Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 236
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834844

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the protective effects of bioactive compounds from the fruit of the mulberry tree (Morus alba L.) against cisplatin-induced apoptosis in LLC-PK1 pig kidney epithelial cells. Morus alba fruit is a well-known edible fruit commonly used in traditional folk medicine. Chemical investigation of M. alba fruit resulted in the isolation and identification of six phytosterols (1-6). Their structures were determined as 7-ketositosterol (1), stigmast-4-en-3ß-ol-6-one (2), (3ß,6α)-stigmast-4-ene-3,6-diol (3), stigmast-4-ene-3ß,6ß-diol (4), 7ß-hydroxysitosterol 3-O-ß-d-glucoside (5), and 7α-hydroxysitosterol 3-O-ß-d-glucoside (6) by analyzing their physical and spectroscopic data as well as liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry data. All compounds displayed protective effects against cisplatin-induced LLC-PK1 cell damage, improving cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity to more than 80% of the control value. Compound 1 displayed the best effect at a relatively low concentration by inhibiting the percentage of apoptotic cells following cisplatin treatment. Its molecular mechanisms were identified using Western blot assays. Treatment of LLC-PK1 cells with compound 1 decreased the upregulated phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) following cisplatin treatment. In addition, compound 1 significantly suppressed cleaved caspase-3 in cisplatin-induced LLC-PK1 cells. Taken together, these findings indicated that cisplatin-induced apoptosis was significantly inhibited by compound 1 in LLC-PK1 cells, thereby supporting the potential of 7-ketositosterol (1) as an adjuvant candidate for treating cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

2.
Biomolecules ; 11(11)2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827612

RESUMO

Cisplatin is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent for treating solid tumors; however, it presents a risk factor for nephropathy. In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of 3-dehydroxyceanothetric acid 2-methyl ester (3DC2ME) isolated from Ziziphus jujuba Mill. in LLC-PK1 cells following cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. These cells were exposed to 3DC2ME for 2 h, followed by treatment with cisplatin for 24 h. The treated cells were subjected to cell viability analysis using the Ez-Cytox assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected via 2', 7'- dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) staining. In addition, western blotting and fluorescent immunostaining were performed to evaluate protein expressions related to oxidative stress and inflammation pathways. Pretreatment with 3DC2ME protected LLC-PK1 cells from cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress. In addition, pretreatment with 3DC2ME upregulated heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) via the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway in the cisplatin-treated LLC-PK1 cells. Furthermore, the increase in the expressions of IκB kinase α/ß (IKKα/ß), inhibitor of kappa B alpha (IκBα), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in these cells was inhibited. These results provide basic scientific evidence for understanding the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of 3DC2ME isolated from Z. jujuba against cisplatin-induced kidney epithelial cell death.

3.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770916

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of three lignans (schisandrol A, schisandrol B, and schisandrin C) on insulin secretion in rat INS-1 pancreatic ß-cells and glucose uptake in mouse C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Schisandrol A and schisandrin C enhanced insulin secretion in response to high glucose levels with no toxic effects on INS-1 cells. The effect of schisandrin C was superior to that of gliclazide (positive control), a drug commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes (T2D). In addition, western blot analysis showed that the expression of associated proteins, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX-1), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2), was increased in INS-1 cells after treatment with schisandrin C. In addition, insulin secretion effect of schisandrin C were enhanced by the Bay K 8644 (L-type Ca2+ channel agonist) and glibenclamide (K+ channel blocker), were abolished by the nifedipine (L-type Ca2+ channel blocker) and diazoxide (K+ channel activator). Moreover, schisandrin C enhanced glucose uptake with no toxic effects on C2C12 cells. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of associated proteins, including insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), PI3K, Akt, glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT-4), was increased in C2C12 cells after treatment with schisandrin C. Schisandrin C may improve hyperglycemia by enhancing insulin secretion in pancreatic ß-cells and improving glucose uptake into skeletal muscle cells. Our findings may provide evidence that schisandrin C may be beneficial in devising novel anti-T2D strategies.

