We evaluated the preoperative levels of serum HMGB1 and its predictive potential for postoperative AE-ILD. Postoperative AE-ILD developed in 17 patients. Serum levels of HMGB1 were significantly higher in patients with postoperative AE-ILD than in those without (median [interquartile range]: 5.39 [3.29-11.70] ng/mL vs. 3.55 [2.07-5.62] ng/mL). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that higher HMGB1 levels were significantly associated with the development of postoperative AE-ILD in entire studied patients (n = 152). In the subgroup analysis, higher HMGB1 levels were associated with a significantly increased risk of this complication in patients who underwent lobectomy (n = 77) than in those who underwent sublobar resection (n = 75). Serum HMGB1 could be a promising marker for evaluating the risk of postoperative AE-ILD, specifically in patients who underwent lobectomy.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 78, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thoracic surgeons rarely encounter stab wounds with injury to the intrathoracic organs. However, such sudden and urgent situations could arise; therefore, experiences in managing such cases are invaluable. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old woman with depression who had a stab injury in the neck caused by a broad-bladed kitchen knife was brought to our facility by ambulance. She was stable in the emergency room; however, a computed tomography scan revealed that the blade had penetrated the right thoracic cavity. A right hemopneumothorax was seen. Considering the possibility of injury to the major vessels, a median sternotomy was performed. During the dissection around the blade, the patient started bleeding profusely, which required repair of an injury to the right internal jugular vein. The blade tip had penetrated the dorsal right upper lung lobe; however, it did not reach the hilum, and the knife was carefully removed. The damaged area of the lung was removed by wedge resection. CONCLUSION: Patients with deep stab wounds from knives are often hemodynamically stable because the blade acts as tamponade and prevents hemorrhage. Therefore, a surgical approach that allows for good visualization should be considered for the extraction of the blade.

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e043234, 2021 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737428

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, inhibition of programmed cell death 1 or its ligand has shown therapeutic effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the effectiveness of preoperative nivolumab monotherapy for stage I NSCLC remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the pathological response of preoperative treatment with nivolumab for clinically node negative but having a high risk of NSCLC recurrence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Preoperative Nivolumab (Opdivo) to evaluate pathologic response in patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer: a phase 2 trial (POTENTIAL) study is a multicentre phase II trial investigating efficacy of preoperative nivolumab for clinical stage I patients at high risk of recurrence. This study includes histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC patients with clinical N0 who were found on preoperative high-resolution CT to have a pure solid tumour without a ground-glass opacity component (clinical T1b, T1c or T2a) or a solid component measuring 2-4 cm in size (clinical T1c or T2a). Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation (deletion of exon 19 or point mutation on exon21, L858R), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation or c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS-1) translocation are excluded from this study. Nivolumab (240 mg/body) is administrated intravenously as preoperative therapy every 2 weeks for three cycles. Afterward, lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection (ND 2a-1 or ND 2a-2) are performed. The primary endpoint is a pathological complete response in the resected specimens. The secondary endpoints are safety, response rates and major pathological response. The planed sample size is 50 patients. Patients have been enrolled since April 2019. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This trial was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Hiroshima University Hospital and other participating institutions. This trial will help examine the efficacy of preoperative nivolumab therapy for clinical stage I NSCLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: jRCT2061180016.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico
11.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 14(4): 821-823, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576102

