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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 18, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that psychological stress affects bone metabolism and increases the risk of fracture. However, the relationship between bone fractures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of disaster-induced PTSD symptoms on fracture risk in older adults. METHODS: This study evaluated responses from 17,474 individuals aged ≥ 65 years without a history of fractures during the Great East Japan Earthquake who answered the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey component of the Fukushima Health Management Survey conducted in 2011. The obtained data could determine the presence or absence of fractures until 2016. Age, sex, physical factors, social factors, psychological factors, and lifestyle factors were subsequently analyzed. Survival analysis was then performed to determine the relationship between the fractures and each factor. Thereafter, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were constructed to identify fracture risk factors. RESULTS: In total, 2,097 (12.0%) fractures were observed throughout the follow-up period. Accordingly, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models showed that PTSD symptoms (total PTSD checklists scoring ≥ 44) [hazard ratio (HR): 1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.44; P = 0.001], history of cancer (HR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.24-1.79; P < 0.001), history of stroke (HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.03-1.52; P = 0.023), history of heart disease (HR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.13-1.50; P < 0.001), history of diabetes (HR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.09-1.39; P < 0.001), current smoking (HR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.02-1.63; P = 0.036), and high dissatisfaction with sleep or no sleep at all (HR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.02-1.74; P = 0.035) promoted a significant increase in fracture risk independent of age and sex. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that disaster-induced PTSD symptoms and insomnia contribute to increased fracture risk among older adults residing in evacuation areas within the Fukushima Prefecture.

2.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430501

RESUMO

To investigate associations between dietary patterns and the risk of impaired kidney function, we analyzed data from 14,732 participants (40-89 years) who completed the baseline diet questionnaire of The Fukushima Health Management Survey in 2011. The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or proteinuria (≥1+ by dipstick test)) and annual changes in eGFR were assessed from 2012 to 2015. Three major dietary patterns were identified. The adjusted cumulative incidence ratio of the highest vs. lowest tertile of a vegetable diet scores was 0.90 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.82, 1.00) for eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, 0.68 (95% CI: 0.52, 0.90) for proteinuria, and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.80, 0.97) for CKD (P for trend = 0.031, 0.007, and 0.005, respectively). The incident risk of CKD in the highest tertile of juice diet scores was 18% higher than the lowest tertile. The odds ratio of the highest vs. lowest tertile of vegetable diet scores was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.75, 0.98) in the rapidly decreasing eGFR group (P for trend = 0.009). We did not observe significant associations for the meat dietary pattern. A Japanese vegetable diet could reduce the risk of developing impaired kidney function and CKD.

3.
J Epidemiol ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441506

RESUMO

BackgroundThe Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced the evacuation of residents and led to many changes in lifestyle for the evacuees. The Comprehensive Health Check was implemented to support the prevention of lifestyle-related disease and we analyzed the effect of prolonged evacuation (average of 3.0 years) on the new onset of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia.MethodsThe study participants were Japanese adults living near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. Annual health checkups focusing on metabolic syndromes were conducted for persons ≥ 40 years by the Specific Health Checkup. Based on data from annual checkups from 2011 or 2012, we followed 18,670 non-hyper-LDL cholesterolemia who underwent at least one other annual checkup during 2013-2015.ResultsWe found that the new onset of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia was significantly by 31% higher in evacuees than in non-evacuees. Evacuees had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, and higher frequency of weight change. Furthermore, logistic regression model analysis showed that the evacuation was significantly associated with the new onset of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia after adjusting age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking habit, alcohol consumption, diabetes, weight change, sleep deprivation, and exercise.ConclusionsThe findings of the present study suggest that prolonged evacuation after a disaster is a risk factor for the new onset of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia, and lead to an increase in cardiovascular disease. It is therefore important to follow-up evacuees and recommend lifestyle changes where necessary.

4.
Environ Int ; 146: 106175, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069983

RESUMO

The experiences of the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents showed that dosimetry was the essential tool in the emergency situation for decision making processes, such as evacuation and application of protective measures. However, at the consequent post-accidental phases, it was crucial also for medical health surveillance and in further adaptation to changed conditions with regards to radiation protection of the affected populations. This review provides an analysis of the experiences related to the role of dosimetry (dose measurements, assessment and reconstruction) regarding health preventive measures in the post-accidental periods on the examples of the major past nuclear accidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. Recommendations derived from the review are called to improve individual dose assessment in case of a radiological accident/incident and should be considered in advance as guidelines to follow for having better information. They are given as conclusions.

