Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 52
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348541

RESUMO

Background: Although noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves survival and quality of life (QOL) in ALS, use of NIV is suboptimal. Objective: To determine compliance with "early" NIV initiation, requisite for the feasibility of a large study of early NIV initiation, and examine factors impacting compliance. Methods: Seventy-three ALS participants with forced vital capacities (FVC) >50% were enrolled. Participants with FVC over 80% (Group 1) were initiated on NIV early (FVC between 80 and 85%). Participants with FVC between 50 and 80% (Group 2) started NIV at FVC between 50 and 55%. Symptom surveys, QOL scores, and NIV compliance (machine download documenting use ≥4 hours/night >60% of time) were collected following NIV initiation. Results: 53.6% of Group 1 and 50% of Group 2 were compliant 28 days following NIV initiation, with increased compliance over time. Participants who were unmarried, had lower income, lower educational attainment, or limited caregiver availability were less likely to be compliant. Bothersome symptoms in non-compliant participants included facial air pressure, frequent arousals with difficulty returning to sleep, and claustrophobia. Both compliant and noncompliant participants felt improved QOL with NIV; improvement was significantly greater in compliant participants. Conclusions: These data suggest ALS patients can comply with NIV early in their disease, and potentially benefit as evidenced by improved QOL scores, supporting both feasibility and need for a study comparing early versus late NIV initiation. Moreover, modifiable symptoms were identified that could be optimized to improve compliance. Further studies are needed to determine the impact of "early" intervention on survival and QOL.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Ventilação não Invasiva , Insuficiência Respiratória , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Capacidade Vital
2.
Neurology ; 73(15): 1218-26, 2009 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19822872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence bearing on the management of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: The authors analyzed studies from 1998 to 2007 to update the 1999 practice parameter. Topics covered in this section include slowing disease progression, nutrition, and respiratory management for patients with ALS. RESULTS: The authors identified 8 Class I studies, 5 Class II studies, and 43 Class III studies in ALS. Important treatments are available for patients with ALS that are underutilized. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV), percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), and riluzole are particularly important and have the best evidence. More studies are needed to examine the best tests of respiratory function in ALS, as well as the optimal time for starting PEG, the impact of PEG on quality of life and survival, and the effect of vitamins and supplements on ALS. RECOMMENDATIONS: Riluzole should be offered to slow disease progression (Level A). PEG should be considered to stabilize weight and to prolong survival in patients with ALS (Level B). NIV should be considered to treat respiratory insufficiency in order to lengthen survival (Level B) and to slow the decline of forced vital capacity (Level B). NIV may be considered to improve quality of life (Level C) [corrected].Early initiation of NIV may increase compliance (Level C), and insufflation/exsufflation may be considered to help clear secretions (Level C).


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/dietoterapia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Carbonato de Lítio/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Riluzol/uso terapêutico
3.
Neurology ; 73(15): 1227-33, 2009 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19822873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence bearing on the management of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: The authors analyzed studies from 1998 to 2007 to update the 1999 practice parameter. Topics covered in this section include breaking the news, multidisciplinary clinics, symptom management, cognitive and behavioral impairment, communication, and palliative care for patients with ALS. RESULTS: The authors identified 2 Class I studies, 8 Class II studies, and 30 Class III studies in ALS, but many important areas have been little studied. More high-quality, controlled studies of symptomatic therapies and palliative care are needed to guide management and assess outcomes in patients with ALS. RECOMMENDATIONS: Multidisciplinary clinic referral should be considered for managing patients with ALS to optimize health care delivery and prolong survival (Level B) and may be considered to enhance quality of life (Level C). For the treatment of refractory sialorrhea, botulinum toxin B should be considered (Level B) and low-dose radiation therapy to the salivary glands may be considered (Level C). For treatment of pseudobulbar affect, dextromethorphan and quinidine should be considered if approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (Level B). For patients who develop fatigue while taking riluzole, withholding the drug may be considered (Level C). Because many patients with ALS demonstrate cognitive impairment, which in some cases meets criteria for dementia, screening for cognitive and behavioral impairment should be considered in patients with ALS (Level B). Other management strategies all lack strong evidence.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico , Demência/diagnóstico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Fadiga/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cãibra Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Paralisia Pseudobulbar/tratamento farmacológico , Sialorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Sialorreia/radioterapia , Assistência Terminal/métodos , Revelação da Verdade
4.
Science ; 323(5918): 1205-8, 2009 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19251627

