Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 47
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 504-506, July-Aug. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020507
2.
Gene Ther ; 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278371

RESUMO

Cell therapy has shown impressive effects in experimental cardiomyopathy models. To a lesser extent, gene therapy has also been studied. In both cases, translation to clinical therapy has been disappointing. This paper is intended to describe the experience and achievements of a multicenter working group located in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, in experimental and translational research projects for cell-based and gene therapy methods in the treatment of dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathies. The results of preclinical and clinical studies showed that bone marrow mononuclear stem cells indeed have an effect in improving myocardial perfusion and contractile function, but the overall results are poorly translated to the clinical level. Gene therapy studies with direct myocardial injections of naked VEGF 165 plasmid showed improvement in myocardial perfusion and function in animal models. A randomized clinical trial found that this method is safe and improved myocardial perfusion, but the benefits disappeared after 1 year. An animal experiment associating VEGF 165 with angiopoietin was undertaken in mini pigs to extend the durability of that therapy. In conclusion, our efforts to better understand the mechanisms and functions of gene and cell-based therapies in cardiology resulted in significant findings and propose a future look at cell-free therapeutic approaches.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 491-498, May 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011193

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The use of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIED), such as the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT), is increasing. The number of leads may vary according to the device. Lead placement in the left ventricle increases surgical time and may be associated with greater morbidity after hospital discharge, an event that is often confused with the underlying disease severity. Objective: To evaluate the rate of unscheduled emergency hospitalizations and death after implantable device surgery stratified by the type of device. Methods: Prospective cohort study of 199 patients submitted to cardiac device implantation. The groups were stratified according to the type of device: ICD group (n = 124) and CRT group (n = 75). Probability estimates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method according to the outcome. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant in the statistical analyses. Results: Most of the sample comprised male patients (71.9%), with a mean age of 61.1 ± 14.2. Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar between the groups (CRT 37.4 ± 18.1 vs. ICD 39.1 ± 17.0, p = 0.532). The rate of unscheduled visits to the emergency unit related to the device was 4.8% in the ICD group and 10.6% in the CRT group (p = 0.20). The probability of device-related survival of the variable "death" was different between the groups (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Patients after CRT implantation show a higher probability of mortality after surgery at a follow-up of less than 1 year. The rate of unscheduled hospital visits, related or not to the implant, does not differ between the groups.


Resumo Fundamento: O uso de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis (DCEI) como o cardiodesfibrilador (CDI) e terapia de ressincronização cardíaca (TRC) - é cada vez maior. O número de eletrodos de estimulação e desfibrilação varia de acordo com o dispositivo. A colocação do eletrodo no ventrículo esquerdo aumenta o tempo cirúrgico podendo associar-se a maior morbidade no acompanhamento após alta hospitalar, evento muitas vezes confundível com a gravidade da patologia base. Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de internação não programada na emergência e óbito após cirurgia de dispositivos implantáveis estratificados pelo tipo de aparelho. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo analisando 199 pacientes submetidos à implante de dispositivos cardíacos. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tipo de dispositivo: CDI (n = 124) e TRC (n = 75). Estimativas de probabilidades foram analisadas pelo método de Kaplan-Meier de acordo com o desfecho. Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: A maioria da amostra era do sexo masculino (71,9%) - idade média de 61,1 ± 14,2. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foi similar entre os grupos (TRC 37,4 ± 18,1 vs. CDI 39,1 ± 17,0; p = 0,532). A taxa de visita não programada na emergência relacionada ao dispositivo foi de 4,8% no grupo CDI e de 10,6% no grupo TRC (p = 0,20). A probabilidade de sobrevida relacionada ao dispositivo da variável "óbito" mostrou-se diferente entre os grupos (p = 0,008). Conclusões: Paciente após o implante de TRC apresenta maior probabilidade de mortalidade após o procedimento cirúrgico no seguimento menor que 1 ano. A taxa de visita hospitalar não programada, relacionadas ou não ao implante, não difere entre os grupos.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 142-148, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990566

