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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 1087-1093, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term outcomes of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer were fully evaluated in patients older than 75 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study selected patients who received esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Patients were divided into non-elderly patients [age <75 years (non-elderly group)] and elderly patients [age ≥75 years (elderly group)]. The postoperative surgical morbidity, postoperative 30-days mortality, recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were evaluated between the non-elderly group and elderly group. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients were evaluated in this study. Ninety-eight patients and 24 patients were classified into the non-elderly group and elderly group, respectively. The postoperative surgical complication rates in the non-elderly and elderly groups were 71.4% and 75.0%. There was not a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.710). Mortality was observed in 1 patient in the elderly group (4.2%) due to cardiovascular disease. Significant differences were observed in the five-year OS and RFS rates of the elderly and non-elderly groups (55.4% vs. 29.7%, p=0.0017 and 42.2% vs. 21.2%, p=0.0334, respectively). CONCLUSION: Although the rate of postoperative surgical complications after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was almost equal in the elderly and the non-elderly patients, significant differences were observed in the mortality and long-term outcomes of the two groups. Thus, the surgical strategy and perioperative care must be carefully planned for esophageal cancer patients older than 75 years of age.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 405-412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer through an analysis of the clinical, surgical and pathological data and through identifying which of these prognostic factors are associated with survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2798 patients who had undergone excision of the primary lesion and 122 patients with type IV gastric cancer undergoing curative resection (R0 or 1) at Yokohama City University Hospital and Kanagawa Cancer Center between November 1995 and May 2016. RESULTS: Borrmann type IV gastric cancer had more advanced and unfavorable clinicopathological factors compared to other types. The 5-year overall survival rate was 28%, and the median survival was 21.8 months. The overall survival rate was influenced by the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal lavage cytology (CY), stage and intraoperative blood loss. Of these, independent prognostic factors were intraoperative blood loss (<400 vs. ≥400 ml, risk ratio 1.64; p=0.045) and CY (0 vs. 1, risk ratio 2.25; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The control of intraoperative bleeding had a positive impact on the survival of patients receiving curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 443-449, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical influence of anastomotic leak (AL) on esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into those with AL and those without. The risk factors for overall (OS) and recurrence-free (RFS) survival were identified. RESULTS: AL was found in 44 out of the 122 patients (36.1%). The respective OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 43.9% and 40.2% in the AL group and 63.9% and 53.2% in the non-AL group, which were significantly different (p=0.0049). In contrast, the respective RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 44.8% and 29.8%, and 44.9% and 42.4%, which were not significantly different (p=0.2306). A multivariate analysis showed that AL was a significant independent risk factor for both poorer OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. CONCLUSION: To improve survival of patients with esophageal cancer, the surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy must be carefully planned in order to prevent AL.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 75-86, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The enzymes gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) and folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) regulate intracellular folate concentrations needed for cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, and repair. High GGH expression affects 5-FU thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition and is a risk factor for various malignancies. Here, the clinical significance of GGH and FPGS expression was investigated in Stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: Surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa, obtained from 253 patients with previously untreated gastric cancer, were examined. GGH and FPGS mRNA expression was measured by qPCR to evaluate their clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer patients after curative resection. RESULTS: While FPGS expression showed no significant differences between the cancerous and normal samples, GGH expression was higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH expression was correlated with age, histological type, and vascular invasion. Overall survival (OS) of patients with high GGH mRNA expression was significantly poorer than of patients with low GGH expression. Multivariate analysis showed that high GGH expression was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR: 2.58, 95% CI 1.29-5.16). Patients who received S-1 adjuvant treatment showed a significantly poor OS between high GGH/low FPGS and low GGH/high FPGS. Patients without adjuvant treatment showed no significant difference. CONCLUSION: GGH expression was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH and low FPGS expression is a useful independent predictor of poor outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Peptídeo Sintases/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/enzimologia , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Peptídeo Sintases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/genética
5.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 461-467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a soluble proteoglycan which has important role in various biological events. We investigated the impact of the ESM-1 expression in cancer tissues on outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ESM-1 mRNA expression in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 253 patients was measured. The associations between the ESM-1 gene expression and the survival and clinicopathological features were investigated. RESULTS: A significant association was observed between high ESM-1 expression and undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. The overall survival curve was significantly lower in patients with high ESM-1 expression than in those with low expression (p=0.005). High ESM-1 expression was a significant independent prognosticator (HR=2.291, p=0.007). CONCLUSION: ESM-1 gene expression in cancerous tissues is an important prognosticator in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy.

