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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(46): 16691-16696, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538395


The controllable growth of CsPbI3 perovskite thin films with desired crystal phase and morphology is crucial for the development of high efficiency inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The role of dimethylammonium iodide (DMAI) used in CsPbI3 perovskite fabrication was carefully investigated. We demonstrated that the DMAI is an effective volatile additive to manipulate the crystallization process of CsPbI3 inorganic perovskite films with different crystal phases and morphologies. The thermogravimetric analysis results indicated that the sublimation of DMAI is sensitive to moisture, and a proper atmosphere is helpful for the DMAI removal. The time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance results confirmed that the DMAI additive would not alloy into the crystal lattice of CsPbI3 perovskite. Moreover, the DMAI residues in CsPbI3 perovskite can deteriorate the photovoltaic performance and stability. Finally, the PSCs based on phenyltrimethylammonium chloride passivated CsPbI3 inorganic perovskite achieved a record champion efficiency up to 19.03 %.

Science ; 365(6453): 591-595, 2019 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395783


Although ß-CsPbI3 has a bandgap favorable for application in tandem solar cells, depositing and stabilizing ß-CsPbI3 experimentally has remained a challenge. We obtained highly crystalline ß-CsPbI3 films with an extended spectral response and enhanced phase stability. Synchrotron-based x-ray scattering revealed the presence of highly oriented ß-CsPbI3 grains, and sensitive elemental analyses-including inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry-confirmed their all-inorganic composition. We further mitigated the effects of cracks and pinholes in the perovskite layer by surface treating with choline iodide, which increased the charge-carrier lifetime and improved the energy-level alignment between the ß-CsPbI3 absorber layer and carrier-selective contacts. The perovskite solar cells made from the treated material have highly reproducible and stable efficiencies reaching 18.4% under 45 ± 5°C ambient conditions.

J Am Chem Soc ; 140(39): 12345-12348, 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30247030


The all-inorganic α-CsPbI3 perovskite with the most suitable band gap faces serious challenges of low phase stability and high moisture sensitivity. We discover that a simple phenyltrimethylammonium bromide (PTABr) post-treatment could achieve a bifunctional stabilization including both gradient Br doping (or alloying) and surface passivation. The PTABr treatment on CsPbI3 only induces less than 5 nm blue shift in UV-vis absorbance but significantly stabilize the perovskite phase with much better stability. Finally, the highly stable PTABr treated CsPbI3 based perovskite solar cells exhibit a reproducible photovoltaic performance with a champion efficiency up to 17.06% and stable output of 16.3%. Therefore, this one-step bifunctional stabilization of perovskite through gradient halide doping and surface organic cation passivation presents a novel and promising strategy to design stable and high performance all-inorganic lead halide.

Dalton Trans ; 47(41): 14566-14572, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259045


Developing high surface area nanostructured electrodes with fast charge separation is one of the main challenges for exploring cupric oxide (CuO)-based photocathodes in solar-driven hydrogen production applications. Herein, brand new 1D branched CuO nanowire arrays have been achieved on fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated glass (FTO) through a two-step wet chemical redox reaction. X-ray diffraction patterns, Raman spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirm the pure phase characteristic of the resulting branched CuO. In addition to the enlarged surface area of this advanced functional structure as compared with that of the 1D wire trunk, the charge injection and separation have been improved by rationally controlling the density of defects and size of branches. As a result, the optimized branched CuO exhibits photocurrent as high as 3.6 mA·cm-2 under AM 1.5G (100 mW·cm-2) illumination and 3.0 mA·cm-2 under visible light (λ > 420 nm) at 0.2 V vs. RHE in 0.5 M Na2SO4, which are 2.8- and 3.0-fold greater than those of 1D wire samples, respectively. In addition, the solution-processed approach established herein seems quite favourable for large-scale and low-cost manufacturing.