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1.
Bioengineered ; 12(2): 10568-10579, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860135

RESUMO

Rotigotine is a non-ergoline dopamine agonist that has been licensed for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Cardiovascular diseases are the world's leading cause of death. Ox-LDL- induced endothelial damages are involved in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we assessed the beneficial properties of Rotigotine on ox-LDL-induced insults to HUVECs to highlight its potential use in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Our findings show that Rotigotine suppresses the expressions of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK-9), and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP-2). It also inhibits ox-LDL-induced cholesterol accumulation in endothelial cells (ECs), improves U937 monocytes adhesion, and decreases the representation of NADPH oxidase (NOX-4) and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelial cells (ECs). Furthermore, Rotigotine inhibited the expressions of both vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in HUVECs and had anti-inflammatory efficacy in ox-LDL-induced cells by inhibiting the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Notably, Rotigotine inhibits the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) by preventing nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 and reducing the luciferase activity of NF-κB reporter. We, therefore, conclude that these effects of Rotigotine on HUVECs suggest that it may play a therapeutic role in cardiovascular diseases.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(43): 10663-10670, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704764

RESUMO

With nearly 100% yields for mobile charge carriers in organic solar cells (OSCs), the relatively large photovoltage loss (ΔVoc) is a critical barrier limiting the power conversion efficiency of OSCs. Herein, we aim to improve the open-circuit voltage (Voc) in OSCs with non-fullerene acceptors via sequential film deposition (SD). We show that ΔVoc in planar heterojunction (PHJ) devices prepared by the SD method can be appreciably mitigated, leading increases in Voc to 80 mV with regard to the Voc of bulk heterojunction devices. In PHJ OSCs, the energy level of intermolecular charge-transfer states is found to increase with a decrease in the level of aggregation in the solid state. These properties explain the enhanced electroluminescent quantum efficiency and resultant suppression of the voltage losses induced by nonradiative charge recombination and interfacial charge transfer. This work provides a promising strategy for tackling the heavily discussed photovoltage loss in OSCs.

3.
Clin Med Insights Oncol ; 15: 11795549211049750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646064

RESUMO

Background: It is valuable to predict the time to the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in patients with advanced prostate cancer (PCa). This study aimed to build and validate a nomogram incorporating the clinicopathologic characteristics and the parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) to predict the time to CRPC after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Methods: Patients with PCa were divided into the training (n = 183) and validation cohorts (n = 37) for nomogram construction and validation. The clinicopathologic characteristics and CEUS parameters were analyzed to determine the independent prognosis factors and serve as the basis of the nomogram to estimate the risk of 1-, 2-, and 3-year progress to CRPC. Results: T stage, distant metastasis, Gleason score, area under the curve (AUC), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir, and time to PSA nadir were the independent predictors of CRPC (all P < 0.05). Three nomograms were built to predict the time to CRPC. Owing to the inclusion of CEUS parameter, the discrimination of the established nomogram (C-index: 0.825 and 0.797 for training and validation datasets) was improved compared with the traditional prediction model (C-index: 0.825 and 0.797), and when it excluded posttreatment PSA, it still obtained an acceptable discrimination (C-index: 0.825 and 0.797). Conclusions: The established nomogram including regular prognostic indicators and CEUS obtained an improved accuracy for the prediction of the time to CRPC. It was also applicable for early prediction of CRPC when it excluded posttreatment PSA, which might be helpful for individualized diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(37)2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503999

RESUMO

The ancestors of marine mammals once roamed the land and independently committed to an aquatic lifestyle. These macroevolutionary transitions have intrigued scientists for centuries. Here, we generated high-quality genome assemblies of 17 marine mammals (11 cetaceans and six pinnipeds), including eight assemblies at the chromosome level. Incorporating previously published data, we reconstructed the marine mammal phylogeny and population histories and identified numerous idiosyncratic and convergent genomic variations that possibly contributed to the transition from land to water in marine mammal lineages. Genes associated with the formation of blubber (NFIA), vascular development (SEMA3E), and heat production by brown adipose tissue (UCP1) had unique changes that may contribute to marine mammal thermoregulation. We also observed many lineage-specific changes in the marine mammals, including genes associated with deep diving and navigation. Our study advances understanding of the timing, pattern, and molecular changes associated with the evolution of mammalian lineages adapting to aquatic life.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415825

