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1.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 153(1): 154-159, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether group prenatal care (PNC) increased key services and educational topics women reported receiving, compared with individual PNC in Malawi and Tanzania. METHODS: Data come from a previously published randomized trial (n=218) and were collected using self-report surveys. Late pregnancy surveys asked whether women received all seven services and all 13 topics during PNC. Controlling for sociodemographics, country, and PNC attendance, multivariate logistic regression used forward selection to produce a final model showing predictors of receipt of all key services and topics. RESULTS: In multivariate logistic regression, women in group PNC were 2.49 times more likely to receive all seven services than those in individual care (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78-3.48) and 5.25 times more likely to have received all 13 topics (95% CI 2.62-10.52). CONCLUSION: This study provides strong evidence that group PNC meets the clinical standard of care for providing basic clinical services and perinatal education for pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. The greater number of basic PNC services and educational topics may provide one explanatory mechanism for how group PNC achieves its impact on maternal and neonatal outcomes. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03673709, NCT02999334.


Assuntos
Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Educação Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Malaui , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Gestantes , Tanzânia , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 205, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has the world's highest rates of maternal and perinatal mortality and accounts for two-thirds of new HIV infections and 25% of preterm births. Antenatal care, as the entry point into the health system for many women, offers an opportunity to provide life-saving monitoring, health promotion, and health system linkages. Change is urgently needed, because potential benefits of antenatal care are not realized when pregnant women experience long wait times and short visits with inconsistent provisioning of essential services and minimal health promotion, especially for HIV prevention. This study answers WHO's call for the rigorous study of group antenatal care as a transformative model that provides a positive pregnancy experience and improves outcomes. METHODS: Using a hybrid type 1 effectiveness-implementation design, we test the effectiveness of group antenatal care by comparing it to individual care across 6 clinics in Blantyre District, Malawi. Our first aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of group antenatal care through 6 months postpartum. We hypothesize that women in group care and their infants will have less morbidity and mortality and more positive HIV prevention outcomes. We will test hypotheses using multi-level hierarchical models using data from repeated surveys (four time points) and health records. Guided by the consolidated framework for implementation research, our second aim is to identify contextual factors related to clinic-level degree of implementation success. Analyses use within and across-case matrices. DISCUSSION: This high-impact study addresses three global health priorities, including maternal and infant mortality, HIV prevention, and improved quality of antenatal care. Results will provide rigorous evidence documenting the effectiveness and scalability of group antenatal care. If results are negative, governments will avoid spending on less effective care. If our study shows positive health impacts in Malawi, the results will provide strong evidence and valuable lessons learned for widespread scale-up in other low-resource settings. Positive maternal, neonatal, and HIV-related outcomes will save lives, impact the quality of antenatal care, and influence health policy as governments make decisions about whether to adopt this innovative healthcare model. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov registration number NCT03673709. Registered on September 17, 2018.


Assuntos
Saúde do Lactente , Saúde Materna , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Malaui , Gravidez
3.
Nurs Ethics ; 26(5): 1361-1372, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses are expected to provide comprehensive, holistic and ethically accepted care according to their code of ethics and practice. However, in Malawi, this is not always the case. This article analyses moral competence concept using the Walker and Avant's strategy of concept analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to analyse moral competence concept in relation to nursing practice and determine defining attributes, antecedents and consequences of moral competence in nursing practice. METHOD: Analysis of moral competence concept was done using Walker and Avant's strategy of concept analysis. RESULTS: Deductive analysis was used to find the defining attributes of moral competence, which were kindness, compassion, caring, critical thinking, ethical decision making ability, problem solving, responsibility, discipline, accountability, communication, solidarity, honesty, and respect for human values, dignity and rights. The identified antecedents were personal, cultural and religious values; nursing ethics training, environment and guidance. The consequences of moral competence are team work spirit, effective communication, improved performance and positive attitudes in providing nursing care. CONCLUSION: Moral competence can therefore be used as a tool to improve care in nursing practice to meet patients' problems and needs and consequently increase public's satisfaction in Malawi.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Princípios Morais , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Humanos , Malaui
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