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1.
Korean J Parasitol ; 59(4): 399-402, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470091

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a major health problem worldwide. Timely diagnosis of co-infections mimicking COVID-19, such as malaria, might be challenging particularly in non-endemic areas. We report the first case of COVID-19 and Plasmodium ovale malaria co-infection from our region aiming to highligt the importance of travel history and prophylaxis in malaria management in the context of pandemic. The galloping sound can sometimes be a harbinger of zebra besides the horse.


Assuntos
COVID-19/virologia , Coinfecção/parasitologia , Coinfecção/virologia , Malária/parasitologia , Plasmodium ovale/fisiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Plasmodium ovale/genética , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia
2.
Mikrobiyol Bul ; 55(3): 342-356, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416801

RESUMO

Limited data exists to date on the predictors for the development of pneumonia in patients with mild and moderate coronavirus (COVID-19). In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the demographic characteristics and clinical findings of mild and moderate COVID-19 and to determine the risk factors for the development of COVID-19 pneumonia in patients admitted to the pandemic outpatient clinic of a university hospital. A total of 414 patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 were included. Of these, 220 (53.1%) were male, the mean age was 38.3 ± 12.7. Median duration of hospital admission from the onset of symptoms was three days (0-11). Of the confirmed COVID-19 cases, 154 (37.2%) had a history of family contact and the most common symptoms were weakness (68.4%), myalgia (61.8%), headache (56.5%), loss of smell (45.2%), loss of taste (43.2%) and anorexia (42.8%). Among females, weakness (p= 0.016), headache (p= 0.008), sore throat (p= 0.032), nausea (p= 0.003), anorexia (p= 0.045), loss of taste (p= 0.005) and loss of smell (p<0.001) were more common. Loss of taste (47.6% vs. 25%, p<0.001) and loss of smell (50% vs. 26.3%, p<0.001) were more common in patients with under the age of 50 and cough (43.4% vs. 29.3%, p= 0.003) was more common in patients with above the age of 40. Among 46 (11.1%) patients with asymptomatic COVID-19, there was no significant difference (p= 0.500) between the genders. Pneumonia was detected in 150 (43.8%) of 339 patients who underwent thorax computed tomography. In the univariate analysis; advanced age (p<0.001, odds ratio (OR)= 1.44), obesity (p<0.001 OR= 2.5), not being actively smoking (p<0.001, OR= 6.19), fever at first admission (p= 0.002, OR= 2.02), cough (p<0.001, OR= 3.26), shortness of breath (p<0.001, OR= 23.37), weakness (p= 0.042, OR= 1.63), anorexia (p= 0.009, OR= 1.79) and elevation of D-dimer (p= 0.014, OR= 1.92) were associated with the development of pneumonia. In multivariate analysis, obesity (p= 0.005, OR= 2.69), not being actively smoking (p<0.001, OR= 5.43), cough at first admission p= 0.017, OR= 2.16) and shortness of breath (p= 0.008, OR= 16.22) was determined as an independent risk factor for the development of pneumonia. CRP (p<0.001), D-dimer (p<0.001), ferritin (p<0.001) values among 108 (26.1%) patients with a body-mass index(BMI) >30 were high, and 60.9% of the patients had pneumonia (p<0.001) . CRP (p<0.001), D-dimer (p= 0.010) values were low, lymphocyte count (p= 0.001) was high among 106 (25.6%) active smokers, and 15.6% of the patients had pneumonia (p<0.001). Of the patients reported with persistent symptoms, 25.9% had loss of smell, 25% had weakness, and 23.1% had loss of taste on the seventh day; 21.1% had loss of smell, 21.1% had myalgia, and 19.7% had loss of taste on the 14th day. During their follow-up, the COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was studied in 286 patients for control purposes. The median time of being negative for COVID-19 PCR test was eight days (3-56). In conclusion, symptoms may last longer than 14 days in 20- 30% of patients presenting with mild-moderate clinical findings. In addition, obesity should be considered as an important risk factor for COVID-19 pneumonia.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34155547