RESUMO

Tejocote (Crataegus mexicana, Mexican hawthorn), known as a weight-loss supplement, has been marketed online and is easily available for overseas direct purchase. Alipotec (brand name) is known as one of the most popular products containing tejocote in Mexico and other countries. However, adverse effects have been reported by users of these supplements. Therefore it is necessary to find the reason for the side effect. Dietary supplement samples labelled as containing tejocote were analysed using mass spectrometry and DNA barcoding analysis. Our results demonstrate that Alipotec samples contained ingredients from different species, yellow oleander instead of tejocote. The rpoB barcode region was able to differentiate between tejocote and yellow oleander species. Moreover, it was also observed that three compounds, including thevetin B, neriifolin, and digitoxigenin, clearly distinguish between tejocote and yellow oleander samples. This is the first and preliminary investigation to use an integrated approach of both chemical and genomic profiling for the authentication of dietary supplement containing tejocote.

6.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 6115-6122, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377030

RESUMO

Purpose: High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based chemotherapy regimen is the first-line treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). At present, doses of MTX in the range of 3.5-8 g/m2 are frequently used. However, the optimal dose of methotrexate for PCNSL remains controversial. The purpose of this real-world study was to compare the efficacy and toxicity of HD-MTX in patients with untreated PCNSL. Methods: Immunocompetent adults with newly diagnosed PCNSL between January 2015 and December 2018 were investigated and followed up to June 2019. All patients' initial treatments were based on HD-MTX chemotherapy regimens. Results: A total of 73 patients were reviewed. For patients who received HD-MTX at 8 g/m2 vs.3.5 g/m2, the complete response (CR) rates were 68.29% vs 43.75% (p = 0.03), and the median PFS times were 17.7 months vs 9.05 months (HR=0.455, 95% CI 0.239-0.865, p=0.016). There was no significant difference in OS between the two groups. Serious adverse effects were uncommon and clinically manageable. Conclusion: There is a correlation of treatment response and clinical outcomes between the dosage of MTX in initial induction therapy in newly diagnosed PCNSL. MTX dose of 8 g/m2 provided a higher CR rate and PFS benefits with acceptable adverse effects.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 702874, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34394155

RESUMO

Ozone (O3) stress severely affects the normal growth of grape (Vitis vinifera L.) leaves. Melatonin (MT) plays a significant role in plant response to various abiotic stresses, but its role in O3 stress and related mechanisms are poorly understood. In order to understand the mechanism of MT in alleviate O3 stress in grape leaves, we perform a transcriptome analyses of grapes leaves under O3 stress with or without MT treatment. Transcriptome analysis showed that the processes of ethylene biosynthesis and signaling were clearly changed in "Cabernet Sauvignon" grapes under O3 and MT treatment. O3 stress induced the expression of genes related to ethylene biosynthesis and signal transduction, while MT treatment significantly inhibited the ethylene response mediated by O3 stress. Further experiments showed that both MT and aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG, an inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis) enhanced the photosynthetic and antioxidant capacities of grape leaves under O3 stress, while ethephon inhibited those capacities. The combined treatment effect of MT and ethylene inhibitor was similar to that of MT alone. Exogenous MT reduced ethylene production in grape leaves under O3 stress, while ethephon and ethylene inhibitors had little effect on the MT content of grape leaves after O3 stress. However, overexpression of VvACO2 (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase2) in grape leaves endogenously induced ethylene accumulation and aggravated O3 stress. Overexpression of the MT synthesis gene VvASMT1 (acetylserotonin methyltransferase1) in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) alleviated O3 stress and reduced ethylene biosynthesis after O3 stress. In summary, MT can alleviate O3 stress in grape leaves by inhibiting ethylene biosynthesis.

