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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 412: 125214, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529835

RESUMO

Our previous study revealed PAHs' wide occurrence in corals from multiple coral reef regions (CRRs) in the South China Sea. However, little is known about their occurrence, distribution, fate, and sources in the ambient environment of these CRRs. This study aimed to resolve these research gaps. The results showed ∑15PAHs (total concentrations of 15 US EPA priority controlled PAHs exclude naphthalene) in the atmosphere (gas-phase: 0.31-49.6 ng m-3; particle-phase: 2.6-649 pg m-3) were mainly influenced by air mass origins. Southwesterly wind caused higher ∑15PAHs than the southeasterly wind. The ∑15PAHs in seawater from the nearshore (462 ± 244 ng L-1) was higher than that from offshore Zhongsha Islands (80.5 ± 72.1 ng L-1) because of the effect of terrigenous pollution and ocean current. Source apportionment indicated that the mixed sources of spilled oil and combustion from neighboring countries were the main contributors to PAHs in these CRRs. The total deposition fluxes showed that PAHs tended to migrate from the atmosphere to seawater. Global warming may inhibit this process, but PAHs still have a migration pattern of atmosphere-ocean-corals, which will further increase the environmental pressure on coral reef ecology.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 752: 141882, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889286

RESUMO

Antibiotic residues in mariculture environments have been detected globally, while little information is available about their dynamic levels, source, behavior, and fate during the whole culture process. In this study, the dynamic occurrence, bioaccumulation, source, fate, and human dietary risk of 19 antibiotics were investigated in different breeding stages of mariculture ponds near the Maowei Sea, South China. Fourteen antibiotics, including three sulfonamides (SAs), five fluoroquinolones (FQs), three macrolides (MLs), and two chloramphenicols (CAPs), were detected in the mariculture ponds, with FQs being the most abundant antibiotics. Significant variations of antibiotic concentration occurred during the whole culture process. Severe weather, especially typhoons and rainstorms, resulted in the average highest levels of ∑19antibiotics (mean: 567 ng L-1) in mariculture ponds. The source apportionment estimated for the mariculture ponds showed that direct application was the primary source of antibiotics (91.2%). The antibiotics in mariculture ponds were mainly discharged through aquaculture wastewater (65.8%) and settling particles (33.8%). The estimated annual input of antibiotics into the Maowei Sea was 2.24 times higher through the two main rivers (48.0 kg a-1) than through the mariculture wastewater (24.1 kg a-1). The apparent bioaccumulation factors (ABAFs) confirmed that young and adult tilapia accumulated more sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and norfloxacin (NOX), respectively. The result from the estimated daily intakes suggested that the antibiotics in the seafood could not pose a risk to human health by dietary exposure assessment. CAPSULE: Big variation of antibiotic concentration occurred during the whole culture process in the mariculture farms, and the storm increased antibiotic application.


Assuntos
Tanques , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Antibacterianos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15179, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938983

RESUMO

Seventy-five wild tilapia samples from six rivers (ten sites) in Guangxi province were collected and analyzed for 53 organochlorine compounds. DDTs, endosulfan, and PCBs were the most dominant compounds found in this study. Tiandong County (TD) and Guigang City (GG) sites were found to be heavily contaminated with high levels of endosulfan (385-925 ng/g lw) and/or DDTs (20.1-422 ng/g lw). The diagnostic ratios indicated that the residues of DDTs and endosulfan in wild tilapia are associated with historical applications as well as the recent introduction of technical DDTs and endosulfan at some sampling sites. The correlation between total length, body mass, and organochlorines (OCs) was higher than the correlation between age and lipid content. There was no significant correlation between organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and lipid content. Therefore, for organisms, the feeding intensity (related to length and mass) of fish could better reflect degree of pollution than exposure time (age) of fish. The hazardous ratios for the 50th and 95th percentile data of OCPs and PCBs in fish were both below 1, suggesting that daily exposure to OCPs and PCBs yields a lifetime cancer risk lower than 1 in 10,000.

4.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(11): 12280-12292, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993906

RESUMO

Aerobic CH4 oxidation coupled to denitrification (AME-D) can not only mitigate the emission of greenhouse gas (e.g., CH4) to the atmosphere, but also reduce NO3- and/or NO2- and alleviate nitrogen pollution. The effects of O2 tension on the community and functional gene expression of methanotrophs and denitrifiers were investigated in this study. Although higher CH4 oxidation occurred in the AME-D system with an initial O2 concentration of 21% (i.e., the O2-sufficient condition), more NO3--N was removed at the initial O2 concentration of 10% (i.e., the O2-limited environment). Type I methanotrophs, including Methylocaldum, Methylobacter, Methylococcus, Methylomonas, and Methylomicrobium, and type II methanotrophs, including Methylocystis and Methylosinus, dominated in the AME-D systems. Compared with type II methanotrophs, type I methanotrophs were more abundant in the AME-D systems. Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria were the main denitrifiers in the AME-D systems, and their compositions varied with the O2 tension. Quantitative PCR of the pmoA, nirS, and 16S rRNA genes showed that methanotrophs and denitrifiers were the main microorganisms in the AME-D systems, accounting for 46.4% and 24.1% in the O2-limited environment, respectively. However, the relative transcripts of the functional genes including pmoA, mmoX, nirK, nirS, and norZ were all less than 1%, especially the functional genes involved in denitrification under the O2-sufficient condition, likely due to the majority of the denitrifiers being dormant or even nonviable. These findings indicated that an optimal O2 concentration should be used to optimize the activity and functional gene expression of aerobic methanotrophs and denitrifiers in AME-D systems.


Assuntos
Metano , Microbiota , Desnitrificação , Oxirredução , Oxigênio , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Microbiologia do Solo
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