RESUMO

Evaluating trends in antibiotic resistance is a requisite. The study aimed to analyze the profile of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) among hospitalized patients with bacteremia in intensive care units (ICUs) in a large geographical area. This is a 1-month cross-sectional survey for blood-borne pathogens in 57 ICUs from 24 countries with different income levels: lower-middle-income (LMI), upper-middle-income (UMI), and high-income (HI) countries. Multidrug-resistant (MDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR), or pan-drug-resistant isolates were searched. Logistic regression analysis determined resistance predictors among MDROs. Community-acquired infections were comparable to hospital-acquired infections particularly in LMI (94/202; 46.5% vs 108/202; 53.5%). Although MDR (65.1%; 502/771) and XDR (4.9%; 38/771) were common, no pan-drug-resistant isolate was recovered. In total, 32.1% of MDR were Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 55.3% of XDR were Acinetobacter baumannii. The highest MDR and XDR rates were in UMI and LMI, respectively, with no XDR revealed from HI. Predictors of MDR acquisition were male gender (OR, 12.11; 95% CI, 3.025-15.585) and the hospital-acquired origin of bacteremia (OR, 2.643; 95%CI, 1.462-3.894), and XDR acquisition was due to bacteremia in UMI (OR, 3.344; 95%CI, 1.189-5.626) and admission to medical-surgical ICUs (OR, 1.481; 95% CI, 1.076-2.037). We confirm the urgent need to expand stewardship activities to community settings especially in LMI, with more paid attention to the drugs with a higher potential for resistance. Empowering microbiology laboratories and reports to direct prescribing decisions should be prioritized. Supporting stewardship in ICUs, the mixed medical-surgical ones in particular, is warranted.

4.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(9): 1329-1335, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytokine release syndrome (CRS), characterized by overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines in the course of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has been suggested as the major cause of mortality. Tocilizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against human IL-6 receptor, poses a therapeutic option for the treatment of CRS leading to severe acute respiratory syndrome in coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. METHODS: We performed a single-center retrospective study to reveal the outcome of COVID-19 patients on tocilizumab and proposed "the Cerrahpasa-PREDICT score", a new clinical scoring system using clinical and laboratory parameters that would help predicting the 28-day mortality of COVID-19 patients receiving tocilizumab. RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients (median age: 59 years) were included of whom 75.8% were male. Tocilizumab use significantly improved clinical and laboratory parameters. The 28-day mortality rate on tocilizumab was 16.1%. The Cerrahpasa-PREDICT score, consisting of platelet counts, procalcitonin, D-dimer levels, SO2R and the time from symptom onset to tocilizumab administration had a positive predictive value of 94.5% and negative predictive value of 92.9% for anticipating 28-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Severe COVID-19 should closely be monitored for the signs of hyperinflammation. We showed that administration of tocilizumab early in the course of the disease (prior to ICU admission) resulted in a favorable outcome. Close monitoring usually aids identifying patients who would benefit from tocilizumab. In this regard, the Cerrahpasa-PREDICT score might serve as a practical tool for estimating the 28-day mortality in COVID-19 patients who received tocilizumab and would facilitate timely recognition of fatal cases to be evaluated for other therapeutic options.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(10): 2161-2170, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963928