8.
NPJ Genom Med ; 6(1): 54, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210984

RESUMO

Our article aims to provide a comprehensive portrayal of how seven Asian jurisdictions have sought to address the challenge of genetic discrimination (GD) by presenting an analysis of the relevant legislation, policies, and practices. Based on our findings, policy discussion and action on preventing or mitigating GD have been narrowly framed in terms of employment, insurance, disability, marriage, and family planning. Except for South Korea, none of the jurisdictions we examined has adopted specific legislation to prevent GD. However, for Asia to truly benefit from its recent scientific and technological progress in genomics, we highlight the need for these jurisdictions to engage more proactively with the challenges of GD through a coordinated regulatory and governance mechanism.

9.
Chemosphere ; 283: 131174, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146886

RESUMO

Large particulate photocatalysts allow efficient recovery or installation into the substrate, while limiting possible light-catalyst interaction or mass/charge-transfer. In this study, we developed monodisperse organic single-crystal monoliths with controllable dimensions in the range of 10-100 µm. These were prepared on a 10-g scale by a solution-processed molecular cooperative assembly between melamine (M) and trithiocyanuric acid (TCA) and then transformed into the corresponding g-CN (MTCA-CN) by thermal polycondensation. Molecular precursors that are tightly bound in the crystal undergo polycondensation without losing their macroscopic properties depending on the dimensions of MTCA, thereby changing the microstructure, electronic structure, and photocatalytic activity. Such dimensional tunability enables the fulfillment of various catalytic requirements such as particle size, light absorption, charge separation, band edge potential, and mass transfer. As a proof-of-concept, it was shown that MTCA-CN is tailored to have a high rate of evolution of hydrogen (3.19 µmol/h) from glucose via photoreforming under AM1.5G by using MTCA-100 crystals, leading to the formation of g-CN with the more positive highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level. This study highlights the possibility of developing photocatalysts for practical use and obtaining value-added products (VAPs) without losing the photocatalytic activity relevant for wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Glucose , Luz Solar , Grafite , Hidrogênio , Nitrilas , Compostos de Nitrogênio
10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(17): 1973-1992, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic and slowly progressing cholestatic disease, which causes damage to the small intrahepatic bile duct by immuno-regulation, and may lead to cholestasis, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and, eventually, liver failure. AIM: To explore the potential diagnosis and staging value of plasma S100 calcium binding protein A6 (S100A6) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), LINC00312, LINC00472, and LINC01257 in primary biliary cholangitis. METHODS: A total of 145 PBC patients and 110 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. Among them, 80 PBC patients and 60 HCs were used as the training set, and 65 PBC patients and 50 HCs were used as the validation set. The relative expression levels of plasma S100A6 mRNA, long noncoding ribonucleic acids LINC00312, LINC00472 and LINC01257 were analyzed using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The bile duct ligation (BDL) mouse model was used to simulate PBC. Then double immunofluorescence was conducted to verify the overexpression of S100A6 protein in intrahepatic bile duct cells of BDL mice. Human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells were treated with