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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 101: 103988, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534346

RESUMO

Several novel series of hydroxamic acids bearing 2-benzamidooxazole/thiazole (5a-g, 6a-g) or 2-phenylsulfonamidothiazole (8a-c) were designed and synthesized. The compounds were obtained straightforwards via a two step pathway, starting from commercially available ethyl 2-aminooxazole-4-carboxylate or ethyl 2-aminothiazole-4-carboxylate. Biological evaluation showed that these hydroxamic acids generally exhibited good cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines (SW620, colon; PC-3, prostate; NCI-H23, lung cancer), with IC50 values in low micromolar range and comparable to that of SAHA. These compounds also comparably inhibited HDACs with IC50 values in sub-micromolar range (0.010-0.131 µM) and some compounds (e.g 5f, IC50, 0.010 µM) were even more potent than SAHA (IC50, 0.025 µM) in HDAC inhibition. Representative compounds 6a and 8a appeared to arrest the SW620 cell cycle at G2 phase and significantly induced both early and late apoptosis of SW620 colon cancer cells. Docking experiments on HDAC2 and HDAC6 isozymes revealed favorable interactions at the tunnel of the HDAC active site which positively contributed to the inhibitory activity of synthesized compound. The binding affinity predicted by docking program showed good correlation with the experimental IC50 values. This study demonstrates that simple 1,3-oxazole- and 1,3-thiazole-based hydroxamic acids are also promising as antitumor agents and HDAC inhibitors and these results should provide valuable information for further design of more potent HDAC inhibitors and antitumor agents.

2.
Mar Drugs ; 18(6)2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512874

RESUMO

Scytonemin is a yellow-green ultraviolet sunscreen pigment present in different genera of aquatic and terrestrial blue-green algae, including marine cyanobacteria. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory activities of scytonemin were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Topical application of scytonemin inhibited 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced ear swelling in BALB/c mice. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was also suppressed by scytonemin treatment in the TPA-treated ear of BALB/c mice. In addition, scytonemin inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of TNF-a and nitric oxide (NO) in RAW 264.7 cells, a murine macrophage-like cell line, and the mRNA expressions of TNF-a and iNOS were also suppressed by scytonemin in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Further study demonstrated that LPS-induced NF-kB activity was significantly suppressed by scytonemin treatment in RAW 264.7 cells. Our results also showed that the degradation of IkBa and nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit were blocked by scytonemin in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Collectively, these results suggest that scytonemin inhibits skin inflammation by blocking the expression of inflammatory mediators, and the anti-inflammatory effect of scytonemin is mediated, at least in part, by down-regulation of NF-kB activity. Our results also suggest that scytonemin might be used as a multi-function skin care ingredient for UV protection and anti-inflammation.

3.
Invest New Drugs ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462369

RESUMO

Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are overexpressed in the majority of cancers and prevent apoptosis by inhibiting caspases. IAPs have therefore attracted considerable attention as potential targets for anticancer therapy. Here, we demonstrated that HM90822 (abbreviated HM822; a new synthetic IAP antagonist) induced apoptotic cell death via proteasome-dependent degradation of BIR2/3 domain-containing IAPs in human pancreatic cancer cells. HM822 inhibited the expression of XIAP and cIAP1/2 proteins in Panc-1 and BxPC-3 cells, which are sensitive to HM822. HM822 also induced IAP ubiquitination and promoted proteasome-dependent IAP degradation. However, cells expressing phospho-XIAP (Ser87) and AKT exhibited resistance to HM822. In other words, the overexpression of AKT-CA (constitutive active form for AKT) or AKT-WT induced resistance to HM822. In addition, in Panc-1 xenograft and orthotopic mouse models, we revealed that tumor growth was suppressed by the administration of HM822. Taken together, these results suggest that HM822 induces apoptosis through ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent degradation of BIR3 domain-containing IAPs. These findings suggest that phospho-XIAP and phospho-AKT may be used as biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of HM822 in pancreatic cancer patients.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356584

