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1.
Opt Lett ; 47(10): 2526-2529, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561394

RESUMO

We introduce a new, to the best of our knowledge, type of multicore optical fiber having a quantum-inspired network topology and unique spectral features. Particularly, the connectivity between the cores is generated by unfolding a circular array of coupled quantum oscillators in Fock space. We show that in such a fiber geometry, the eigenvalues of the optical supermodes exhibit partial degeneracy and form a ladder. In turn, this leads to revival dynamics, allowing for a periodic re-imaging of the input intensity. As an example, we present a realistic design with six cores in silica glass platforms.

2.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 81(1): 164-174, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is scanty information on the skull morphology of barking and sambar deer; thus the present study was designed to provide information on morphology, radiography and computed tomography (CT) of the skull bones of both deer species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 12 skulls of adult barking deer (n = 6) and sambar deer (n = 6) of either sex (n = 3 males and n = 3 females) collected from Aizawl Zoological Park, Aizawl, Mizoram. The skulls of both species were macerated as per the standard maceration techniques. RESULTS: The skull bones of both deer species were divided into a neurocranium and a viscerocranium. The neurocranium was comprised of occipital, sphenoid, temporal, frontal, parietal, interparietal and ethmoid bones. The viscerocranium consisted of nasal, lacrimal, zygomatic, maxilla, incisive, palatine, pterygoid, vomer, mandible, turbinates and hyoid bones. The cranial cavity was oval and elongated caudally. The orbit was round, complete in barking deer; however, it was oval, complete in sambar deer. The facial tuberosity was present caudal to infraorbital foramen and dorsally at superior third premolar tooth in barking deer whereas dorsally at the superior first molar tooth in sambar deer. The infraorbital foramina were small, elliptical and placed at the level of the superior first premolar tooth. The alveolus for a canine tooth was present rostrally in the maxilla of both species. Turbinates bones were visible and mandibular symphysis remained unossified on radiographs and CT in both species. The radiographs of both species showed that the nasal canal was divided by the nasal septum. The CT scan demonstrated the paranasal, frontal and maxillary sinuses. CONCLUSIONS: The present study is important in the comparative anatomy of ruminant species and may help the wildlife forensic officials to identify and differentiate the bones of these two species from those of other domestic and wild small ruminants.


Assuntos
Cervos , Cervo Muntjac , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Radiografia , Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Esfenoide , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 81(1): 82-90, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Piglet mortality is a real concern to the pig farmers. The major cause is due to the late maturation of the immune system and dietary changes in postweaned piglets. The potential role of probiotic and zinc in the stimulation of the immune system is well established. Hence, the present study was undertaken to evaluate alterations of T and B cells in the small intestine after dietary inclusion of probiotic and zinc in pre and post-weaned piglets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 healthy Large White Yorkshire (LWY) piglets, irrespective of sex obtained from 3 litters at the age-group of 20, 30 and 60 days. They were divided into a control group fed with basal diet and a treatment group fed with probiotic and zinc supplement along with the basal diet, consisting of three animals in each group. The piglets were weaned at 28 days of age. After sacrificing the animals at day 20, 30 and 60 from both the groups, the abdominal cavity was opened and small intestinal tissue samples were collected, processed and stained by indirect immunofluorescence technique. The slides were evaluated under the fluorescent light microscope. The data were statistically analysed. RESULTS: The different T and B cell subsets were recorded in the lining epithelium, core of villus, crypt area of lamina propria and Peyer's patch area. The number of CD4+, CD8+, IgA+ and IgM+ cells was higher in the treated piglets than the control group of animals, irrespective of segments of intestine and age-group. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the dietary supplementation of probiotic and zinc was found to be good additives as they can stimulate the immune response in piglets, especially during the critical early post-weaning period.


