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1.
Hepatol Res ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570681

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the diagnostic performance based on the modified CEUS LI-RADS, which includes Kupffer-phase findings as a major imaging feature, with that of CT and MRI (CT/MRI) LI-RADS for liver nodules in patients at high risk of HCC. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with 120 nodules were included in this retrospective study. The median size of the lesions was 20.0 mm (interquartile range, 14.0-30.8 mm). Of these lesions, 90.0% (108 of 120) were confirmed as HCCs, 6.7% (8 of 120) were intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, 1.7% (2 of 120) were metastases, and 1.7% (2 of 120) were dysplastic nodules. All nodules were diagnosed histopathologically. Each nodule was categorized according to the modified CEUS LI-RADS and CT/MRI LI-RADS version 2018. The diagnostic performance and inter-modality agreement of each criterion was compared. RESULTS: The inter-modality agreement for the modified CEUS LI-RADS and CT/MRI LI-RADS was slight agreement (kappa=0.139, P=.015). The diagnostic accuracies of HCCs for the modified CEUS LR-5 and CT/MRI LR-5 were 70.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 61.0%, 78.0%) vs. 70.8% (95% CI: 61.8%, 78.8%) (p=0.876), respectively. The diagnostic accuracies of non-HCC malignancies for the modified CEUS LR-M and CT/MRI LR-M were 84.2% (95% CI: 76.4%, 90.2%) vs. 96.7% (95% CI: 91.7%, 99.1%) (p=.002), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic performance for HCCs on the modified CEUS LR-5 and CT/MRI LR-5 are comparable. In contrast, CT/MRI LR-M has better diagnostic performance for non-HCC malignancy than that of the modified CEUS LR-M. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265235, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) was reported as a diagnosis and prognosis marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although the development of systemic therapies for advanced HCC has been remarkable, the role of PIVKA-II is unclear. This prospective study aimed to verify Elecsys PIVKA-II compared with Lumipulse PIVKA-II in a cohort with advanced HCC undergoing systemic therapy. METHODS: A total of 62 HCC patients who were treated with atezolizumab and bevacizumab (ATZ+BEV) and molecular targeted agents (MTAs) were prospectively enrolled at Musashino Red Cross Hospital from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 208 serum samples from 52 patients were tested using Elecsys PIVKA-II and Lumipulse PIVKA-II assays. Furthermore, the relationship of Elecsys PIVKA-II and progression-free survival (PFS) was investigated with 48 patients (24 ATZ+BEV and 24 MTAs) whose Lumipulse PIVKA-II levels were >40 mAU/mL. RESULTS: In the test accuracy analysis, the Elecsys assay has a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.92 compared with that of the Lumipulse assay (ATZ+BEV, 0.95; MTAs, 0.91). In the PFS analysis, the number of patients who received ATZ+BEV and MTAs as first- and late-line therapy were 9 and 13, and 15 and 11, respectively. The PIVKA-II response was defined for patients who had a reduction in the Elecsys PIVKA-II level on the first month of treatment evaluation. The PFS of patients with Elecsys PIVKA-II response was significantly longer than that of nonresponse patients (5.8 months vs 3.8 months, p = 0.0205). CONCLUSION: The Elecsys PIVKA-II was not only as useful as the Lumipulse PIVKA-II but also for stratifying the PFS of patients with advanced HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Precursores de Proteínas , Protrombina , Vitamina K , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise
3.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(1)2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35054309

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of Contrast-Enhanced US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (CEUS LI-RADS) version 2017, which includes portal- and late-phase washout as a major imaging feature, with that of modified CEUS LI-RADS, which includes Kupffer-phase findings as a major imaging feature. Participants at risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with treatment-naïve hepatic lesions (≥1 cm) were recruited and underwent Sonazoid-enhanced US. Arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE), washout time, and echogenicity in the Kupffer phase were evaluated using both criteria. The diagnostic performance of both criteria was analyzed using the McNemar test. The evaluation was performed on 102 participants with 102 lesions (HCCs (n = 52), non-HCC malignancies (n = 36), and benign (n = 14)). Among 52 HCCs, non-rim APHE was observed in 92.3% (48 of 52). By 5 min, 73.1% (38 of 52) of HCCs showed mild washout, while by 10 min or in the Kupffer phase, 90.4% (47 of 52) of HCCs showed hypoenhancement. The sensitivity (67.3%; 35 of 52; 95% CI: 52.9%, 79.7%) of modified CEUS LI-RADS criteria was higher than that of CEUS LI-RADS criteria (51.9%; 27 of 52; 95% CI: 37.6%, 66.0%) (p = 0.0047). In conclusion, non-rim APHE with hypoenhancement in the Kupffer phase on Sonazoid-enhanced US is a feasible criterion for diagnosing HCC.

