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1.
J Phys Chem A ; 121(48): 9185-9190, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148776

RESUMO

The thermal emission study in this work has shown that coagulation of metals in liquid helium is accompanied by enormous local overheating of several thousand degrees. Direct experiments demonstrated, for the first time, that condensation of metals in superfluid helium occurs via the specific mechanism which is substantially faster than that in normal liquid helium. It has been stated that coagulation of metals in superfluid helium indeed occurs in two stages, a "hot" one of nanoparticles coalescence with the formation of molten nanospheres and the subsequent stage of their sticking together into nanowires. It turned out that if a laser ablation of metal targets immersed in superfluid helium was used for introducing a metal into liquid, the formation of nanowires occurs at distances of only about 1 mm from the laser focus. This leads to the presence of a considerable number of spherical inclusions in nanowires grown in such a way.

2.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(11): 2490-501, 2015 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25375969

RESUMO

Thin (D < 10 nm) nanowires are in principle promising for their application as catalysts and as elements of nanocomputers and quantum devices. To perform these tasks, their structure and properties must be stable at least at standard conditions. Using our technique based on the capture of small particles to the core of quantized vortices in superfluid helium, we synthesized nanowires made of various metals and alloys and investigated their thermal stability. The indium nanowires (D = 8 nm) were shown to be stable when heated to 100 °C, i.e., almost to the melting point, whereas the silver nanowires (D = 5 nm) disintegrated into traces of individual nanoclusters at 300 K. The gold and platinum nanowires also decomposed at temperatures more than twice as low as the melting point. A model is proposed to explain the premature decay of thin nanowires by unfreezing of the surface-atom mobility in combination with the anomalous dependence of the surface tension on the nanowire radius. Methods for improving the stability limits of thin nanowires by saturation of their surface with immobilized atoms as well as by surface oxidation have been proposed and experimentally tested.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 5(7): 1072-6, 2014 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26274451

RESUMO

Webs consisting of nanowires made of gold, platinum and mercury were produced by the technique based on laser ablation of metals inside superfluid helium. Their morphology and structure as well as their electrical conductivity have been studied. Diameters of gold and platinum nanowires are 4.5 and 3 nm, respectively. Fortunately, they are close to diameters of nanospheres made of these metals, which, as known from the literature, possess anomalous catalytic activity. Web resistivities for all metals up to room temperature are controlled by conductive electron scattering on a wire surface, thus they are almost independent of T. Nanowires in the webs are electrically interconnected, and therefore the web can be used as a catalyst without any support. Possible advantages of this type of nanocatalyst are outlined.

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