glycochenodeoxycholate to simulate the cholestatic environment of intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells in PBC. RESULTS: The expression of S100A6 protein in intrahepatic bile duct cells was up-regulated in the BDL mouse model compared with sham mice. The relative expression levels of plasma S100A6 mRNA, log10 LINC00472 and LINC01257 were up-regulated while LINC00312 was down-regulated in plasma of PBC patients compared with HCs (3.01 ± 1.04 vs 2.09 ± 0.87, P < 0.0001; 2.46 ± 1.03 vs 1.77 ± 0.84, P < 0.0001; 3.49 ± 1.64 vs 2.37 ± 0.96, P < 0.0001; 1.70 ± 0.33 vs 2.07 ± 0.53, P < 0.0001, respectively). The relative expression levels of S100A6 mRNA, LINC00472 and LINC01257 were up-regulated and LINC00312 was down-regulated in human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells treated with glycochenodeoxycholate compared with control (2.97 ± 0.43 vs 1.09 ± 0.08, P = 0.0018; 2.70 ± 0.26 vs 1.10 ± 0.10, P = 0.0006; 2.23 ± 0.21 vs 1.10 ± 0.10, P = 0.0011; 1.20 ± 0.04 vs 3.03 ± 0.15, P < 0.0001, respectively). The mean expression of S100A6 in the advanced stage (III and IV) of PBC was up-regulated compared to that in HCs and the early stage (II) (3.38 ± 0.71 vs 2.09 ± 0.87, P < 0.0001; 3.38 ± 0.71 vs 2.57 ± 1.21, P = 0.0003, respectively); and in the early stage (II), it was higher than that in HCs (2.57 ± 1.21 vs 2.09 ± 0.87, P = 0.03). The mean expression of LINC00312 in the advanced stage was lower than that in the early stage and HCs (1.39 ± 0.29 vs 1.56 ± 0.33, P = 0.01; 1.39 ± 0.29 vs 2.07 ± 0.53, P < 0.0001, respectively); in addition, the mean expression of LINC00312 in the early stage was lower than that in HCs (1.56 ± 0.33 vs 2.07 ± 0.53, P < 0.0001). The mean expression of log10 LINC00472 in the advanced stage was higher than those in the early stage and HCs (2.99 ± 0.87 vs 1.81 ± 0.83, P < 0.0001; 2.99 ± 0.87 vs 1.77 ± 0.84, P < 0.0001, respectively). The mean expression of LINC01257 in both the early stage and advanced stage were up-regulated compared with HCs (3.88 ± 1.55 vs 2.37 ± 0.96, P < 0.0001; 3.57 ± 1.79 vs 2.37 ± 0.96, P < 0.0001, respectively). The areas under the curves (AUC) for S100A6, LINC00312, log10 LINC00472 and LINC01257 in PBC diagnosis were 0.759, 0.7292, 0.6942 and 0.7158, respectively. Furthermore, the AUC for these four genes in PBC staging were 0.666, 0.661, 0.839 and 0.5549, respectively. The expression levels of S100A6 mRNA, log10 LINC00472, and LINC01257 in plasma of PBC patients were decreased (2.35 ± 1.02 vs 3.06 ± 1.04, P = 0.0018; 1.99 ± 0.83 vs 2.33 ± 0.96, P = 0.036; 2.84 ± 0.92 vs 3.69 ± 1.54, P = 0.0006), and the expression level of LINC00312 was increased (1.95 ± 0.35 vs 1.73 ± 0.32, P = 0.0007) after treatment compared with before treatment using the paired t-test. Relative expression of S100A6 mRNA was positively correlated with log10 LINC00472 (r = 0.683, P < 0.0001); serum level of collagen type IV was positively correlated with the relative expression of log10 LINC00472 (r = 0.482, P < 0.0001); relative expression of S100A6 mRNA was positively correlated with the serum level of collagen type IV (r = 0.732, P < 0.0001). The AUC for the four biomarkers obtained in the validation set were close to the training set. CONCLUSION: These four genes may potentially act as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of PBC. Moreover, LINC00472 acts as a potential biomarker for staging in PBC.


Assuntos
Colestase , Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Animais , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Colestase/patologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/genética , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/patologia , Camundongos , Proteína A6 Ligante de Cálcio S100
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2366, 2021 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888692