5.
Cell Cycle ; 19(23): 3375-3385, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225802

RESUMO

We recently made an important discovery that radiation induces myofibroblasts, which play a role in radiation-related carcinogenesis via tumor microenvironment formation. Here, we investigated the threshold dose and the mechanisms of myofibroblast induction to assess adverse radiation effects on normal cells. Single-dose of healthy human fibroblasts in vitro promotes myofibroblast induction at high doses (≥ 5 Gy). In contrast, repeated low dose of fractionated radiation is at least equivalent to high-dose single radiation regarding myofibroblast induction. ROS play a pivotal role in the process of myofibroblast induction in normal tissue injury. Antioxidants, such as epicatechin and ascorbic acid can prevent myofibroblast induction by scavenging ROS. We further investigated the role of DNA damage responses (DDR) on myofibroblast induction. Blocking the DDR using DNA-PK or AKT inhibitors enhanced cellular sensitivity to radiation and facilitated myofibroblast induction, whereas an ATM inhibitor also enhanced radiation sensitivity but abrogated ROS accumulation and myofibroblast induction. In contrast to standard culture conditions, myofibroblasts remained after low or moderate doses of radiation (below 2.5 Gy) under growth-restricted conditions. In conclusion, the recovery of damaged cells from radiation is essential for myofibroblast clearance, which restores stromal cell dormancy and prevents tumor microenvironment formation. However, residual ROS, by way of sustaining myofibroblast presence, can facilitate tumor microenvironment formation. Targeting ROS using antioxidants is effective in the mitigation of radiation-related adverse effects, such as growth retardation and myofibroblast induction, and helps protect normal tissues.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114634

RESUMO

Evidence regarding the effect of psychological factors and evacuation on cardiovascular disease occurrence after large-scale disasters is limited. This prospective study followed up a total of 37,810 Japanese men and women aged 30-89 years from the Fukushima Prefecture with no history of stroke or heart disease at baseline (2012), until 2017. This period included 3000 cardiovascular events recorded through questionnaires and death certificates. The participants' psychological distress, trauma reaction, and evacuation status were defined, and divided into four groups based on combinations of psychological factors and evacuation status. We calculated the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for only psychological, only evacuation, or both of them compared with neither using Cox proportional hazard models. Psychological factors along with evacuation resulted in approximately 5% to 25% higher magnitude of stroke and heart disease risk than psychological factors only among men. Compared to neither, the multivariable hazard ratios of those with both psychological distress and evacuation were 1.75 for stroke and 1.49 for heart disease, and those of both trauma reaction and evacuation were 2.01 and 1.57, respectively, among men. Evacuation combined with psychological factors increased the risk of stroke and heart disease risks especially in men after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

7.
J Epidemiol ; 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963211

RESUMO

BackgroundsCancer incidence in Fukushima Prefecture, especially thyroid cancer, has been a public concern, since the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plants accident following the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011; however, cancer incidence for Fukushima residents before and after the accident based on a population-based cancer registry (PBCR) has not been known to worldwide.MethodsWe obtained the corrected incidence data for invasive cancers newly diagnosed from 2008 to 2015, from the Fukushima Cancer Registry. We checked data quality indicators for PBCRs to confirm a comparability. We calculated age-standardized annual incidence and mortality of cancer for all-site, thyroid, and leukemia by calendar year and sex, as did for Tochigi Prefecture and all of Japan as a reference for comparison. We applied joinpoint trend analysis to test an apparent trend in incidence and mortality.ResultsThe corrected incidence data from the Fukushima Cancer Registry had sufficient quality comparable to other PBCRs. For the age-standardized annual incidence by sex and cancer type in Fukushima and Tochigi, we did not detect any joinpoint in trend with statistical significance. Cancer incidence gently increased from 2008 to 2015 nationwide. Incidence and mortality of cancer for Fukushima before the accident was very close to that for Tochigi.ConclusionsWe interpreted the incidence statistics of cancer for Fukushima residents between 2008 and 2015. Our results will provide fundamental statistics for subsequent researchers to assess the relationship between the disaster and cancer incidence among Fukushima residents in the long term.

