Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 133
Filtrar
2.
Med Sci (Basel) ; 9(4)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698239

RESUMO

Preexisting diabetes mellitus (DM) should be ruled out early in pregnancy in those at risk. During screening, a significant proportion of women do not reach the threshold for overt DM but fulfill the criteria used for diagnosing conventional gestational DM (cGDM). There is no consensus on the management of pregnancies with intermediate levels of hyperglycemia thus diagnosed. We have used the term early gestational DM (eGDM) for this condition and reviewed the currently available literature. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) are the commonly employed screening tools in early pregnancy. Observational studies suggest that early pregnancy FPG and Hba1c correlate with the risk of cGDM and adverse perinatal outcomes. However, specific cut-offs, including those proposed by the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group, do not reliably predict the development of cGDM. Emerging data, though indicate that FPG ≥ 92 mg/dL (5.1 mmol/L), even in the absence of cGDM, signals the risk for perinatal complication. Elevated HbA1c, especially a level ≥ 5.9%, also correlates with the risk of cGDM and worsened outcome. HbA1c as a diagnostic test is however besieged with the usual caveats that occur in pregnancy. The studies that explored the effects of intervention present conflicting results, including a possibility of fetal malnutrition and small-for-date baby in the early treatment group. Diagnostic thresholds and glycemic targets in eGDM may differ, and large multicenter randomized controlled trials are necessary to define the appropriate strategy.

3.
Endocrine ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664215

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of USP8, USP48, and BRAF mutations in patients with Cushing's disease (CD) from the Indian subcontinent, and determine their genotype-phenotype correlation. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 patients with CD who underwent surgery between September 2015 and July 2019 at our institute. Fresh frozen tumour tissue was obtained in all patients. Using Sanger sequencing, the presence of somatic USP8 mutations was documented and the frequency of USP48 and BRAF mutations in USP8 wild-type corticotroph adenomas was determined. Clinical, hormonal, and surgical data were then compared between USP8-, USP48- and BRAF-variant carriers and patients with wild-type tumours. RESULTS: Signature USP8 mutations were detected in 17 (37%) patients. Of the 29 USP8 wild-type adenomas, 4 (13.8%) harboured USP48 mutations, one of them being a splice-site mutation that has previously not been described. BRAF mutations were not found in any of the 29 patients. Corticotroph adenomas with USP8 mutations had a higher incidence of Crooke's hyaline change than wild-type tumours (70.6 vs. 37.9%, p = 0.032). Adenomas with USP48 mutations had a higher rate of cavernous sinus invasion than their wild-type counterparts (50 vs. 4%, p = 0.042). No other significant phenotypic difference could be established between mutant and wild-type tumours. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of USP8 mutations in our series of patients with CD was 37%. The prevalence of USP48 mutations in USP8 wild-type adenomas was 13.8%, including a novel splice-site mutation. BRAF mutations were not found in any USP8 wild-type tumour. USP8-mutants showed significantly more Crooke's hyaline change and USP48-mutants were more likely to demonstrate cavernous sinus invasion.

4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(9): 2283-2284, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580534

RESUMO

This clinical practice aid describes an 8D approach to the evaluation of difficult-to-treat (or difficult to- defeat) obesity. It assesses various causes of resistance or refractoriness to weight loss strategies under two domains: Approach and Analysis (evaluation), as well as Management and Monitoring. Lack of meaningful Dialogue, incorrect Definition of Desired endpoints; missed Diagnosis of secondary obesity or characterization of Disease comorbidity/ Dysfunction; lack of Discipline, inappropriate Drug choice, dosage or administration; and Defective monitoring strategies or presence of "Dead weight" These causes, presented in a reader-friendly, pragmatic manner, make the concept relevant and useful for the obesity care provider.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Perda de Peso , Comorbidade , Humanos , Liraglutida , Obesidade/epidemiologia
5.
J Midlife Health ; 12(2): 103-107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526743

RESUMO

Gender is an important risk factor for the development of obesity. Female gender is associated with twice the risk of being overweight or having obesity. Women are also at higher risk for developing obesity-related physical and psychological comorbidities and have a twofold higher mortality risk than overweight men. Several risk factors have been described to explain the gender bias associated with an obese phenotype and these disparities have far-reaching implications on the medical, psychosocial, and the economical impact of an individual. Despite extensive awareness about gender differences related to obesity, this is still considered as an unchartered territory in obesity medicine. This is probably because of the complex multiple dimensions involved with the understanding of subject coupled with the lack of composite outcomes measures that could assist in the study of these factors. In this scoping review, we share the existing literature regarding the magnitude of gender disparities and gender discrimination in people living with obesity. We describe key factors leading to this gender bias and the impact of this discrimination on the psychological, social, and metabolic health of a given individual with obesity. We also discuss the possible implications of gender disparities on treatment of obesity which may help reduce the current mortality gap between overweight women and men.