Assuntos
Probióticos , Zinco , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Intestino Delgado , Subpopulações de Linfócitos , Suínos
4.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 80(1): 170-176, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no previously reported information on the applied anatomy and clinical significance of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the barking deer and sambar deer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Therefore, the present study was designed to provide some important clinical landmarks related to tracking of the infraorbital, mental and mandibular nerves with its clinical implications in regional anaesthesia in both the species. RESULTS: In the present study, the distance between the most lateral bulging of the facial tuberosity to the infraorbital foramen and from the latter to the root of the alveolar tooth directly ventral to it was found to be 2.65 ± 0.01 cm and 0.90 ± ± 0.02 cm in males; 2.75 ± 0.01 cm, 1.11 ± 0.01 cm in females of barking deer and 4.57 ± 0.01 cm and 1.83 ± 0.02 cm in males; 4.52 ± 0.02 cm and 1.76 ± 0.02 cm in females of sambar deer. The infraorbital foramen was small, elliptical and was located at the level of first superior premolar teeth in barking deer and sambar deer. The facial tuberosity was located above the third superior premolar teeth in the barking deer but was located at the level of the first superior molar teeth in sambar deer. The distance between the lateral alveolar root of the third inferior incisor tooth to the mental foramen was 2.84 ± 0.01 cm in males, 2.78 ± 0.01 cm in females of barking deer and 3.04 ± 0.02 cm in males, 2.96 ± 0.01 cm in females of sambar deer which is an important landmark for achieving the location of the mental foramen nerve for the regional nerve block in both the species. The mandible of both the species showed oval-shaped mental foramen with unossified mandibular symphysis. CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed that most of the parameters showed a statistically significant difference between the sexes in barking deer and sambar deer; however, from the practical point of view, these differences were meager. The results were discussed with regard to their clinical applications in various regional anaesthesia performed in maxillofacial and mandibular regions of both the species.


Assuntos
Cervos , Cervo Muntjac , Animais , Face , Feminino , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila
5.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 80(3): 605-617, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Probiotics and zinc are commonly used and beneficial in pig production. This work aimed to assess the effects of probiotic and zinc on the mucosal cells of the small intestine in respect to digestive capacity and immunity in pre- and post-weaned piglets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen Large White Yorkshire piglets were divided equally into control and treatment groups. The piglets were maintained in standard management conditions and were weaned at 28 days of age. The treatment group of piglets fed a mixture of probiotics orally at 1.25 × 109 CFU/day and zinc at 2000 ppm/day from birth to 10 days of age. At three different age-groups viz. day 20 (pre-weaning) and, day 30 and day 60 (post-weaning), the animals were sacrificed. For histomorphology, the tissue samples were processed and stained with Mayer's haematoxylin and eosin for routine study, combined periodic acid-Schiff-Alcian blue for mucopolysaccharides and Masson-Hamperl argentaffin technique for argentaffin cells. The stained slides were observed under the microscope. The samples were processed as per the standard procedure for scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The statistical analysis of the data using the appropriate statistical tests was also conducted. RESULTS: The mucosal epithelium of villi and crypts were lined by enterocytes, goblet cells, argentaffin cells, microfold (M-cell) cells, tuft cells and intraepithelial lymphocytes. The multipotent stem cells were located at the crypt base. The length of the enterocyte microvilli was significantly longer (p < 0.05) in the treatment group of piglets. The number of different types of goblet cells and argentaffin cells was more in treated piglets irrespective of segments of intestine and age. The intraepithelial lymphocytes were located in apical, nuclear and basal positions in the lining epithelium of both villus tip and base with their significant increase in the treatment group of piglets. The transmission electron microscopy revealed the frequent occurrence of tuft cells in the lining mucosa of the small intestine in treated piglets. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary supplementation of probiotic and zinc induced the number of different mucosal cells of villi and crypts in the small intestine that might suggest the greater absorptive capacity of nutrients and effective immunity in critical pre and post-weaned piglets.


Assuntos
Probióticos , Animais , Mucosa Intestinal , Intestino Delgado , Probióticos/farmacologia , Suínos , Desmame , Zinco
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1473-1478, oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134464