8.
Endocr J ; 67(12): 1233-1238, 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814723

RESUMO

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident occurred on March 11 2011, following the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. Radioactive materials, including I-131, were released into the environment after the accident. Shortly after, the prefectural government initiated the Fukushima Health Management Survey for monitoring the long-term health conditions of the residents of Fukushima Prefecture. In the survey, thyroid ultrasonography was scheduled for all people aged 18 years or younger who were living in Fukushima Prefecture at the time of disaster. The total number of examinees was approximately 370,000 in the Preliminary Baseline Survey (PBLS), and 380,000 in the first Full-scale Survey (FSS). First, thyroid ultrasonography was performed as the Primary Examination. When a thyroid nodule that meets the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) guideline is detected, thyroid FNAC is performed. By the end of June 2017, the cytological specimens of 187 examinees had been interpreted as Malignant or Suspicious for Malignancy (SFM). In this article, the cytological results of whole categories are presented using the criteria of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology. The total numbers of examinees with SFM or Malignant in PBLS and at the first FSS were 106 (62.0%) and 71 (38.0%), respectively. The data of the cytological results of SFM and Malignant were already reported. However, this is the first report of cytological data from categories other than SFM and Malignant. The results of the current study will contribute to future research into the thyroid conditions of children and adolescents.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20440, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629628

RESUMO

Since Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, thyroid ultrasound examinations have been conducted. The first full-scale examination detected 71 thyroid-cancer cases. This study examined whether radiation exposure was associated with thyroid-cancer incidence.Subjects were participants in the baseline screening and newborns during the 2011 fiscal year. Under nested matched case-control study design, 10 controls per each case were selected by matching the age, sex, baseline screening results, and interval between examinations. With 3 dose levels of external radiation: 1.3 + mSv (upper), 0.8 to 1.3 (middle), and 0.0 to 0.8 (reference), we applied 2 logistic models adjusting for 3 participation-proportions (primary, secondary, and fine-needle aspiratory cytology), overweight, and the B-result of baseline screening (Model 1), and past medical history, family history of thyroid cancer, and frequencies of eating seafood and seaweed in addition to the parameters in Model 1 (Model 2). We examined each model in 3 ways: (a) excluding subjects with a missing radiation exposure dose; and substituting (b1) median or (b2) mean dose of the municipality with missing dose.Odds ratios (ORs) of middle-dose exposure were (a) 1.35 (0.46-3.94), (b1) 1.55 (0.61-3.96), and (b2) 1.23 (0.50-3.03) for Model 1, and (a) 1.18 (0.39-3.57), (b1) 1.31 (0.49-3.49), and (b2) 1.02 (0.40-2.59) for Model 2. For upper-dose exposure, similar results were obtained. Past medical history was significantly associated (odds ratio  = 2.04-2.08) with both (b1) and (b2) in Model 2.No significant associations were obtained between the external radiation exposure and thyroid-cancer incidence.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
11.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 24(11): 1025-1032, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715354

RESUMO

AIM: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, over 160,000 residents in Fukushima Prefecture were forced to evacuate the area around the Fukushima Daiichi power plant following nuclear accident there. Health problems in these evacuees have since become a major issue. We have examined the association between evacuation and incidence of hyperuricemia among residents in Fukushima. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of residents aged 40-90 years without hyperuricemia at the time of the Fukushima disaster. Among 8173 residents who met the inclusion criteria before the disaster, 4789 residents (men: 1971, women: 2818; follow-up duration: 1.38 years; and follow-up rate: 58.6%) remained available for follow-up examinations at the end of March 2013. The main endpoint was incidence of hyperuricemia, defined by the Japanese committee guidelines, using local health data from before and after the disaster. We divided participants by evacuation status and compared outcomes between groups. Using a logistic regression model, we estimated the odds ratio for incidence of hyperuricemia, adjusting for potential confounders, age, gender, waist circumference, physical activity, and alcohol consumption. RESULTS: Incidence of hyperuricemia was higher in evacuees (men 10.1%; women 1.1%) than in non-evacuees (men 7.4%, women 1.0%). Evacuees had higher body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, and lower HDL-cholesterol after the disaster than non-evacuees. We found that evacuation was associated with incidence of hyperuricemia (adjusted odds ratio: 1.38; 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.86). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to demonstrate an association between evacuation after a disaster and increased incidence of hyperuricemia.