6.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532782

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is dearth of data on prevalent vertebral fractures in perimenopausal women in India and limited literature on the utility of FSH, AMH and estradiol in evaluating bone health them. The objective was to study the prevalence of vertebral fractures (VF) and to assess the utility of FSH, estradiol and AMH in predicting them in Indian perimenopausal women MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study. Perimenopausal women aged 40-49 years underwent assessment for prevalent vertebral fractures, bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS). Utility of serum FSH, estradiol and AMH in predicting prevalent vertebral fractures was also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 300 perimenopausal women with mean (SD) age of 43.2 (2.8) years was recruited and 18% had moderate-severe VF. Mean (SD) serum AMH was lower in perimenopausal women with VF as compared to those without fractures [0.752 (0.594) vs 1.023 (0.704) P = 0.006]. AMH showed significant positive correlation with TBS (r = 0.3; P < 0.001) and BMD at the femoral neck (r = 0.2; P < 0.001) and lumbar spine (r = 0.3; P < 0.001).On ROC analysis, AMH demonstrated good performance in predicting prevalent VF with an AUC of 0.800 (95% CI 0.705-0.880) and a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 60% at a cut-off of 1.12 ng/mL. On an exploratory multivariate logistic regression analysis, AMH significantly predicted prevalent fractures with an adjusted OR (OR) of 1.85 (95% CI: 1.03-3.00; P = 0.04). The performance of FSH and estradiol in predicting prevalent fractures was sub-optimal. CONCLUSION: About one-fifth of the study subjects had prevalent vertebral fractures. AMH may be a menstrual cycle independent biomarker and may reflect bone loss in perimenopausal women. Further prospective studies are needed to validate these findings.

7.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(8): 2093-2096, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418039

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus has reached pandemic proportions throughout the globe. Though hyperglycaemia is the hall mark feature of diabetes, there are several variations in its etiology, clinical presentation, and associated complications. Some of these variations have been distinctly described in specific regions and ethnicities across India and other regions in the world. In this commentary we describe these endemic syndromes associated with diabetes to improve their awareness, recognition and management. A focused attention on these relatively neglected clinical challenges would encourage future discussion and research to address these conditions.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Síndrome
8.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(8): 2100-2102, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418041

RESUMO

Obesity has reached pandemic proportions globally and is now also affecting developing countries in the south Asian region. Though conventionally described as a non-communicable disease, in certain ways it can be transmitted from one individual to another. In this paper we describe the different ways in which obesity has been considered as a communicable disease. The role of gut microbiota in causing obesity, transfer of microbes causing changes in body composition, viral infections associated with human obesity and above all it being a socially contagious disease in view of rapid globalization, are few of the communicable attributes of obesity. This framework has also led to development of novel treatment strategies for managing this rapidly increasing pandemic.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Composição Corporal , Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia
9.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(7): 1900-1901, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410271

RESUMO

Obesity has reached pandemic proportions globally and its management requires a multipronged approach to ensure an effectual and sustainable response. Integrating behavioural therapy is an important component in obesity management and would often lead to improvement in the quality of care provided to patients with obesity. Though important, it is often complex and difficult to administer in a busy outpatient department. We propose a Motivation-Opportunity-Capability(MOC) model, using Michie et al's COM-B ideation as an inspiration. This provides a simple framework to understand the behaviour of a patient with obesity and suggest therapeutic strategies more likely to be effective in a person centric manner. Integration of the MOC model in existing obesity management protocols would further help in improving outcomes of therapy and help in providing sustained weight loss.


Assuntos
Motivação , Manejo da Obesidade , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Obesidade/terapia , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
10.
Diabetes Ther ; 12(8): 2133-2147, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268675

RESUMO

This communication provides a contemporary classification of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP1RAs) based on indication, route, and frequency of administration, which could support a person-centric approach to treatment choice. It includes all recently developed GLP1RAs as well as those in advanced stages of clinical study. Keeping pace with current trends in pharmacology and metabolic medicine, it attempts to bring clarity and simplicity to a complex spread of information.

