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1.
Urology ; 105: 202-207, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the functional results of continent cutaneous ileal urinary diversion using modified W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 21 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer with median (interquartile range) of 59 (56.5-62.5) years old underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy; they then had an ileal continent cutaneous pouch constructed from W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. The technique entails the creation of a detubularized ileal W-pouch with extra limb fashioned from 59 cm of the terminal ileum. This extra limb is not isolated from the pouch. The proximal part of this limb is tailored and fixed in a subserous extramural tunnel for continence, whereas the distal part is left continuous with the pouch. The median (interquartile range) of follow up was 12 (8-17) months. Evaluation of the technique included operative time, continence efficiency, overall complications, and quality of life questionnaire for the patients. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the operation was 4.7 (3.9-5.4) hours. The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the cutaneous pouch creation was 39 (33-43) minutes. No perioperative mortality had occurred. The incidence of continence was 95.2%. The overall complications were 42.8%, and most of them were grade 1 or 2 on Clavien-Dindo classification system. CONCLUSION: Modification of W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb as continent cutaneous pouch can simplify the technique and shorten the operative time with efficient continence, less side effects, and good quality of life.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Íleo/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Coletores de Urina , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Arab J Urol ; 10(2): 143-8, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26558017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the standard management for large and/or complex urolithiasis, but the standard patient position for PCNL is undecided. With the patient prone PCNL has several drawbacks, while when supine, as described previously, PCNL has mechanical limitations. We describe a modification that aims to overcome these limitations and provide easy access comparable to that in the prone position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out at the Urology Department, Zagazig University, Egypt, from October 2008 to March 2011, and included 78 patients (48 men and 30 women). First the patient was placed supine and then in the 'flank-free modified' supine position. The distance between the last rib and the iliac crest in the posterior axillary line was measured in both positions. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 40.8 years, the mean (SD) stone diameter was 3.4 (0.7) cm, the number of right/left stones was 34/44, and mean body mass index was 28.8 kg/m(2). The mean (SD) increase in the distance between the last rib and the iliac crest in the posterior axillary line in the flank free modified supine position vs. the previous supine position was 12 (0.8) mm. CONCLUSION: The flank-free modified supine position increases the distance between the last rib and the iliac crest, and, together with the absence of a cushion under the flank, provides ample space for puncture, dilatation, multiple tracts and manoeuvrability of the system with the nephroscope.

3.
Arab J Urol ; 9(4): 283-7, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579313

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate tailored polypropylene (prolene) mesh, anterior rectus sheath, and vaginal wall slings positioned under the mid-urethra, to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women, as SUI is a common pathological condition causing considerable distress and compromising social, physical, psychological, and sexual health, and for which surgical treatment remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective randomised study included 32 patients with SUI, evaluated by SEAPI (Stress, Emptying, Anatomy, Protection, and Instability) symptom score and urodynamics. According to sling material, 12 patients had tailored prolene mesh, 12 had anterior rectus sheath and eight had anterior vaginal wall slings. Operative variables (intraoperative bleeding, duration, complications and hospital stay) were documented, and postoperative complications and continence status were assessed. The follow-up was 12-18 months. RESULTS: Patients who received tailored prolene mesh slings had a lower operative duration and hospital stay, and less intraoperative bleeding. Postoperative complications, e.g. urinary retention and urgency, were <12%, with no significant differences. There was no significant difference among the three studied groups in the success rate (75%, 67% and 75%). CONCLUSIONS: Tailored prolene mesh, anterior rectus sheath and the vaginal wall sling are good alternatives to treat SUI in women, with comparable results in a short-term follow up. The surgeon's experience and the patient's clinical circumstances should be considered when choosing a sling material, as success rates are comparable, being slightly better for the prolene sling in operative duration, bleeding and hospital stay.

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