RESUMO

Mortality due to K. pneumoniae bacteremia is on rise, particularly in regions with high rates of carbapenem and colistin resistance. We aimed to define risk factors for colistin resistance and its impact on mortality. Patients diagnosed with "carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKp)" bacteremia between 2014 and 2018 were divided into two groups as "colistin susceptible (ColS)" and "colistin resistant (ColR)" based on broth microdilution method. Retrospective case-control study was conducted to compare characteristics and outcomes. Multiple logistic regression model was used to define independent risk factors for acquired colistin resistance and Cox proportional hazard model for 28-day mortality. A total of 82 patients (39 ColS and 43 ColR) were included. Mean age was 61.5 years, and 50 (61%) were male. Colistin resistance was significantly increased with duration of hospital stay (p = 0.007) and prior colistin use (p = 0.007). Overall, the 28-day mortality rate was 66%. Age (p = 0.014) and colistin resistance significantly increased 28-day (p = 0.009) mortality. Microbiological response to treatment within 7 days favors survival. PFGE analysis revealed an outbreak with K. pneumoniae ST78 and ST45 clones. Patients treated with combined antimicrobials had significantly lower 28-day mortality (p = 0.045) in comparison to monotherapy. However, types of combinations did not show significant superiority on each other. Colistin resistance increases 28-day mortality in CRKp bacteremia. Although combined regimens are more effective than monotherapy, existing antibacterial combinations have no apparent superiority to each other. New treatment options are pivotal.

6.
Mikrobiyol Bul ; 55(2): 207-222, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882652

RESUMO

Following the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2) and using only PCR for diagnosis, antibody tests have been rapidly developed by various commercial companies. There are differences between the sensitivity and specificity of these tests due to the usage of different viral target proteins and antibody subclasses. In order to evaluate the diagnostic use of these tests, we aimed to examine the diagnostic performance, especially sensitivity and specificity, of SARS-CoV-2 IgM, IgA and IgG tests of various companies (Abbott, Roche, Euroimmun, Dia.Pro, Anshlabs, Vircell, UnScience and RedCell), which have different principles (ECLIA/CLIA, EIA, LFA). Current (n= 180) and past (n= 180) COVID-19 patients with clinical and molecular diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Pandemic Polyclinic with suspected COVID-19 infection, were included in our study. The patients admitted within the first 3 weeks after the onset of symptoms were included in the current patient group, and those admitted at the third and after the third week were included in the past patient group. Serum samples (n= 180) obtained from Istanbul Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Blood Center between April and June 2018 before the COVID-19 pandemic were included in the study as a control group. All the tests included in our study were studied with the recommendations of the manufacturer companies. Between the IgG detection tests with different principles in patients with past COVID-19, the sensitivity and specificity values of the most effective tests were; 86.7%/99.4% (Abbott), 86.1%/98.9% (Dia.Pro), 91.3%/95% (RedCell). Between the IgM detection tests with different principles in current COVID-19 patients, the sensitivity and specificity values were; 67.8%/99.4% (Abbott), 68.9%/98.6% (Vircell), 50%/97.5% (RedCell). Abbott IgM with a kappa coefficient of 0.67 and Vircell IgM + IgA test with a kappa coefficient of 0.65 showed the best fit in patients with current COVID-19 infection. In patients with past COVID-19, Abbott IgG with 0.86 kappa coefficient and Dia.Pro IgG test with 0.85 kappa coefficient showed the best match. Due to the low sensitivity of IgM detection antibody tests, they should not be preferred instead of real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in routine diagnosis. IgG detection tests may be preferred to detect the antibody response and the titers in people who have had COVID-19 for population seroprevalence and especially therapeutic immune plasma production. However, it is thought that the combined use of both ECLIA/CLIA-based and EIA/ELISA-based tests together may be more effective in routine use for SARS-CoV-2 IgG tests.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Anticorpos Antivirais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
7.
J Chemother ; 33(5): 302-318, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734040

RESUMO

We aimed to explore factors for optimizing antimicrobial treatment in emergency departments. A single-day point prevalence survey was conducted on January 18, 2020, in 53 referral/tertiary hospitals in 22 countries. 1957 (17%) of 11557 patients presenting to EDs had infections. The mean qSOFA score was 0.37 ± 0.74. Sepsis (qSOFA ≥ 2) was recorded in 218 (11.1%) patients. The mean qSOFA score was significantly higher in low-middle (1.48 ± 0.963) compared to upper-middle (0.17 ± 0.482) and high-income (0.36 ± 0.714) countries (P < 0.001). Eight (3.7%) patients with sepsis were treated as outpatients. The most common diagnoses were upper-respiratory (n = 877, 43.3%), lower-respiratory (n = 316, 16.1%), and lower-urinary (n = 201, 10.3%) infections. 1085 (55.4%) patients received antibiotics. The most-commonly used antibiotics were beta-lactam (BL) and BL inhibitors (n = 307, 15.7%), third-generation cephalosporins (n = 251, 12.8%), and quinolones (n = 204, 10.5%). Irrational antibiotic use and inappropriate hospitalization decisions seemed possible. Patients were more septic in countries with limited resources. Hence, a better organizational scheme is required.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247865, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657142