RESUMO

Aptamers are single-stranded nucleic acid ligands that bind to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. They are typically discovered by searching large libraries for sequences with desirable binding properties. These libraries, however, are practically constrained to a fraction of the theoretical sequence space. Machine learning provides an opportunity to intelligently navigate this space to identify high-performing aptamers. Here, we propose an approach that employs particle display (PD) to partition a library of aptamers by affinity, and uses such data to train machine learning models to predict affinity in silico. Our model predicted high-affinity DNA aptamers from experimental candidates at a rate 11-fold higher than random perturbation and generated novel, high-affinity aptamers at a greater rate than observed by PD alone. Our approach also facilitated the design of truncated aptamers 70% shorter and with higher binding affinity (1.5 nM) than the best experimental candidate. This work demonstrates how combining machine learning and physical approaches can be used to expedite the discovery of better diagnostic and therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , Simulação por Computador , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Biblioteca Gênica , Ligantes , Lipocalina-2/química , Lipocalina-2/genética , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Modelos Químicos , Ligação Proteica
12.
Eur J Med Chem ; 218: 113392, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831778

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) has emerged as a critical regulator of many cellular pathways in tumors due to its unique structure basis and abundant substrate types. Over the past few decades, the role played by HDAC6 inhibitors as anticancer agents has sparked great interest of biochemists worldwide. However, they were less reported for gastric cancer therapy. In this paper, with the help of bioisosteric replacement, in-house library screening, and lead optimization strategies, we designed, synthesized and verified a series of 1,3-diaryl-1,2,4-triazole-capped HDAC6 inhibitors with promising anti-gastric cancer activities. Amongst, compound 9r displayed the best inhibitory activity towards HDAC6 (IC50 = 30.6 nM), with 128-fold selectivity over HDAC1. Further BLI and CETSA assay proved the high affinity of 9r to HDAC6. In addition, 9r could dose-dependently upregulate the levels of acetylated α-tubulin, without significant effect on acetylated histone H3 in MGC803 cells. Besides, 9r exhibited potent antiproliferative effect on MGC803 cells, and promoted apoptosis and suppressed the metastasis without obvious toxicity, suggesting 9r would serve as a potential lead compound for the development of novel therapeutic agents of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Triazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/metabolismo , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazóis/síntese química , Triazóis/química
13.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 32(4): 37, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787997

RESUMO

Cartilage is an avascular tissue with low cellularity and insufficient self-repair response. In clinical practice, a large articular cartilage defect is usually fixed by cartilage transplantation. Importantly, the fast repair process has been demanded postoperatively in the area between the host cartilage and the transplanted cartilage. In the past few years, magnetic nanoparticles have drawn great attention due to their biocompatible, biodegradable, and nontoxic properties. In addition, the nanoparticles can easily pass through the cell plasma membrane and increase the cellular uptake efficiency. Here, a therapeutic drug delivery strategy was proposed for cartilage repair. The prepared kartogenin (KGN)-conjugated magnetic nanocarriers (KGN@NCs) promoted the viability of chondrocytes in vitro. In a rat model of cartilage transplantation, intra-articularly delivered KGN@NCs generated cartilage with a flat surface and a high level of aggrecan in vivo. Notably, KGN@NCs were also capable of improving the pain-related motor functions. They promoted the motor functional parameters including the print area and intensity to restore to a normal level compared with the single KGN. Therefore, these therapeutic drug nanocarriers provided the potential for cartilage repair.

14.
Chemosphere ; 275: 130020, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677268

RESUMO

In this study, sludges generated from Ti-based flocculation of dye wastewater were used to retrieve photoactive titania (S-TiO2). It was heterojunctioned with graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) to augment photoactivity under UV/visible light irradiance. Later the as-prepared samples were utilized to remove nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the atmospheric condition through photocatalysis. Heterojunction between S-TiO2 and g-CN was prepared through facile calcination (@550 °C) of S-TiO2 and melamine mix. Advanced sample characterization was carried out and documented extensively. Successful heterojunction was confirmed from the assessment of morphological and optical attributes of the samples. Finally, the prepared samples' level of photoactivity was assessed through photooxidation of NOx under both UV and visible light irradiance. Enhanced photoactivity was observed in the prepared samples irrespective of the light types. After 1 h of UV/visible light-based photooxidation, the best sample STC4 was found to remove 15.18% and 9.16% of atmospheric NO, respectively. In STC4, the mixing ratio of S-TiO2, to melamine was maintained as 1:3. Moreover, the optical bandgap of STC4 was found as 2.65 eV, where for S-TiO2, it was 2.83 eV. Hence, the restrained rate of photogenerated charge recombination and tailored energy bandgap of the as-prepared samples were the primary factors for enhancing photoactivity.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Águas Residuárias , Grafite , Compostos de Nitrogênio , Titânio
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 181: 150-159, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775755

