Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Mais filtros

Intervalo de ano de publicação
Matern Child Nutr ; 17(2): e13086, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990382


Women of reproductive age (WRA) need adequate nutrient intakes to sustain a healthy pregnancy, support fetal growth, and breastfeed after childbirth. However, data on women's dietary intake in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited, and assessment of differences between dietary intakes of pregnant or lactating women compared with that of nonpregnant, nonlactating (NPNL) women is untested. Using single, multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall data from a sample of WRA residing in rural Bangladesh, we examined women's dietary intakes for energy, protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, and dietary diversity for three groups: NPNL (n = 2,903), pregnant (n = 197), and lactating women (n = 944). We used equivalence testing to examine similarity in adjusted intakes for pregnant versus NPNL women and lactating versus NPNL women with a predetermined equivalence threshold based on recommendations specific for each reproductive stage. On average, both pregnant and lactating women had insufficient intakes for all dietary measures. Although statistically significant differences were observed between pregnant and NPNL women for energy intake and dietary diversity and between lactating and NPNL women for energy and protein intake, the magnitudes of these differences were too small to reject equivalence. Statistical similarity was also evident in all micronutrients and dietary diversity for both two-group comparisons. Understanding statistical differences and similarities between dietary measures of women in distinct reproductive stages has important implications for the relevance, appropriateness, and evaluation of maternal diet-enhancing interventions in LMICs, especially during pregnancy and lactation, when demand for macronutrients and micronutrients is elevated.

Ingestão de Alimentos , Lactação , Bangladesh , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
Eval Program Plann ; 67: 10-18, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153858


The World Bank Group in 2013 made the elimination of extreme poverty by 2030 a central institutional focus and purpose. This paper, based on an evaluation conducted by the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank Group, examines how, and how well, the Bank uses feedback loops to enhance the poverty focus of its operations. Feedback loops are important for every element of the results chain running from data, to diagnostics, to strategy formulation and finally to strategy implementation. The evaluation uses a range of instruments, including surveys of stakeholders and World Bank staff, focus group meetings, country case studies and systematic reviews of Bank lending and non-lending operations. We find that while the Bank generates useful information on poverty reduction from its projects and programs, the feedback loops - from outcomes to data analysis to diagnostics to strategy formulation and implementation - have generally been weak, with sizable variation across countries.

Retroalimentação , Agências Internacionais , Pobreza/prevenção & controle , Orçamentos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Nações Unidas
Health Econ ; 24(10): 1243-1247, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26122915
Health Econ ; 24(10): 1253-1255, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26105706
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-4421


The paper has argued that underlying the seemingly intractable differences are key differences of perspective and framework on Aggregation, Time Horizon and Market Structure. Simply recognizing and understanding the underlying nature of the disagreements in these terms would be one-step in bridging the gap. But more is needed. (Au)

Cambridge, MA; Cambridge University Press; 1996. 125 p.
Monografia em Inglês | PAHO | ID: pah-27362