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a global threat with an increasing number of infections. Research on IgG seroprevalence among health care workers (HCWs) is needed to re-evaluate health policies. This study was performed in three pandemic hospitals in Istanbul and Kocaeli. Different clusters of HCWs were screened for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Seropositivity rate among participants was evaluated by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. We recruited 813 non-infected and 119 PCR-confirmed infected HCWs. Of the previously undiagnosed HCWs, 22 (2.7%) were seropositive. Seropositivity rates were highest for cleaning staff (6%), physicians (4%), nurses (2.2%) and radiology technicians (1%). Non-pandemic clinic (6.4%) and ICU (4.3%) had the highest prevalence. HCWs in "high risk" group had similar seropositivity rate with "no risk" group (2.9 vs 3.5 p = 0.7). These findings might lead to the re-evaluation of infection control and transmission dynamics in hospitals.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Hospitais/tendências , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/tendências , Pandemias , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Turquia/epidemiologia
9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 148, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One-fifth of COVID-19 patients are seriously and critically ill cases and have a worse prognosis than non-severe cases. Although there is no specific treatment available for COVID-19, early recognition and supportive treatment may reduce the mortality. The aim of this study is to develop a functional nomogram that can be used by clinicians to estimate the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized and treated for COVID-19 disease, and to compare the accuracy of model predictions with previous nomograms. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 709 patients who were over 18 years old and received inpatient treatment for COVID-19 disease. Multivariable Logistic Regression analysis was performed to assess the possible predictors of a fatal outcome. A nomogram was developed with the possible predictors and total point were calculated. RESULTS: Of the 709 patients treated for COVID-19, 75 (11%) died and 634 survived. The elder age, certain comorbidities (cancer, heart failure, chronic renal failure), dyspnea, lower levels of oxygen saturation and hematocrit, higher levels of C-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase and ferritin were independent risk factors for mortality. The prediction ability of total points was excellent (Area Under Curve = 0.922). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram developed in this study can be used by clinicians as a practical and effective tool in mortality risk estimation. So that with early diagnosis and intervention mortality in COVID-19 patients may be reduced.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Nomogramas , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(2): 325-333, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935158

RESUMO

Candidemia is a nosocomial infection mostly found in critically ill patients. Our objectives were to evaluate the change in distribution and resistance profile of Candida spp. isolated from candidemic patients in our intensive care unit over two 5-year periods spanning 15 years and to evaluate the risk factors. Records from the microbiology laboratory were obtained, from January 2004 to December 2008 and from January 2013 to December 2017, retrospectively. Antifungal susceptibility was performed by E-test and evaluated according to EUCAST breakpoints. A total of 210 candidemia cases occurred; 238 Candida spp. were isolated in 197 patients (58.8% male; mean age, 59.2 ± 19.6 years). The most predominant risk factor was central venous catheter use. Species distribution rates were 32%, 28%, 17%, and 11% for C. albicans (n = 76), C. parapsilosis (n = 67), C. glabrata (n = 40), and C. tropicalis (n = 27), respectively. Resistance rate to anidulafungin was high in C. parapsilosis over both periods and increased to 73% in the second period. Fluconazole showed a remarkable decrease for susceptibility in C. parapsilosis (94 to 49%). The prevalence of MDR C. parapsilosis (6%/33%) and C. glabrata (0%/44%) increased in the second period. We observed a predominance of non-albicans Candida spp., with C. parapsilosis being the most frequent and C. glabrata infections presenting with the highest mortality. High level of echinocandin resistance in C. parapsilosis and increasing prevalences of MDR C. parapsilosis and C. glabrata seem emerging challenges in our institution.

