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Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 14(7): 2164-70, 2012 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21909561


An autoclave reactor was modified to perform simultaneously high energy resolution fluorescence detected X-ray absorption spectroscopy (HERFD XAS) and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy measurements without altering the reactor design. This operando cell allows one to follow changes in the electronic and geometric structure of the catalyst with HERFD XAS and relate them to the simultaneously detected activity and reaction species with ATR-FTIR formed during the reaction in the liquid phase. The capability of the cell is demonstrated by two studies. The first shows the reduction of Au/CeO(2) precursors in different solvents. The second shows that mainly Au(0) is present in the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene over Au/CeO(2).

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(23): 6590-2, 2011 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21573273


Determination of metal oxidation state under relevant working conditions is crucial to understand catalytic behaviour. The reduction behaviour of Pt and Re was evaluated simultaneously as a function of support and solvent in a pressurized reactor (autoclave). The bimetallic catalysts are used in selective hydrogenation of carboxylic acids and amides. Gas phase reduction reduced the metals more efficiently, in particular Pt.

Gases/química , Platina/química , Rênio/química , Amidas/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Catálise , Hidrogenação , Oxirredução , Pressão , Solventes/química
Carbohydr Res ; 343(12): 2057-66, 2008 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18346717


The Amadori rearrangement was introduced as a key step for the conjugation of carbohydrate moieties with suitable amines such as aliphatic amines and amino acid derivatives. The rearrangement products were further transformed into the corresponding 1-N,2-O cyclic carbamates employing triphosgene to obtain anomerically stable glycoconjugates. The reaction conditions were probed on a model substrate, 3,5-di-O-benzyl-alpha,beta-d-glucofuranose and further applied to d-glycero-d-gulo-heptose, which gave 'd-gluco-conjugates' in the alpha-anomeric form exclusively in high isolated yields.

Glicoconjugados/síntese química