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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mutations in IKZF1, which encodes Ikaros family zinc finger 1 (IKAROS) transcription factor, are associated with recurrent infections, cytopenia, autoimmune diseases, and hematological malignancies. Diverse clinical phenotypes resulting from IKZF1 mutations include pulmonary fungal infections, cytopenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), and malignancies. In this study, we aimed to assess the DNA-binding ability and pericentromeric (PC) localization of a variant of IKZF discovered in a patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA-binding ability of a pathogenic IKZF variant was tested using electrophoretic mobility shift assay and PC localization of the variant was assessed by immunofluorescent microscopy in NIH3T3 cells. RESULTS: Clinical features of a 3-month-old male infant who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation because of an IKZF1 mutation-associated common variable immunodeficiency, AIHA, and pancytopenia are described. DNA studies revealed a heterozygous missense variant (IKZF1 NM_006060 c.427C>T; p.R143W). Cotransfection studies revealed that mutant R143W has a partial dominant-negative effect over PC targeting and DNA binding. CONCLUSIONS: IKZF1 mutation must be kept in mind if neonatal AIHA, common variable immunodeficiency, and pancytopenia are observed.

2.
Mikrobiyol Bul ; 54(4): 619-628, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107291

RESUMO

CMV is a virus that is asymptomatic in healthy individuals but can cause serious mortality and morbidity in transplant patients and patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ganciclovir (GCV) is a nucleoside analog that significantly reduces morbidity and mortality in CMV-related infections and is used as the first choice in treatment. It is the first drug shown to be effective in the treatment of CMV disease in humans, and is also homologous to acyclovir. Long-term antiviral therapy is required to prevent or treat CMV disease, but this can cause antiviral resistance which was reported to be 8-14% in CMV. In CMV strains, GCV resistance is most common in the UL97 kinase gene region. The aim of this study was to investigate GCV resistance in CMV strains obtained from the patients with immune deficiency. A total of 49 patients, including 20 children, 29 adults, who were followed in the department of hematology were included in the study. Fifty-three samples from 49 patients with CMV DNA viral load ≥ 103 copies/ml were examined for GCV resistance. In the study, DNA sequences were determined by Sanger sequence analysis method 3500 Abi Prism Genetic Analyser (Applied Biosystems, Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA) in the 674 bp part of the UL97 gene region. The next generation sequencing (NGS) method was applied to the samples that could not be evaluated with this method. GCV resistance was not detected in 35 (66%) of 53 samples with the Sanger method. C592G, C607S and M460I GCV resistance mutation was detected in three patients. Since the sequences were mixed, resistance analysis could not be evaluated with Sanger in 15 patient samples and the resistance was not detected in these samples studied with NGS. Antiviral resistance mutation was detected in three of 49 patients (6.1%). In 20 patients included in the study, three variant sequences (A442G, C592F, A427V) reported in the literature and determined to be sensitive to drugs by phenotypic tests and 78 variant sequences that were not reported in the literature were detected. As a result, the detection of antiviral resistance is important in the follow-up of the patients and guides the clinician in planning of the treatment. It was concluded that the samples that could not be evaluated with the Sanger method should be studied with NGS and further studies are needed to determine the role of the variant sequences detected for the first time in drug resistance.

3.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about characteristics of seasonal human coronavirus (HCoV) (NL63, 229E, OC43 and HKU1) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a collaborative Spanish and European bone marrow transplantation groups retrospective multicentre study, which included allo-HCT recipients (adults and children) with upper and/or lower respiratory tract disease (U/LRTD) caused by seasonal HCoV diagnosed through multiplex PCR assays from January 2012 to January 2019. RESULTS: We included 402 allo-HCT recipients who developed 449 HCoV U/LRTD episodes. Median age of recipients was 46 years (range 0.3-73.8 years). HCoV episodes were diagnosed at a median of 222 days after transplantation. The most common HCoV subtype was OC43 (n=170, 38%). LRTD involvement occurred in 121 episodes (27%). HCoV infection frequently required hospitalization (18%), oxygen administration (13%) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission (3%). Three-month overall mortality after HCoV detection was 7% in the whole cohort and 16% in those with LRTD. We identified 3 conditions associated with higher mortality in recipients with LRTD: absolute lymphocyte count <0.1 x10 9/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 10.8], corticosteroid (HR 4.68) and ICU admission (HR 8.22) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal HCoV after allo-HCT may involve the LRTD in many instances, leading to a significant morbidity.