11.
Ear Nose Throat J ; 100(2_suppl): 169S-173S, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Olfactory dysfunction is relatively high in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of olfactory disorder objectively in patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study included 31 healthy controls and 59 COVID-19 patients who were diagnosed and treated in the COVID departments in a tertiary hospital. The patients with corona virus infection were screened by a questionnaire and were classified into 2 groups as either group 2 (patients without self-reported smell loss) or group 3 (patients with self-reported smell loss). Age and gender matched healthy controls who do not have chronic nasal condition or nasal surgery history comprised the control group (group 1). All of the patients and subjects in the control group were tested by the Sniffin' Sticks test. All of the answers and scores were recorded, and the comparisons were made. RESULTS: The rate of self-reported smell and taste loss in all COVID-19 patients in this study was 52.5% and 42%, respectively. There was a significant difference in threshold, discrimination, identification, and Threshold, Discrimination, Identification (TDI) scores between groups 1 and 2. When the comparisons between group 1 and 3 were made, again threshold, discrimination, identification, and TDI scores were significantly different. The comparison between groups 2 and 3 demonstrated a significant difference in discrimination, identification, and TDI scores, but threshold score was not different statistically. With questionnaire, the rate of olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 patients was 52.5%, but with objective test, the rate was calculated as 83%. CONCLUSION: Olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions are common in COVID-19 patients. According to findings with the objective test method in this study, smell disorder in COVID-19 patients was much higher than those detected by questionnaires.


Assuntos
Ageusia/diagnóstico , Anosmia/diagnóstico , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Autorrelato , Limiar Sensorial , Adulto , Ageusia/etiologia , Ageusia/fisiopatologia , Anosmia/etiologia , Anosmia/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Odorantes , SARS-CoV-2 , Limiar Gustativo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Psychiatry Res ; 295: 113604, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296818

RESUMO

We investigated the psychiatric symptomatology and the protracted symptoms in patients who had recovered from the acute COVID-19 infection. Two hundred and eighty-four patients completed a web-based or a paper survey on socio-demographic and clinical data. The psychiatric status was assessed using Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and MINI suicidality scale. Patients completed a checklist for the protracted symptoms that were experienced after the acute infection. After a mean of almost 50 days following the diagnosis, 98 patients (34.5%) reported clinically significant PTSD, anxiety, and/or depression, with PTSD being the most common condition reported (25.4%). One hundred and eighteen patients (44.3%) reported one or more protracted symptom(s). Predictors of PTSD symptom severity were the female gender, past traumatic events, protracted symptoms, stigmatization, and a negative view on the COVID-19 pandemic. PTSD symptom severity was the sole independent predictor of the protracted symptoms. Our results suggest that COVID-19 patients are prone to substantial psychological distress in the first few months after the infection. The protracted symptoms were frequent in this period, and these were closely related to the posttraumatic symptoms.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Depressão/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
13.
Turk J Med Sci ; 51(2): 454-463, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315348