4.
Invest New Drugs ; 40(2): 392-402, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) based on whether they had previously received systemic therapy, as well as the association of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab with early alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response in real-world practice. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with u-HCC were treated with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab between October 2020 and April 2021. The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and modified RECIST were used to evaluate radiological responses. RESULTS: The patients received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line (n = 23), 2nd-line (n = 16), 3rd-line (n = 6), 4th-line (n = 3), 5th-line (n = 3), or 6th-line (n = 1) therapy. According to RECIST, the objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) in all patients were 15.4% and 57.7%. In the 1st-line patients, ORR and DCR based on RECIST 1.1 were 27.3% and 81.8%. The median time to progression (TTP) assessed by RECIST was significantly longer among patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy than in patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as later-line therapy (P < 0.001). Patients with an AFP response (reduction ≥ 20% from baseline) at 6 weeks had a significantly longer TTP assessed by RECIST than those without an AFP response (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Patients who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy had better clinical outcome than those who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab in later lines. The AFP response at 6 weeks could be a predictor of disease progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , alfa-Fetoproteínas
5.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 118(12): 1160-1166, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897146

RESUMO

A 67-year-old man with a history of esophageal and gastric varices that were treated endoscopically was treated for Budd-Chiari syndrome and immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis in our facility. Varices in the second portion of the duodenum were revealed in follow-up upper endoscopy. The draining vein formed a venous plexus that was detected on computed tomography. Treatment with interventional radiology was difficult;therefore, endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) was performed instead. No recurrence has been observed to date. Thus, in this case, EIS for duodenal varices was effective.


Assuntos
Escleroterapia , Varizes , Idoso , Duodeno/diagnóstico por imagem , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Soluções Esclerosantes/uso terapêutico , Escleroterapia/efeitos adversos , Varizes/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes/terapia
6.
Radiology ; 301(3): 625-634, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519576

RESUMO

Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common in the general population but identifying patients with high-risk nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) who are candidates for pharmacologic therapy remains a challenge. Purpose To develop a score to identify patients with high-risk NASH, defined as NASH with an NAFLD activity score (NAS) of 4 or greater and clinically significant fibrosis (stage 2 [F2] or higher). Materials and Methods This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of data prospectively collected between April 2017 and March 2019 for a group of patients with NAFLD in Japan (Japan NAFLD, the derivation data set) with contemporaneous two-dimensional shear-wave elastography and biopsy-proven NAFLD (age range, 20-89 years). Three US markers (liver stiffness [LS, measured in kilopascals], attenuation coefficient [AC, measured in decibels per centimeter per megahertz], and dispersion slope [DS, measured in meters per second per kilohertz]) were determined, together with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels and the AST-to-ALT ratio. The best-fit multivariate logistic regression model for identifying patients with high-risk NASH was determined. Diagnostic performance was assessed by using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The findings were validated in an independent data set (Korea NAFLD; age range, 20-78 years). Results The Japan NAFLD data set included 111 patients (mean age, 53 years ± 18 [standard deviation]; 57 men), 84 (76%) with NASH. The Korea NAFLD data set included 102 patients (mean age, 48 years ± 18; 43 men), 55 (36%) with NASH. The most predictive model (LAD NASH score) combined LS, AC, and DS. Performance was satisfactory in both the derivation sample (AUC, 0.86; 95% CI: 0.79, 0.93) and the validation sample (AUC, 0.88; 95% CI: 0.80, 0.95). The LAD NASH score showed a positive predictive value of 86.5% and a negative predictive value of 87.5% for high-risk NASH in the derivation sample. Conclusion A score combining three US markers may be useful for noninvasive identification of patients with high-risk nonalcoholic steatohepatitis for inclusion in clinical trials and pharmacologic therapy. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Lockhart in this issue.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425275

RESUMO

Chronic liver disease (CLD) leads to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, which is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths globally.1 Liver fibrosis is the most important prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma development and prognosis in CLD, and accurate staging of liver fibrosis is pivotal in clinical practice.2 Although liver biopsy is the gold standard for evaluating liver fibrosis, liver biopsy has several limitations including invasiveness, sampling error, and intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility.3 To resolve these problems, several noninvasive methods for evaluating liver fibrosis have been developed using serum fibrosis markers, ultrasound-based modalities, and magnetic resonance imaging-based modalities.4.