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most frequently performed heart surgery in Brazil. Recent international guidelines recommend that national societies establish a database on the practice and results of CABG. In anticipation of the recommendation, the BYPASS Registry was introduced in 2015. Objective: To analyze the profile, risk factors and outcomes of patients undergoing CABG in Brazil, as well as to examine the predominant surgical strategy, based on the data included in the BYPASS Registry. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 2292 patients undergoing CABG surgery and cataloged in the BYPASS Registry up to November 2018. Demographic data, clinical presentation, operative variables, and postoperative hospital outcomes were analyzed. Results: Patients referred to CABG in Brazil are predominantly male (71%), with prior myocardial infarction in 41.1% of cases, diabetes in 42.5%, and ejection fraction lower than 40% in 9.7%. The Heart Team indicated surgery in 32.9% of the cases. Most of the patients underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (87%), and cardioplegia was the strategy of myocardial protection chosen in 95.2% of the cases. The left internal thoracic artery was used as a graft in 91% of the cases; the right internal thoracic artery, in 5.6%; and the radial artery in 1.1%. The saphenous vein graft was used in 84.1% of the patients, being the only graft employed in 7.7% of the patients. The median number of coronary vessels treated was 3. Operative mortality was 2.8%, and the incidence of cerebrovascular accident was 1.2%. Conclusion: CABG data in Brazil provided by the BYPASS Registry analysis are representative of our national reality and practice. This database constitutes an important reference for indications and comparisons of therapeutic procedures, as well as to propose subsequent models to improve patient safety and the quality of surgical practice in the country.

5.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 142-148, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most frequently performed heart surgery in Brazil. Recent international guidelines recommend that national societies establish a database on the practice and results of CABG. In anticipation of the recommendation, the BYPASS Registry was introduced in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile, risk factors and outcomes of patients undergoing CABG in Brazil, as well as to examine the predominant surgical strategy, based on the data included in the BYPASS Registry. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 2292 patients undergoing CABG surgery and cataloged in the BYPASS Registry up to November 2018. Demographic data, clinical presentation, operative variables, and postoperative hospital outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients referred to CABG in Brazil are predominantly male (71%), with prior myocardial infarction in 41.1% of cases, diabetes in 42.5%, and ejection fraction lower than 40% in 9.7%. The Heart Team indicated surgery in 32.9% of the cases. Most of the patients underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (87%), and cardioplegia was the strategy of myocardial protection chosen in 95.2% of the cases. The left internal thoracic artery was used as a graft in 91% of the cases; the right internal thoracic artery, in 5.6%; and the radial artery in 1.1%. The saphenous vein graft was used in 84.1% of the patients, being the only graft employed in 7.7% of the patients. The median number of coronary vessels treated was 3. Operative mortality was 2.8%, and the incidence of cerebrovascular accident was 1.2%. CONCLUSION: CABG data in Brazil provided by the BYPASS Registry analysis are representative of our national reality and practice. This database constitutes an important reference for indications and comparisons of therapeutic procedures, as well as to propose subsequent models to improve patient safety and the quality of surgical practice in the country.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(5): 491-498, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIED), such as the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT), is increasing. The number of leads may vary according to the device. Lead placement in the left ventricle increases surgical time and may be associated with greater morbidity after hospital discharge, an event that is often confused with the underlying disease severity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of unscheduled emergency hospitalizations and death after implantable device surgery stratified by the type of device. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 199 patients submitted to cardiac device implantation. The groups were stratified according to the type of device: ICD group (n = 124) and CRT group (n = 75). Probability estimates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method according to the outcome. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant in the statistical analyses. RESULTS: Most of the sample comprised male patients (71.9%), with a mean age of 61.1 ± 14.2. Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar between the groups (CRT 37.4 ± 18.1 vs. ICD 39.1 ± 17.0, p = 0.532). The rate of unscheduled visits to the emergency unit related to the device was 4.8% in the ICD group and 10.6% in the CRT group (p = 0.20). The probability of device-related survival of the variable "death" was different between the groups (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Patients after CRT implantation show a higher probability of mortality after surgery at a follow-up of less than 1 year. The rate of unscheduled hospital visits, related or not to the implant, does not differ between the groups.