RESUMO

Background/aim: We aimed to investigate the factors affecting the mortality of patients aged 65 years or older who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study of patients 65 years old or older with COVID-19 who were hospitalized in Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Hospital, between March 11 and May 28, 2020. Demographic, clinical, treatment, and laboratory data were extracted from electronic medical records. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to explore the risk factors for in-hospital death. Results: A total of 218 patients (112 men, 106 women) were included, of whom 166 were discharged and 52 died in hospital. With univariate analysis, various clinical features and laboratory variables were found to be significantly different (i.e. P < 0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis the following were independently associated with mortality: present malignancy [odds ratio (OR) = 4.817, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.107­20.958, P: 0.036]; dyspnea (OR = 4.652, 95% CI = 1.473­14.688, P: 0.009); neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR; OR = 1.097, 95% CI = 1.012­1.188, P: 0.025); the highest values of C-reactive protein (CRP; OR = 1.006, 95% CI = 1.000­1.012, P: 0.049), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; OR = 1.002, 95% CI = 1.001­1.004, P: 0.003), and creatinine levels (OR = 1.497, 95% CI = 1.126­1.990, P: 0.006); oxygen saturation (SpO2) values on admission (OR = 0.897, 95% CI = 0.811­0.993, P: 0.036); and azithromycin use (OR = 0.239, 95% CI = 0.065­0.874, P: 0.031). Conclusion: The presence of malignancy; symptoms of dyspnea; high NLR; highest CRP, LDH, and creatinine levels; and low SpO2 on admission predicted mortality. On the other hand, azithromycin use was found to be protective against mortality. Knowing the causes predicting mortality will be important to treat future cases more successfully.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Creatinina/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Turquia/epidemiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238680, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested the presence of a reciprocal relationship between COVID-19 and kidney function. To date, most studies have focused on the effect of COVID-19 on kidney function, whereas data regarding kidney function on the COVID-19 prognosis is scarce. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the association between eGFR on admission and the mortality rate of COVID-19. METHODS: We recruited 336 adult consecutive patients (male: 57.1%, mean age: 55.0±16.0 years) that were hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 in a tertiary care university hospital. Data were collected from the electronic health records of the hospital. On admission, eGFR was calculated using the CKD-EPI formula. Acute kidney injury was defined according to the KDIGO criteria. Binary logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between eGFR on admission and in-hospital mortality of COVID-19. RESULTS: Baseline eGFR was under 60 mL/min/1.73m2 in 61 patients (18.2%). Acute kidney injury occurred in 29.2% of the patients. In-hospital mortality rate was calculated as 12.8%. Age-adjusted and multivariate logistic regression analysis (p: 0.005, odds ratio: 0.974, CI: 0.956-0.992) showed that baseline eGFR was independently associated with mortality. Additionally, age-adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed a higher mortality rate in patients with an eGFR under 60 mL/min/1.73m2. CONCLUSIONS: On admission eGFR seems to be a prognostic marker for mortality in patients with COVID-19. We recommend that eGFR be measured in all patients on admission and used as an additional tool for risk stratification. Close follow-up should be warranted in patients with a reduced eGFR.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19 , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico
15.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(4): 534-539, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672829

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have been comorbid illnesses with increasing morbidity and mortality. The present study was conducted to present real-life experiences about treatment of HCV and CKD with a fixed-dose combination of paritaprevir 150 mg/day, ritonavir 100 mg/day as a booster, ombitasvir 25 mg/day, and dasabuvir 250 mg twice/day, the PROD regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study. Seventy-five patients with both HCV and CKD were treated with a PROD-based regimen with or without ribavirin. Fifty-three of 75 patients were on maintenance hemodialysis program. Seven patients had compensated liver cirrhosis. The patients with genotype 1a or compensated liver cirrhosis were treated with the PROD regimen and ribavirin in a dose of 200 mg every other day for 12 weeks. The patients with genotype 1b were treated with PROD for 12 weeks. The patients with genotype 4 were treated with a combination of paritaprevir, ritonavir, ombitasvir, and ribavirin 200 mg every other day. RESULTS: All patients except one were HCV-RNA negative (98.6%) at the end of treatment. One patient had decompensated after the fourth day of therapy. She stopped the treatment, and she was exitus after 2 months. Two patients died of reasons not related to the drugs 2 months after negativity of HCV-RNA. Sustained viral rate 12 weeks after treatment was found in 96% of the patients. CONCLUSION: The PROD regimen was very effective and safe for treatment in patients with HCV and CKD who were in stages 4 and 5.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anilidas/administração & dosagem , Anilidas/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Carbamatos/administração & dosagem , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Compostos Macrocíclicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Macrocíclicos/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/administração & dosagem , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento , Uracila/administração & dosagem , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Uracila/uso terapêutico
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