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal degenerative motor neuron disorder. Ten percent of cases are inherited; most involve unidentified genes. We report here 13 mutations in the fused in sarcoma/translated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) gene on chromosome 16 that were specific for familial ALS. The FUS/TLS protein binds to RNA, functions in diverse processes, and is normally located predominantly in the nucleus. In contrast, the mutant forms of FUS/TLS accumulated in the cytoplasm of neurons, a pathology that is similar to that of the gene TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP43), whose mutations also cause ALS. Neuronal cytoplasmic protein aggregation and defective RNA metabolism thus appear to be common pathogenic mechanisms involved in ALS and possibly in other neurodegenerative disorders.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Proteína FUS de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteína FUS de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Idade de Início , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Neurônios Motores/química , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/ultraestrutura , Proteínas Mutantes/química , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/ultraestrutura , RNA/metabolismo , Proteína FUS de Ligação a RNA/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Medula Espinal/patologia
5.
Neuroepidemiology ; 30(3): 180-90, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18421218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Studies Program has established a National Registry of Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). This article describes the objectives, methods, and sample involved in the registry. METHODS: United States military veterans with ALS were identified through national VA electronic medical record databases and nationwide publicity efforts for an enrollment period of 4 1/2 years. Diagnoses were confirmed by medical record reviews. Registrants were asked to participate in a DNA bank. Follow-up telephone interviews are conducted every 6 months to track participants' health status. RESULTS: As of September 30, 2007, 2,400 veterans had consented to participate in the registry, 2,068 were included after medical record review, 995 were still living and actively participating, and 1,573 consented to participate in the DNA bank. 979 participants had been enrolled in the registry for at least 1 year, 497 for at least 2 years, and 205 for at least 3 years. Fourteen studies have been approved to use registry data for epidemiological, observational, and interventional protocols. CONCLUSION: This registry has proven to be a successful model for identifying large numbers of patients with a relatively rare disease and enrolling them into multiple studies, including genetic protocols.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados como Assunto/organização & administração , Sistema de Registros , Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; (4): CD004030, 2006 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17054194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enteral feeding (tube feeding) is offered to many people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease experiencing difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and maintaining adequate nutritional intake leading to weight loss. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement or other tube feeding placement on: (1) survival; (2) nutritional status; (3) quality of life. Another aim is to examine the minor and major complications of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Trials Register (June 2005), MEDLINE (from January 1966 to June 2005), and EMBASE (from January 1980 to June 2005) for randomized controlled trials. In addition we searched MEDLINE (January 1966 to June 2005) and EMBASE (January 1980 to June 2005) to identify non-randomized studies that might be worthy of review and discussion. We checked references in published articles, proceedings of scientific meetings, and enlisted personal communications to identify any additional references. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials were to have been selected. Since no such trials were discovered, all prospective and retrospective controlled studies were reviewed in the 'Background' or 'Discussion' sections of the review. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We independently assessed study methodological design and extracted data. We considered the following outcomes: (1) survival rate in months (of primary interest), (2) nutritional status measured by weight change, change in body mass index, or other quantitative index of nutritional status, and (3) self-perceived quality of life We were also interested in reports of safety of the procedure as indicated by (4) minor and major complications of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or other feeding tube placement. MAIN RESULTS: We found no randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy of enteral tube feeding with those people who continued to eat orally, without enteral feeding. We summarized the results of retrospective and prospective case controlled studies in the 'Discussion' section of this review. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There are no randomized controlled trials to indicate whether enteral tube feeding is beneficial compared to continuation of oral feeding for survival. The 'best' evidence to date, based on controlled prospective cohort studies, suggests an advantage for survival in all people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease, but these conclusions are tentative. Evidence for improved nutrition is also incomplete but tentatively favorable. Quality of life has only been addressed by a few researchers and needs more serious attention.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/terapia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Humanos
7.
Neurology ; 61(6): 742-9, 2003 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14504315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In response to Gulf War veterans' concerns of high rates of ALS, this investigation sought to determine if Gulf War veterans have an elevated rate of ALS. METHODS: A nationwide epidemiologic case ascertainment study design was used to ascertain all occurrences of ALS for the 10-year period since August 1990 among active duty military and mobilized Reserves, including National Guard, who served during the Gulf War (August 2, 1990, through July 31, 1991). The diagnosis of ALS was confirmed by medical record review. Risk was assessed by the age-adjusted, average, annual 10-year cumulative incidence rate. RESULTS: Among approximately 2.5 million eligible military personnel, 107 confirmed cases of ALS were identified for an overall occurrence of 0.43 per 100,000 persons per year. A significant elevated risk of ALS occurred among all deployed personnel (RR = 1.92; 95% CL = 1.29, 2.84), deployed active duty military (RR = 2.15, 95% CL = 1.38, 3.36), deployed Air Force (RR = 2.68, 95% CL = 1.24, 5.78), and deployed Army (RR = 2.04; 95% CL = 1.10, 3.77) personnel. Elevated, but nonsignificant, risks were observed for deployed Reserves and National Guard (RR = 2.50; 95% CL = 0.88, 7.07), deployed Navy (RR = 1.48, 95% CL = 0.62, 3.57), and deployed Marine Corps (RR = 1.13; 95% CL = 0.27, 4.79) personnel. Overall, the attributable risk associated with deployment was 18% (95% CL = 4.9%, 29.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Military personnel who were deployed to the Gulf Region during the Gulf War period experienced a greater post-war risk of ALS than those who were not deployed to the Gulf.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Golfo Pérsico/epidemiologia , Veteranos , Guerra , Adulto , Idade de Início , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Oceano Índico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco
8.
J Neurol Sci ; 169(1-2): 118-25, 1999 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10540019