RESUMO

Two series of 3-[(1-benzyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl]quinazolin-4(3H)-ones and N-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)quinazolin-4-amines were designed initially as potential acetylcholine esterase inhibitors. Biological evaluation demonstrated that N-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)quinazolin-4-amines significantly inhibited AChE activity. Especially, two compounds of them were found to be the most potent with relative AChE inhibition percentages of 87 % in comparison to donepezil. The docking studies with AChE showed similar interactions between donepezil and four derivatives. N-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-yl)quinazolin-4-amines also exhibited significant DPPH scavenging effects. The two series of compound also exerted moderate to good cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines, including SW620 (human colon cancer), PC-3 (prostate cancer), and NCI-H23 (lung cancer), with 3-[(1-benzyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl]quinazolin-4(3H)-one being the most cytotoxic agent. 3-[(1-Benzyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl]quinazolin-4(3H)-one significantly induced early apoptosis and arrested the SW620 cells at G2/M phase. From this study, two compounds of N-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)quinazolin-4-amines could serve as new leads for further design and AChE inhibitors, while 3-[(1-benzyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl]quinazolin-4(3H)-one could serve as a new lead for the design and development of more potent anticancer agents.

5.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113907, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023790

RESUMO

B cells contribute to produce inflammatory cytokines and antibodies, to present autoantigens, and to interact with T cells, which lead to body defense and disease control. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2(Nrf2) is responsible for gene expression of antioxidant enzymes to protect cells from oxidative stress by reactive oxygen species(ROS) production. Bisphenol A(BPA) may not be safe due to the effect on body's physiological functions. The chemicals that substitute for BPA may still have similar effects in the body. Tritan™ copolyester is a novel plastic form using BPA substitutes, 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol(CHDM), dimethyl terephthalate(DMT), and 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol(TMCD). Isosorbide(ISO) was also used as a substitute for TMCD and DMT. Here, we investigated whether B cell viability is influenced by BPA and its substitutes via Nrf2 induction using WiL2-NS human B lymphoblast cells. When cytotoxicity was measured by using assays with MTT, CellTiter-Glo, trypan blue and propidium iodide, cytotoxicity by BPA was higher than that by substitutes. BPA and its substitutes showed significant cytotoxicity and ROS production, which were attenuated by the treatment with N-acetylcysteine(NAC), a ROS scavenger. In addition, BPA treatment enhanced gene expression of antioxidant enzymes, heme oxygenase(HO)-1, catalase, superoxide dismutase(SOD) 1 and 2. As H2O2 treatment induced cell death and Nrf2 amount in WiL2-NS cells, BPA treatment increased Nrf2. Cell death by H2O2 was increased in doxycycline-inducible Nrf2-knockdown(KD) cells. In Cytotoxicity by the treatment with BPA or its substitutes was also enhanced in Nrf2-KD cells but that was reduced by Nrf2 overexpression compared to control cells. Taken together, these results implicate that B cell cytotoxicity by substitutes should be lower than BPA and Nrf2 can prevent B cells from BPA- or BPA substitutes-induced cytotoxicity via ROS production. Data suggest that the comprehensive studies or evaluation could be necessary to replace BPA in manufacture by other substitutes.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Fenóis , Linfócitos B/citologia , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Benzidrílicos/química , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredutases/genética , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
6.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(3): e1900670, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943757

RESUMO

In our search for new small molecules activating procaspase-3, we have designed and synthesized a series of new acetohydrazides incorporating both 2-oxoindoline and 4-oxoquinazoline scaffolds. Biological evaluation showed that a number of these acetohydrazides were comparably or even more cytotoxic against three human cancer cell lines (SW620, colon cancer; PC-3, prostate cancer; NCI-H23, lung cancer) in comparison to PAC-1, a first procaspase-3 activating compound, which was used as a positive control. One of those new compounds, 2-(6-chloro-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)-N'-[(3Z)-5-methyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-3H-indol-3-ylidene]acetohydrazide activated the caspase-3 activity in U937 human lymphoma cells by 5-fold higher than the untreated control. Three of the new compounds significantly induced necrosis and apoptosis in U937 cells.