4.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679744

RESUMO

Similar to other organs, the skin undergoes a natural aging process. Moreover, constant direct exposure to environmental stresses, including ultraviolet irradiation, causes the signs of skin aging to appear rather early. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory responses accelerate skin damage in extrinsic aging. In this study, we aimed to investigate the skin protective effects of polymethoxyflavones found in Kaempferia parviflora against oxidative stress and inflammation-induced damage in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) stimulated by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The experimental data identified 5,7,4' trimethoxyflavone (TMF) as the most potent constituent in preventing TNF-α-induced HDF damage among the tested compounds and it was not only effective in inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) production but also in stimulating collagen, type I, and alpha 1 (COLIA1) expression. TMF suppressed TNF-α-stimulated generation of ROS and pro-inflammatory mediators, such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-6 in HDFs. TMF also inhibited the pathways regulating fibroblast damage, including mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), activator protein 1 (AP-1), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In conclusion, TMF may be a potential agent for preventing skin aging and other dermatological disorders associated with oxidative stress and inflammation.

5.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497375

RESUMO

A new α-pyrone analog, arthrifuranone A (1) was isolated from an EtOAc-extract of Arthrinium pseudosinense culture medium. The isolation workflow was guided by a Molecular Networking-based dereplication strategy. The chemical structure of the new compound was elucidated using MS and NMR spectroscopic techniques, and the absolute configuration was established by the Mosher's method and gauge-including atomic orbital NMR chemical shift calculations, followed by DP4 + analysis. The isolated compound was evaluated for its estrogenic activity using the MCF-7 estrogen responsive human breast cancer cells. Compound 1 showed estrogenic activity by increasing the proliferation of MCF-7 cells at the concentration of 3.125 µM via phosphorylation of estrogen receptor-α.

6.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356600

RESUMO

Centipeda minima (L.) A. Braun & Asch is a well-studied plant in Chinese medicine that is used for the treatment of several diseases. A recent study has revealed the effects of extract of Cetipeda minima (CMX) standardized by brevilin A in inducing hair growth. However, the mechanism of action of CMX in human hair follicle dermal papilla cells (HFDPCs) has not yet been identified. We aimed to investigate the molecular basis underlying the effect of CMX on hair growth in HFDPCs. CMX induced the proliferation of HFDPCs, and the transcript-level expression of Wnt family member 5a (Wnt5a), frizzled receptor (FZDR), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was upregulated. These results correlated with an increase in the expression of growth-related factors, such as VEGF and IGF-1. Immunoblotting and immunocytochemistry further revealed that the phosphorylation of ERK and JNK was enhanced by CMX in HFDPCs, and ß-catenin accumulated significantly in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, CMX substantially induced the expression of Wnt signaling-related proteins, such as GSK phosphorylation and ß-catenin. This study supports the hypothesis that CMX promotes hair growth and secretion of growth factors via the Wnt/ß-catenin, ERK, and JNK signaling pathways. In addition, computational predictions of drug-likeness, together with ADME property predictions, revealed the satisfactory bioavailability score of CMX compounds, exhibiting high gastrointestinal absorption. We suggest that CMX could be used as a promising treatment for hair regeneration and minimization of hair loss.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Extratos Vegetais , Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico , Alopecia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
7.
Mar Drugs ; 19(8)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436304

RESUMO

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells is a crucial process in cancer cell metastasis. An Aquimarina sp. MC085 extract was found to inhibit A549 human lung cancer cell invasion, and caprolactin C (1), a new natural product, α-amino-ε-caprolactam linked to 3-methyl butanoic acid, was purified through bioactivity-guided isolation of the extract. Furthermore, its enantiomeric compound, ent-caprolactin C (2), was synthesized. Both 1 and 2 inhibited the invasion and γ-irradiation-induced migration of A549 cells. In transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)-treated A549 cells, 2 inhibited the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 and suppressed the EMT cell marker proteins (N-cadherin, ß-catenin, and vimentin), as well as the related messenger ribonucleic acid expression (N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-9, Snail, and vimentin), while compound 1 did not suppress Smad2/3 phosphorylation and the expression of EMT cell markers. Therefore, compound 2 could be a potential candidate for antimetastatic agent development, because it suppresses TGF-ß-induced EMT.