6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6567-6573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The KIAA1199 gene has been associated with cancer-cell proliferation, but its functions remain poorly studied. Here, we examined the clinical significance of the KIAA1199 mRNA levels in locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods/Results: Using samples from 254 patients with stage II/III GC, we found significantly higher KIAA1199 levels in cancerous tissues compared to adjacent normal mucosa (ANM). There was no significant relationship between KIAA1199 expression and clinical features. Although overall survival rates (OSR) of patients, who underwent surgery did not correlate with KIAA1199 expression, patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and had high KIAA1199 levels displayed significantly lower OSR. KIAA1199 knock down (KIAA1199-KD) suppressed proliferation, invasiveness, and sensitivity of GC cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). CONCLUSION: KIAA1199 expression appears to be a promising prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC, who underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. KIAA1199 may represent a novel target for GC pharmacotherapy.


Assuntos
Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
J Cancer ; 10(22): 5527-5535, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632496

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the short- and long-term outcomes were affected by the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) in patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer. Methods: The patients were retrospectively selected from among the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with nodal dissection for gastric cancer at Yokohama City University and Kanagawa Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2015. Results: A total of 2254 patients were eligible for inclusion in the present study. One thousand six hundred fifty-six patients had an ACCI of <6 points (ACCI low group), while 598 had a score of ≥6 points (ACCI high group). The median age (p<0.001) and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) score (p<0.001) of the ACCI high group were higher in comparison to the ACCI low group. The incidence of surgical complications in the ACCI high group was significantly higher than that in the ACCI low group (12.0% vs. 7.2%, p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant risk factor for postoperative complications. In addition, the 5-year OS rates of the ACCI low and ACCI high groups were 85.4% and 74.1%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). The univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant prognostic factor for OS. Conclusions: Our results support that a high ACCI value is an independent risk factor for the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with gastric cancer. To improve the survival of patients with gastric cancer, it is necessary to carefully plan the perioperative care and the surgical strategy according to the ACCI.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5715-5720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The PRKCI gene encodes Protein kinase C iota. The overexpression of protein kinase C iota is associated with poor outcomes in patients with gastric and other cancers, but the role of the PRKCI gene in gastric cancer is not fully understood. Thus, we evaluated the clinical significance of PRKCI gene expression in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRKCI mRNA expression levels in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 398 patients with gastric cancer were measured. Relationships between PRKCI gene expression and clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Overall survival was lower in patients with a high expression of PRKCI than in those with low expression (p=0.016). No other relationships were observed. A high PRKCI expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor (p=0.036, HR=1.44, 95%CI=1.02-2.02). CONCLUSION: PRKCI gene expression in cancerous tissue might be a useful prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica/genética , Isoenzimas/genética , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
9.
J Cancer ; 10(11): 2450-2456, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258750

RESUMO

Aims: We previously demonstrated that a loss of lean body mass loss at one month after gastrectomy was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether or not lean body mass loss after gastrectomy leads to a poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. Methods: The recurrence free survival (RFS) overall survival (OS) and were examined in 115 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between May 2011 and September 2016. Results: The median follow-up period was 40.6 months. The RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 57.8% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 73.5% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The univariate and multivariate analyses for the disease free survival (RFS) demonstrated that a lean body mass loss >5% was a significant risk factor. The OS rates at 5 years after surgery were 72.0% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 77.3% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The OS was slightly worse in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group than in the lean body mass loss <5% group (p=0.2062). Conclusions: The lean body mass loss at one month, which is closely associated with poor S-1 compliance, was an important risk factor for the RFS. A prospective cohort study is necessary to confirm whether or not the lean body mass loss affects the gastric cancer survival.

