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1.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav ; 172: 9-16, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30017858

RESUMO

A single administration with morphine (30 mg/kg, i.p.) induced long-lasting hyperlocomotion in male ICR mice. Pretreatment of mice with a benzoquinolizine derivative tetrabenazine (TBZ; a reversible vesicular monoamine transporter-2 inhibitor) (1 mg/kg, i.p.) for 30 min significantly attenuated the hyperlocomotion induced by morphine, as compared with vehicle (saline)-pretreated mice. No significant change in locomotion was observed in mice pretreated with TBZ (1 mg/kg) alone. Mice treated with TBZ (1 mg/kg) showed an increase in immobility time in a tail suspension test, as compared with saline-treated mice. Pretreatment with TBZ (1 mg/kg) had no effect on morphine (1-30 mg/kg)-induced antinociception. TBZ at a dose of 1 mg/kg inhibited dopamine turnover (the ratio of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid/dopamine) and 5-hydroxytryptamine turnover (the ratio of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid/5-hydroxytryptamine) in the cerebral cortex of mice challenged with morphine, as compared with saline-pretreated mice challenged with morphine. No stereotypic behavior was observed in mice treated with morphine (30 mg/kg) in combination with TBZ (1 mg/kg), so the reduction in observed locomotion did not result from induction of stereotypical behavior. Moreover, TBZ (1 and 2 mg/kg) pretreatment had no effect on stereotyped behaviors observed in mice challenged with 10 mg/kg methamphetamine. These data support the potential antagonistic actions of TBZ on some opiate actions, and encourage further exploration of potential effects on morphine reinforcement.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Captação Adrenérgica/farmacologia , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Dopamina/metabolismo , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos , Morfina/farmacologia , Serotonina/metabolismo , Tetrabenazina/farmacologia , Proteínas Vesiculares de Transporte de Monoamina/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Masculino , Metanfetamina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
2.
J Biomech Eng ; 130(5): 051007, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19045514

RESUMO

In recent years a diamond-like carbon (DLC) film and a 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer have attracted attention as coating materials for implantable artificial organs or devices. When these materials are coated on vascular devices, compatibility to blood is an important problem. The present paper focuses on friction characteristics of erythrocytes to these coating materials in a medium. With an inclined centrifuge microscope developed by the authors, observation was made for erythrocytes moving on flat glass plates with and without coating in a medium of plasma or saline under the effect of inclined centrifugal force. Friction characteristics of erythrocytes with respect to these coating materials were then measured and compared to each other to characterize DLC and MPC as coating materials. The friction characteristics of erythrocytes in plasma using the DLC-coated and noncoated glass plates are similar, changing approximately proportional to the 0.5th power of the cell velocity. The cells stick to these plates in saline as well, implying the influence of plasma protein. The results using the MPC-coated plate in plasma are similar to those of the other plates for large cell velocities, but deviate from the other results with decreased cell velocity. The results change nearly proportional to the 0.75th power of the cell velocity in the range of small velocities. The results for the MPC-coated plate in saline are similar to that in plasma but somewhat smaller, implying that the friction characteristics for the MPC-coated plate are essentially independent of plasma protein.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Diamante/química , Eritrócitos/citologia , Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Vidro/química , Metacrilatos/química , Fosforilcolina/análogos & derivados , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Fricção , Teste de Materiais , Fosforilcolina/química , Estresse Mecânico
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