8.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(7)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371773

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the estrogen-like effects of gentiopicroside, macelignan, γ-mangostin, and three lignans (schisandrol A, schisandrol B, and schisandrin C), and their possible mechanism of action. Their effects on the proliferation of the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) were evaluated using Ez-Cytox reagents. The expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), AKT, and estrogen receptor α (ERα) was measured by performing Western blot analysis. 17ß-estradiol (E2), also known as estradiol, is an estrogen steroid and was used as a positive control. ICI 182,780 (ICI), an ER antagonist, was used to block the ER function. Our results showed that, except for gentiopicroside, all the compounds promoted proliferation of MCF-7 cells, with schisandrol A being the most effective; this effect was better than that of E2 and was mitigated by ICI. Consistently, the expression of ERK, PI3K, AKT, and ERα increased following treatment with schisandrol A; this effect was slightly better than that of E2 and was mitigated by ICI. Taken together, the ERα induction via the PI3K/AKT and ERK signaling pathways may be a potential mechanism underlying the estrogen-like effects of schisandrol A. This study provides an experimental basis for the application of schisandrol A as a phytoestrogen for the prevention of menopausal symptoms.

9.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356676

RESUMO

Genistein (4,5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone) is abundant in various dietary vegetables, especially soybeans, and is known to have not only an estrogenic effect but also an antiadipogenic effect. Atorvastatin (dihydroxy monocarboxylic acid) is a statin used to prevent heart disease. Although genistein and atorvastatin have been reported to possess antiadipogenic effects, their combined effects are still unclear. The aim of the current study was to explore whether the combination of genistein and atorvastatin at low concentrations significantly suppresses adipogenesis in a murine preadipocyte cell line (3T3-L1) compared to treatment with genistein or atorvastatin alone. Our results showed that cotreatment with 50 µM genistein and 50 nM atorvastatin significantly suppressed preadipocyte differentiation, whereas when each compound was used alone, there was no inhibitory effect. Additionally, cotreatment with genistein and atorvastatin significantly downregulated adipogenic marker proteins, including mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ß (C/EBPß). This is the first evidence of the combined antiadipogenic effects of genistein and atorvastatin. Although additional experiments are required, combinational treatment with genistein and atorvastatin may be an alternative treatment for menopause-associated lipid metabolic disorders and obesity.


Assuntos
Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Genisteína/farmacologia , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo
10.
Biomolecules ; 11(7)2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356661

RESUMO

Estrogen replacement therapy is a treatment to relieve the symptoms of menopause. Many studies suggest that natural bioactive ingredients from plants resemble estrogen in structure and biological functions and can relieve symptoms of menopause. The fruit of V. rotundifolia, called "Man HyungJa" in Korean, is a traditional medicine used to treat headache, migraine, eye pain, neuralgia, and premenstrual syndrome in Korea and China. The aim of the present study was to confirm that V. rotundifolia fruit extract (VFE) exerts biological functions similar to those of estrogen in menopausal syndrome. We investigated its in vitro effects on MCF-7 cells and in vivo estrogen-like effects on weight gain and uterine contraction in ovariectomized rats. Using the polar extract, the active constituents of VFE (artemetin, vitexicarpin, hesperidin, luteolin, vitexin, and vanillic acid) with estrogen-like activity were identified in MCF-7 cells. In animal experiments, the efficacy of VFE in ameliorating body weight gain was similar to that of estrogen, as evidenced from improvements in uterine atrophy. Vitexin and vitexicarpin are suggested as the active constituents of V. rotundifolia fruits.


Assuntos
Estrogênios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Vitex/química , Animais , Apigenina/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estrogênios não Esteroides/química , Feminino , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Medicina Tradicional Coreana , Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovariectomia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360887

RESUMO

The fruits of the mulberry tree (Morus alba L.), known as white mulberry, have been consumed in various forms, including tea, beverages, and desserts, worldwide. As part of an ongoing study to discover bioactive compounds from M. alba fruits, the anti-inflammatory effect of compounds from M. alba were evaluated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse RAW 264.7 macrophages. Phytochemical analysis of the ethanol extract of the M. alba fruits led to the isolation of 22 compounds. Among the isolated compounds, to the best of our knowledge, compounds 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, and 14-22 were identified from M. alba fruits for the first time in this study. Inhibitory effects of 22 compounds on the production of the nitric oxide (NO) known as a proinflammatory mediator in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages were evaluated using NO assays. Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5). We evaluated whether the anti-inflammatory effects of cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) following LPS stimulation in RAW 264.7 macrophages occurred because of phosphorylation of IκB kinase alpha (IKKα), IκB kinase beta (IKKß), inhibitor of kappa B alpha (IκBα), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and activations of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) significantly suppressed phosphorylations of IKKα, IKKß, IκBα, and NF-κB and activations of iNOS and COX-2 in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together, these results indicate that cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) can be considered a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammation-associated disorders.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Morus/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/antagonistas & inibidores , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
J Nat Prod ; 84(8): 2226-2237, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378933