12.
J Hum Reprod Sci ; 14(2): 206-210, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34316240

RESUMO

The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia ranges from about 0.4% in an unselected adult population to as high as 9%-17% in women with reproductive disorders. It may cause infertility in about 11% of the oligospermic males. Rarely, the cause of persistently elevated prolactin remains obscure even after thorough work up. Macroprolactinemia is biologically inactive, high-molecular-weight form of prolactin resulting from its binding to immunoglobulin G, causing a decrease in its clearance. We report the case of a 35-year-old female, detected to have hyperprolactinemia on multiple tests, during routine work up for primary infertility. Secondary causes for the same were ruled out. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain excluded a prolactinoma. This prompted an estimation of prolactin levels after polyethylene glycol precipitation which showed a decrease to 5.58 ng/mL, with <40% recovery, confirming the presence of macroprolactin. Thus, persistently elevated prolactin levels in the background of negative neurological imaging necessitate the estimation of macroprolactin.

13.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 24(2): 211-216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220065

RESUMO

Background: Osteoporosis and sarcopenia are important aspects of motor neuron disease (MND). Individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (MND-ALS) have an increased risk of falls and fractures. Currently, the standard of care does not involve a routine assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition in these patients. We aimed to assess BMD, bone mineral parameters and body composition in men with MND and compared them with healthy controls. Methods: Consecutive males between 50 and 80 years of age diagnosed as MND-ALS by revised El Escorial criteria and able to walk unassisted attending Neurology outpatient clinic were recruited into the study. Age, gender and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy controls were recruited from the local community. BMD and body composition were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Bone mineral parameters and bone turnover markers (BTMs) were also assessed in them. Results: A total of 30 subjects with MND-ALS and 33 controls were recruited. The mean age (years) was 59.2 in cases and 61.2 in controls. The mean BMD (g/cm2) between the two groups was similar; however, BTMs were significantly higher in the MND group (P < 0.05). Subjects with MND-ALS had significantly lower mean appendicular lean mass (ALM) (19.9 versus 22.4 kg; P = 0.007) and ALM corrected for BMI than the healthy control group (0.858 versus 0.934 kg/kg/m2; P = 0.034). Sarcopenic obesity (Percentage fat mass >27% + ALM/BMI <0.786 kg/kg/m2) was more prevalent in MND-ALS compared to controls (44.5% versus 16.7%; P = 0.03). Conclusion: Although BMD was not significantly different between subjects with MND-ALS and healthy controls, BTMs were significantly higher in the MND group indicating a high bone turnover state. Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity were also more in MND-ALS group than controls. Routine assessment for bone health parameters and body composition indices may be included in management of the patients with MND.

14.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(11): 3143-3154, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) are a rare subtype of non-functional pituitary adenoma. While it has been suggested that they are more aggressive and recur more frequently following excision, there is limited literature on the optimum treatment strategy for these tumors, especially regarding the role of radiation therapy in incompletely resected tumors. METHOD: We assimilated data from 62 SCAs and 238 other non-functional adenomas (ONAs), defined according to the WHO 2017 criteria that incorporates transcription factor analysis. We compared their clinicoradiological characteristics, such as hormonal levels, tumor configuration, size, and invasiveness. For 52 SCAs and 205 ONAs with serial follow-up imaging, we studied outcomes for progression after subtotal resection with or without radiation therapy or recurrence after gross total resection. Kaplan Meier analysis for recurrence or progression was used to determine the need for a differential treatment strategy for SCAs compared with other non-functional adenomas specifically concerning the role of radiotherapy. RESULTS: Patients with SCAs present at a younger age than ONAs (43.9 years vs. 48.2 years, p = 0.014), with larger (14.9 cc vs. 9.7 cc, p = 0.006) and more invasive adenomas (61.2% vs. 45.8%, p = 0.021). Overall, SCAs are more likely to recur or progress (48.7 vs. 15.7%, p < 0.001) following excision than ONAs, with significantly poorer event-free survival (Log rank test p < 0.001). Early adjuvant radiotherapy provides favorable outcomes among SCAs with postoperative residual tumor, on par with ONAs. Multivariate analysis identified male gender (HR: 2.217; p = 0.017), MIB index ≥ 3% (HR: 2.116; p = 0.012), and SCA tumor pathology (HR: 3.787; p < 0.001) as factors predicting recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this retrospective, single-center review of 300 non-functional adenomas, we conclude that silent corticotroph adenomas are an aggressive subtype of non-functional pituitary adenomas that are larger, more likely to be invasive, and tend to recur more frequently after a subtotal excision compared with other non-functional adenomas. A gross total resection must be attempted whenever possible and earlier adjuvant radiation is recommended when re-surgery for residual tumor is difficult.