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The present study was designed to elaborate on the morphometry of the skull of non-descript goats in Mizoram state of India. The study was conducted on the skull of twelve (n=12) adult goats of either sex (n=6 males and n=6 females) collected from the local slaughterhouses. Altogether, forty-one different measurements were taken morphologically. In the present study, the cranial and facial bones were the major components of the skull with a total of thirty-two bones. There were three single and four paired cranial bones with a total of eleven bones. There were one single and the rest were paired facial bones with a total of twenty-one bones. The cranial bones were occipital, parietal, interparietal, sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal and temporal. The facial bones were maxilla, premaxilla (incisive), palatine, pterygoid, nasal, lacrimal, zygomatic (malar), vomer, turbinate, mandible and hyoid. The skull measurements showed that the skull of the goat was elongated and dolichocephalic as per the cephalic index (47.82±0.05). The length and width of the skull was 19.28±0.03 cm and 9.22±0.04 cm, respectively. There were two supraorbital foramina on both sides of the frontal bone. The prominent facial tuberosity lies dorsally to the third superior premolar tooth. Single infraorbital foramen was located dorsally to the junction of the first and second superior premolar teeth on maxilla bone. The orbits were round and complete and situated on a frontolateral oblique plane. It can be concluded that the findings of this study would assist the comparative studies with other domesticated animals in the future and would be applicable in clinical veterinary practice and even in zooarchaeology.


RESUMEN: El estudio fue diseñado para elaborar la morfometría del cráneo de cabras no definidas en Mizoram. El estudio se realizó en el cráneo de 12 cabras adultas 6 machos y 6 hembras recolectadas de los mataderos locales. Se tomaron en total 41 medidas diferentes morfológicamente. Los huesos craneales y faciales fueron los componentes principales del cráneo con un total de 32 huesos. Se encontraron tres huesos craneales individuales y cuatro pares con un total de 11 huesos. Encontramos solo un hueso facial individual, los otros 22 eran pares de huesos faciales. Los huesos craneales comprendidos en el estudio fueron: occipital, parietal, interparietal, esfenoides, etmoides, frontal y temporal. Los huesos faciales estudiados fueron: maxilar, premaxilar (incisivo), palatino, pterigoideo, nasal, lagrimal, cigomático, vómer, conchas, mandíbula e hioides. Las medicio- nes mostraron que el cráneo de la cabra era alargado y dolicocefálico (47,82 ± 0,05). La longitud y el ancho del cráneo fueron 19,28 ± 0,03 cm y 9,22 ± 0,04 cm, respectivamente. Había dos forámenes supraorbitales a ambos lados del hueso frontal. La tuberosidad facial prominente se encontraba dorsalmente en el tercer diente premolar superior. El foramen infraorbitario único se localizó dorsalmente a la unión del primer y segundo dientes premolares superiores en el hueso maxilar. Las órbitas eran redondas y completas y situadas en un plano oblicuo frontolateral. En conclusión, los resultados de este estudio motivarán y ayudarán a otros estudios comparativos con otros animales domesticados o en la práctica clínica veterinaria e incluso en zooarqueología.


Assuntos
Animais , Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Cabras/anatomia & histologia , Face/anatomia & histologia , Índia
7.
South Asian J Cancer ; 7(1): 27-30, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is comparision of local and distant control rates with high-dose versus standard-dose radiotherapy along with concurrent chemotherapy in esophageal cancer - a prospective randomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Histologically proven Stage I-III patients with carcinoma esophagus were randomized into two groups. One group has been treated with standard-dose radiotherapy, i.e., a total dose of 50.4 Gy (1.8 Gy/day, 28#, 5 days/week). The other group (study arm) has received high-dose radiotherapy, i.e. a total dose of 64.8 Gy (1.8 Gy/day, 36#, 5 days/week). Both groups have received 2 cycles of 3 weekly concurrent chemotherapy (cisplatin 75 mg/m[2] on day 1 and 5-fluorouracil 750 mg/m[2] continuous intravenous infusion over 24 h on day 1-4). Follow-up response evaluation was done by both endoscopy and computed tomography scan after 6-8 weeks and after 2 months thereafter. RESULTS: Out of a total of 28 patients, 68% showed a complete response, 14% showed partial response, and 18% patients developed progressive disease at first and subsequent follow up (median follow-up of 21 months). Among the complete response patients, rates were higher in high-dose group compared to standard-dose radiotherapy group (71% vs. 64%, P = 0.38). Treatment-related toxicities were acceptable in both groups. CONCLUSION: High-dose radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy seems to be more effective with acceptable toxicity in our study. However, further follow-up and large sample size may be required to validate the current study conclusion.