12.
Dig Endosc ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542702

RESUMO

While both the annual incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer are slowly but steadily decreasing in the United States, the incidence of such malignancy is increasing in Japan. Thus, controlling colorectal cancer in Japan is a major concern. In 2006, colon capsule endoscopy was first introduced by Eliakim et al. First-generation colon capsule endoscopy had a moderate sensitivity for detecting polyps of more than 6 mm. Thus, second-generation colon capsule endoscopy was developed to achieve higher sensitivity. Colonoscopy is the gold standard tool for colorectal cancer surveillance. With an improvement in the imaging function, the performance of second-generation colon capsule endoscopy is almost as satisfactory as that of colonoscopy. Certain situations, such as incomplete colonoscopy and contraindication for use of sedation, can benefit from colon capsule endoscopy. Colon capsule endoscopy requires a more extensive bowel preparation than colonoscopy and computed tomography colonography because it requires laxatives not only for bowel cleansing but also for promoting the excretion of the capsule. Another problem with colon capsule endoscopy includes the burden of reading and interpretation and overlook of the lesions. Currently, the development of automatic diagnosis of colon capsule endoscopy using artificial intelligence is still under progress. Although the available guidelines do not support the use of colon capsule endoscopy for inflammatory bowel disease, the possible application of colon capsule endoscopy is ulcerative colitis. This review article summarizes and focuses on the current status of colon capsule endoscopy for colorectal cancer screening and the possibility for its applicability on inflammatory bowel disease.

13.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-10, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dietary patterns more closely resemble actual eating behaviours because multiple food groups, not a single food group or nutrient, are considered. The present study aimed to identify and assess changes of dietary patterns in Fukushima residents. DESIGN: Dietary data were collected using a short-form FFQ in annual Fukushima Health Management Survey between 2011 and 2013 after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Year- and sex-specific dietary patterns were determined by the principal component analysis. SETTING: Evacuation and nonevacuation zones in Fukushima, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants aged ≥16 years answered the FFQ (n 67 358 in 2011, n 48 377 in 2012 and n 40 742 in 2013). RESULTS: Three identified dietary patterns were assessed similarly in men and women and among years: typical, juice and meat. In total participants, the Spearman's correlation coefficients between two survey years were 0·70-0·74 for the typical, 0·58-0·66 for the juice and 0·50-0·54 for the meat pattern scores. Adjusted for sociodemographic factors, evacuees had lower typical pattern scores, higher juice pattern scores and the same meat pattern scores compared with non-evacuees. The means of typical pattern scores in evacuees and it of juice pattern scores in non-evacuees continued declining over years. Similar profiles of dietary patterns and trends of pattern scores were observed in participants (n 22 805) who had provided three dietary assessments. CONCLUSIONS: Changes of dietary patterns have been observed between 2011 and 2013. Careful investigation of those with low intake of typical pattern foods and promotion of them, particularly in evacuees, are needed.