10.
Anticancer Res ; 39(5): 2671-2678, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Postoperative pneumonia after esophageal cancer can lead to additional pain, prolonged hospital stay, and respiratory failure. These adverse events might lead to early recurrence and/or death. We investigated the influence of postoperative pneumonia on the esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into: i) those with postoperative pneumonia (pneumonia group) and ii) those without postoperative pneumonia (non-pneumonia group). The risk factors for the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. The rate of postoperative pneumonia was measured by the revised Uniform Pneumonia Score. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were found in 34 of the 122 patients (27.9%). The OS rate at 5 years following surgery was 28.2% in the pneumonia group and 55.1% in the non-pneumonia group (p=0.006). The RFS rate at 5 years after surgery was 18.9% in the pneumonia group and 49.2% in the non-pneumonia group (p=0.061). A multivariate analysis showed that postoperative pneumonia was a significant independent risk factor for OS. CONCLUSION: The development of postoperative pneumonia was a risk factor for a decreased overall survival in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. The surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy should be carefully planned in order to avoid postoperative pneumonia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/patologia , Pneumonia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(3): 595-597, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914625

RESUMO

In a 65-year-old woman, anemia was observed during outpatient follow-up after right lung cancer surgery, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed for examination.Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a Type 2 tumor on the small curvature in the middle part of the stomach, and she was diagnosed with gastric cancer.Distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection and BillrothⅠ reconstruction was performed for the gastric cancer.There were no postoperative complications, and she was discharged on the ninth day after surgery.The pathological diagnosis was gastric cancer, ML, Less, Type 2, 67×55×15 mm, muc>sig>por, pT4a(SE)N2M0, fStage ⅢB.S -1 adjuvant chemotherapy was administered, but then discontinued in the second course due to the development of adverse events.Reflux symptoms appeared after the surgery, and her dietary intake was poor.Her body weight and serum albumin level at 3 and 5 months after surgery were 51 kg and 52.5 kg, respectively, and 3.2 g/dL and 2.7 g/dL, respectively.Because there was no improvement in the reflux symptom, oral administration of acotiamide hydrochloride was initiated 7 months after the surgery.After initiating oral intake of acotiamide hydrochloride, her dietary intake improved, and her body weight and serum albumin level at 11 and 15 months after surgery were 54 kg and 57 kg, respectively, and 3.0 g/dL and 2.7 g/dL, respectively.Peritoneal recurrence was observed 23 months after surgery, and her oral intake decreased, but the recurrence of reflux symptoms was not observed.Acotiamide hydrochloride could be an option for the treatment of reflux symptoms after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Esofagite Péptica , Gastroenterostomia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tiazóis , Idoso , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Esofagite Péptica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico
12.
In Vivo ; 33(2): 587-594, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level on survival in patients with esophageal cancer who received perioperative steroid therapy and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 115 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into those with a high CRP level (≥4.0 mg/dl) on postoperative day 4 and those with low CRP level (<4.0 mg/dl). The risk factors for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: The OS and RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were significantly low in patients with high CRP level on postoperative day 4. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that high CRP level on postoperative day 4 was a significant independent risk factor for OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that the postoperative CRP level can be a prognosticator in patients with esophageal cancer who have received perioperative steroid therapy and ERAS care.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Cefazolina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(2): 1073-1078, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight, especially lean body mass, significantly decreases after gastrectomy. Postoperative surgical complications are a major risk factor for changes in body weight and body composition after gastrectomy. However, the influence of postoperative surgical complications after gastrectomy on body weight and body composition changes remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer between May 2010 and February 2017. Their body weight and composition were evaluated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before surgery, and at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery. Patients were classified as those with surgical complications and those without. RESULTS: Eight hundred and eighty-eight patients (156 in the group with complications and 732 in the group without) were entered in the present study. When comparing the two groups, the patients' background and surgical factors significantly differed, while the pathological findings were similar. The body weight losses at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery were 3.8%, 7.0%, and 10.4%, respectively, in those with complications, and 3.3%, 5.6%, and 6.8%, respectively, in the group without, with p-values of 0.001, 0.002, and 0.001, respectively. The corresponding lean body mass losses were 3.7%, 6.5%, and 6.8%, and 3.2%, 4.2%, and 3.5%, respectively, with p-values of 0.001, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively. CONCLUSION: Decreases in body weight and lean body mass after gastrectomy were more serious in the patients with surgical complications than in those without. To maintain body weight and lean body mass in patients with surgical complications, additional care or treatments are needed.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
In Vivo ; 33(1): 221-227, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30587627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight, especially lean body mass, significantly decreases after gastrectomy for gastric cancer due to surgical invasion, reduced food intake, and reduced mobility, which can reduce the quality of life and induce associated toxicity or reduce compliance with adjuvant chemotherapy. Such risks can be particularly high in elderly patients with gastric cancer. However, whether or not changes in the weight and body composition differ between elderly and non-elderly patients remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer between May 2010 and February 2017. Body weight and composition were evaluated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before surgery, at 1 week after surgery, and at 1 and at 3 months after surgery. Patients were classified as elderly (≥80 years) or non-elderly (<80 years). RESULTS: Eight-hundred and eighty-eight patients (84 elderly and 804 non-elderly) were entered into the present study. Patient background, surgical and clinicopathological factors, and surgical complications did not significantly differ between the two groups. Body weight loss at 1 week, and at 1 and 3 months after surgery, defined as the decrease from the preoperative value, were -2.8%, -6.5%, and -9.0%, respectively, in the elderly and -3.5%, -6.0%, and -8.1%, respectively, in the non-elderly patients (p=0.111, 0.125, and 0.153, respectively). The corresponding losses of lean body mass were -2.6%, -6.0%, and -6.4%, respectively, in the elderly and -3.5%, -4.9%, and -4.7%, respectively, in the non-elderly patients, with p-values of 0.056, 0.036, and 0.029, respectively. CONCLUSION: Decreases in lean body mass after gastrectomy were greater in elderly than in non-elderly patients. In order to maintain lean body mass among elderly patients, additional care and treatments are needed.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Perda de Peso
15.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(10): 1489-1491, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30382054

