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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 305-313, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer can be treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) according to guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was carried out to record anti-thrombotic treatment practice, assess thrombosis recurrence and bleeding, and identify potential risk factors. Adult patients from 18 Oncology Departments throughout Greece were followed-up for 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with CAT receiving anticoagulant treatment were enrolled (35% incidental); 85% were treated for more than 6 months, 95.8% were treated with tinzaparin and smaller percentages with other agents. Thrombosis recurred in three patients and there was minor bleeding in four patients. Bleeding was associated with high body mass index (>35 kg/m2), trauma history, renal insufficiency and bevacizumab use. CONCLUSION: Incidental thrombosis contributes significantly to CAT burden. Long-term use of LMWH seems to be effective and safe. Several risk factors associated with bleeding should be considered during anti-coagulation therapy planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/terapia , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Anticancer Drugs ; 27(1): 48-53, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26421462

RESUMO

Relapsed urothelial cancer represents an unmet medical need. Vinflunine is a third-generation antimicrotubuline inhibitor and is currently the only approved drug for second-line treatment across the European Union. We conducted a retrospective analysis assessing the efficacy and safety of vinflunine in 71 Greek patients with relapsed urothelial cancer who were treated between 2005 and 2014. An overall 84% of our patients received vinflunine as second-line treatment, 77% had a performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group scale 0 or 1, and 30% had liver metastasis at the time of vinflunine administration. A median of four cycles of vinflunine were administered (range 1-16). The most common reported adverse events were constipation, fatigue, and anemia. Median progression-free survival was 6.2 months (95% confidence interval: 4.4-8.8) and overall survival was 11.9 months (95% confidence interval: 7.4-21). Two patients (3%) achieved a complete remission, seven a partial remission (10%), and 22 (31%) had stable disease according to an intention-to-treat analysis. Hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dl and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status greater than 1 were independent adverse prognostic factors. Stratification according to the Bellmunt risk model was also associated with progression-free survival and overall survival in our population. Vinflunine appears to be a safe and effective treatment modality for relapsed urothelial cancer. More effective therapies and more accurate prognostic algorithms should be sought.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Urotélio/patologia , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
3.
Anticancer Res ; 35(4): 2321-31, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25862896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The Akt/mTOR and MAPK pathways are frequently activated in various tumor types but data on endometrial carcinoma are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical significance of the expression of phosphorylated MAPK, Akt and mTOR (p-MAPK, p-Akt, p-mTOR) in type I endometrial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised of 103 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) type I endometrial carcino ma cases, retrospectively retrieved and assessed by immuno histochemistry for p-MAPK, p-Akt and p-mTOR expression. The expression of these proteins was also studied in non-neoplastic endometrial tissue adjacent to the tumor. RESULTS: The expression patterns of these molecules differed between malignant and non-tumorous tissue specimens. The immuno reactivity for p-Akt was exclusively detected in the neoplastic tissues. Expression levels of p-MAPK were higher in tumors compared to non-neoplastic endometrium (p<0.001), while p-mTOR was found to be over-expressed in non-neo plastic endometrium compared to carcinomas (p=0.001). Expression of p-Akt was correlated with p-MAPK protein levels (p=0.022, r=0.229). On the other hand, no association was found with clinicopathological parameters and with disease-free (DFS) or overall survival (OS) of the patients. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the de-regulation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and MAPK signaling pathways in type I endometrial carcinomas suggesting involvement of these pivotal pathways in endometrial carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/biossíntese , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/biossíntese , Fosforilação , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transdução de Sinais
4.
J BUON ; 19(1): 198-202, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24659664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that elevated preoperative serum CA 125 levels strongly correlate with various clinical and pathological variables and prognosis of patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical significance of preoperative serum CA 125 levels in patients with EC. METHODS: A retrospective study of all EC patients treated at our institution between 1995 and 2010 with available follow-up was conducted. The preoperative serum level of CA 125 was measured in 99 patients and evaluated in relation to various clinical and pathological variables and outcome. We used the cut-off level of 20 U/ml for CA 125 on chi-square test for categorical variables. Survival analysis was performed with the use of Kaplan Meier method, the log rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: In the early stages of disease the mean values of CA 125 were 35 U/ml (SD±70) for stages IA-IB and 21 U/ml (SD±29) for stage IC (Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables). In advanced stages of disease (III-IV), the values of preoperative serum CA 125 levels were statistically increased, with mean value 54 U/ml (SD±44), in comparison to stages IA-IB (p=0.02) and IC (p=0.007). According to the multivariate analysis, elevated preoperative serum CA 125 level (p=0.043) and histological tumor type (p=0.004) were independent prognostic factors for disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with EC. CONCLUSION: The current study suggests that measurement of preoperative serum CA 125 is a useful clinical tool in the prognosis of patients with EC.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Neoplasias do Endométrio/sangue , Prognóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Gynecol Oncol ; 102(2): 285-91, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16516283

