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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The optimal antiplatelet strategy in patients undergoing CABG remains unclear. This is the first meta-analysis investigating the clinical outcomes associated with ticagrelor-based antiplatelet regimens in patients receiving CABG. METHODS: Relevant scientific databases were searched for studies investigating antiplatelet regimens after CABG from inception until April 1, 2019. Studies which randomly assigned CABG patients to either ticagrelor-based or control antiplatelet regimens were eligible. The primary outcome of this analysis was all-cause death. The main secondary outcome was MI. Other outcomes of interest were cardiac death, major adverse cardiac events, stroke and bleeding. This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42019122192. RESULTS: Five trials comprising 3996 patients (2002 assigned to ticagrelor-based and 1994 to control antiplatelet regimens) were eligible for quantitative synthesis. The median follow-up was 12 months. Control antiplatelet regimens consisted of either aspirin or clopidogrel or both. As compared to control, ticagrelor-based regimens reduced the risk of all-cause death [0.61 (0.43-0.87); P = 0.007], cardiac death [0.58 (0.39-0.86); P = 0.007] and major adverse cardiac events [0.79 (0.63-0.98); P = 0.03], without difference in the risk of MI [0.76 (0.50-1.18); P = 0.22], stroke [0.99 (0.56-1.78); P = 0.98] or bleeding [1.04 (0.95-1.14); P = 0.41]. There was a treatment effect modification for the primary outcome associated with trials enrolling predominantly patients with acute coronary syndrome (P for interaction = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving CABG, ticagrelor-based regimens reduce mortality and major adverse cardiac events without excess bleeding risk as compared with aspirin monotherapy or the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel. The benefit of ticagrelor-based regimens is more relevant in those studies enrolling predominantly patients with acute coronary syndrome. These findings require further confirmation in randomized trials focused on this subset of patients and powered for clinical outcomes.

3.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of shock index with long-term mortality after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains poorly investigated. We aimed to assess the association between shock index and eight-year mortality after STEMI. METHODS: The study included 1369 patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Patients were categorized into three groups: a group with shock index in the first tertile (shock index, 0.21 to 0.52; n = 458), a group with shock index in the second tertile (shock index > 0.52 to 0.67; n = 457) and a group with shock index in the third tertile (shock index > 0.67 to 2.80; n = 454). The primary outcome was eight-year mortality. RESULTS: In patients with shock index in the first to third tertiles, inhospital cardiogenic shock (n = 153) occurred in 3.5, 3.9 and 26.2% of patients, respectively [adjusted odds ratio = 1.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40 to 1.69, P < 0.001]; 30-day deaths (n = 122) occurred in 2.8, 5.5 and 18.5% of patients, respectively [adjusted hazard ratio = 1.06 (1.01-1.12); P = 0.024]; eight-year deaths (n = 300) occurred in 22.9, 21.6 and 36.1% of patients, respectively [adjusted hazard ratio = 1.06 (1.02-1.11); P = 0.007] with all risk estimates calculated per 0.1 unit increment in shock index values. From 30 days to 8 years, deaths (n = 178) occurred in 20.7, 17.0 and 21.5% of patients in the first to third shock index tertiles, respectively (the difference was nonsignificant for all intertertile comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with STEMI, elevated shock index is associated with the risk of inhospital cardiogenic shock and mortality up to 8 years after PPCI. The long-term adverse prognosis was almost entirely driven by events within the first 30 days.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474326

RESUMO

Patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are typically elderly with several co-morbidities, which might limit prognosis despite successful procedural outcome. To date, the prevalence and clinical impact of iron deficiency (ID) in patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI remains poorly defined. This study included 495 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI for severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. ID was defined as ferritin <100 ng/ml or ferritin 100 to 300 ng/ml, when transferrin saturation was <20%. The primary end point of the study was a composite of all-cause mortality, unplanned readmission for worsening heart failure or red blood cell transfusions during the first year after TAVI, which occurred in 22% (109 of 495) of the population. ID was present in 54% (268 of 495) of the entire cohort and was associated with a higher rate of the primary end point (27.6% [74 of 268] vs 15.4% [35 of 227]; p = 0.001). After multivariable adjustment, the association of ID with the primary end point remained significant (hazard ratio 1.64, 95% confidence interval [1.08 to 2.48]; p = 0.019). In a subgroup of ferropenic patients (n = 56), treatment with intravenous iron before TAVI was feasible, resulting in a considerable improvement of ferritin, transferrin saturation and symptoms at 30-day follow-up. In conclusion, ID is common in TAVI patients and is associated with adverse clinical outcome after TAVI. Correction of ID with intravenous iron seems feasible in contemporary TAVI patients. Whether this reduces transfusion rates and impacts clinical outcome after TAVI remains to be investigated in future prospective trials.