4.
Transfus Apher Sci ; : 102900, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773318

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia is a rare type of acquired aplastic anemia that occurs after hepatitis. This study investigated cases with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia. METHODS: The files of patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia who were followed up in our hospital between 2011-2019 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (10 males, 5 girls; mean age 10.26 ± 3.61 years) were analyzed. The mean duration between hepatitis and aplastic anemia was 5.06 ± 4.19 months. The majority of patients had mild hepatitis. The causes of hepatitis were detected only in six patients: three had hepatitis B, one had hepatitis A, one had autoimmune hepatitis and, one had a hydatid cyst. The cause of hepatitis was not found in nine patients. Only one patient with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia developed spontaneous remission, and the others required immunosuppressive therapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Only one patient died because of sepsis. The other patients are still under follow-up and treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia, mostly of unknown cause, can be successfully treated with immunosuppressive therapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

5.
Blood ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603431

RESUMO

Biallelic mutations in the genes encoding CD27 or its ligand CD70 underlie inborn errors of immunity characterized predominantly by EBV-associated immune dysregulation, such as chronic viremia, severe infectious mononucleosis, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), lymphoproliferation and malignancy. A comprehensive understanding of the natural history, immune characteristics and transplant outcomes has remained elusive. Here, in a multi-institutional global collaboration, we collected clinical information of 49 patients from 29 families (CD27 n=33, CD70 n=16), including 24 previously unreported individuals and identified a total of 16 distinct mutations in CD27, and 8 in CD70, respectively. The majority (90%) of patients were EBV+ at diagnosis, but only ~30% presented with infectious mononucleosis. Lymphoproliferation and lymphoma were the main clinical manifestations (70% and 43%, respectively), and 9 of the CD27-deficient patients developed HLH. Twenty-one (43%) patients developed autoinflammatory features including uveitis, arthritis and periodic fever. Detailed immunological characterization revealed aberrant generation of memory B and T cells, including a paucity of EBV-specific T cells, and impaired effector function of CD8+ T cells, thereby providing mechanistic insight into cellular defects underpinning the clinical features of disrupted CD27/CD70 signaling. Nineteen patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) prior to adulthood predominantly because of lymphoma, with 95% survival without disease recurrence. Our data highlight the marked predisposition to lymphoma of both CD27- and CD70-deficient patients. The excellent outcome after HSCT supports the timely implementation of this treatment modality particularly in patients presenting with malignant transformation to lymphoma.

6.
Blood ; 136(10): 1201-1211, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614953

RESUMO

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency resulting in life-threatening infections and inflammatory complications. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) can cure the disease, but the indication to transplant remains controversial. We performed a retrospective multicenter study of 712 patients with CGD who underwent allo-HCT transplantation from March 1993 through December 2018. We studied 635 children (aged <18 years) and 77 adults. Median follow-up was 45 months. Median age at transplantation was 7 years (range, 0.1-48.6). Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) at 3 years were 85.7% and 75.8%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, older age was associated with reduced survival and increased chronic graft-versus-host disease. Nevertheless, OS and EFS at 3 years for patients ≥18 years were 76% and 69%, respectively. Use of 1-antigen-mismatched donors was associated with reduced OS and EFS . No significant difference was found in OS, but a significantly reduced EFS was noted in the small group of patients who received a transplant from a donor with a >1 antigen mismatch. Choice of conditioning regimen did not influence OS or EFS. In summary, we report an excellent outcome after allo-HCT in CGD, with low incidence of graft failure and mortality in all ages. Older patients and recipients of 1-antigen-mismatched grafts had a less favorable outcome. Transplantation should be strongly considered at a younger age and particularly in the presence of a well-matched donor.