RESUMO

Although chemotherapy is the standard treatment for unresectable advanced gastric cancer, its prognosis is poor and the median survival time is only around 10 months. With some literature consideration, we report that ovarian metastasis triggered the diagnosis of unresectable advanced gastric cancer with long-term survival through multidisciplinary treatment. This is the case of a 69-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with ovarian tumor and underwent right extracorporectomy and omentum resection in 2011. Pathological diagnosis suspected adenocarcinoma. In February 2012, EGD found a type 4 tumor in the upper portion of the pyloric area of the stomach. She was diagnosed with gastric cancer with Stage IV(T4aN0M1 [ovary])ovarian metastasis. Because the primary tumor was HER2 positive, XP plus HER therapy(capecitabine 1,000mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days, CDDP 80mg/m2 every 3 weeks on the first day, and trastuzumab 8 mg/kg every 3 weeks on the first day)was administered since March 2012. No metastasis was found in the imaging examination after 8 courses of chemotherapy, and we also confirmed the reduction of the primary tumor in the EGD. Based on the images, primary resection was already possible. In December 2012, after a diagnostic laparoscopy, total gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative pathology was diagnosed as Stage IV(pT4aN0M1). To control postoperative micrometastasis, capecitabine therapy(1,000mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days)was administered for 12 months starting from February 2013. Then, recurrence and metastasis were not observed during follow-up. However, in January 2017, a circumstellar stenotic tumor was found in the rectum and was diagnosed as recurrence of peritoneal dissemination through images. In February 2017, artificial ostomy(in the sigmoid colon, double-mouth type)was made. Then, the patient underwent an outpatient chemotherapy, with hospital visits, and she survives.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
In Vivo ; 32(6): 1513-1518, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer may prevent the loss of body weight or lean body mass after surgery due to its reduced surgical stress compared with open total gastrectomy (OTG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 303 patients were examined in this study. All patients received the same perioperative care via fast-track surgery. The body weight and composition were evaluated using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: Two hundred and eight patients received OTG, and 95 received LATG. Although the clinical T factor and N factor were significantly different between these two groups, other clinical factors were similar. The respective body weight loss (1 week/1 month/3 months) was -4.7%/-8.0%/-11.9% in the OTG group and -4.7%/-8.2%/-11.6% in the LATG group, that were not significantly different between the two groups at any time point of measurement (p=0.698/0.528/0.534, respectively). The respective lean body mass loss (1 week/1 month/3 months) was -4.2%/-6.4%/-7.4% in the OTG group and -4.0%/-5.8%/-6.2% in the LATG group, that were not significantly different between the groups (p=0.503/0.588/0.946, respectively). CONCLUSION: The body composition changes were similar between the OTG and LATG groups using the same perioperative care of fast-track surgery. Adopting a laparoscopic approach would not help in reducing loss of body weight or lean body mass after gastric cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
17.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 11(3): 280-283, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30129711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We describe an easy technique to connect the anvil and center rod of the EEA™ OrVil™. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The bulb tip of EEA OrVil was orally inserted slowly until the valve tip reached the esophageal stump. The surgeon inserted forceps while grasping the anvil from the right abdomen trocar. The circular stapler (EEA XL) was inserted via the cut-off stump of the lifted jejunum or remnant stomach through the intraumbilical incision. Then, the circular stapler was held with the shaft convex. When the automated stapler and center rod were confirmed to be completely aligned, the anvil and the main unit were connected, and the device was fired. DISCUSSION: Although we only reversed the direction of the circular stapler's shaft, this method improved the ease of the operation.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/instrumentação , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Grampeadores Cirúrgicos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 25(7): 2034-2043, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate whether postoperative infectious complications (ICs) are a risk factor for the prognosis in esophageal cancer patients who receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy by stratifying the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by esophagectomy between January 2011 and September 2015. Risk factors for overall survival (OS) were examined by Cox proportional hazard analyses. Pathological responders to neoadjuvant chemotherapy were defined as those with a tumor disappearance of more than one-third of the initial tumor. Postoperative ICs were defined using the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients examined, 45 (40.5%) developed postoperative ICs. A pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 54 (48.6%) patients. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative ICs were a significant independent risk factor for the OS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.359; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.057-5.263, p = 0.036). In the subset analysis, postoperative ICs were a marginally significant independent risk factor for OS in the nonresponders (HR 2.862; 95% CI 0.942-8.696, p = 0.063) but not in the responders (HR 0.867; 95% CI 0.122-6.153, p = 0.886). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that the negative survival impact of postoperative ICs can be canceled out in esophageal cancer patients who respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/patologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(4): 755-757, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29650858

