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Dev Psychol ; 57(8): 1210-1227, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591566


To examine whether children's acquisition of perspective-marking language supports development in their ability to reason about mental states, we conducted a longitudinal study testing whether proficiency with complement clauses around age 3 explained variance in false-belief reasoning 6 months later. Forty-five English-speaking 2- and 3-year-olds (23 female, Time 1 age range = 33-41 months) from middle-class families in the North-West of England took part in the study, which addresses a series of uncertainties in previous studies. We avoided the confound of using complement clauses in the false-belief tests, assessed complement-clause proficiency with a new comprehensive test designed to capture gradual development, and controlled for individual differences in executive functioning that could affect both linguistic and sociocognitive performance. Further, we aimed to disentangle the influence of two aspects of complement-clause acquisition: proficiency with the perspective-marking syntactic structure itself and understanding of the specific mental verbs used in this syntactic structure. To investigate direction of causality, we also tested whether early false-belief reasoning predicted later complement-clause proficiency. The results provide strong support for the hypothesis that complement-clause acquisition promotes development in false-belief reasoning. Proficiency with the general structure of complement-clause constructions and understanding of the specific mental verbs "think" and "know" in third-person complements at Time 1 both contributed uniquely to predicting false-belief performance at Time 2. However, false-belief performance at Time 1 also contributed uniquely to predicting complement-clause proficiency at Time 2. Together, these results indicate a bidirectional relationship between linguistic and sociocognitive development. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Idioma , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Linguagem , Linguística , Estudos Longitudinais
Soc Work Public Health ; 31(6): 589-98, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27331866


Child abuse and neglect (CAN), and dropping out of school have long been recognized as pervasive social problems globally, and Turkey is no exception. This study aims to explore the prevalence and incidence of CAN in children who drop out of school of Turkey, using the ISPCAN Child abuse Screening Tool, Children's Version, which is an appropriate tool for multinational comparisons. Data from a convenience sample of children who drop out of school age 11, 13, and 16 from Izmir were collected either by interviews or by self-completion. The results show that, compared to children who do not drop out of school, children who drop out of school have higher rates of psychological and physical abuse and neglect within the family. This study not only highlights the need for preventive laws for CAN and dropping out of school, but also points to direction for future research.

Maus-Tratos Infantis , Evasão Escolar , Adolescente , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Prevalência , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Turquia
Turk Pediatri Ars ; 49(1): 47-56, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26078632


AIM: This study aimed to determine the frequencies of negative childhood experiences in the past years and negative childhood experiences throughout life in 11, 13 and 16 year-age group children who attended school in three separate provinces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Approval was obtained from the provincial National Education Directorates and educated investigators applied the ISPCAN child abuse screening tool questionnaire form which measures negative childhood events experienced at home in children. Statistical analysis was performed with chi-square test using SPSS 16.0 program. Approval from the ethics committee was obtained from Izmir Tepecik Education and Research Hospital Chief Physician Office Local Ethics Committee (29/11/2011-29). RESULTS: The study was conducted with 7 540 children in Izmir, Denizli and Zonguldak. The frequency of psychological and physical negative childhood experiences and neglect throughout life was found to be 70.5%, 58.3% and 42.6% in the 11, 13 and 16-year age groups, respectively; the frequencies in the last one year was found to be 62.7%, 46.0% and 37.5%, respectively. Psychological negative childhood experiences were found with a higher rate in children who lived in urban areas compared to children who lived in rural areas. Neglect was found with a higher rate in girls and physical negative childhood experiences were found with a higher rate in boys. The frequency of negative childhood experiences increased proportionally with the age of the child independent of the type of experience. CONCLUSION: The frequencies of negative childhood experiences for the last one year and for the life-long period were determined using ISPCAN child abuse screening tool in Turkey for the first time in three provinces and in such a large population. The frequency of negative childhood experiences related with child abuse and neglect screened were found to be 42%-70% and it was elucidated that we are confronted with a very significant public health problem and adult health risk in these regions of Turkey.