15.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 102, 2021 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176015

RESUMO

The Indian Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ISBMR) has herein drafted clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis for the people of India. Implementation of the position statement in clinical practice is expected to improve the overall care of patients with osteoporosis in India. PURPOSE: In India, osteoporosis is a major public health problem. However, in the absence of any robust regional guidelines, the screening, treatment, and follow-up of patients with osteoporosis are lagging behind in the country. METHODS: The Indian Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ISBMR), which is a multidisciplinary group of physicians, researchers, dietitians, and epidemiologists and who study bone and related tissues, in their annual meeting, drafted the guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis that would be appropriate in a resource constraint setting like India. RESULTS: Diagnosis of osteoporosis can be made in a patient with minimal trauma fracture without the aid of any other diagnostic tools. In others, bone mineral density measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry remains the modality of choice. Data indicates that osteoporotic fractures occur at an earlier age in Indians than in the West; hence, screening for osteoporosis should begin at an earlier age. FRAX can be used for fracture risk estimation; however, it may underestimate the risk of future fractures in our population and still needs validation. Maintaining optimum serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels is essential, which, in most cases, would require regular vitamin D supplementation. Pharmacotherapy should be guided by the presence/absence of vertebral/hip fractures or the severity of risk based on clinical factors, although bisphosphonates remain the first choice in most cases. Regular follow-up is essential to ensure adherence and response to therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the position statement in clinical practice is expected to improve the overall care of patients with osteoporosis in India.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Humanos , Minerais , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco
16.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(4): 102166, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186375

RESUMO

AIMS: National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in India provide nationally comparable data on socio-demographic characteristics and anthropometric estimates. Present study was conducted to examine the prevalence of Indian adults who are living with overweight/obesity, their correlates, and trends observed between the last two rounds of the NFHS 2005-06 to 2015-16). METHODS: Socio-demographic characteristics and anthropometric estimates of respondents from NFHS round III & IV were analysed. Asian cut-offs were used for obesity classification. Of the total 198,754 and 811,808 eligible respondents, adults ≥18 years of age were included in the analysis. Prevalence and correlates were presented after taking into account stratification, clustering and sampling weights. GIS mapping was done to depict regional variations. RESULTS: Prevalence of men and women living with overweight/obesity were observed to be 38.4% and 36.2% respectively. Wide variations were observed in prevalence across the regions of India. Results of multivariate analysis showed that the strongest predictors for being overweight or obese were older age, currently in union, higher education, richest wealth quintile, and living in urban areas. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights the rising prevalence across the urban and rural locations and has implications for policy change based on the prevalence estimates.

17.
World Neurosurg ; 151: e1007-e1015, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a syndrome of metabolic alterations secondary to increased growth hormone levels from a somatotroph pituitary adenoma. A multidisciplinary approach beginning with surgery, followed by adjuvant radiation or medical therapy for residual disease, is considered standard of care. Several factors affect the likelihood of remission after surgery, but the impact of surgical experience on remission rates has not been adequately assessed. METHODS: Retrospective review of 203 patients, divided into 2 eras (era 1, 102 patients; era 2, 101 patients) of patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for acromegaly by a single surgeon over 11 years, was performed, determining the effect of surgical experience on rates of remission and various complications. Remission was defined according to the 2014 Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. RESULTS: The rate of surgical remission was 40.6% (62.9% among noninvasive adenomas). Rates of surgical remission significantly improved in the latter half of this cohort (31.2% in the first half vs. 50% in the second half), despite other factors being comparable. On multivariate analysis, surgeon experience, cavernous sinus invasion, and preoperative growth hormone levels affected the rates of surgical remission. Rates of cerebrospinal fluid leak and hypopituitarism were lower in the second half, whereas resolution of acromegaly-associated comorbidities was increased. CONCLUSIONS: We report, in this large single-surgeon review of endoscopically operated acromegaly cases, increased rates of surgical remission and reduced complications with increasing surgeon experience. The overall experience of the treating team in dealing with perioperative and intraoperative factors also contributes to improved outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Competência Clínica , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia , Neurocirurgiões , Humanos , Neuroendoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 1703-1728, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889005