RESUMO

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) provides a reliable route for nutrition and hydration in ALS patients with dysphagia. We performed a retrospective analysis of the CNTF and BDNF databases to determine the clinical status of ALS patients within 30 days preceding PEG insertion. This analysis revealed an approximately 50% reduction of function across multiple measures of ALS disease status. A trend to earlier intervention with PEG was apparent upon review of published studies and the CNTF and BDNF studies. By comparing the rate of decline pre- and post-PEG, nutritional supplementation via PEG stabilized the weight loss experienced by patients. Death within 30 days post-PEG was associated with a marked reduction in forced vital capacity (FVC) and identified a group of ALS patients in whom PEG should be cautiously performed. These data emphasize the importance of sequential measurement of FVC in managing ALS patients to guide the timing of nutritional intervention with PEG.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/uso terapêutico , Fator Neurotrófico Ciliar/uso terapêutico , Gastrostomia/métodos , Avaliação Nutricional , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
DNA Cell Biol ; 18(9): 709-22, 1999 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10492402

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1) are cytokines that induce expression of various genes through activation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). We have previously cloned the entire human MnSOD (SOD2) gene and found several NF-kappaB-binding sites in the 5' and 3' flanking and intronic regions. To test whether these putative NF-kappaB-binding sites are able to respond to TNF and IL-1, we performed induction analysis using various deletion constructs ligated to a luciferase reporter gene. We found that the 5' and 3' flanking regions containing several NF-kappaB-binding sites do not mediate MnSOD induction by TNF or IL-1. When a 342-bp intron 2 fragment containing NF-kappaB, C/EBP, and NF-1 binding sites was linked to the basal promoter of the SOD2 gene, transcriptional activities were significantly increased in response to TNF and IL-1 in an orientation- and position-independent manner. To accurately identify the element that is most critical for the enhancer activity, deletions and specific mutations of each individual site were studied. The results indicated that the NF-kappaB binding site is essential but not sufficient for TNF- or IL-1-mediated induction. Furthermore, NF-kappaB elements in the 5' and 3' flanking regions could be made to function in TNF or IL-1 induction when they were transposed to the intronic fragment. Taken together, these results suggest that an NF-kappaB element and its location in the SOD2 gene is critical for TNF/IL-1-mediated induction. However, a complex interaction between NF-kappaB and other transcription elements is needed for a high-level induction.