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ovarian clear-cell carcinomas (OCCC) are known to be possibly resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy and to have a poorer prognosis with respect to other subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). This study was undertaken to compare response and survival to platinum-based chemotherapy between patients with advanced stage III and IV OCCC and serous EOC (sEOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in patients with advanced stage of OCCC treated with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in the context of several study protocols of the Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group (HeCOG) between 1/2/1987 and 31/10/2003. The outcome was compared to that of patients with sEOC treated according to the same protocols during the same study period. RESULTS: One hundred and five patients (35 stage III and IV OCCC, 70 stage III and IV sEOC) treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were analyzed. The overall response rate for OCCC was 45% (complete response 25%) (95% CI, 23.1% to 68.5%) and 81% (complete response 46%) (95% CI, 67.4% to 91.1%) for sEOC. The overall response rate was significantly higher for sEOC (P = 0.008). In the subgroup of stage III patients, the rate of complete responders was higher among sEOC patients (P = 0.023). After a median follow-up of 61.1 months, median survival and time to tumor progression were not significantly different between the two groups (25.1 months [95% CI 11.7 to 38.5 months] versus 49.1 months [95% CI 36.5 to 61.6 months], P = 0.141, 12.0 months [95% CI 6.5 to 17.3 months] versus 18.0 months [95% CI 14.7 to 21.6 months], P = 0.384, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients with OCCC have significantly lower response to platinum-based first-line chemotherapy compared to patients with sEOC. This low response to platinum-based chemotherapy was not translated in significantly shorter survival. The current study outcomes are provocative and suggest that a new strategy for chemotherapy in OCCC should be adopted, possibly one that focuses on new agents without cross-resistance to platinum agents.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Urology ; 64(3): 479-84, 2004 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15351574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, in a multicenter Phase II study, the safety and efficacy of the combination of gemcitabine and carboplatin, as first-line treatment in elderly and unfit patients with advanced bladder carcinoma. The toxicity of platinum-based chemotherapy combinations represents a common problem for elderly or unfit patients with advanced bladder carcinoma. METHODS: Patients with previously untreated inoperable or metastatic bladder carcinoma and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status greater than 2, age older than 75 years, or creatinine clearance of less than 50 mL/min were treated with carboplatin area under the curve 4 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8, every 21 days for a total of six cycles. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients (48 men and 8 women, median age 75 years) were enrolled. Of these patients, 46% had a performance status of 2 to 3, 68% had a creatinine clearance of less than 50 mL/min, and 59% had distant metastases. The overall response rate was 36% (95% confidence interval 23.4% to 49.6%), and an additional 14 patients had disease stabilization (25%, 95% confidence interval 14.4% to 38.4%). The median time to progression was 4.8 months, the median overall survival was 7.2 months, and the 1-year survival rate was 26%. Grade 3 or 4 toxicity included anemia (18%); thrombocytopenia (16%); neutropenia (27%), with two episodes of febrile neutropenia requiring hospitalization; diarrhea (2%); and fatigue (5.5%). Two toxic deaths occurred during the study. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of gemcitabine and carboplatin has some activity as first-line treatment of advanced bladder carcinoma in the elderly and those unfit for cisplatin-based chemotherapy, with manageable toxicity, and represents a reasonable choice for the treatment of such patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Área Sob a Curva , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Cisplatino , Contraindicações , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Tábuas de Vida , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
7.
Gynecol Oncol ; 92(1): 152-9, 2004 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14751151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) who relapse more than 6 months following completion of platinum-based primary chemotherapy are considered platinum-sensitive, and can be effectively retreated with cisplatin or carboplatin. The nucleoside analogue gemcitabine has proven activity in both platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant disease. We conducted a phase II study using the combination of carboplatin and gemcitabine for the treatment of patients with relapsed platinum-sensitive and paclitaxel-pretreated EOC. METHODS: Forty-three patients were treated with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2), intravenously, over 30 min on days 1 and 8, and carboplatin at AUC 5 on day 1. Courses were administered every 3 weeks on an outpatient basis. RESULTS: Among 37 patients with measurable or evaluable disease, 15 (40.5%) achieved an objective response including 10 complete and 5 partial responses. The median overall survival was 24.5 months, and the median time to progression for all patients was 9 months. The treatment was well tolerated without toxic deaths; the most common toxicities were Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia that occurred in 69%, 26%, and 24% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of carboplatin and gemcitabine is a well-tolerated outpatient regimen with activity in patients with relapsed platinum-sensitive and paclitaxel-pretreated EOC. However, a randomized prospective study is justified to define whether the addition of gemcitabine to single-agent carboplatin results in improved efficacy in this subset of patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Gynecol Oncol ; 85(3): 476-82, 2002 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12051877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ifosfamide, paclitaxel, and cisplatin have moderate single-agent activity in patients with metastatic or recurrent cancer of the uterine cervix. We administered a combination of these three agents to a large number of patients with metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer to evaluate its activity. METHODS: Sixty patients were treated on an outpatient basis with Ifosfamide (I) 1500 mg/m(2) intravenously over 1 h on Days 1-3, paclitaxel (T) 175 mg/m(2) as a 3-h intravenous infusion on Day 1, and cisplatin (P) 75 mg/m(2) intravenously over 2 h on Day 2 with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support. The chemotherapy was repeated every 4 weeks for a maximum of six courses. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients received at least two courses of treatment and are evaluable for response. Twenty-six patients (46%) achieved an objective response, including 19% complete and 27% partial responses. The median duration of response was 11.5 months and the median time to progression and survival for all patients were 8.3 and 18.6 months, respectively. Patients with excellent performance status, with disease recurrence outside the radiation field, and with nonsquamous tumors had the highest response rate and best survival. Some degree of neurotoxicity occurred in 44% of patients. Grade 3 or 4 toxicity included granulocytopenia in 26% of patients, anemia in 13%, thrombocytopenia in 7%, and neurotoxicity in 3%. CONCLUSION: The ITP regimen is relatively well tolerated and moderately active in patients with metastatic carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Patients more likely to benefit are those with nonsquamous histology, with excellent performance status, and with disease recurrence outside the radiation field.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ifosfamida/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
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