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1.
J Med Chem ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(16): 2265-2269, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257087

RESUMO

An X-ray crystal structure of one of our previously discovered RORγt inverse agonists bound to the RORγt ligand binding domain revealed that the cyclohexane carboxylic acid group of compound 2 plays a significant role in RORγt binding, forming four hydrogen bonding and ionic interactions with RORγt. SAR studies centered around the cyclohexane carboxylic acid group led to identification of several structurally diverse and more potent compounds, including new carboxylic acid analogues 7 and 20, and cyclic sulfone analogues 34 and 37. Notably, compounds 7 and 20 were found to maintain the desirable pharmacokinetic profile of 2.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
4.
Chemistry ; 17(39): 11024-9, 2011 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21932236

RESUMO

The CoCl(2)/L-proline (1:2) system was found to be an excellent catalyst for direct aldol reactions. Excellent yields (up to 93%) and a significant improvement in diastereoselectivity (anti/syn up to 45:1) as well as enantioselectivity (up to more than 99% ee) compared with using proline as the sole catalyst were observed. This catalyst system was successfully applied to both cyclic and acyclic ketones in combination with aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes. In situ chelation of CoCl(2) and proline (1:2) is proposed to promote the reaction through a six-membered Zimmermann-Traxler type transition state involving the positioning of proline-enamine and the aldehyde through chelation to Co(II).


Assuntos
Álcoois/química , Aldeídos/química , Cobalto/química , Prolina/química , Catálise , Cetonas/química , Estereoisomerismo
5.
J Org Chem ; 76(2): 736-9, 2011 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21192632

RESUMO

vic-Dibromo-, α-halo-, or α,α-dibromocarbonyl compounds can be efficiently dehalogenated using catalytic tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium dichloride (Ru(bpy)(3)Cl(2)) in combination with 1,5-dimethoxynaphthalene (DMN) and ascorbate as sacrificial electron donor. For this process, a visible light promoted photocatalytic cycle is proposed that involves the reduction of carbon halogen bonds via free radical intermediates.

6.
Chemistry ; 16(30): 9056-67, 2010 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20572166

RESUMO

4-Aminobipyridine derivatives form strong inclusion complexes with cucurbit[6]uril, exhibiting remarkably large enhancements in fluorescence intensity and quantum yields. The remarkable complexation-induced pK(a) shift (DeltapK(a)=3.3) highlights the strong charge-dipole interaction upon binding. The reversible binding phenomenon can be used for the design of switchable beacons that can be incorporated into cascades of binding networks. This concept is demonstrated herein by three different applications: 1) a switchable fluorescent beacon for chemical sensing of transition metals and other ligands; 2) direct measurement of binding constants between cucurbit[6]uril and various nonfluorescent guest molecules; and 3) quantitative monitoring of biocatalytic reactions and determination of their kinetic parameters. The latter application is illustrated by the hydrolysis of an amide catalyzed by penicillin G acylase and by the elimination reaction of a beta-cabamoyloxy ketone catalyzed by aldolase antibody 38C2.


Assuntos
2,2'-Dipiridil/análogos & derivados , 2,2'-Dipiridil/química , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química , Penicilina Amidase/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Frutose-Bifosfato Aldolase/metabolismo , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (23): 2408-10, 2007 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17844762

RESUMO

Both syn- and anti-aldol products can be obtained from common reactants by simply changing their addition sequence.

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