RESUMO

Fourteen azaphilone-type polyketides (1-14), including nine new ones (1-6 and 8-10), were isolated from cultures of Vitex rotundifolia-associated Penicillium sp. JVF17, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis together with computational methods and chemical reactions. Neuroprotective effects of the isolated compounds were evaluated against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity. Treatment with compounds 3, 6, 7, and 11-14 increased cell viabilities of hippocampal neuronal cells damaged by glutamate, with compound 12 being the most potent. Compound 12 markedly decreased intracellular Ca2+ and nuclear condensation levels. Mechanistically, molecular markers of apoptosis induced by treatment with glutamate, i.e., phosphorylation of MAPKs and elevated Bax/Bcl-2 expression ratio, were significantly lowered by compound 12. The azaphilones with an isoquinoline core structure were more active than those with pyranoquinones, but N-substitution decreased the activity. This study, including the structure-activity relationship, indicates that the azaphilone scaffold is a promising lead toward the development of novel neuroprotective agents.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 49: 128326, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403725

RESUMO

Flowers of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch (Rosaceae), known as peach blossoms, have been reported to exert anti-obesity effects by improving hepatic lipid metabolism in obese mice. However, little is known regarding the anti-adipogenic effects of the phenolic compounds isolated from P. persica flowers. This study investigated the inhibitory effects of compounds extracted from P. persica flowers (PPF) on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 murine preadipocytes using adipogenic differentiation assays. Additionally, we compared the anti-adipogenic effects of the phenolic compounds isolated from PPF, such as prunasin amide (1), amygdalin amide (2), prunasin acid (3), mandelamide (4), methyl caffeate (5), ferulic acid (6), chlorogenic acid (7), benzyl α-l-xylpyranosyl-(1 â†’ 6)-ß-d-glucopyranoside (8), prunin (9), naringenin (10), nicotiflorin (11), astragalin (12), afzelin (13), and uridine (14), on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 murine preadipocytes. PPF and compounds 4-7 and 10 significantly inhibited adipogenesis. Among them, mandelamide (4) exhibited the maximum inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 36.04 ± 1.82 µM. Additionally, mandelamide downregulated the expression of key adipogenic markers, such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun-N-terminal kinase, P38, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ß, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ, and glucocorticoid receptor. These results indicate that mandelamide is an active ingredient of PPF possessing anti-obesity properties.

14.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 74(10): 752-757, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172938

RESUMO

Pulveroboletus ravenelii (Beck. et Curt.) Murr. (Boletaceae), commonly known as Ravenel's bolete, is an edible and medicinal mushroom, and is also used for preparing mushroom-based dyes. As part of a continuing project to discover the bioactive natural products from wild mushrooms, we analyzed the methanol (MeOH) extract of P. ravenelii to identify metabolites with the anticancer activity. Chemical analysis of the MeOH extract combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis led to the isolation of a phenolic compound, pulveraven A (PA), whose chemical structure was determined using a combination of 1D and 2D NMR and LC-MS analysis. In the present study, we investigated the cytotoxicity and anticancer mechanisms of pulveraven A using human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells, and demonstrated that it reduced cell viability of MCF-7 cells below 50% (71.74 ± 3.61 µM). Annexin V Alexa Fluor 488 binding assay and western blot results revealed that pulveraven A induced apoptotic cell death via the extrinsic apoptosis pathway, as indicated by the activation of initiator caspase-8 and executioner caspase-7. Furthermore, it was accompanied by an increase in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. These results suggest that pulveraven A induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells via the extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway.

15.
Bioorg Chem ; 114: 105064, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134032

RESUMO

Eight new naphtho[1,2-c]furan derivatives (1-8) along with six known analogues (9-14) were isolated from culture medium of the basidiomycete Basidioradulum radula. The structures of these compounds were identified using spectroscopic analysis, and their absolute configurations were resolved using X-ray diffraction, ECD, and VCD. Compounds 7 and 14 inhibited the cell viability of human prostate cancer DU-145 cells with IC50 values of 7.54 ± 0.03 µM and 5.04 ± 0.03 µM, respectively. At 8 µM, compounds 7 and 14 increased the percentage of apoptotic cells and upregulated the protein expression related to the apoptosis caspase pathways in DU-145 cells. Furthermore, the hallmarks of cells undergoing apoptosis, such as chromatin condensation, were also observed at this concentration. However, compound 7 and 14 showed no effect on the proliferation of splenocytes isolated from cyclophosphamide-induce immunosuppressed mice.