RESUMO

The patient is a 51-year-old man.Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed gigantic type 3 gastric cancer.Enhanced abdominal CT demonstrated a gigantic mass of 15×7 cm in the stomach, and a large number of peritoneal dissemination with moderate amount of ascites.The patient was diagnosed with cT4aN3bM1(peritoneal dissemination), Stage IV gastric cancer(JPN ver8)and was treated by chemotherapy with docetaxel(40mg/m / 2 day 1)plus cisplatin(60mg/m2 day 1)plus S-1(80mg/m2 day 1-14).After 7 courses of chemotherapy, peritoneal dissemination was disappeared.The patient received total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy as a conversion surgery.The pathological findings revealed a T0N0M0, stage 0; the tumor was determined to be Grade 3 owing to the chemotherapeutic effect.Without postoperative adjuvant therapy, the patient is alive without recurrence at the 5 years follow-up after operation.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel , Combinação de Medicamentos , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/administração & dosagem
20.
Gastric Cancer ; 21(3): 569-572, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic efficacy of dissection of the splenic hilar lymph nodes (#10) has not been fully evaluated in locally advanced proximal gastric cancer (LAGC) invading the greater curvature of the stomach. METHODS: Patients with LAGC invading the greater curvature who underwent D2 total gastrectomy with splenectomy between January 2000 and May 2015 were retrospectively examined. The therapeutic value index was calculated by multiplying the metastatic rate of a station and the 5-year survival of patients with metastasis to that station; the metastatic rate and the index of each lymph node station were then compared. RESULTS: In total, 82 patients were eligible for the present study. The most frequent metastatic node was #3, followed by #1, #4d and #7, #2, #4sa and #10, and #4sb and #9. These lymph nodes had a metastatic rate of more than 10%. The node station with the highest index was #3, followed by #7, #4d, #1, #4sb, #4sa, #2, and #9. The index of #10 was lower, but exceeded those of #8a and #11p. CONCLUSIONS: The metastatic rate of #10 was relatively high at 13%, and the therapeutic value index was as high as those of other suprapancreatic nodes. D2 dissection for proximal cancer located in the greater curvature should include removal of node #10.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esplenectomia
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