RESUMO

A novel model of a microwave surgical instrument (Acrosurg. Revo) which is an energy device using microwave technology and 2450 MHz microwave has recently been developed for endoscopic surgery. Herein, we describe the technique of pulmonary segmentectomy with a novel device.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonectomia , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
12.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 69(3): 511-515, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The clinical practice of safe and efficient surgery and professional development of general thoracic surgical trainee are both important issues for mentors. We investigated the usefulness of a three-dimensional (3D) endoscopic system application for lung cancer treatment as a tool for training surgical trainees. METHODS: Supervised by mentors, general thoracic surgical trainees were trained with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for primary lung cancer using a 3D endoscopic system to enable them to become operators. Video clinics using 3D images were held weekly. The group using 3D endoscopic system (66 cases in the 3D-VATS group) was compared with the group using conventional two-dimensional (2D) thoracoscopic system (35 cases in the 2D-VATS group) to perform VATS lobectomies. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in operative time between both groups. However, the 3D-VATS group comprised significantly less experience than the 2D-VATS group. The intraoperative blood loss was significantly reduced for the 3D group (34 mL in the 3D-VATS group vs. 76 mL in the 2D-VATS group, P = 0.0007). There were no cases of conversion from VATS to open thoracotomy and intraoperative transfusion in either group. CONCLUSION: 3D-VATS and video clinics using 3D videos are useful training tools for general thoracic surgical trainees with little experience in open thoracotomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Cirurgia Torácica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracotomia
13.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(3): 935-943, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prognosis after segmentectomy as compared with lobectomy for small-sized lung adenocarcinoma with spread through air spaces (STAS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 609 patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy with lymph node dissection for clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma between April 2011 and March 2020 at Hiroshima University Hospital. Patient characteristics and prognosis after segmentectomy and lobectomy were investigated. RESULTS: STAS was detected in 293 patients (48.1%). The recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was significantly worse with STAS-positive adenocarcinoma than with STAS-negative adenocarcinoma both in patients who underwent lobectomy (5-year RFS, 68.2% vs 90.2%; P < .001) and in patients who underwent segmentectomy (5-year RFS, 81.3% vs 93.0%; P = .003). Among the patients with STAS, there was no significant difference in RFS between patients who underwent lobectomy (5-year RFS, 68.2%) and those who underwent segmentectomy (5-year RFS, 81.3%; P = .225). In a multivariable analysis using propensity score to adjust clinical patient characteristics, segmentectomy was not found to be an independent prognostic factor of RFS (hazard ratio 0.732, P = .326) among patients with STAS. Among the patients with STAS, only 1 patient (1%) with insufficient resection margin (0.5 mm) had local recurrence and 1 patient (1%) with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma had recurrence in preserved lobe after segmentectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Spread through air spaces was a poor prognostic factor in patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma. Prognosis after segmentectomy was comparable with that of lobectomy in lung adenocarcinoma with STAS without increasing locoregional recurrence.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(4): 2068-2075, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the Deauville criteria (a 5-point visual scale criteria) in assessing the accumulation of [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) on positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for predicting prognosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma and selecting candidates for sublobar resection. METHODS: This retrospective study included 648 patients undergoing curative resection for clinical N0 lung adenocarcinoma with a whole tumor size of 3 cm or smaller between April 2007 and March 2019. Accumulations of the FDG on PET/CT scans were scored using the Deauville criteria (Deauville score), and correlations between the Deauville score and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: The recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly better for the patients with a Deauville score of 1 or 2 (n = 415, 5-year RFS, 92.6%) than for those with a score of 3 (n = 82, 5-year RFS, 72.7%; P < 0.001) or a score of 4 or 5 (n = 151, RFS, 70.8%; P < 0.001). The RFS did not differ significantly among the patients with Deauville scores of 1 and 2 who underwent wedge resection (n = 102, 5-year RFS, 90.5%), segmentectomy (n = 188, RFS, 95.1%; P = 0.355), and lobectomy (n = 125, RFS, 91.1%; P = 0.462). CONCLUSION: The 5-point-scale evaluation of FDG accumulation on PET/CT was useful in predicting the prognosis for patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Lung adenocarcinoma patients with a whole tumor size of 3 cm or smaller and a Deauville score of 1 or 2 can be candidates for sublobar resection.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Seleção de Pacientes , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(1): 264-270, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial pneumonia (IP) is a fatal complication after lung resection. We aimed to investigate whether the visual accumulation of [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) in the field of IP on preoperative FDG-positron emission tomography-computed tomography is useful for predicting AE of IP. METHODS: This study included 193 patients with IP findings on preoperative computed tomography who underwent curative intent lung resection for primary lung cancer at Hiroshima University Hospital between April 2007 and March 2019. If the uptake of IP area was higher than the background normal lung, the patients were considered to have positive FDG accumulation. The relationship of the accumulation of FDG in the IP area and the incidence of AE of IP and short-term mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the included patients, accumulation of FDG in the IP area was detected in 130 (67.4%) patients. The incidence of AE of IP was significantly different between patients with (10.0%) and without (0%) FDG accumulation in the IP area (P = .001). The 90-day mortality rate was also significantly different between patients with (6.9%) and without (0%) accumulation of FDG in the IP area (P = .007). In the multivariable analysis, the accumulation of FDG in the IP area was a significant risk factor of AE of IP (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: The visual evaluation of accumulation of FDG in the IP area was useful to predict the AE of IP and short-term mortality after lung resection.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 50(11): 1306-1312, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the characteristics, ground glass opacity ratio and prognosis of patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer tumours exceeding 30 mm in size. METHODS: Patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer and total tumour size >30 mm on preoperative computed tomography who underwent complete resection with lobectomy between January 2007 and December 2017 were included. The patients were divided into three groups: pure solid tumour, low ground glass opacity ratio (1-39%) tumour and high ground glass opacity ratio (≥40%) tumour. The cut-off line was determined based on the recurrence rate for every 10% ground glass opacity ratio. RESULTS: Among the 227 study patients, 129 (56.8%) had a pure solid tumour, 54 (23.8%) had a low ground glass opacity ratio tumour and 44 (19.4%) had a high ground glass opacity ratio tumour. Three-year recurrence-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with a pure solid tumour (57.4%) than in patients with a low ground glass opacity ratio (74.5%; P = 0.009) or a high ground glass opacity ratio tumour (92.1%; P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that ground glass opacity ratio was a significant independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.175; P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Pure solid tumours comprised a large proportion of non-small cell lung cancer tumours >30 mm in size and their prognosis was poor. The presence of ground glass opacity and their relative proportion affect prognosis in patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer tumours >30 mm in size, similar to those with small-sized tumours.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 21(6): e528-e538, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482526