7.
Turk J Pediatr ; 62(2): 289-292, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital fibrinogen deficiency is one of the rare inherited coagulation disorders. Congenital fibrinogen deficiency complicated with a hematological malignancy can be life threatening. CASE: We present a four-year-old girl with congenital fibrinogen deficiency complicated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. CONCLUSION: This case aims to highlight therapeutic approaches for the management of afibrinogenemia patients with acute leukemia.

9.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(6): 1465-1474, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037917

RESUMO

We examined outcomes of 51 pediatric patients with relapsed acute leukemia (AL) who underwent a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). After a median follow-up of 941 days (range, 69-2842 days), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) at 3 years were 26.6% and 25.6%, respectively. The nonrelapse mortality rate (NMR) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) were 36.4% and 42.4%, respectively. The Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factors at second transplantation for predicting limited LFS were active disease (hazard ratio (HR) = 5.1), reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) (HR = 5.0), matched unrelated donor (MUD) (HR = 3.4) and performance score <80 (HR = 3.2). Pediatric patients with AL who relapsed after their first alloHSCT may survive with a second alloHSCT. Disease status, conditioning intensity, donor type, and performance score at the second transplantation are the relevant risk factors. A score based on these factors may predict the results of the second transplantation.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1031, 2020 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098969

RESUMO

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is critical for internalisation of molecules across cell membranes. The FCH domain only 1 (FCHO1) protein is key molecule involved in the early stages of CME formation. The consequences of mutations in FCHO1 in humans were unknown. We identify ten unrelated patients with variable T and B cell lymphopenia, who are homozygous for six distinct mutations in FCHO1. We demonstrate that these mutations either lead to mislocalisation of the protein or prevent its interaction with binding partners. Live-cell imaging of cells expressing mutant variants of FCHO1 provide evidence of impaired formation of clathrin coated pits (CCP). Patient T cells are unresponsive to T cell receptor (TCR) triggering. Internalisation of the TCR receptor is severely perturbed in FCHO1-deficient Jurkat T cells but can be rescued by expression of wild-type FCHO1. Thus, we discovered a previously unrecognised critical role of FCHO1 and CME during T-cell development and function in humans.


Assuntos
Endocitose/fisiologia , Mutação com Perda de Função , Linfopenia/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Linfócitos T/fisiologia , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/genética , HIV-1/patogenicidade , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Linfopenia/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Linhagem , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/virologia
11.
Turk J Med Sci ; 50(1): 18-24, 2020 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655501

RESUMO

Background/aim: Non-Wilms renal tumors (NWRTs) are rarely encountered in children. The aim of this study is to determine the treatment strategies, prognosis, outcomes, and survival of children with NWRTs at Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey. Materials and methods: Medical records of all patients (n = 20) treated for NWRTs over a 23-year period (1995­2018) were reviewed retrospectively. Results: There was male predominance (female/male: 7/13); the median age at diagnosis was 3.2 years old (0.1­13.5 years old). The major histological groups included mesoblastic nephroma (MBN), (n: 5, 25%), malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT), (n: 5, 25%), renal cell carcinoma, (n: 3, 15%), inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (n: 2, 10%), multilocular cystic renal tumors (n: 2, 10%), metanephric adenoma (n: 1, 5%), renal neuroblastoma (n: 1, 5%), and bilateral renal Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (ES/PNET) (n: 1, 5%). All of the patients with NWRTs had radical nephrectomy except the child with bilateral renal ES/PNET. Six children died because of progressive disease; the mortality rate was 30% (n: 6). Conclusion: We have made the first report of bilateral renal involvement of ES/PNET in the English medical literature. Physicians dealing with pediatric renal masses should be alert to the high mortality rate in children with MRT, MBN, and ES/PNET and they should design substantial management plans for NWRTs.