8.
J Med Ultrason (2001) ; 48(4): 615-621, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453648

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Attenuation imaging (ATI) is a new noninvasive ultrasound technique for assessing steatosis grade (S). However, validated region-of-interest (ROI) sampling strategies are not currently available. We investigated the diagnostic performance of various ATI-ROI positions for determining histopathologic S in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This retrospective study included 105 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. All attenuation coefficient (AC, dB/cm/MHz) measurements were obtained by the same hepatologist using a commercially available ultrasound system on the same day as liver biopsy. Mean (± standard deviation) age and body mass index of the patients were 53 (± 18) years and 27.1 (± 4.1) kg/m2, respectively. The numbers of patients with steatosis affecting < 5%, 5-33%, 33-66%, and > 66% of hepatocytes were 8, 50, 29, and 18, respectively. The ATI-ROI was placed at three different positions for AC measurement using a dedicated workstation: the upper edge of the area ROI, twice the depth of the liver capsule, and the lower edge of the area ROI. Diagnostic performance was evaluated using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: The AUCs of AC at the three ATI-ROI positions were 0.734 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.470-0.998), 0.750 (0.639-0.861), and 0.878 (0.788-0.968) for S ≥ 1; 0.503 (0.392-0.615), 0.824 (0.741-0.907), and 0.809 (0.724-0.895) for S ≥ 2; and 0.606 (0.486-0.726), 0.849 (0.767-0.932), and 0.737 (0.626-0.848) for S = 3, respectively. CONCLUSION: For accurate steatosis grade assessment, the ATI-ROI should not be placed at the upper edge of the area ROI.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biópsia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26651, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260567

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hypersplenism causes thrombocytopenia, which may lead to the reduction or discontinuation of chemotherapy. Partial splenic embolization (PSE) is an effective treatment for thrombocytopenia associated with hypersplenism. However, there have been no reports of patients with gastric cancer who have resumed and continued chemotherapy after PSE for splenic hypersplenism associated with tumor infiltration.Here, we report two cases in which we performed PSE for hypersplenism associated with gastric cancer that had invaded the splenic vein. Chemotherapy was continued in both cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: Both patients developed thrombocytopenia with splenomegaly due to advanced gastric cancer that required discontinuation of chemotherapy. DIAGNOSIS: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and computed tomography showed advanced gastric cancer with invasion of the splenic vein and splenomegaly. Both patients developed thrombocytopenia. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were treated with PSE. OUTCOMES: PSE produced an increase in thrombocyte count, and chemotherapy could be resumed. LESSONS: PSE seems to be a useful treatment for thrombocytopenia with splenomegaly associated with advanced gastric cancer and may allow continuation of chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Hiperesplenismo/etiologia , Hiperesplenismo/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/terapia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Esplênica , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076435

RESUMO

The Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (CEUS LI-RADS) was introduced for classifying suspected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it cannot be applied to Sonazoid. We assessed the diagnostic usefulness of a modified CEUS LI-RADS for HCC and non-HCC malignancies based on sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Patients with chronic liver disease at risk for HCC were evaluated retrospectively. Nodules ≥1 cm with arterial phase hyperenhancement, no early washout (within 60 s), and contrast defects in the Kupffer phase were classified as LR-5. Nodules showing early washout, contrast defects in the Kupffer phase, and/or rim enhancement were classified as LR-M. A total of 104 nodules in 104 patients (median age: 70.0 years; interquartile range: 54.5-78.0 years; 74 men) were evaluated. The 48 (46.2%) LR-5 lesions included 45 HCCs, 2 high-flow hemangiomas, and 1 adrenal rest tumor. The PPV of LR-5 for HCC was 93.8% (95% confidence interval (CI): 82.8-98.7%). The 22 (21.2%) LR-M lesions included 16 non-HCC malignancies and 6 HCCs. The PPV of LR-M for non-HCC malignancies, including six intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, was 100% (95% CI: 69.8-100%). In conclusion, in the modified CEUS LI-RADS for Sonazoid, LR-5 and LR-M are good predictors of HCC and non-HCC malignancies, respectively.

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