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1.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 6(1): 92-100, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35106419

RESUMO

AIM: Accurate preoperative diagnosis of lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) from lower rectal cancer is important to identify patients who require lateral lymph node dissection (LLND). We aimed to create an effective prediction model for LLNM using machine learning by combining preoperative information. METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients who underwent primary rectal cancer surgery with unilateral or bilateral LLND between April 2010 and March 2020 at a single institution. Using the machine learning software "Prediction One" (Sony Network Communications), we developed a prediction model in the training cohort that included 267 consecutive patients (500 sides) from April 2010. Clinicopathological data obtained from the preoperative examinations were used as the learning items. In the validation cohort that included subsequent patients until March 2020, we compared the discriminating powers of the prediction model and the conventional method using the short-axis diameter of the largest lateral lymph node, as detected on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the prediction model was 0.903 in the validation cohort comprising 56 patients (107 sides). This indicated significantly higher predictive power than that of the conventional method (AUC = 0.754; P = .022). Using the cutoff values defined in the training cohort, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the prediction model were 80.4%, 90.0%, and 79.4%, respectively. The model was able to correctly predict four of five sides comprising LLNM with the short-axis diameters ≤4 mm. CONCLUSION: Machine learning contributed to the creation of an effective prediction model for LLNM.

2.
Surg Today ; 52(1): 120-128, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110488

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Clinical evidence demonstrating risk factors for anastomotic leakage including robotic staplers has remained limited, even though the use of robotic surgery has increased substantially. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of robotic staplers on symptomatic anastomotic leakage in robotic low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 427 consecutive patients with primary rectal cancer who underwent robotic low anterior resection without diverting stoma were investigated retrospectively. Symptomatic anastomotic leakage was defined as anastomotic leakage of Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥ II. We compared the symptomatic anastomotic leakage rates between manual and robotic staplers using propensity score matching and investigated the risk factors for symptomatic anastomotic leakage. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, 168 pairs of manual and robotic stapler cases were selected. The symptomatic anastomotic leakage rate was significantly higher for manual staplers (6.5%) than for robotic staplers (1.2%, p = 0.02). In a multivariate analysis, the use of a manual stapler (p = 0.04, OR 4.86, 95% CI 1.08-21.8) and anastomosis < 4 cm from the anal verge (p < 0.01, OR 4.36, 95% CI 1.48-12.9) were identified as independent risk factors for symptomatic anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic stapler use was associated with a significantly decreased rate of anastomotic leakage in robotic low anterior resection without diverting stoma for rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/secundário , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Grampeadores Cirúrgicos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Surg Today ; 52(4): 643-651, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417866

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although robotic surgery for rectal cancer can overcome the shortcomings of laparoscopic surgery, studies focusing on abdominoperineal resection are limited. The aim of this study was to compare the operative outcomes between robotic and laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from April 2010 to March 2020. Patients with rectal cancer who underwent robotic or laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection without lateral lymph node dissection were enrolled. The perioperative and oncological outcomes were compared. RESULTS: We evaluated 33 and 20 patients in the robotic and laparoscopic groups, respectively. The median operative time and blood loss were comparable between the two groups. No significant differences in the overall complication rates were noted, whereas the rates of urinary dysfunction (3% vs. 26%, p = 0.02) and perineal wound infection (9% vs. 35%, p = 0.03) in the robotic group were significantly lower in comparison to the laparoscopic group. The median postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the robotic group (8 days vs. 11 days, p < 0.01). The positive resection margin rates were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Robotic abdominoperineal resection demonstrated better short-term outcomes than laparoscopic surgery, suggesting that it could be a useful approach.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 14(4): 803-806, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797194

RESUMO

We present a very rare case of rectal cancer in a patient with situs inversus totalis (SIT), which is a complete transposition of the thoracic and abdominal viscera. A woman in her 60s visited a local hospital reporting bloody stool and was diagnosed with upper rectal cancer and SIT. We made careful preoperative preparations for the congenital anomaly, and robotic-assisted high anterior resection with D3 lymph node dissection was performed. Although we adopted an unusual six-port placement, the operation was performed safely and efficiently without any adverse events. The patient recovered uneventfully. The pathological specimen was classified as pT3N2bM0 with negative resection margins. Robotic-assisted surgery is advantageous for rectal cancer treatment even when anatomical abnormalities make the surgical procedure more difficult.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Situs Inversus , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Retais/complicações , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Situs Inversus/complicações , Situs Inversus/cirurgia
5.
Microb Pathog ; 79: 41-6, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25602787

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess changes in antimicrobial susceptibilities of subgingival bacteria in acute periodontal lesions following systemic administration of a new-generation fluoroquinolone, sitafloxacin and to monitor the occurrence and fate of quinolone low-sensitive strains. Patients with acute phase of chronic periodontitis were subjected to microbiological assessment of their subgingival plaque samples at baseline (A1). Sitafloxacin was then administered systemically (100 mg/day for 5 days). The microbiological examinations were repeated one week after administration (A2). Susceptibilities of clinical isolates from acute sites to various antimicrobials were determined using broth and agar dilution methods. At A2, subgingival bacteria with low sensitivity to levofloxacin were identified in four patients, and they were subjected to a follow-up microbiological examination at on the average 12 months after sitafloxacin administration (A3). The patients received initial and supportive periodontal therapy during the period A2 to A3. From the examined subgingival sites, 8 and 19 clinical isolates were obtained at A2 and A3, respectively. Some Streptococcus strains isolated at A2 were found to be resistant to levofloxacin (MIC 16-64 µg/ml), azithromycin (MIC 2->128 µg/ml) or clarithromycin (MIC 1->32 µg/ml). At A3, isolated streptococci were highly susceptible to levofloxacin (MIC 0.5-2 µg/ml), while those resistant to azithromycin or clarithromycin were still isolated. It is suggested that the presence of the quinolone low-sensitive strains in initially acute lesions after sitafloxacin administration was transient, and they do not persist in the subgingival milieu during the periodontal therapy.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Fluoroquinolonas/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/microbiologia , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
6.
Microb Pathog ; 71-72: 1-7, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24747615

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effect(s) of systemic administration of sitafloxacin on subgingival microbial profiles of acute periodontal lesions. Antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical isolates was also investigated. Patients with acute phases of chronic periodontitis were subjected to clinical examination and microbiological assessment of their subgingival plaque samples by culture technique. Sitafloxacin was then administered (100 mg/day for 5 days) systemically. The clinical and microbiological examinations were repeated 6-8 days after administration. Susceptibilities of clinical isolates to various antimicrobials were determined using the broth and agar dilution methods. From the sampled sites in 30 participants, a total of 355 clinical isolates (34 different bacterial species) were isolated and identified. Parvimonas micra, Prevotella intermedia and Streptococcus mitis were the most prevalent cultivable bacteria in acute sites. Systemic administration of sitafloxacin yielded a significant improvement in clinical and microbiological parameters. Among the antimicrobials tested, sitafloxacin was the most potent against the clinical isolates with an MIC90 of 0.12 µg/ml at baseline. After administration, most clinical isolates were still highly susceptible to sitafloxacin although some increase in MICs was observed. The results suggest that systemic administration of sitafloxacin is effective against subgingival bacteria isolated from acute periodontal lesions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Biota , Fluoroquinolonas/administração & dosagem , Gengiva/microbiologia , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/microbiologia , Periodontite/patologia
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