10.
JAMA ; 319(13): 1331-1340, 2018 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525821

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. Objective: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Results: Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use of loading doses of atorvastatin among unselected patients with ACS and intended invasive management. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01448642.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3): 207-212, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887929

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Mediastinitis is a severe surgical complication of low incidence, but high lethality. Scores used in the preoperative period to stratify the risk of postoperative mediastinitis may contribute to improve the results. Objective: To test the applicability of the MagedanzSCORE in predicting the risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at a cardiology reference hospital. Methods: Historical cohort study with adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The analyzed variables were contemplated in the MagedanzSCORE: reoperation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), obesity, class IV unstable angina, polytransfusion therapy, mediastinitis and death as outcome variables. Results: Of the 1.322 patients examined, 56 (4.2%) developed mediastinitis. Of these, 26 (46.4%) were classified as high risk for mediastinitis and 15 (26.8%) at very high risk for mediastinitis. Three of the five variables of the Magendanz Score showed statistically significant differences: reoperation, COPD and obesity. Class IV unstable angina and postoperative polytransfusion were not associated with mediastinitis after coronary artery by-pass grafting. The area under the ROC curve was 0.80 (CI 95% 0.73 - 0.86), indicating the model's satisfactory ability to predict the occurrence of mediastinitis. Conclusion: The tool was useful in the preoperative assessment demonstrating the risk for mediastinitis in this population of intensive care patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Resumo Fundamento: A mediastinite é uma complicação cirúrgica grave de baixa incidência, porém com alto poder de letalidade. Escores utilizados no período pré-operatório para estratificar o risco de sua ocorrência podem contribuir para melhorar os resultados. Objetivo: Testar a aplicabilidade do MagedanzSCORE em prever risco de mediastinite em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRM) em um hospital de referência em cardiologia. Métodos: Estudo de coorte histórica conduzido com pacientes adultos submetidos à CRM. As variáveis analisadas foram as contempladas no MagedanzSCORE: reintervenção cirúrgica, doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC), obesidade, angina estável classe IV/angina instável, politransfusão sanguínea, mediastinite e óbito como variáveis de desfecho. Resultados: Dentre os 1.322 pacientes analisados, 56 (4,2%) desenvolveram mediastinite. Destes, 26 (46,4%) foram classificados com risco elevado e 15 (26,8%) com risco muito elevado. Três das cinco variáveis do escore apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas: reintervenção cirúrgica, DPOC e obesidade. Angina classe IV/instável e politransfusão (pós-operatória) não apresentaram associação com mediastinite após a CRM. A área sob a curva ROC foi de 0,80 (IC 95% 0,73 - 0,86), demonstrando capacidade satisfatória do modelo em prever a ocorrência de mediastinite. Conclusão: O instrumento mostrou-se útil para auxiliar na avaliação pré-operatória por apontar o risco de mediastinite nesta população de pacientes de cuidados intensivos. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3): 207-212, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediastinitis is a severe surgical complication of low incidence, but high lethality. Scores used in the preoperative period to stratify the risk of postoperative mediastinitis may contribute to improve the results. OBJECTIVE: To test the applicability of the MagedanzSCORE in predicting the risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at a cardiology reference hospital. METHODS: Historical cohort study with adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The analyzed variables were contemplated in the MagedanzSCORE: reoperation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), obesity, class IV unstable angina, polytransfusion therapy, mediastinitis and death as outcome variables. RESULTS: Of the 1.322 patients examined, 56 (4.2%) developed mediastinitis. Of these, 26 (46.4%) were classified as high risk for mediastinitis and 15 (26.8%) at very high risk for mediastinitis. Three of the five variables of the Magendanz Score showed statistically significant differences: reoperation, COPD and obesity. Class IV unstable angina and postoperative polytransfusion were not associated with mediastinitis after coronary artery by-pass grafting. The area under the ROC curve was 0.80 (CI 95% 0.73 - 0.86), indicating the model's satisfactory ability to predict the occurrence of mediastinitis. CONCLUSION: The tool was useful in the preoperative assessment demonstrating the risk for mediastinitis in this population of intensive care patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Mediastinite/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
14.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(2): 71-76, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492786

RESUMO

Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 71-76, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-843479

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.