8.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(3): 968-974, Sept. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-828972

RESUMO

Since there is a lack of comprehensive data on the applied anatomy of the head region of Indian one-humped camel and its clinical value during regional anesthesia; therefore, this study was designed to provide information on clinically important parameters and landmarks of the head region. This study involved some osteometric parameters of the maxillas and mandibles of six adult Indian one-humped camels without any apparent skeletal disorders. Then, a total of twenty one head measurements and indices were recorded in the present study. The supraorbital foramen distance, infraorbital foramen distance, skull length, skull width, cranial length, nasal length and skull width of the Indian one-humped camels were 6.35±0.047 cm, 8.41±0.076 cm, 48.75±0.244 cm, 22.66±0.108 cm, 32.73±0.484 cm and 16.89±0.283 cm, respectively. The skull index was 46.51±0.29 cm in the present study. In addition, the distances from facial tuberosity to the infra-orbital canal and from the latter to the root of the first upper premolar tooth were 2.91±0.068 cm and 3.21±0.078 cm, respectively. The length and height of the mandible were 42.98±0.624 cm and 22.58±0.287 cm, respectively. Furthermore, the distances from the lateral alveolar root to mental foramen and from the mental foramen to the caudal mandibular margin were 9.22±0.059 cm and 32.12±0.165 cm, respectively. In the present study, the distances from mandibular foramen to the base of the mandible as well as from the caudal margin of mandible to below of the mandibular foramen were 8.84±0.085 cm and 6.32±0.048 cm, respectively. Also, the distances from the base of mandible to fossa condylaris and from the latter to the maximum height of the mandible were 18.38±0.15 cm and 4.175±0.046 cm, respectively. Finally, the distance from the caudal margin of mandible to mandibular foramen and from the latter to mandibular angle were 5.88±0.055 cm and 8.29±0.079 cm, respectively. The morphometric information provided in this study will be important for clinical maneuvers around the head of the Indian native camels particularly for the regional anesthesia during treating head injury and dental extraction.


Dada la ausencia completa de datos sobre anatomía aplicada de la región de la cabeza del camello jorobado de la India y debido a su valor clínico durante la anestesia regional, este estudio fue diseñado para proporcionar información clínica importante sobre los parámetros de la región de la cabeza. Este estudio incluyó algunos parámetros osteométricos del maxilar y las mandíbulas de seis camellos adultos indios de una joroba sin aparentes trastornos del esqueleto. Se registró un total de 21 medidas en la cabeza e índices fueron incluídos en el estudio. La distancia del foramen supraorbitario, forámenes infraorbitarios, la longitud del cráneo, el ancho de cráneo, la longitud craneal, la longitud nasal y el ancho del cráneo de los camellos jorobados fueron de 6,35 ± 0,047 cm, 8,41 ± 0,076 cm, 48,75 ± 0,244 cm, 22,66 ± 0,108 cm, 32,73 ± 0,484 cm y 16,89 ± 0,283 cm, respectivamente. El índice del cráneo fue 46,51 ± 0,29 cm. Las distancias de tuberosidad facial del canal infraorbitario a la raíz del primer diente premolar superior fueron de 2,91 ± 0,068 cm y 3,21 ± 0,078 cm, respectivamente. La longitud y la altura de la mandíbula fueron 42,98 ± 0,624 cm y 22,58 ± 0,287 cm, respectivamente. Por otra parte, las distancias desde la raíz alveolar lateral al foramen mental y desde el foramen mental al margen mandibular caudal fueron 9,22 ± 0,059 cm y 32,12 ± 0,165 cm, respectivamente. Las distancias del foramen mandibular a la base de la mandíbula, así como del margen caudal de la mandíbula por debajo del foramen mandibular fueron 8,84 ± 0,085 cm y 6,32 ± 0,048 cm, respectivamente. También, las distancias desde la base mandibular a la fosa condilar, y desde este último a la altura máxima de la mandíbula fueron 18.38 ± 0.15 cm y 4.175 ± 0.046 cm, respectivamente. Por último, la distancia desde el margen caudal de la mandíbula al foramen mandibular, y de este al ángulo mandibular fueron 5,88 ± 0,055 cm y 8,29 ± 0,079 cm, respectivamente. La información morfométrica proporcionada en este estudio será importante para las maniobras clínicas en la cabeza de los camellos indios, en particular para la anestesia regional durante el tratamiento de lesiones en la cabeza y en la extracción dental.