17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 43: 128096, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984475

RESUMO

Previously, we isolated six heterocyclic compounds (1-6) from the fruits of mulberry trees (Morus alba L.) and determined that loliolide affords rat pancreatic islet ß-cell (INS-1) protection against streptozotocin­induced cytotoxicity. In the present study, we further investigated the effect of the six heterocyclic compounds (1-6) on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in INS-1 cells. Among them, (R)­5­hydroxypyrrolidin­2­one(1) and indole (6) increased GSIS without inducing cytotoxicity. Additionally, compounds 1 and 6 enhanced the phosphorylation of total insulin receptor substrate-2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and Akt, and activated pancreatic and duodenal homeobox-1, which play a crucial role in ß-cell functions related to insulin secretion. Collectively, these findings indicate that (R)­5­hydroxypyrrolidin­2­one(1) and indole (6), isolated from M. alba fruits, may be beneficial in managing type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Glucose/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Secreção de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glucose/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 41: 128012, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838305

RESUMO

Tacrolimus (FK506), a calcineurin inhibitor, is an effective immunosuppressive agent mainly used to lower the risk of organ rejection after allogeneic organ transplant. However, FK506-associated adverse effects, such as nephrotoxicity, may limit its therapeutic use. In this study, we confirmed that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), sanguiin H-6, and gallic acid increased cell survival following FK506-induced cytotoxicity in renal epithelial LLC-PK1. Among these compounds, gallic acid exerted the strongest protective effect, further confirmed in the FK506-induced nephrotoxicity rat model. Additionally, we identified supporting evidence for the nephroprotective function of gallic acid using molecular docking and bioavailability investigations.


Assuntos
Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Células LLC-PK1/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Syzygium/química , Tacrolimo/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ácido Gálico/química , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Suínos , Tacrolimo/farmacologia
19.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806640

RESUMO

Oxidative stress leads to protein degeneration or mitochondrial dysfunction, causing neuronal cell death. Glutamate is a neurotransmitter that nerve cells use to send signals. However, the excess accumulation of glutamate can cause excitotoxicity in the central nervous system. In this study, we deciphered the molecular mechanism of catechin-mediated neuroprotective effect on glutamate-induced oxidative stress in mouse hippocampal neuronal HT22 cells. Cellular antioxidant activity was determined using the 1,1-diphenyl-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) assay and 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) staining. Furthermore, the levels of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) as well as nuclear condensation and protein expression related to neuronal damage were assessed. All five catechins (epigallocatechin gallate, gallocatechin gallate (GCG), gallocatechin, epicatechin gallate, and epicatechin) showed strong antioxidant effects. Among them, GCG exhibited the highest neuroprotective effect against glutamate excitotoxicity and was used for further mechanistic studies. The glutamate-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ was reduced after GCG treatment. Moreover, GCG reduced nuclear condensation and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) involved in cell death. The neuroprotective effect of GCG against glutamate-induced oxidative stress in HT22 cells was attributed to the reduction in intracellular free radicals and Ca2+ influx and also the inhibition of phosphorylation of ERK and JNK. Furthermore, the antioxidant effect of GCG was found to be likely due to the inhibition of phosphorylation of ERK and JNK that led to the effective suppression of neurocytotoxicity caused by glutamate in HT22 cells.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Ácido Glutâmico/toxicidade , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Catequina/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Camundongos , Fosforilação
20.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(4)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806207

RESUMO

The skin is an important organ in the human body that protects the body from environmentally hazardous substances. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause inflammatory reactions and degradation of the extracellular matrix leading to skin aging and various cutaneous lesions. This study evaluated the potential of isoflavones isolated from Maclura tricuspidata fruit to prevent TNF-α-induced skin inflammation in normal human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). It focused on alpinumisoflavone (AIF) that suppressed the accumulation of ROS and nitric oxide (NO) in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-treated HDFs. AIF inhibited the TNF-α-induced increase in matrix metalloproteinase-1, decreased procollagen I α1, and suppressed pro-inflammatory mediators and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including NO synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8 that trigger inflammatory responses. AIF inhibited nuclear factor-κB and activating protein 1 mitogen-activated protein kinases that were increased by TNF-α stimulation. These results suggest that AIF may protect skin from aging and various cutaneous lesions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...