16.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 29(1): 45-50, 2014 Jan-Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24896162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the correlation between age and occurrence of atrial fibrillation after aortic stenosis surgery in the elderly as well as evaluate the influence of atrial fibrillation on the incidence of strokes, hospital length of stay, and hospital mortality. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective study of > 70 year-old patients who underwent isolated aortic valve replacement. RESULTS: 348 patients were included in the study (mean age 76.8±4.6 years). Overall, post-operative atrial fibrillation was 32.8% (n=114), but it was higher in patients aged 80 years and older (42.9% versus 28.8% in patients aged 70-79 years, P=0.017). There was borderline significance for linear correlation between age and atrial fibrillation (P=0.055). Intensive Care Unit and hospital lengths of stay were significantly increased in atrial fibrillation (P<0.001), but there was no increase in mortality or stroke associated with atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSION: Post-operative atrial fibrillation incidence in aortic valve replacement is high and correlates with age in patients aged 70 years and older and significantly more pronounced in patients aged 80 years. There was increased length of stay at Intensive Care Unit and hospital, but there was no increase in mortality or stroke. These data are important for planning prophylaxis and early treatment for this subgroup.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(1): 45-50, Jan-Mar/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-710083

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever, em idosos, a correlação entre faixa etária e ocorrência de fibrilação atrial após cirurgia por estenose aórtica, além de avaliar a influência da ocorrência de fibrilação atrial na incidência de acidente vascular cerebral, tempo de internação e mortalidade hospitalar. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo incluindo pacientes com idade > 70 anos submetidos à cirurgia de troca valvar aórtica isolada. Resultados: Foram estudados 348 pacientes com idade média de 76,8±4,6 anos. A incidência de fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório foi 32,8% (n=114), sendo superior nos pacientes > 80 anos (42,9 vs. 28,8% 70-79 anos, P=0,017) e havendo significância estatística limítrofe (P=0,055) para tendência linear na correlação idade e incidência de fibrilação atrial. Verificou-se significativo maior tempo de internação na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e hospitalar total, porém, não se observou maior taxa de acidente vascular cerebral ou de mortalidade hospitalar decorrente da fibrilação atrial. Conclusão: A incidência de fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório de cirurgia para estenose valvar aórtica em pacientes idosos com > 70 anos foi elevada e linearmente correlacionada ao avanço da idade, especialmente após 80 anos, causando aumento dos tempos de internação total e em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, sem aumento significativo da morbimortalidade. O conhecimento desses dados é importante para evidenciar a necessidade de medidas profiláticas e de tratamento precoce dessa arritmia nesse subgrupo. .


Objective: This study aims to describe the correlation between age and occurrence of atrial fibrillation after aortic stenosis surgery in the elderly as well as evaluate the influence of atrial fibrillation on the incidence of strokes, hospital length of stay, and hospital mortality. Methods: Cross-sectional retrospective study of > 70 year-old patients who underwent isolated aortic valve replacement. Results: 348 patients were included in the study (mean age 76.8±4.6 years). Overall, post-operative atrial fibrillation was 32.8% (n=114), but it was higher in patients aged 80 years and older (42.9% versus 28.8% in patients aged 70-79 years, P=0.017). There was borderline significance for linear correlation between age and atrial fibrillation (P=0.055). Intensive Care Unit and hospital lengths of stay were significantly increased in atrial fibrillation (P<0.001), but there was no increase in mortality or stroke associated with atrial fibrillation. Conclusion: Post-operative atrial fibrillation incidence in aortic valve replacement is high and correlates with age in patients aged 70 years and older and significantly more pronounced in patients aged 80 years. There was increased length of stay at Intensive Care Unit and hospital, but there was no increase in mortality or stroke. These data are important for planning prophylaxis and early treatment for this subgroup. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
18.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 27(1): 10-15, jan.-mar.2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-767313