7.
Cell Metab ; 31(2): 267-283.e12, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866442

RESUMO

Glutamine is an essential nutrient that regulates energy production, redox homeostasis, and signaling in cancer cells. Despite the importance of glutamine in mitochondrial metabolism, the mitochondrial glutamine transporter has long been unknown. Here, we show that the SLC1A5 variant plays a critical role in cancer metabolic reprogramming by transporting glutamine into mitochondria. The SLC1A5 variant has an N-terminal targeting signal for mitochondrial localization. Hypoxia-induced gene expression of the SLC1A5 variant is mediated by HIF-2α. Overexpression of the SLC1A5 variant mediates glutamine-induced ATP production and glutathione synthesis and confers gemcitabine resistance to pancreatic cancer cells. SLC1A5 variant knockdown and overexpression alter cancer cell and tumor growth, supporting an oncogenic role. This work demonstrates that the SLC1A5 variant is a mitochondrial glutamine transporter for cancer metabolic reprogramming.

8.
J Nat Prod ; 82(11): 3186-3190, 2019 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668073

RESUMO

Two new glycosylated alkylresorcinols, resorcinosides A (1) and B (2), were isolated from a strain of the fungus Penicillium janthinellum derived from a marine sediment sample collected from Cu Lao Cham Island, Vietnam. The structures of 1 and 2 were established by interpretation of 1D and 2D NMR and high-resolution ESIMS data, and their absolute configurations were confirmed by the coupling constant of the anomeric proton, acid hydrolysis, subsequent HPLC analysis, Mosher's method, and quantum-mechanics-based computational analysis of NMR chemical shifts. The structure elucidation indicated that 1 and 2 are new alkylresorcinols with d-glucose, and 2 has an α-pyrone moiety attached to the aromatic ring. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxic activity against the NUGC-3 cancer cell line with a GI50 value of 9.3 µM.

9.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2835-2841, 2019 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599157

RESUMO

The presence of excessive osteoclasts is a major factor in skeletal diseases. The present study aimed to discover osteoclast differentiation inhibitors from the basidiomycete Xylodon flaviporus. Seven new drimane sesquiterpenoids (1-7) and 7-ketoisodrimenin-5-ene (8) were obtained and characterized by various spectroscopic methods. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa-B ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis in mouse bone marrow macrophages. Compounds 1, 3, and 6 showed potent activities with IC50 values of 1.6, 0.9, and 2.1 µM, respectively, while 4, 5, and 7 exhibited relatively weak activities with IC50 values of 10.7, 10.1, and 8.5 µM, respectively.

10.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103202, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479984

RESUMO

In search for novel small molecules with antitumor cytotoxicity via activating procaspase-3, we have designed and synthesized three series of novel (E)-N'-benzylidene-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)acetohydrazides (5a-j, 6a-h, and 7a-h). On the phenyl ring ò the benzylidene part, three different substituents, including 2-OH-4-OCH3, 4-OCH3, and 4-N(CH3)2, were introduced, respectively. Biological evaluation showed that the acetohydrazides in series 5a-j, in which the phenyl ring of the benzylidene part was substituted by 2-OH-4-OCH3 substituent, exhibited potent cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines (SW620, colon; PC-3, prostate; NCI-H23, lung). Most of the compounds, in this series, especially compounds 5c, 5b and 5h, also significantly activated caspase-3 activity. Among these, compound 5c displayed 1.61-fold more potent than PAC-1 as caspase-3 activator. Cell cycle analysis showed that compounds 5b, 5c, and 5h significantly arrested the cell cycle in G1 phase. Further apoptotic studies also demonstrated compounds 5b, 5c, and 5h as strong apoptotic cell death inducers. The docking simulation studies showed that these compounds could activate procaspase via chelating Zn2+ ion bound to the allosteric site of the zymogen.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 17(8)2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430989