Assuntos
Animais , Camelus/anatomia & histologia , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Face/anatomia & histologia , Índia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia
9.
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk ; (3): 39-43, 2007.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17500213

RESUMO

The article describes changes in heart rhythm variability (HRV) as a response to equal complex physical factors (hyperthermia of 60 degrees C with low relative humidity of 8 to 15%, air ionization, thalasso, and relaxing music). The subjects of the study were 28 individuals having no verified chronic diseases, who underwent a course of five recovery procedures using exposure to a complex of weak physical factors realized in Ionic House technology (Japan). The study found that changes in heart functioning as a response to equal physical factors depended on the initial vegetative system tone. Patients with normotonic and sympathicotonic heart regulation displayed the activation of parasympathetic vegetative nervous system as a result of a single exposure to a complex of physical factors, whereas in vagotonic patients sympathetic heart regulation was activated under the same conditions.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Coração/fisiologia , Adulto , Ionização do Ar , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cardiografia de Impedância , Climatoterapia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Umidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Música , Sistema Nervoso Parassimpático/fisiologia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Nervo Vago/fisiologia
10.
Mol Cell Biol ; 19(2): 1092-100, 1999 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9891044

RESUMO

The wild-type p53 protein exhibits a common polymorphism at amino acid 72, resulting in either a proline residue (p53Pro) or an arginine residue (p53Arg) at this position. Despite the difference that this change makes in the primary structure of the protein resulting in a difference in migration during sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, no differences in the biochemical or biological characteristics of these wild-type p53 variants have been reported. We have recently shown that p53Arg is significantly more susceptible than p53Pro to the degradation induced by human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 protein. Moreover, this may result in an increased susceptibility to HPV-induced tumors in homozygous p53Arg individuals. In further investigating the characteristics of these p53 variants, we now show that both forms are morphologically wild type and do not differ in their ability to bind to DNA in a sequence-specific manner. However, there are a number of differences between the p53 variants in their abilities to bind components of the transcriptional machinery, to activate transcription, to induce apoptosis, and to repress the transformation of primary cells. These observations may have implications for the development of cancers which harbor wild-type p53 sequences and possibly for the ability of such tumors to respond to therapy, depending on their p53 genotype.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Genes p53 , Variação Genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/química , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Divisão Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Células Cultivadas , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Conformação Proteica , Ratos , Ativação Transcricional , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/fisiologia
11.
Nature ; 393(6682): 229-34, 1998 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9607760

RESUMO

The E6 oncoprotein derived from tumour-associated human papillomaviruses (HPVs) binds to and induces the degradation of the cellular tumour-suppressor protein p53. A common polymorphism that occurs in the p53 amino-acid sequence results in the presence of either a proline or an arginine at position 72. The effect of this polymorphism on the susceptibility of p53 to E6-mediated degradation has been investigated and the arginine form of p53 was found to be significantly more susceptible than the proline form. Moreover, allelic analysis of patients with HPV-associated tumours revealed a striking overrepresentation of homozygous arginine-72 p53 compared with the normal population, which indicated that individuals homozygous for arginine 72 are about seven times more susceptible to HPV-associated tumorigenesis than heterozygotes. The arginine-encoding allele therefore represents a significant risk factor in the development of HPV-associated cancers.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Papillomaviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Repressoras , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/genética , Alelos , Arginina/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/virologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
12.
Wiad Lek ; 50 Suppl 1 Pt 2: 411-6, 1997.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9424914

RESUMO

Stomach is the most common site of extranodal lymphoma, but lymphoma's biology differs from other types of gastric cancer. From 1982 to 1994, 80 cases of primary gastric lymphoma were treated in Cancer Center in Kraków. In order to assess the best mode of treatment the retrospective analysis of disease related parameters was performed. Sixty four patients were primary treated with surgery, and 11 with radiotherapy. After surgery 21 patients received adjuvant chemo or radiotherapy. Radical resection of tumor was done in 37 cases, in next 25 only palliative surgery was possible. There was 28 cases of lymph node metastases in resected specimens. At 5 years, the overall survival was 64.4% with the median survival of 43 months. Patients primarily treated with surgery had better 5--years survival rates compared with others (72.1% and 36.8%, respectively-p < 0.05). The chance of survival was related with the tumor grading and 5 years survived 86.5% patients with well differentiated lymphomas, and 52.6% patients with nondifferentiated tumors. There was no influence on survivals other variables as duration of symptoms, type of surgery, histological margins or adjuvant therapy. The Cox multivariate analysis showed the grading, type of first treatment and lymph node status as the only three significant factors related to survivals. The relative risk of death for nondifferentiated lymphomas was 7 times higher, than for well differentiated tumors. The primary surgery (even nonradical) of gastric lymphoma is the best mode of treatment and the grading is the most important prognostic factor influencing the survivals.