RESUMO

A estimulação epicárdica predomina no implante de marcapasso em crianças pequenas. Objetivo: revisar a evolução de pacientes menores de dois anos submetidos a estimulação epimiocárdica após a alta hospitalar e até uma década. Método: Estudo de coorte histórica entre 1997 e 2010 que incluiu 34 pacientes, 22 (64,7%) do sexo feminino e 12 (35,3%) do masculino, com idades variando de 1 dia a 22 meses, submetidos a implante de marcapasso utilizando cabo-eletrodo epimiocárdico sem sutura e gerador unicameral (VVI). A arritmia pre dominante foi o bloqueio atrioventricular (n=30; 88,2%); 29 (85,3%) tinham cardiopatia estrutural e 22 (67,4%) haviam sido previamente submetidos a cirurgia cardíaca. Acompanhados durante um tempo médio de 60,5 meses, tiveram registrados os eventos adversos e calculada a probabilidade de sobrevida conforme Kaplan-Meyer. Resultados: Ocorreram três óbitos (8,8%) por infecção, cirurgia cardíaca ou mal súbito. A mortalidade foi superior naqueles sem cirurgia cardíaca prévia (16,7% versus 4,5%). Ao longo do acompanhamento, cinco pacientes (14,7%) necessitaram de nova intervenção, dois por infecção e três para reimplante de cabo-eletrodo. Um dos pacientes submetidos a nova intervenção por infecção evoluiu para óbito. A probabilidade de sobrevida foi de 93,8% no primeiro ano e 90,3% até 10º ano. A sobrevida livre de eventos adversos foi de 90,8% no primeiro ano, 79,8% do 5º ao 9º e 66,5% no 10º ano. Conclusão: Os resultados evidenciam sobrevida satisfatória das crianças após o implante epicárdico, especialmente aquelas com cirurgia cardíaca prévia. O implante de cabo-eletrodo epimiocárdico merece cuidados adicionais em pacientes com estatura reduzida, malformações cardíacas específicas, acesso dificultado à veia cava superior ou com procedimento cirúrgico associado...


Objective: Epicardial stimulation remains the technique of choice for pacing in small children. Our objective is to review the results of epicardial pacemaker implantation in patients with less than 2 years of age and after hospital discharge. Methods: Historical cohort study including 34 patients with age ranging from one day to 22 months with hospital discharge after permanent pacemaker implantation with a sutureless epimyocardial electrode and single chamber generator (VVI mode) between 1997 and 2010. Twenty-two patients were female and 12 male. Predominant arrhythmia was atrioventricular block (30 patients; 88.2%). Twenty-nine patients (85.3%) had structural heart disease and 22 (67.4%) had been submitted to a previous heart surgery. Patients were followed-up for a mean time of 60.5 months. Recorded events were analyzed and probability of survival was estimated according to Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Results: There were 3 (8.8%) deaths, due to infection, heart surgery or sudden death. Increased mortality was observed for patients without previous heart surgery (16.7% versus 4.5%). Five patients (14.7%) required pacemaker reintervention during the follow-up, 2 due to infection and 3 to re-implant the electrode. One of the patients who had a reintervention due to infection died. Probability of survival was 93.8% in the first year and 90.3% subsequently up to the 10 years of follow-up. Event-free survival was 90.8% in the first year, 79.8% from year 5 to 9, 66.5% after 10 years. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the probability of satisfactory survival after epicardial pacemaker implantation, especially in patients with previous heart surgery. Epimyocardial electrode implantation deserves consideration in patients with small physical structure, those with specific cardiac malformations, and difficult access to superior vena cava or those who need to have an associated surgical procedure...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Marca-Passo Artificial/história , Alta do Paciente
19.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 6(11): 1141-51, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24094830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the performance of lung ultrasound (LUS) compared with clinical assessment, natriuretic peptides, and echocardiography, to evaluate decompensation in patients with systolic heart failure (HF) in an outpatient clinic. BACKGROUND: Evaluation of pulmonary congestion in chronic HF is challenging. LUS has been recently proposed as a reliable tool for the semiquantification of extravascular lung water through assessment of B-lines. METHODS: This was a cohort study of patients with moderate to severe systolic HF. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed to compare LUS with a previously validated clinical congestion score (CCS), amino-terminal portion of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), E/e' ratio, chest x-ray, and 6-min walk test. RESULTS: Ninety-seven patients were enrolled. Decompensation was present in 57.7% of patients when estimated by CCS, 68% by LUS, 53.6% by NT-proBNP, and 65.3% by E/e' ≥15. The number of B-lines was correlated to NT-proBNP (r = 0.72; p < 0.0001), E/e' (r = 0.68; p < 0.0001), and CCS (r = 0.43; p < 0.0001). In ROC analyses, considering as reference for decompensation a combined method (E/e' ≥ 15 and/or NT-proBNP >1,000 pg/ml), LUS yielded a C-statistic of 0.89 (95% confidence interval: 0.82 to 0.96), providing the best accuracy with a cutoff ≥ 15 B-lines (sensitivity 85%, specificity 83%). A systematic approach using CCS, E/e', NT-proBNP, chest x-ray, and 6-min walk test in different combinations as reference for decompensation also corroborated this cutoff and found a similar accuracy for LUS. CONCLUSIONS: In an HF outpatient clinic, B-lines were significantly correlated with more established parameters of decompensation. A B-line ≥15 cutoff could be considered for a quick and reliable assessment of decompensation in outpatients with HF.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Edema Pulmonar/sangue , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Curva ROC
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(2): 127-133, ago. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-685386