RESUMO

Herein we report on a facile and green strategy for continuous production of chitosan-zinc oxide fibers and then compare their photodegradation performance against three organic dyes (i.e., methylene blue (MB), methyl orange (MO) and Rhodamine B, respectively) under different lights. Chitosan-zinc hydrogel fibers (CS/Zn) with different zinc loadings are obtained by direct mixing of chitosan and zinc acetate solutions using a double-syringe injection device. The as-prepared CS/Zn fibers are then immersed into glutaraldehyde (GA) and sodium hydroxide solutions, respectively, and dried at T = 50 °C. The resultant CS/ZnO/GA fibers of ca. 617 µm in diameter are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). XRD and FE-SEM data confirm that the CS/ZnO/GA fibers consist of a large amount of hexagonal wurtzite ZnO nanorods up to 550 nm in length, and exhibit three-dimensional interconnected macroporous architecture. Photodegradation results clearly show that the CS/ZnO/GA fibers are effective for the removal of organic dyes upon UV irradiation and can be easily recovered and reused for at least 6 consecutive cycles. Unlike most reported CS/ZnO nanocomposites, the current CS/ZnO/GA fiber shows a higher adsorption of cationic MB rather than anionic MO, the mechanism of which is proposed.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Corantes/química , Corantes/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Compostos Azo/química , Compostos Azo/efeitos da radiação , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Glutaral/química , Azul de Metileno/química , Azul de Metileno/efeitos da radiação , Nanocompostos/química , Nanocompostos/ultraestrutura , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria , Raios Ultravioleta , Difração de Raios X
16.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(2)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562661

RESUMO

The lithium-polysulfide (LiPS) dissolution from the cathode to the organic electrolyte is the main challenge for high-energy-density lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs). Herein, we present a multi-functional porous carbon, melamine cyanurate (MCA)-glucose-derived carbon (MGC), with superior porosity, electrical conductivity, and polysulfide affinity as an efficient sulfur support to mitigate the shuttle effect. MGC is prepared via a reactive templating approach, wherein the organic MCA crystals are utilized as the pore-/micro-structure-directing agent and nitrogen source. The homogeneous coating of spherical MCA crystal particles with glucose followed by carbonization at 600 °C leads to the formation of hierarchical porous hollow carbon spheres with abundant pyridinic N-functional groups without losing their microstructural ordering. Moreover, MGC enables facile penetration and intensive anchoring of LiPS, especially under high loading sulfur conditions. Consequently, the MGC cathode exhibited a high areal capacity of 5.79 mAh cm-2 at 1 mA cm-2 and high loading sulfur of 6.0 mg cm-2 with a minor capacity decay rate of 0.18% per cycle for 100 cycles.

