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1.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(4): 377-384, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768459

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic low back pain (CLBP), defined as low back pain persisting for at least 3 months, leads to limitations in the activities of daily living and decreased quality of life. Individualized self-exercise education could be a preferable treatment option, especially in community-dwelling people with CLBP. Previous studies, however, did not directly compare the effects of therapist-led self-exercise education and material-only education, and there are only a few studies investigating the effects of low-dose (comprising a few sessions) self-exercise education on CLBP. We present a protocol of community-based, randomized study to evaluate the effects of low-dose (comprising a few sessions), therapist-led self-exercise education on CLBP. Methods: Forty-eight participants with CLBP (men and women, aged 40-74 years) will be allocated to therapeutic self-exercise education programs, either a therapist-led group (2-week therapist's consultation and material use) or material-only group (material use only), in a randomized controlled trial. Pain intensity (NRS, numeric rating scale), pain disability (RDQ, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire), pain self-efficacy (PSEQ, pain self-efficacy questionnaire), and quality of life score (EQ-5D, European quality of life-5 dimensions) will be measured at baseline and at 4, 12, and 24 weeks. We will apply a repeated-measures design with mixed-effect models to estimate group differences from the baseline. Ethics/Trial registration number: The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committees of the Osaka Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Osaka University. The trial registration number is registered on the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN000024537).

2.
J Phys Ther Sci ; 29(11): 2009-2012, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29200646

RESUMO

[Purpose] This study investigated the factors affecting fear of falling in patients with femoral proximal fracture. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were 26 patients with femoral proximal fracture (3 males and 23 females, average age: 80.2 ± 7.9 years). Fall self-efficacy, motor functions, and pain intensity were measured 4 weeks post-surgery, and the participants were divided into three groups based on their scores on the Falls Efficacy Scale. [Results] The group with low fall self-efficacy was significantly older and experienced stronger pain than the group with high fall self-efficacy did. In a multivariate analysis, age and pain intensity were extracted as factors influencing fall self-efficacy. [Conclusion] For patients with femoral proximal fracture, in addition to age, pain was identified as a correlated factor to fear of falling.

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