RESUMO

Three new phenazine derivatives (1-3), along with known compounds (4-7) of saphenic acid derivatives, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment-derived yeast-like fungus Cystobasidium larynigs collected from the Indian Ocean. The structures of the new compounds (1-3) were determined by analysis of spectroscopic data, semi-synthesis and comparison of optical rotation values. All the isolated compounds (1-7), except for 2, showed nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory effect against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells without cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 30 µg/mL. This is the first report on the yeast-like fungus Cystobasidium laryngis producing phenazines and anti-inflammatory activity of 1-7 including saphenic acid (4).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Organismos Aquáticos/química , Fungos/química , Fenazinas/química , Fenazinas/farmacologia , Leveduras/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
12.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212583

RESUMO

Five new sesterterpenes, 14,15-dehydro-6-epi-ophiobolin K (1), 14,15-dehydro- ophiobolin K (2), 14,15-dehydro-6-epi-ophiobolin G (3), 14,15-dehydro-ophiobolin G (4) and 14,15-dehydro-(Z)-14-ophiobolin G (5), together with four known ophiobolins (6-9) were isolated from the marine fungus Aspergillus flocculosus derived from the seaweed Padina sp. collected in Vietnam. The five new ophiobolins were first isolated as ophiobolin derivatives consisting of a fully unsaturated side chain. Their structures were elucidated via spectroscopic methods including 1D, 2D NMR and HR-ESIMS. The absolute configurations were determined by the comparison of chemical shifts and optical rotation values with those of known ophiobolins. All compounds (1-9) were then evaluated for their cytotoxicity against six cancer cell lines, HCT-15, NUGC-3, NCI-H23, ACHN, PC-3 and MDA-MB-231. All the compounds showed potent cytotoxicity with GI50 values ranging from 0.14 to 2.01 µM.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos/química , Aspergillus/química , Fungos/química , Sesterterpenos/química , Sesterterpenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Células PC-3 , Alga Marinha/microbiologia , Vietnã
13.
Mar Drugs ; 17(4)2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010028

RESUMO

Three new hydroxylated rhamnolipids, dokdolipids A-C (1-3) were obtained from the marine actinomycete Actinoalloteichus hymeniacidonis, which was isolated from a sediment sample collected off the coasts of Dokdo island, Republic of Korea. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectrometric data analyses. Their absolute configurations were assigned using the modified Mosher's method and specific rotation values, as well as acid hydrolysis, chemical derivatizations and subsequent HPLC analysis to determine the configuration of the sugar moieties. All new compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against six cancer cell lines, HCT-15, NUGC-3, NCI-H23, ACHN, PC-3 and MDA-MB-231. Compounds 1-3 displayed moderate cytotoxicity against all the cell lines tested with IC50 values ranging from 13.7-41.5 µM.


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Organismos Aquáticos , Glicolipídeos/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , República da Coreia
14.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 163: 46-59, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710516

RESUMO

Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer mortality and cancer cell migration is an essential stage of metastasis. We identified benproperine (Benp, a clinically used antitussive drug) as an inhibitor of cancer cell migration and an anti-metastatic agent. Benp selectively inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion, which also suppressed metastasis of cancer cells in animal models. Actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2 (ARPC2) was identified as a molecular target of Benp by affinity column chromatography with Benp-tagged Sepharose beads. Benp bound directly to ARPC2 in cells, which was validated by pull-down assay using Benp-biotin and label-free biochemical methods such as the drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA). Benp inhibited Arp2/3 function, showing disruption of lamellipodial structure and inhibition of actin polymerization. Unlike Arp2/3 inhibitors, Benp selectively inhibited the migration of cancer cells but not normal cells. ARPC2-knockdown cancer cells showed defective cell migration and suppressed metastasis in an animal model. Therefore, ARPC2 is a potential target for anti-metastatic therapy, and Benp has the clinical potential to block metastasis. Furthermore, Benp is a useful agent for studying the functions of the Arp2/3 complex in cancer cell migration and metastasis.