17.
Plant Sci ; 303: 110771, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487355

RESUMO

Nitrate is essential for plant growth and development. When nitrate availability is low, plants produce more lateral roots (LRs) to seek nitrate from the soil. In this study, by DNA electrophoretic mobility shift and luciferase assays, it was showed that NIN-like protein 7 (NLP7) transcription factor activated expression of TAR2 by directly binding to its promoter. Finally, through genetic analysis, it was speculated that NLP7 regulated LR development through TAR2. In conclusion, NLP7 binds to the TAR2 promoter and activates TAR2 expression, thereby promoting nitrate-dependent LR development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Triptofano Transaminase/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Malus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malus/metabolismo , Nitratos/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Triptofano Transaminase/metabolismo
18.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 15, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In plants, CONSTITUTIVELY PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) is a key negative regulator in photoperiod response. However, the biological function of COP1-interacting protein 1 (CIP1) and the regulatory mechanism of the CIP1-COP1 interaction are not fully understood. RESULTS: Here, we identified the apple MdCIP1 gene based on the Arabidopsis AtCIP1 gene. Expression pattern analysis showed that MdCIP1 was constitutively expressed in various tissues of apple, and responded to stress and hormone signals at the transcriptional level. Ectopic expression of MdCIP1 complemented the phenotypes of the Arabidopsis cip1 mutant, and MdCIP1 inhibited anthocyanin biosynthesis in apple calli. In addition, the biochemical assay demonstrated that MdCIP1 could interact with MdCOP1 protein by their coiled-coil domain, and MdCIP1-OX/cop1-4 had a similar phenotype in photomorphogenesis with the cop1-4 mutant, suggesting that COP1 is epistatic to CIP1. Furthermore, the transient transformation assay indicated that MdCIP1 repressed anthocyanin biosynthesis in an MdCOP1-mediated pathway. CONCLUSION: Take together, this study finds that MdCIP1 acts as a repressor in regulating hypocotyl elongation and anthocyanin biosynthesis through MdCOP1 in apple.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/biossíntese , Antocianinas/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Hipocótilo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hipocótilo/genética , Malus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malus/genética , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
19.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 80(1): 53-70, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492288

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is becoming a prevalent disease in the elderly population. Past decades have witnessed the development of drug therapies with varying targets. However, all drugs with a single molecular target fail to reverse or ameliorate AD progression, which ultimately results in cortical and subcortical network dysregulation. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been proven effective for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and other neurological diseases. As such, DBS has also been gradually acknowledged as a potential therapy for AD. The current review focuses on DBS of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM). As a critical component of the cerebral cholinergic system and the Papez circuit in the basal ganglia, the NBM plays an indispensable role in the subcortical regulation of memory, attention, and arousal state, which makes the NBM a promising target for modulation of neural network dysfunction and AD treatment. We summarized the intricate projection relations and functionality of the NBM, current approaches for stereotactic localization and evaluation of the NBM, and the therapeutic effects of NBM-DBS both in patients and animal models. Furthermore, the current shortcomings of NBM-DBS, such as variations in cortical blood flow, increased temperature in the target area, and stimulation-related neural damage, were presented.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Núcleo Basal de Meynert , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Animais , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 765: 142700, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069481

RESUMO

Antarctica is an isolated and relatively simple ecosystem dominated by microorganisms, providing a rare opportunity to study the spread of airborne microbes and to predict future global climate change. However, little is known about on the diversity and potential sources of microorganisms in the marine atmosphere along the Antarctica coast. Here we explored the airborne bacterial community (i.e., bacteriome) diversity, sources and functional potential along the Antarctic coast based on 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of 25 bioaerosol samples collected during the 33rd Xuelong Antarctic scientific expedition. The results showed that bacterial communities in the Antarctic bioaerosols i) were predominated by Proteobacteria (91.3%) including Sphingomonas, ii) showed relative low alpha-diversity but high spatiotemporal variabilities; and iii) were potentially immigrated with terrestrial, marine and Antarctic polar bacteria through long-range transport and sea-air exchange pathways. Moreover, canonical correspondence analysis of bacteriome composition showed that wind speed, temperature, and organic carbon had a significant effect on the bacterial community (P < 0.05), although bacterial richness (Richness index) and diversity (Simpson index and Shannon index) showed no statistically significant differences between rainy, cloudy and snowy weather conditions (Adjust P > 0.05, ANOVA, Tukey HSD test). iv) The functional profiles predicted by Tax4fun2 suggest high representation of function genes related to fatty acid biosynthesis and metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, and carbohydrate metabolism, which is conducive to the formation of microlayers on the surface of the ocean and the survival and growth of bacteria.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Ecossistema , Regiões Antárticas , Bactérias/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Neve
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