Assuntos
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Interleucina-1/farmacologia , Íntrons , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , Primers do DNA , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida
12.
Oncogene ; 18(1): 93-102, 1999 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9926924

RESUMO

Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) has been shown to play an important role in preventing the development of cancer. MnSOD activity is reduced in many transformed cells and tumor tissues. We previously showed that the reduced level of MnSOD activity in cancer cells was not due to a defect in the primary structure of MnSOD protein, but rather was due to defects in gene expression. To elucidate the cause for the reduced expression of human MnSOD in cancer, we investigated the nucleotide sequence in the regulatory region of the MnSOD gene in a normal human cell line and various human tumor cell lines. A DNA fragment spanning 3.4 kb 5' flanking region of the MnSOD gene isolated from a normal human genomic DNA library was used to determine the DNA sequence of MnSOD promoter. PCR primers were used for amplification of the 3.4 kb 5' flanking region of the human MnSOD gene in cancer cells. Sequence analysis identified three heterozygous mutations in the proximal region of the promoter in five human tumor cell lines. These mutations, clustered around the GC-rich region of the human MnSOD promoter, change the binding pattern of AP-2 and lead to a reduction in transcription activity using a luciferase reporter assay system. These results suggest that the reduced level of MnSOD expression in some tumor cells is, at least in part, due to a defect in the DNA sequence of the promoter region.


Assuntos
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Mutação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Células HL-60 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Manganês , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-2 , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
J Neurol ; 245 Suppl 2: S13-9; discussion S29, 1998 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9747929

RESUMO

Although respiratory failure is the primary cause of death in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the management of nutritional status is important to enhancing the quality of life and optimising the timing of interventive techniques. Progressively weakening muscles impair the patient's ability to eat, and nearly all patients with ALS develop severe dysphagia. If nutritional support is not provided, food and fluid consumption may be greatly restricted, leading to weight loss and malnutrition. This may be compounded by impaired respiratory functions, which place increased energy demands on the patient. This paper describes the nutritional needs of ALS patients from a worldwide and cross-cultural perspective. In particular, the differences between a paternalistic and a patient-centred approach to treatment are addressed. The need for further study into the nutritional status of ALS patients and the issue of parenteral and enteral nutritional therapy, particularly percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, are discussed.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Apoio Nutricional , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos
15.
Muscle Nerve ; 20(3): 330-5, 1997 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9052812

RESUMO

We evaluated the feasibility of using upper extremity anthropometrics to monitor the clinical status of 18 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The bone-free arm muscle area (AMA) was computed using measurement of triceps skinfold thickness and the mid-upper arm circumference according to published formulae. The AMA correlated significantly with body mass, isokinetic muscle force generation, cross-sectional muscle area on computerized tomography scanning, and pulmonary functions including forced vital capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation. Serial determinations of AMA demonstrated a decline in 10 of 13 patients over 6 months. We pilot tested the use of AMA in a clinical trial of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in the treatment of ALS. The AMA progressively decreased by 13%, 15%, and 30% in ALS patients treated with 0 microg CNTF/kg, 15 microg CNTF/kg, and 30/microg CNTF/kg, respectively, over a 9-month treatment period. We conclude that measurement of AMA provides a simple, inexpensive method to monitor the progression of muscle atrophy in ALS patients. The technique does not require effort on the part of the patient and as such, appears to have potential utility as an outcome measure in clinical drug trials.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/fisiopatologia , Antropometria , Braço/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Fator Neurotrófico Ciliar , Método Duplo-Cego , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos/fisiopatologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Torque
16.
17.
Exp Neurol ; 139(2): 328-34, 1996 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8654536