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Não existem estudos locais avaliando o conhecimento dos cardiologistas sobre as condutas no tratamento da fibrilação atrial (FA) e o conhecimento dessas diretrizes. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento de diretrizes e práticas clínicas no tratamento da FA, relacionando-o com o tempo de graduação médica. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal incluindo, aleatoriamente, cardiologistas, membros da Sociedade de Cardiologia do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (SOCERGS). Os médicos foram divididos pelas datas de graduação em dois grupos: acima (G1) e abaixo (G2) de 25 anos da formatura. RESULTADOS: Dos 859 membros da SOCERGS, 150 foram entrevistados, sendo que seis se recusaram a participar do estudo. O G1 foi formado por 71 e o G2 por 73 médicos. Houve diferença nos seguintes fatores: uso de beta bloqueador como droga de primeira escolha para controle da resposta na FA 59,2%(G1) vs. 91,8%(G2) (p<0,0001); uso de digoxina como droga preferencial no controle da resposta da FA=19,7%(G1) vs. 0% (G2)(p< 0,0001); warfarina como anticoagulante preferencial 71,8%(G1) vs. 93,2%(G2)(p=0,009); aplicação de algum escore de risco para anticoagulação em 73,2%(G1) vs. 87,7%(G2)(p=0,02). Em questões sobre o conhecimento das diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia de FA, o percentual geral de acertos foi de 82,3 %. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria das condutas clínicas referentes ao manejo da FA está de acordo com as diretrizes e a prática clínica difere conforme o tempo de graduação.


BACKGROUND: No local studies evaluating the knowledge of cardiologists on the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) and their adherence to these guidelines are available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge of cardiologists on the guidelines and clinical practices for the treatment of AF, correlating it to the time since medical graduation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study randomly including cardiologists affiliated to the Society of Cardiology of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Sociedade de Cardiologia do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - SOCERGS). The physicians were divided into two groups, according to time since graduation: those graduated for more (G1) or less (G2) than 25 years. RESULTS: Of the 859 SOCERGS members, 150 were interviewed, and six refused to participate in the study. G1 comprised 71 physicians, and G2, 73. Differences were observed in regard to the following variables: use of betablockers as the first-choice drug for the control of AF response in 59.2% (G1) vs 91.8% (G2) (p<0.0001); use of digoxin as the preferred drug for the control of AF response in 19.7% (G1) vs 0% (G2) (p< 0.0001); warfarin as the preferred anticoagulant in 71.8% (G1) vs 93.2% (G2) (p=0.009); application of a risk score for anticoagulation in 73.2% (G1) vs 87.7% (G2) (p=0.02). In questions regarding the knowledge about the Brazilian Society of Cardiology's guideline for AF, the overall percentage of right answers was 82.3%. CONCLUSION: Most of the clinical measures regarding the management of AF comply with the guidelines, and the clinical practice differs according with the time since graduation.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Cardiologia/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Padrões de Prática Médica , Sociedades Médicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA