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1.
Eurasian J Med ; 50(3): 168-172, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515037

RESUMO

Objective: Isoorientin (ISO) is a flavonoid compound extracted from plant species. The goal of this study was to determine the potential antiproliferative effects of ISO in HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line in vitro, specifically on cell viability, apoptosis, and cell cycle pathways. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxic effect of ISO isolated from E. spectabilis was measured using 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide (XTT) assay in HT-29 cell lines. Total RNA was isolated using Tri-Reagent protocol. The effects of ISO on apoptosis-related gene were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The findings were analyzed using "Delta-Delta CT" ΔΔCT method and evaluated using a computer program. Volcano plot analysis was used for comparing groups and the data obtained were statistically analyzed using Student t test. Results: According to XTT result analysis, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of ISO was 125 µM at the 48th h in HT-29 cells. The RT-PCR analysis in HT-29 cells showed that Cyclin D1 (CCND1 ), Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), BAX, BCL-2, Checkpoint kinase 1-2 (CHEK1, CHEK2) and Excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) expressions were reduced in ISO-treated cells compared with those in the control group of cells. P53, P21, Caspase-3 (CASP-3), Caspase-8 (CASP-8), and Caspase-9 (CASP-9) gene expressions were increased Ataxia Telengiectasia and Rad-3 related (ATR) was activated in the ISO-treated group of cells compared with those in the control group of cells (p<0.05). Conclusion: ISO affected the proliferation of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells via cell cycle pathways. It also altered apoptosis gene expression. These results demonstrated that ISO can be a therapeutic agent for CRC treatment; however, more studies are needed to investigate its mechanism of actions.

2.
Acta Cir Bras ; 33(7): 609-618, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110062

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the gastroprotective effect of methanol extract of E. spectabilis and its major component isoorientin. METHODS: Effects of isoorientin and methanol extract of E. spectabilis were investigated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on rats. Famotidine was used as the standard antiulcer drug. Numerical density of ulcer areas and oxidative status were determined on stomach tissues of rats. RESULTS: All doses of isoorientin and methanol extract decreased MDA level and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the stomach tissue of rats. When numerical density of ulcer areas were analized, the 500 mg/kg dose of methanol extract (84%) exhibited a similar effect to 20 mg/kg dose of standart drug famotidine (87%). CONCLUSIONS: The gastroprotective effects of E. spectabilis and its major constituent isoorientin in rats for the first time. Detailed analyses suggested that potential antioxidant activity of both plant extract and isoorientin mediates the gastroprotective effect.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Luteolina/farmacologia , Metanol/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Xanthorrhoeaceae/química , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glutationa/análise , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Indometacina , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Chem Biodivers ; 14(6)2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28207990

RESUMO

Plant phenolics are known to display many pharmacological activities. In the current study, eight phenolic compounds, e.g., luteolin 5-O-ß-glucoside (1), methyl rosmarinate (2), apigenin (3), vicenin 2 (4), lithospermic acid (5), soyasaponin II (6), rubiadin 3-O-ß-primeveroside (7), and 4-(ß-d-glucopyranosyloxy)benzyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (8), isolated from various plant species were tested at 0.2 mm against carbonic anhydrase-II (CA-II) and urease using microtiter assays. Urease inhibition rate for compounds 1 - 8 ranged between 5.0 - 41.7%, while only compounds 1, 2, and 4 showed a considerable inhibition over 50% against CA-II with the IC50 values of 73.5 ± 1.05, 39.5 ± 1.14, and 104.5 ± 2.50 µm, respectively, where IC50 of the reference (acetazolamide) was 21.0 ± 0.12 µm. In silico experiments were also performed through two docking softwares (Autodock Vina and i-GEMDOCK) in order to find out interactions between the compounds and CA-II. Actually, compounds 6 (30.0%) and 7 (42.0%) possessed a better binding capability toward the active site of CA-II. According to our results obtained in this study, among the phenolic compounds screened, particularly 1, 2, and 4 appear to be the promising inhibitors of CA-II and may be further investigated as possible leads for diuretic, anti-glaucoma, and antiepileptic agents.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Domínio Catalítico , Simulação por Computador , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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