14.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 677, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the prevalence of post-disaster musculoskeletal pain has been documented, its associated disaster-related factors have not been investigated. This study was to investigate the association of lifestyle factors associated with musculoskeletal pain after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 34,919 participants, aged 40-89 years, without any major disabilities at about 1 year after the disaster. The participants were asked about their musculoskeletal pain (low back and limb pain) and lifestyle factors: use of evacuation shelters or temporary housing at any point of time, job loss after the disaster, decreased income after the disaster, current smoking status, current drinking status, lack of sleep, regular exercise, and participation in recreational or community activities. Furthermore, psychological factors, such as traumatic reactions, psychological distress, and uncomfortable symptoms, affecting musculoskeletal pain were assessed. We used multinomial logistic regression analysis to calculate odds ratios of each lifestyle factor for prevalent and prevalent plus exacerbated musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: Musculoskeletal pain prevalence was 32.8%: 27.6% for prevalent and 5.2% for prevalent plus exacerbated musculoskeletal pain. Multivariable adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of lifestyle factors associated with prevalent and prevalent plus exacerbated musculoskeletal pain were as follows: shelter use (prevalent: 1.02, 0.96-1.08; exacerbated: 1.44, 1.29-1.60), job loss (prevalent: 1.03, 0.96-1.10; exacerbated: 1.30, 1.16-1.47), decreased income (prevalent: 1.13, 1.05-1.21; exacerbated: 1.29, 1.14-1.45), current heavy drinking (prevalent: 1.33, 1.21-1.47; exacerbated: 1.38, 1.14-1.68), insomnia (prevalent: 1.22, 1.15-1.29; exacerbated: 1.50, 1.36-1.65), exercising almost daily (prevalent: 0.83, 0.77-0.91; exacerbated: 0.80, 0.68-0.95), and participating in community activities often (prevalent: 0.83, 0.75-0.92; exacerbated: 0.76, 0.61-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalent and exacerbated musculoskeletal pain were inversely associated with exercising almost daily and participating in recreational or community activities sometimes or often, and positively associated with decreased income, current heavy drinking, and insomnia. Besides, the use of evacuation shelters or temporary housing/job loss was positively associated only with exacerbated musculoskeletal pain. These results suggest that post-disaster lifestyle factors are potentially associated with musculoskeletal pain. To achieve better post-disaster pain management, further studies are needed to confirm the consistency of these results in other disasters and to highlight the underlying causative mechanisms.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Estilo de Vida , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Habitação , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Sono , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia
15.
Genes Environ ; 42: 9, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161626

RESUMO

Translesion synthesis (TLS) is an error-prone pathway required to overcome replication blockage by DNA damage. Aberrant activation of TLS has been suggested to play a role in tumorigenesis by promoting genetic mutations. However, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying TLS-mediated tumorigenesis in vivo remain unclear. Rev1 is a member of the Y family polymerases and plays a key role in the TLS pathway. Here we introduce the existing to date Rev1-mutated mouse models, including the Rev1 transgenic (Tg) mouse model generated in our laboratory. We give an overview of the current knowledge on how different disruptions in Rev1 functions impact mutagenesis and the suggested molecular mechanisms underlying these effects. We summarize the available data from ours and others' in vivo studies on the role of Rev1 in the initiation and promotion of cancer, emphasizing how Rev1-mutated mouse models can be used as complementary tools for future research.

16.
Sleep Med ; 68: 63-70, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, few studies have thoroughly investigated the socioeconomic factors related to sleep problems among evacuees following a disaster. OBJECTIVES: To examine sleep problems in evacuees using data from a large-scale cohort survey of evacuees conducted after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). METHODS: In sum, 73,433 residents who were living in evacuation zones responded to The 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey. We excluded 16,659 participants who did not answer the question about sleep problems or those younger than 20 years. Thus, data from 56,774 participants (24,959 men and 31,815 women) were used for this analysis. Evacuees' self-reported sleep dissatisfaction was determined based on their response to the question 'Are you satisfied with the quality of your sleep? '. The response options 'Unsatisfied' and 'Very unsatisfied' were considered as the outcome for the present study. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the prevalence of self-reported sleep disturbance were estimated using modified Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Of the qualifying survey respondents, 20.3% (4387 men and 7128 women) reported sleep dissatisfaction. Compared with participants living in their own or a relative's home (PR = 1), those living in temporary housing or rental accommodation had a higher prevalence of sleep dissatisfaction (1.47; 95% CI 1.44-1.50 and 2.16; 95% CI 2.07-2.26 in men; 1.39; 95% CI 1.36-1.41 and 1.92; 95% CI 1.86-1.99 in women). Higher educational attainment was also associated with a higher prevalence of sleep dissatisfaction in men, as were job loss and decreased income in both men and women. CONCLUSION: Self-reported sleep dissatisfaction after the GEJE was associated with a deteriorated socioeconomic status among evacuees. However, future longitudinal studies are warranted.