Assuntos
Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/antagonistas & inibidores , Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Benzidrílicos/uso terapêutico , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
15.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 465-478, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734614

RESUMO

In our search for novel small molecules activating procaspase-3, we have designed and synthesised a series of novel acetohydrazides incorporating quinazolin-4(3H)-ones (5, 6, 7). Biological evaluation revealed eight compounds with significant cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines (SW620, colon cancer; PC-3, prostate cancer; NCI-H23, lung cancer). The most potent compound 5t displayed cytotoxicity up to 5-fold more potent than 5-FU. Analysis of structure-activity relationships showed that the introduction of different substituents at C-6 position on the quinazolin-4(3H)-4-one moiety, such as 6-chloro or 6-methoxy potentially increased the cytotoxicity of the compounds. In term of caspase activation activity, several compounds were found to exhibit potent effects, (e.g. compounds 7 b, 5n, and 5l). Especially, compound 7 b activated caspases activity by almost 200% in comparison to that of PAC-1. Further docking simulation also revealed that this compound potentially is a potent allosteric inhibitor of procaspase-3.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Caspases/metabolismo , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Quinazolinas/síntese química , Quinazolinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 33(2): e4388, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238481

RESUMO

In this study, we developed a method for the determination of Penicillium griseofulvum-oriented pyripyropene A (PPPA), a selective inhibitor of acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase 2, in mouse and human plasma and validated it using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Pyripyropene A (PPPA) and an internal standard, carbamazepine, were separated using a Xterra MS C18 column with a mixture of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. The ion transitions monitored in positive-ion mode [M + H]+ of multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) were m/z 148.0 from m/z 584.0 for PPPA and m/z 194.0 from m/z 237.0 for the internal standard. The detector response was specific and linear for PPPA at concentrations within the range from 1 to 5,000 ng/mL. The intra-/inter-day precision and accuracy of the method was acceptable by the criteria for assay validation. The matrix effects of PPPA ranged from 97.6 to 104.2% and from 93.3 to 105.3% in post-preparative mouse and human plasma samples, respectively. PPPA was also stable under various processing and/or handling conditions. Finally, PPPA concentrations in the mouse plasma samples could be measured after intravenous, intraperitoneal, or oral administration of PPPA, suggesting that the assay is useful for pharmacokinetic studies on mice and applicable to human studies.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Penicillium/química , Piridinas/sangue , Piridinas/farmacocinética , Sesquiterpenos/sangue , Sesquiterpenos/farmacocinética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Piridinas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sesquiterpenos/química , Esterol O-Aciltransferase/antagonistas & inibidores
17.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 26(18): 5181-5193, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30253887

RESUMO

A novel series of 35 angularly fused pentacyclic 13H-benzo[f]chromeno[4,3-b][1,7]naphthyridines and 13H-benzo[f]chromeno[4,3-b][1,7]naphthyridin-5-ium chlorides were designed and synthesized. Their cytotoxic activities were investigated against six human cancer cell lines (NCIH23, HCT15, NUGC-3, ACHN, PC-3, and MDA-MB-231). Among all screened compounds; 28, 30, 34, 35, 46, 48, 52, and 53 compounds exhibited potent cytotoxic activities against all tested human cancer cell lines. Further, these potent lead cytotoxic agents were evaluated against human Topoisomerase I and IIα inhibition. Among them, the compound 48 exhibited dual Topoisomerase I and IIα inhibition especially at 20 µM concentrations the compound 48 exhibited 1.25 times more potent Topoisomerase IIα inhibitory activity (38.3%) than the reference drug etoposide (30.6%). The compound 52 also exhibited excellent (88.4%) topoisomerase I inhibition than the reference drug camptothecin (66.7%) at 100 µM concentrations. Molecular docking studies of the compounds 48 and 52 with topo I discovered that they both intercalated into the DNA single-strand cleavage site where the compound 48 have van der Waals interactions with residues Arg364, Pro431, and Asn722 whilst the compound 52 have with Arg364, Thr718, and Asn722 residues. Both the compounds 48 and 52 have π-π stacking interactions with the stacked DNA bases. The docking studies of the compound 48 with topo IIα explored that it was bound to the topo IIα DNA cleavage site where etoposide was situated. The benzo[f]chromeno[4,3-b][1,7]naphthyridine ring of the compound 48 was stacked between the DNA bases of the cleavage site with π-π stacking interactions and there were no hydrogen bond interactions with topo IIα.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Naftiridinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Naftiridinas/síntese química , Naftiridinas/química , Sais/síntese química , Sais/química , Sais/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores da Topoisomerase/síntese química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase/química
18.
Chem Biodivers ; 15(10): e1800322, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054973