12.
J Clin Invest ; 130(1): 507-522, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714901

RESUMO

X-linked immunodeficiency with magnesium defect, EBV infection, and neoplasia (XMEN) disease are caused by deficiency of the magnesium transporter 1 (MAGT1) gene. We studied 23 patients with XMEN, 8 of whom were EBV naive. We observed lymphadenopathy (LAD), cytopenias, liver disease, cavum septum pellucidum (CSP), and increased CD4-CD8-B220-TCRαß+ T cells (αßDNTs), in addition to the previously described features of an inverted CD4/CD8 ratio, CD4+ T lymphocytopenia, increased B cells, dysgammaglobulinemia, and decreased expression of the natural killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) receptor. EBV-associated B cell malignancies occurred frequently in EBV-infected patients. We studied patients with XMEN and patients with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) by deep immunophenotyping (32 immune markers) using time-of-flight mass cytometry (CyTOF). Our analysis revealed that the abundance of 2 populations of naive B cells (CD20+CD27-CD22+IgM+HLA-DR+CXCR5+CXCR4++CD10+CD38+ and CD20+CD27-CD22+IgM+HLA-DR+CXCR5+CXCR4+CD10-CD38-) could differentially classify XMEN, ALPS, and healthy individuals. We also performed glycoproteomics analysis on T lymphocytes and show that XMEN disease is a congenital disorder of glycosylation that affects a restricted subset of glycoproteins. Transfection of MAGT1 mRNA enabled us to rescue proteins with defective glycosylation. Together, these data provide new clinical and pathophysiological foundations with important ramifications for the diagnosis and treatment of XMEN disease.

13.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 42(2): 156-159, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033788

RESUMO

Gain of function mutations in the p110δ catalytic subunit of the phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PIK3CD) classified as activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta syndrome (APDS) are the cause of a primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent sinopulmonary infections, and lymphoproliferation. Previously, autoimmunity and Epstein-Barr virus-related B-cell lymphoma have been documented for patients with APDS; here, we present a case that extends the picture, as the patient shows the full diagnostic criteria of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis at 6 months of age. He experienced Hodgkin lymphoma as a 2.5-year-old baby. Next-generation sequencing returned a de novo heterozygous missense variant in PIK3CD (LRG_191t1: c.3061G>A; p.Glu1021Lys), confirming the primary immunodeficiency. After 2 courses of ifosfamide, cisplatin, and etoposide combined with brentuximab, the patient successfully underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from his HLA full matched sister, and he has been well for 18 months after that. The hematologist treating Hodgkin lymphoma and/or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis should be vigilant about the possible underlying immune deficiency, and they should consider APDS in their differential diagnosis.

14.
Allergy ; 75(4): 921-932, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is the main cause of the autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). We previously reported the selective loss of group 3 innate lymphoid cell (ILC) number and function in a Dock8-deficient mouse model. In this study, we sought to test whether DOCK8 is required for the function and maintenance of ILC subsets in humans. METHODS: Peripheral blood ILC1-3 subsets of 16 DOCK8-deficient patients recruited at the pretransplant stage, and seven patients with autosomal dominant (AD) HIES due to STAT3 mutations, were compared with those of healthy controls or post-transplant DOCK8-deficient patients (n = 12) by flow cytometry and real-time qPCR. Sorted total ILCs from DOCK8- or STAT3-mutant patients and healthy controls were assayed for survival, apoptosis, proliferation, and activation by IL-7, IL-23, and IL-12 by cell culture, flow cytometry, and phospho-flow assays. RESULTS: DOCK8-deficient but not STAT3-mutant patients exhibited a profound depletion of ILC3s, and to a lesser extent ILC2s, in their peripheral blood. DOCK8-deficient ILC1-3 subsets had defective proliferation, expressed lower levels of IL-7R, responded less to IL-7, IL-12, or IL-23 cytokines, and were more prone to apoptosis compared with those of healthy controls. CONCLUSION: DOCK8 regulates human ILC3 expansion and survival, and more globally ILC cytokine signaling and proliferation. DOCK8 deficiency leads to loss of ILC3 from peripheral blood. ILC3 deficiency may contribute to the susceptibility of DOCK8-deficient patients to infections.