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the feasibility of segmentectomy for radiologically solid-dominant clinical stage IA lung cancer measuring 2.1 to 3 cm (whole tumor size). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 197 patients with radiologically solid-dominant clinical stage IA lung cancer measuring 2.1 to 3 cm who underwent lobectomy (n = 154) or segmentectomy (n = 43) were retrospectively analyzed. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) at 5 years were assessed. Finally, propensity score matching was performed by age, gender, radiologic whole tumor size, consolidation to maximum tumor ratio, tumor location, maximum standardized uptake value, and preoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and vital capacity (VC). RESULTS: Only 2 (4.7%) patients in the segmentectomy group were converted to lobectomy because of lymph node metastasis or inadequate surgical margins. Postoperative reductions in VC and FEV1 at 12 months were significantly less in the segmentectomy group (VC, 7.4%; FEV1, 6.9%) than in the lobectomy group (VC, 17.6%; FEV1, 14.4%). RFS was comparable between patients who underwent lobectomy and segmentectomy in both the unmatched (73.4% and 82.7%, respectively; P = .30) and the 37 propensity-matched (79.5% and 80.1%, respectively) patients. Similarly, OS was comparable between patients who underwent lobectomy and segmentectomy in the unmatched (80.0% and 90.6%, respectively; P = .42) and matched (82.9% and 89.3%, respectively) patients. CONCLUSIONS: Segmentectomy can be feasible in patients with radiologically solid-dominant clinical stage IA lung cancers measuring 2.1 to 3 cm when patients are appropriately selected.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Pneumonectomia/mortalidade , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 50(9): 1043-1050, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate whether the severity of emphysema as classified by Goddard score influences the prognosis of patients with early lung cancer, there are few reports about that. METHODS: From April 2009 to December 2016, we recruited 412 consecutive patients with completely resected clinical stage 0/IA/IB non-small cell lung cancer. The Goddard score assessed on preoperative computed tomography scan was retrospectively reviewed. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between the Goddard score and early lung cancer prognosis. RESULTS: The patients were classified into two groups: Goddard score ≤ 4 points and ≥5 points according to the results of receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for recurrence events. The 3-year relapse-free survival rate of emphysema with Goddard score ≤ 4 points (88.6%) was higher than that of emphysema with Goddard score ≥ 5 points (60.8%) (P < 0.001). There was a higher proportion of cancer-related deaths in the group with Goddard score ≥ 5 points compared with the group with Goddard score ≤ 4 points (50% and 32.1%, respectively) (P = 0.082). A Goddard score ≥ 5 points was a significant prognostic factor for relapse-free survival in the univariate (P < 0.001) and multivariate (P = 0.022) analyses. A Goddard score ≥ 5 points was also a significant prognostic factor for overall survival in the univariate (P < 0.001) and multivariate (P = 0.041) analyses. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that emphysema with a Goddard score of ≥5 points may be a factor that can influence the prognosis of patients with primary lung cancer.


Assuntos
Enfisema/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Enfisema/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 110(3): 1036-1042, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the Deauville criteria, 5-point semiquantitative scale criteria to assess the maximum standardized uptake value of [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) on positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT), in predicting lymph node metastasis and other pathological invasive characteristics of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study including 453 patients undergoing lobectomy or segmentectomy with lymph node dissection for clinical T1 or Tis N0 adenocarcinoma between April 2011 and March 2019, the FDG-PET/CT scans were evaluated using Deauville criteria to analyze the relationship of the Deauville score with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. RESULTS: The lymph node metastases were present in 0 (0%), 2 (1.1%), 6 (9.5%), 6 (15.8%), and 13 (15.7%) patients with Deauville scores of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. The pathological invasive characteristics (lymphatic, vascular, or visceral pleural invasion) were detected in 2 (2.4%), 17 (9.9%), 18 (28.6%), 23 (60.5%), and 54 (65.1%) patients with a Deauville score of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. The 3-year recurrence-free survival was longer in patients with a Deauville score of 1 to 2 (97.2%) than those with a Deauville score of 3 (86.2%; P < .001) or 4 to 5 (80.7%; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The 5-point scale evaluation of the maximum standardized uptake value on FDG-PET/CT using the Deauville score was useful in predicting not only lymph node metastasis but also other malignant features of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/secundário , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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