RESUMO

In our search for novel small cytotoxic molecules potentially activating procaspase-3, we have designed and synthesized a series of novel N'-[(E)-arylidene]-2-(2,3-dihydro-3-oxo-4H-1,4-benzoxazin-4-yl)acetohydrazides (5, 6). Biological evaluation revealed that seven compounds, including 5h, 5j, 5k, 5l, 5n, 6a, and 6b, exhibited moderate to strong cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines (SW620, colon cancer; PC-3, prostate cancer; NCI-H23, lung cancer). Among these compounds, two most cytotoxic compounds (5h and 5j) displayed from 3- up to 10-fold higher potency than PAC-1 and 5-FU in three cancer cell lines tested. Three compounds 5j, 5k, and 5n were also found to display better caspases activation activity in comparison to PAC-1. Especially, compound 5k activated the level of caspases activity by 200% higher than that of PAC-1. From this study, three compounds 5j, 5k, and 5n could be considered as potential leads for further design and development of caspase activators and anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Caspases/metabolismo , Ativadores de Enzimas/química , Ativadores de Enzimas/farmacologia , Hidrazinas/química , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Benzoxazinas/síntese química , Benzoxazinas/química , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Ativadores de Enzimas/síntese química , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
J Nat Prod ; 81(6): 1444-1450, 2018 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29878761

RESUMO

A chemical investigation of a basidiomycetes fungus, Perenniporia maackiae, led to the discovery of 12 drimane sesquiterpenoids, including seven new constituents (1-7). The elucidation of the structures was performed via interpreting extensive spectroscopic methods, including ECD calculations. Among all isolated compounds, 1, 2, and 6 exhibited cytotoxicity toward six carcinoma cells, including ACHN, HCT-15, MDA-MB-231, NCI-H23, NUGC-3, and PC-3 cells, with half-maximal inhibition of cell proliferation values of 1.2-6.0 µM.


Assuntos
Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Polyporaceae/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Basidiomycota/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citotoxinas/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Fungos/química , Humanos , Células PC-3 , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Sesquiterpenos/química , Terpenos/química
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(23): E5279-E5288, 2018 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784813

RESUMO

A protein synthesis enzyme, leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS), serves as a leucine sensor for the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), which is a central effector for protein synthesis, metabolism, autophagy, and cell growth. However, its significance in mTORC1 signaling and cancer growth and its functional relationship with other suggested leucine signal mediators are not well-understood. Here we show the kinetics of the Rag GTPase cycle during leucine signaling and that LRS serves as an initiating "ON" switch via GTP hydrolysis of RagD that drives the entire Rag GTPase cycle, whereas Sestrin2 functions as an "OFF" switch by controlling GTP hydrolysis of RagB in the Rag GTPase-mTORC1 axis. The LRS-RagD axis showed a positive correlation with mTORC1 activity in cancer tissues and cells. The GTP-GDP cycle of the RagD-RagB pair, rather than the RagC-RagA pair, is critical for leucine-induced mTORC1 activation. The active RagD-RagB pair can overcome the absence of the RagC-RagA pair, but the opposite is not the case. This work suggests that the GTPase cycle of RagD-RagB coordinated by LRS and Sestrin2 is critical for controlling mTORC1 activation, and thus will extend the current understanding of the amino acid-sensing mechanism.


Assuntos
Leucina-tRNA Ligase/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Proteínas Monoméricas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular/metabolismo , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucina/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
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