5.
N Engl J Med ; 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative merits of ticagrelor as compared with prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes for whom invasive evaluation is planned are uncertain. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, open-label trial, we randomly assigned patients who presented with acute coronary syndromes and for whom invasive evaluation was planned to receive either ticagrelor or prasugrel. The primary end point was the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 1 year. A major secondary end point (the safety end point) was bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 4018 patients underwent randomization. A primary-end point event occurred in 184 of 2012 patients (9.3%) in the ticagrelor group and in 137 of 2006 patients (6.9%) in the prasugrel group (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09 to 1.70; P = 0.006). The respective incidences of the individual components of the primary end point in the ticagrelor group and the prasugrel group were as follows: death, 4.5% and 3.7%; myocardial infarction, 4.8% and 3.0%; and stroke, 1.1% and 1.0%. Definite or probable stent thrombosis occurred in 1.3% of patients assigned to ticagrelor and 1.0% of patients assigned to prasugrel, and definite stent thrombosis occurred in 1.1% and 0.6%, respectively. Major bleeding (as defined by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium scale) was observed in 5.4% of patients in the ticagrelor group and in 4.8% of patients in the prasugrel group (hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.51; P = 0.46). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who presented with acute coronary syndromes with or without ST-segment elevation, the incidence of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke was significantly lower among those who received prasugrel than among those who received ticagrelor, and the incidence of major bleeding was not significantly different between the two groups. (Funded by the German Center for Cardiovascular Research and Deutsches Herzzentrum München; ISAR-REACT 5 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01944800.).

6.
N Engl J Med ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monotherapy with a P2Y12 inhibitor after a minimum period of dual antiplatelet therapy is an emerging approach to reduce the risk of bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: In a double-blind trial, we examined the effect of ticagrelor alone as compared with ticagrelor plus aspirin with regard to clinically relevant bleeding among patients who were at high risk for bleeding or an ischemic event and had undergone PCI. After 3 months of treatment with ticagrelor plus aspirin, patients who had not had a major bleeding event or ischemic event continued to take ticagrelor and were randomly assigned to receive aspirin or placebo for 1 year. The primary end point was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding. We also evaluated the composite end point of death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke, using a noninferiority hypothesis with an absolute margin of 1.6 percentage points. RESULTS: We enrolled 9006 patients, and 7119 underwent randomization after 3 months. Between randomization and 1 year, the incidence of the primary end point was 4.0% among patients randomly assigned to receive ticagrelor plus placebo and 7.1% among patients assigned to receive ticagrelor plus aspirin (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.45 to 0.68; P<0.001). The difference in risk between the groups was similar for BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding (incidence, 1.0% among patients receiving ticagrelor plus placebo and 2.0% among patients receiving ticagrelor plus aspirin; hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.33 to 0.74). The incidence of death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke was 3.9% in both groups (difference, -0.06 percentage points; 95% CI, -0.97 to 0.84; hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.25; P<0.001 for noninferiority). CONCLUSIONS: Among high-risk patients who underwent PCI and completed 3 months of dual antiplatelet therapy, ticagrelor monotherapy was associated with a lower incidence of clinically relevant bleeding than ticagrelor plus aspirin, with no higher risk of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. (Funded by AstraZeneca; TWILIGHT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02270242.).

