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Polymers (Basel) ; 12(2)2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102469


Isolation and characterization of new biologically active substances affecting cancer cells is an important issue of fundamental research in biomedicine. Trehalose lipid was isolated from Rhodococcus wratislaviensis strain and purified by liquid chromatography. The effect of trehalose lipid on cell viability and migration, together with colony forming assays, were performed on two breast cancer (MCF7-low metastatic; MDA-MB231-high metastatic) and one "normal" (MCF10A) cell lines. Molecular modeling that details the structure of the neutral and anionic form (more stable at physiological pH) of the tetraester was carried out. The tentative sizes of the hydrophilic (7.5 Å) and hydrophobic (12.5 Å) portions of the molecule were also determined. Thus, the used trehalose lipid is supposed to interact as a single molecule. The changes in morphology, adhesion, viability, migration, and the possibility of forming colonies in cancer cell lines induced after treatment with trehalose lipid were found to be dose and time dependent. Based on the theoretical calculations, a possible mechanism of action and membrane asymmetry between outer and inner monolayers of the bilayer resulting in endosome formation were suggested. Initial data suggest a mechanism of antitumor activity of the purified trehalose lipid and its potential for biomedical application.

Molecules ; 25(1)2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881750


The development of ionic liquids based on active pharmaceutical ingredients (API-ILs) is a possible solution to some of the problems of solid and/or hydrophobic drugs such as low solubility and bioavailability, polymorphism and an alternative route of administration could be suggested as compared to the classical drug. Here, we report for the first time the synthesis and detailed characterization of a series of ILs containing a cation amino acid esters and anion ketoprofen (KETO-ILs). The affinity and the binding mode of the KETO-ILs to bovine serum albumin (BSA) were assessed using fluorescence spectroscopy. All compounds bind in a distance not longer than 6.14 nm to the BSA fluorophores. The estimated binding constants (KA) are in order of 105 L mol-1, which is indicative of strong drug or IL-BSA interactions. With respect to the ketoprofen-BSA system, a stronger affinity of the ILs containing l-LeuOEt, l-ValOBu, and l-ValOEt cation towards BSA is clearly seen. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy experiments have shown that all studied compounds induced a rearrangement of the protein molecule upon binding, which is consistent with the suggested static mechanism of BSA fluorescence quenching and formation of complexes between BSA and the drugs. All tested compounds were safe for macrophages.

Líquidos Iônicos/síntese química , Líquidos Iônicos/metabolismo , Cetoprofeno/síntese química , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ésteres/síntese química , Ésteres/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade , Cetoprofeno/química , Cetoprofeno/toxicidade , Cinética , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Células RAW 264.7 , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Solubilidade , Solventes/química , Água/química
Eng Life Sci ; 19(12): 978-985, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624987


Taking into account the rising trend of the incidence of cancers of various organs, effective therapies are urgently needed to control human malignancies. However, almost all chemotherapy drugs currently on the market cause serious side effects. Fortunately, several studies have shown that some non-toxic biological macromolecules, including algal polysaccharides, possess anti-cancer activities or can increase the efficacy of conventional chemotherapy drugs. Polysaccharides are characteristic secondary metabolites of many algae. The efficacy of polysaccharides on the normal and cancer cells is not well investigated, but our investigations proved a cell specific effect of a newly isolated extracellular polysaccharide from the red microalga Porphyridium sordidum. The investigated substance was composed of xylose:glucose and galactose:manose:rhamnose in a molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.44:0.31. Reversible electroporation has been exploited to increase the transport through the plasma membrane into the tested breast cancer tumor cells MCF-7 and MDA-MB231. Application of 75 µg/mL polysaccharide in combination with 200 V/cm electroporation induced 40% decrease in viability of MDA-MB231 cells and changes in cell morphology while control cells (MCF10A) remained with normal morphology and kept vitality.