RESUMO

Mice with a nontargeted transgene insertion at the motor endplate disease (med) locus (med(tg)) contain a deletion of a novel gene encoding a neuronal voltage-gated sodium channel, designated Scn8a. We characterized severe skeletal muscle atrophy beginning by Postnatal Day 10 (P10) and death by P20 in the med(tg) mouse. Denervation was functional, rather than structural, since the Scn8a mutation was not accompanied by retraction of neuromuscular contacts, motoneuron death, or decreased motoneuron soma diameter. Although pathology consistent with denervation was seen in both hindlimb and forelimb musculature, the postnatal maturation of the extraocular muscles was not altered. The onset of paralysis is likely coincident with the time that the Scn8a sodium channel normally assumes a critical role in the initiation and/or propagation of action potentials in spinal motoneurons. By contrast, the lack of consequences for extraocular muscle suggests that the Scn8a voltage-gated sodium channel may be of relatively minor importance for oculomotor motoneurons.


Assuntos
Neurônios Motores/fisiologia , Nervo Oculomotor/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Canais de Sódio/fisiologia , Medula Espinal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Músculo Esquelético/ultraestrutura
18.
Mov Disord ; 11(2): 151-6, 1996 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8684384

RESUMO

Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the rapid onset of dystonic spasms and parkinsonism over a period of a few hours to weeks after their onset. We have seen two additional members of this previously reported family with RDP who present with a more gradual progression of their disorder over 6-18 months. One of these individuals experienced the rapid progression of symptoms 2 years after an initial stabilization of his condition. The RDP phenotype is variable, and presentation may be gradual in some cases. Cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitter levels in these two and other family members suggest involvement of the dopaminergic pathways in RDP.


Assuntos
Distonia/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Fenótipo , Adolescente , Adulto , Dopamina/fisiologia , Distonia/diagnóstico , Distonia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Triagem de Portadores Genéticos , Ácido Homovanílico/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Ácido Hidroxi-Indolacético/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Masculino , Metoxi-Hidroxifenilglicol/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Neurológico , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Linhagem
19.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 63(1): 130-7, 1996 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8604660

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive muscle atrophy and weakness. Although dysphagia is a universal feature of this illness, the nutritional and metabolic status of ALS patients has received little attention. We performed serial measurements of muscle power, body composition, energy expenditure, nitrogen balance, and dietary intake on ALS patients on three occasions over 6 mo in the General Clinical Research Center of the University of Kentucky Medical Center. Data were analyzed in reference to the time of death. Regression analysis demonstrated progressive decreases in body fat, lean body mass, muscle power, and nitrogen balance and an increase in resting energy expenditure as death approached. The changes in body composition were greater in males. Energy and protein consumption averaged 84% and 126% of the recommended dietary allowances, respectively, but did not correlate with complaints of dysphagia. We conclude that ALS patients have a chronically deficient intake of energy and recommended augmentation of energy intake rather than the consumption of high-protein nutritional supplements.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/fisiopatologia , Morte , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/sangue , Antropometria , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cátions/sangue , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Ingestão de Energia , Metabolismo Energético , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrogênio/metabolismo
20.
Neurochem Int ; 27(1): 105-9, 1995 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7655342

RESUMO

The immunocytochemical localization of the metallothioneins (MT), a family of low molecular weight, heavy metal binding proteins, was investigated in rat and human spinal cord using two distinct antibodies. Polyclonal antibodies were raised to the peptide (SCKCKECKCTS), an epitope common to all human MT isoforms. The monoclonal antibody, E9 which recognizes a different epitope of the MT protein, was also used. Similar results were obtained with either antibody. Both antibodies recognized authentic MT from rabbit liver and horse kidney on Western blots. Immunoreactivity was localized primarily in the cytoplasm of motoneurons in the anterior horn of cervical and lumbar cord. However nuclear staining was present in some motoneurons in both rat and human cord. Intense nuclear, as well as cytoplasmic staining was seen in astrocytes. Capillary endothelia, ependymal cells, arachnoid and pia were also positive for MT.


Assuntos
Metalotioneína/análise , Neurônios/química , Medula Espinal/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Astrócitos/química , Astrócitos/ultraestrutura , Axônios/química , Dendritos/química , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Neurônios Motores/química , Neurônios Motores/ultraestrutura , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...