17.
J Radiat Res ; 61(2): 243-248, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030428

RESUMO

The identification of thyroid cancers among children after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident propelled concerns regarding long-term radiation effects on thyroid cancer in children affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in Fukushima, Japan. Herein we consider the potential association between absorbed dose in the thyroid and the risk of developing thyroid cancer as detected by ultrasonography on 300 473 children and adolescents aged 0-18 years in Fukushima. The absorbed dose mentioned in the present study indicates the sum of that from external exposure and that from internally deposited radionuclides. We grouped participants according to estimated absorbed doses in each of 59 municipalities in Fukushima Prefecture, based on The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2013 report. The 59 municipalities were assigned to quartiles by dose. We limited our analyses to participants aged ≥6 years because only one case of thyroid cancer was observed in participants aged ≤5 years; 164 299 participants were included in the final analysis. Compared with the lowest dose quartile, the age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the low-middle, high-middle and highest quartiles were 2.00 (0.84-4.80), 1.34 (0.50-3.59) and 1.42 (0.55-3.67) for the 6-14-year-old groups and 1.99 (0.70-5.70), 0.54 (0.13-2.31) and 0.51 (0.12-2.15) for the >15-year-old group, respectively. No dose-dependent pattern emerged from the geographical distribution of absorbed doses by municipality, as estimated by UNSCEAR, and the detection of thyroid cancer among participants within 4-6 years after the accident. Ongoing surveillance might further clarify the effects of low-dose radiation exposure on thyroid cancer in Fukushima.


Assuntos
Absorção de Radiação , Terremotos , Doses de Radiação , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Glândula Tireoide/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Científicas
18.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 27(9): 1010-1018, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009075

RESUMO

AIM: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident dramatically changed the lifestyle of residents who lived near the plant. We evaluated the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents following the accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 20,920 residents who underwent both the Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Associations between MetS and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), were estimated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors, in 2019. RESULTS: MetS was present in 30.4% of men and 11.5% of women. There were significant differences in smoking, drinking status, and PTSD prevalence between subjects with and without MetS. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, quitting smoking, and low physical activity were significantly associated with MetS. Moreover, PTSD and light to moderate drinking were also significantly associated with MetS in women. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including PTSD, were associated with MetS among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

19.
World J Gastrointest Endosc ; 12(1): 33-41, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs) and food bolus impaction (FBI) in the digestive tract are commonly encountered clinical problems. Methods to handle such problems continue to evolve offering advantages, such as the avoidance of surgery, reduced cost, improved visualization, reduced morbidity, and high removal success rate. However, to date, no studies have evaluated the endoscopic management of FBs in Japan. AIM: To elucidate level of safety and efficacy in the endoscopic management of FBs and FBI. METHODS: A total of 215 procedures were performed at Keio University Hospital between November 2007 and August 2018. Data were collected from medical charts, and endoscopic details were collected from an endoscopic reporting system. Procedures performed with a flexible gastrointestinal endoscope were only taken into account. Patients who underwent a technique involving FB or FBI from the digestive tract were only included. Data on patient sex, patient age, outpatient, inpatient, FB type, FB location, procedure time, procedure type, removal device type, success, and technical complications were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Among the 215 procedures, 136 (63.3%) were performed in old adults (≥ 60 years), 180 (83.7%) procedures were performed in outpatients. The most common type of FBs were press-through-pack (PTP) medications [72 (33.5%) cases], FBI [47 (21.9%)], Anisakis parasite (AP) [41 (19.1%) cases]. Most FBs were located in the esophagus [130 (60.5%) cases] followed by the stomach [68 (31.6%) cases]. AP was commonly found in the stomach [39 (57.4%) cases], and it was removed using biopsy forceps in 97.5% of the cases. The most common FBs according to anatomical location were PTP medications (40%) and dental prostheses (DP) (40%) in the laryngopharynx, PTP (48.5%) in the esophagus, AP (57.4%) in the stomach, DP (37.5%) in the small intestine and video capsule endoscopy device (75%) in the colon. A transparent cap with grasping forceps was the most commonly used device [82 (38.1%) cases]. The success rate of the procedure was 100%, and complication were observed in only one case (0.5%). CONCLUSION: Endoscopic management of FBs and FBI in our Hospital is extremely safe and effective.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
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