15.
Blood ; 134(18): 1510-1516, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501153

RESUMO

Dysregulated immune responses are essential underlying causes of a plethora of pathologies including cancer, autoimmunity, and immunodeficiency. We here investigated 4 patients from unrelated families presenting with immunodeficiency, autoimmunity, and malignancy. We identified 4 distinct homozygous mutations in TNFRSF9 encoding the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member CD137/4-1BB, leading to reduced, or loss of, protein expression. Lymphocytic responses crucial for immune surveillance, including activation, proliferation, and differentiation, were impaired. Genetic reconstitution of CD137 reversed these defects. CD137 deficiency is a novel inborn error of human immunity characterized by lymphocytic defects with early-onset Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoma. Our findings elucidate a functional role and relevance of CD137 in human immune homeostasis and antitumor responses.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Linfoma/genética , Membro 9 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Linfoma/imunologia , Masculino , Linhagem , Membro 9 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/deficiência
16.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(4): 391-400, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025232

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Interleukin-2-inducible T cell kinase (ITK) is an important mediator of T cell receptor signaling. Loss of function mutations in ITK results in hypogammaglobulinemia and CD4+ T cell loss in humans, and the patients often present with EBV-associated B cell lymphoproliferative syndrome. Itk-deficient mice show loss of T cell naivety, impaired cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells, and defects in CD4+ T cell lineage choice decisions. In mice, Itk mutations were shown to affect Th17-Treg lineage choice in favor of the latter. In this study, we explored whether human ITK reciprocally regulates Th17-Treg balance as its murine ortholog. METHODS: Whole Exome Sequencing was used to identify the mutation. ITK-deficient peripheral blood lymphocytes were characterized by FACSAria III-based flow cytometric assays with respect to proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and innate lymphoid cell (ILC) frequency. Sorted T cells from healthy donors were exposed to ibrutinib, an irreversible ITK inhibitor, to assess ITK's contribution to Th17 and Treg cell generation and functions. RESULTS: In this study, we report a child with a novel ITK mutation who showed impaired CD3/CD28 induced proliferation in T cells. ITK-mutant cells were more apoptotic irrespective of TCR activation. More importantly, T cells produced less Th17-associated cytokines IL-17A, IL-22, and GM-CSF. Conversely, Th1-associated IFN-γ production was increased. An irreversible inhibitor of ITK, ibrutinib, blocked ex vivo Th17 generation and IL-17A production, conversely augmented FOXP3 expression only at low doses in Treg cultures. Finally, we analyzed peripheral ILC populations and observed a relative decrease in ILC2 and ILC3 frequency in our ITK-deficient patient. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report showing that both genetic and chemical inhibition of ITK result in reduced Th17 generation and function in humans. We also report, for the first time, a reduction in ILC2 and ILC3 populations in an ITK-deficient human patient.