RESUMO

Diabetes and obesity are both increasing at a fast pace and giving rise to a new epidemic called diabesity. Lifestyle interventions including diet play a major role in the treatment of diabetes, obesity and diabesity. There are many guidelines on dietary management of diabetes or obesity globally and also from South Asia. However, there are no global or South Asian guidelines on the non-pharmacological management of diabesity. South Asia differs from the rest of the world as South Asians have different phenotype, cooking practices, food resources and exposure, medical nutrition therapy (MNT) practices, and availability of trained specialists. Therefore, South Asia needs its own guidelines for non-pharmacological management of diabesity in adults. The aim of the Consensus on Medical Nutrition Therapy for Diabesity (CoMeND) in Adults: A South Asian Perspective is to recommend therapeutic and preventive MNT in the South-Asians with diabesity.

19.
Horm Metab Res ; 53(4): 245-256, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853118

RESUMO

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type-1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder with a combined occurrence of tumours of parathyroid glands, pancreatic islets, and anterior pituitary. About 90% of these patients carry mutations in the MEN1 gene, though the spectrum is not well defined in India. Forty clinically suspected cases of MEN1 were enrolled prospectively over six years; 32 patients (23 index-cases and nine affected relatives) with≥2 classical endocrine tumours of MEN1 were considered definite, and eight were categorised as 'MEN1-like'. Details of their clinical presentation, treatment and mutational analysis including MEN1 gene, 3' and 5' untranslated regions (UTR) of MEN1, CDKN1B, and CaSR genes were collated. Asymptomatic first-degree relatives were also screened. Among the 32 definite MEN1 patients, all had primary hyperparathyroidism, 22 (68.7%) had gastroentero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours, and 21 (66%) had pituitary adenoma. Of the 23 definite index-cases, 13 (56.5%) carried mutations in the MEN1 gene. Five of nine affected first-degree relatives (55.5%), and four of 10 asymptomatic relatives (40%) also had MEN1 mutations. Seven of 10 MEN1 mutation-negative definite index-cases harboured p.V109G polymorphism in the CDKN1B gene. All eight MEN1-like cases were negative for mutations and large deletions in MEN1, mutations in 3' and 5' UTR of MEN1, CaSR and CDKN1B genes. The study has helped to clearly document the pattern of mutations among Indian MEN1 patients. However, the absence of MEN1 mutation in ~44% of cases and the presence of p.V109G polymorphism in CDKN1B gene raise the question whether such polymorphisms could independently contribute to pathogenesis.

20.
AACE Clin Case Rep ; 7(1): 69-71, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851024

RESUMO

Objective: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has varied clinical presentations. Hematologic abnormalities secondary to PHPT have been described before. However, pancytopenia as the initial presentation has rarely been reported. We report a patient with PHPT who presented for evaluation of pancytopenia. Methods: Histopathology of the bone marrow at presentation is described. Bone biochemistry results and the hematologic profile before and after curative parathyroidectomy are presented. Results: A 48-year-old woman presented with pancytopenia (hemoglobin, 6.3 g/dL; total leucocyte count, 3000 cells/mm3; and platelet count, 60 000 cells/mm3), and her bone marrow study showed marrow fibrosis. Biochemical evaluation revealed hypercalcemia (15.5 mg/dL), hypophosphatemia (2.2 mg/dL), and elevated total alkaline phosphatase (4132 U/L). Bone mineral density assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan revealed osteoporosis at all 3 sites, which was more severe in the distal one third of the forearm. Further investigations confirmed the diagnosis of PHPT (serum parathyroid hormone, 2082 pg/mL). Following curative parathyroidectomy, in addition to normalization of calcium, there was restoration of all 3 hematologic cell lines at 3 months. Conclusion: Pancytopenia may be a rare manifestation of PHPT. Thus, it may be prudent to evaluate the calcium profile in patients with chronic refractory anemia and pancytopenia.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...