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Case Rep Dent ; 2021: 8290429, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976417


Orthodontic-induced external apical root resorption is one of the idiopathic phenomena as an effect, with force generated through mechanotherapy as the cause and the biological tissues with their diversified variations as witness. It is also classified as iatrogenic as a result of indeterminate application of orthodontic forces with subconscious appreciation of the existing underlying conditions. Numerous factors were identified to relate to this irreversible pathologic condition, but none were proven scientifically. Genetics and salivary markers have proved the reliability with time, but the application became insignificant limiting mostly to the research field. Different assessment methods were also identified to clinically diagnose it both subjectively and objectively. Mostly, it is identified through routine radiographic stage records like orthopantomogram or certain prediction radiographs for root resorption probability assessment like in this case. This case report discusses one such encounter which was experienced after stage 1 and 2 mechanics involving quite a few teeth. Considering the biotype of the individual and tooth morphology, the ongoing treatment was terminated and recovery measures were briefed to uplift the self-esteem of the individual. Furthermore, the prognosis is compromised to be very poor with unpredictability to any other treatment modalities.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc ; 16(3): 242-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621542


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Many methods are reported in literature to determine freeway space (FWS), but they yield dissimilar measurements. PURPOSE: Recording FWS of patients during prosthetic rehabilitation is one of the important steps in dentistry. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability to predict FWS using lateral profile photographs (LPPs) in edentulous participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three participants in the age range of 20-27 years who met the inclusion criteria were recruited. LPP were taken for all participants using standard protocol and duplicate copy obtained; on which three soft tissue reference points, porion (Stp), gnathion (Stgn), and gonion (Stg) (Stg prenoted on the face) were marked and joined to form an angle Stp-Stg-Stgn. This angle was correlated with the mean FWS obtained using 3 methods, swallowing, phonetics, and no command. Simple linear regression model was used to develop a prediction formula for FWS using Stp-Stg-Stgn angle as the independent variable. RESULTS: The angle Stp-Stg-Stgn had a significant negative correlation with FWS (r = -0.76, P < 0.001). Using simple linear regression analysis, the following formula was obtained: FWS (in millimeters) = 11.405 - 0.072 × (Stp-Stg-Stgn angle in degrees). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, considering the usage of LPP as a method to determine the FWS can be recommended.

J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(7): ZC35-40, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27630950


INTRODUCTION: The initial leveling and aligning phase has been simplified with the introduction of superelastic nickel-titanium archwires. The relatively high cost of these wires has prompted some of the clinicians to reuse them after sterilization. The quantitative changes in the surface properties of superelastic 'NiTi' wires after clinical application and recycling by autoclave method have not been established in earlier studies. AIM: To quantify the changes in mechanical and physical properties of four different commercially available superelastic nitinol (NiTi) archwires after clinical usage and recycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The superelastic 'NiTi archwires obtained from four different manufacturers: Group I-GAC (McMinnville, USA); Group II- 3M Company (California, USA); Group III- G&H Company(Franklin, USA) and Group IV- American Orthodontics (AO) (Sheboygan, USA) were selected for the study. Each of the four groups comprised of 20 samples of wire with 10 of them selected randomly as control and remaining 10 as test specimen in each group. The experimental archwires were placed on selected patients for a period of three months followed by Standard Autoclave sterilization at 121°C and 15 to 20 psi pressure for 20 minutes and were retrieved. The tensile strength was evaluated by Instron-Universal Testing Machine. The quantification of changes in surface roughness was investigated by grid method using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The Control Wires (C) were evaluated at initial time "T1" where as the Experimental sample of wires (T) were subjected to testing at an initial time 'T1' and after clinical usage and sterilization at 'T2'. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Paired t-test was used for intra-group comparison and one way ANOVA and Post Hoc Tukey tests were used for inter-group comparison. RESULTS: There was significant decrease in tensile strength (p = 0.0015 to 0.001) and surface roughness (p< 0.001) between control and experimental arch wires within each group when properties at T1 and T2 were compared. CONCLUSION: The study suggests discouraging the use of clinically used and sterilized superelastic NiTi archwires.

J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(1): ZC74-8, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26894182


INTRODUCTION: Orthodontists are commonly faced with the decision of what to do with loose brackets, and with inaccurately located brackets that need repositioning during treatment. One solution is to recycle the brackets. The potential effects of reconditioning a bracket are dependent upon many factors which may result in physical changes like alteration in slot tolerance, which may influence sliding mechanics by affecting frictional resistance. AIM: To study and compare the dimensional changes in the bracket slot width and depth in reconditioned brackets from unused brackets under scanning electronic microscope and to study and compare any consequent effects on the static frictional resistance of stainless steel brackets after reconditioning and in unused brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentarum manufactured 90 stainless steel central incisors edgewise brackets of size 0.22 X 0.030″ inch and 0° tip and 0°angulation were taken. 60 samples for measuring frictional resistance and 30 samples for measuring slot dimensions. Ortho organizers manufactured stainless steel arch wires 0.019 X 0.025″ straight lengths 60 in number were considered for measuring static frictional resistance. RESULTS: The mean slot width and depth of new brackets were 0.0251″ and 0.0471″, which exceeded the manufacturers reported nominal size of 0.022″ X 0.030″, by 0.003″ and 0.017″. The reconditioned brackets demonstrated a further increase in mean slot width and depth to 0.028″ and 0.0518″ that is by 0.0035″ and 0.0047″ which is statistically significant (p=0.001, 0.002). The mean static frictional forces of the reconditioned brackets was nearly similar to that of new brackets that is 0.3167N for reconditioned brackets and 0.2613 N for new brackets. CONCLUSION: Although the reconditioning process results in physical changes to bracket structure this does not appear to result in significant effect on ex-vivo static frictional resistance.