17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(6): 1970-1985.e4, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although autoimmunity and hyperinflammation secondary to recombination activating gene (RAG) deficiency have been associated with delayed diagnosis and even death, our current understanding is limited primarily to small case series. OBJECTIVE: Understand the frequency, severity, and treatment responsiveness of autoimmunity and hyperinflammation in RAG deficiency. METHODS: In reviewing the literature and our own database, we identified 85 patients with RAG deficiency, reported between 2001 and 2016, and compiled the largest case series to date of 63 patients with prominent autoimmune and/or hyperinflammatory pathology. RESULTS: Diagnosis of RAG deficiency was delayed a median of 5 years from the first clinical signs of immune dysregulation. Most patients (55.6%) presented with more than 1 autoimmune or hyperinflammatory complication, with the most common etiologies being cytopenias (84.1%), granulomas (23.8%), and inflammatory skin disorders (19.0%). Infections, including live viral vaccinations, closely preceded the onset of autoimmunity in 28.6% of cases. Autoimmune cytopenias had early onset (median, 1.9, 2.1, and 2.6 years for autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, and autoimmune neutropenia, respectively) and were refractory to intravenous immunoglobulin, steroids, and rituximab in most cases (64.7%, 73.7%, and 71.4% for autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, and autoimmune neutropenia, respectively). Evans syndrome specifically was associated with lack of response to first-line therapy. Treatment-refractory autoimmunity/hyperinflammation prompted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 20 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Autoimmunity/hyperinflammation can be a presenting sign of RAG deficiency and should prompt further evaluation. Multilineage cytopenias are often refractory to immunosuppressive treatment and may require hematopoietic cell transplantation for definitive management.

18.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 47(4): 578-584, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656483

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is a significant health condition, whose frequency in childhood is increasing day by day. Although many factors are effective in development of the stroke, it has been showed that individuals having risk factors have a genetic predisposition. The aim of the study is to determine whether distinct genetic mutations are risk factors for children with history of ischemic stroke. Our sample data is taken from 58 patients (29 male and 29 female) who applied our hospital between 2012 and 2016 with diagnosis of acute or chronic arterial stroke and from 70 healthy children (32 male and 38 female) with similar particularities in the sense of age and sex, who have not any chronical disease. Blood samples are taken from each child participated in the study to conduct genetic analysis. It has been examined whether a mutation exists in gene locations of CDKN2B-AS1 (Rs2383206), HDAC9 (Rs11984041), NINJ2 (Rs12425791), NAA25 (Rs17696736). Moreover, whether there are significant difference between patient and control group has been investigated. In the genetic analysis of patients and control groups, no significant difference has been found for any of the genes. Mutations in gene locations of CDKN2B-AS1 (Rs2383206), HDAC9 (Rs11984041), NINJ2 (Rs12425791), NAA25 (Rs17696736) are not risk factors for ischemic stroke in childhood. However this study showed us, the patients who inherit CDKN2B-AS1 and HDCA9 gene mutations had poor prognosis. However, this study should be replicated for a wider sample of patient population.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Mutação , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal B/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
20.
Med Mycol ; 57(2): 161-170, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29608706

RESUMO

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are a major cause of infection-related morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Data from pediatric settings are scarce. To determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of IFIs in a 180-day period post-transplantation, 408 pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT were retrospectively analyzed. The study included only proven and probable IFIs. The cumulative incidences of IFI were 2.7%, 5.0%, and 6.5% at 30, 100, and 180 days post-transplantation, respectively. According to the multivariate analysis, the factors associated with increased IFI risk in the 180-day period post-HSCT were previous HSCT history (hazard ratio [HR], 4.57; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-14.71; P = .011), use of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) (HR, 2.94; 95% CI 1.27-6.80; P = .012), grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) (HR, 2.91; 95% CI 1.24-6.80; P = .014) and late or no lymphocyte engraftment (HR, 2.71; 95% CI 1.30-5.62; P = .007). CMV reactivation was marginally associated with an increased risk of IFI development (HR, 1.91; 95% CI 0.97-3.74; P = .063). IFI-related mortality was 1.5%, and case fatality rate was 27.0%.The close monitoring of IFIs in pediatric patients with severe acute GVHD who receive ATG during conditioning is critical to reduce morbidity and mortality after allogeneic HSCT, particularly among those with prior HSCT and no or late lymphocyte engraftment.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia , Fluconazol/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/epidemiologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Antibioticoprofilaxia/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/mortalidade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Turquia/epidemiologia
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