Assuntos
Linfoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Linfoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Cuidados Paliativos , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 1(2): 150-4, 1996 Aug.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9156918

RESUMO

Hair calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, and iron levels have been determined in 420 children and adolescents, aged between 5 and 18 years, and inhibiting Szczecin area. Levels of these bioelements have been assayed with atomic absorption spectroscopy. Mean magnesium and calcium levels in hair of children from Szczecin area are higher than those in other regions of the country. Magnesium, calcium and zinc levels have been the lowest in hair of children aged between 5 and 9 years, increased with the age, achieving the highest values in adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years. In a 5-year age groups, hair magnesium and calcium levels have been higher in girls than in boys.


Assuntos
Cabelo/química , Metais/análise , Adolescente , Cálcio/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cobre/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Ferro/análise , Magnésio/análise , Masculino , Polônia , Distribuição por Sexo , Zinco/análise
14.
Pediatr Pol ; 71(5): 405-10, 1996 May.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8710422

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess hair magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc levels in breast-fed and formula-fed infants. Our findings showed that concentration of the assayed macro- and trace elements, except copper, were higher in breast-fed children and declined with age, faster in formula-fed children. The frequent occurrence of magnesium deficiency indicates that pregnant women should receive magnesium supplementation.


Assuntos
Dieta , Alimentos Formulados , Cabelo/química , Alimentos Infantis , Cobre/química , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Bem-Estar do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Ferro/química , Deficiência de Magnésio , Gravidez
15.
Ann Acad Med Stetin ; 41: 211-9, 1995.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8615546

RESUMO

Fifty pupils, aged 18 years, with minor mental handicap have been examined. The aim of the work was to evaluate the levels of magnesium, calcium, zinc and copper in serum and in hair in the examined population, and also the levels of magnesium, calcium, zinc and copper in serum and in hair in the examined population, and also the correlation between supplementation and pupils learning effects, perception and ability of concentration. Supplementation method, kind of preparations and their doses were analyzed and estimated accordingly. Investigations dealt with assessment of magnesium supplementation after Dolomit (320 mg for 7 intensive days of each month) and Lactomag (140 mg every day) for 6 months. Effects of supplementation were assessed by results of Vocational Power Test and by average marks before and after treatment. Deficiency of all the examined bioelements both in serum and hair was recorded prior to treatment. After magnesium supplementation, levels of bioelements were significantly changed except magnesium (Tax. 1,2,3,4,). That was due most probably to high deficiency of magnesium before the treatment. The use of these drugs evidently improved mental power of adolescents. There was no difference between the effects exerted by Dolomit and Lactomag, except the higher calcium level in hair after Dolomit treatment. The conclusions is that pupils with mental handicap should be provided with magnesium preparations because their effects are highly positive.


Assuntos
Alimentos Fortificados , Nível de Saúde , Deficiência Intelectual/dietoterapia , Magnésio/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Testes de Aptidão , Feminino , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/sangue , Deficiência Intelectual/complicações , Deficiência de Magnésio/sangue , Deficiência de Magnésio/complicações , Deficiência de Magnésio/dietoterapia , Masculino , Processos Mentais/fisiologia , Metais/análise
16.
Wiad Lek ; 47(3-4): 114-7, 1994 Feb.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7975635

RESUMO

By the method of atomic absorption spectroscopy 135 children living in Szczecin were studied for the content of lead and cadmium in the hair. The obtained results were compared with the levels of other bioelements determined in the hair in the same children. The level of lead in the hair of the studied children was from 0.2 mcg/g to 9.5 mcg/g and was significantly lower than that reported by other authors, while the level of cadmium was not differing significantly. The highest lead concentration in the hair was found in five- and six-year-old children. In children in whom magnesium and zinc deficit was found, high level of lead was present in the hair.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Cabelo/química , Chumbo/análise , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia
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