7.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498111

RESUMO

AIMS: Elevated gradients have been proposed to be associated with hemodynamic structural valve deterioration (SVD) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and data regarding their characterization remain scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS: 691 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI were enrolled. The primary endpoint was moderate or severe hemodynamic SVD during 12-month follow-up after TAVI, defined as (I) mean transvalvular gradient ≥20 mmHg or (II) mean transvalvular gradient change ≥10 mmHg. The primary endpoint was observed in 10.3% after TAVI. Use of 20mm valve, valve-in-valve procedure and oral anticoagulation (OAC) were independently associated with hemodynamic SVD, whereas valve-in-valve procedure and OAC were the only significant variables after accounting for death as a competing event. OAC was significantly associated with both, hemodynamic SVD (RR 8.65; p=0.004) and death (RR 3.57; p=0.06), whereas valve-in-valve procedure was only associated with hemodynamic SVD (RR 52.76; p<0.001). Valve thrombosis was present in 0.87% (6/691) of all patients. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of moderate or greater hemodynamic SVD during the first 12 months after TAVI is 10.3%. Procedural factors and pharmacotherapy seem to play a key role during manifestation. Future studies should focus on the underlying mechanisms.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(19): 1889-1898, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare angiographic and optical coherence tomography findings following subintimal as opposed to intraplaque recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs). BACKGROUND: There is ongoing controversy regarding outcomes of intraplaque versus subintimal CTO recanalization. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing angiography and intravascular optical coherence tomography following CTO recanalization were included in the ISAR-OCT-CTO (Intracoronary Stenting and Angiographic Results - Optical Coherence Tomography for Chronic Total Occlusions) registry. The study endpoints were percent diameter stenosis and late lumen loss as well as rate of uncovered and malapposed struts. Independent correlates of uncovered and malapposed struts were assessed by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The study included 75 patients. Intraplaque and dissection and re-entry techniques (DART) were used in 46 and 29 patients, respectively. There were no differences in terms of in-segment percent diameter stenosis (median 36.9 [interquartile range (IQR): 26.4 to 43.1] vs. 31.2 [IQR: 23.2 to 49.5]; p = 0.656), in-stent late lumen loss (0.215 mm [IQR: 0.063 to 0.495 mm] vs. 0.230 mm [IQR: 0.060 to 0.645 mm]; p = 0.837), or in-segment late lumen loss (0.030 mm [IQR: -0.278 to 0.510 mm] vs. 0.130 mm [IQR: -0.120 to 0.500 mm]; p = 0.395) at follow-up between the 2 techniques. Optical coherence tomography analysis showed comparable strut coverage (79.9% vs. 71.3%; p = 0.255) but significantly higher strut malapposition (6.6% vs. 13.6%; p < 0.001) following DART. Use of DART independently correlated with presence of strut malapposition (odds ratio: 3.41; 95% confidence interval: 1.24 to 9.36; p = 0.017) but not of strut coverage (odds ratio: 0.65; 95% confidence interval: 0.28 to 1.49; p = 0.314). CONCLUSIONS: Intraplaque and subintimal recanalization techniques are associated with comparable mid-term angiographic results. Although the rate of uncovered struts is high following CTO recanalization, the recanalization technique does not independently correlate with presence of uncovered struts. There is a high rate of strut malapposition following CTO recanalization, particularly if achieved by means of DART.

9.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511862

RESUMO

AIMS: Consensus is lacking regarding the best treatment for coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR). The two most effective treatments are angioplasty with paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) and repeat stenting with drug-eluting stent (DES) but individual trials were not statistically powered for clinical endpoints, results were heterogeneous, and evidence about comparative efficacy and safety in relevant subsets was limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Difference in Anti-restenotic Effectiveness of Drug-eluting stent and drug-coated balloon AngiopLasty for the occUrrence of coronary in-Stent restenosis (DAEDALUS) study was a comprehensive, investigator-initiated, collaborative, individual patient data meta-analysis comparing angioplasty with PCB alone vs. repeat stenting with DES alone for the treatment of coronary ISR. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017075007). All 10 available randomized clinical trials were included with 1976 patients enrolled, 1033 assigned to PCB and 943 to DES. At 3-year follow-up, PCB was associated with a significant increase in the risk of target lesion revascularization (TLR) compared with DES [hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, 95% CI 1.02-1.70, P = 0.035; number-needed-to-harm 28.5]. There was a significant interaction between treatment effect and type of restenosed stent (P = 0.029) with a more marked difference in patients with DES-ISR and comparable effects in patients with bare-metal stent-ISR. At 3-year follow-up, the primary safety endpoint of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion thrombosis was comparable between treatments (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.58-1.09, P = 0.152). A pre-specified subgroup analysis indicated a significant interaction between treatment effect and type of DES used to treat ISR (P = 0.033), with a lower incidence of events associated with PCB compared with first-generation DES and similar effect between PCB and second-generation DES (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.71-1.60, P = 0.764). Long-term all-cause mortality was similar between PCB and DES (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.53-1.22, P = 0.310); results were consistent comparing PCB and non-paclitaxel-based DES (HR 1.42, 95% CI 0.80-2.54, P = 0.235). Myocardial infarction and target lesion thrombosis were comparable between treatments. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with coronary ISR, repeat stenting with DES is moderately more effective than angioplasty with PCB at reducing the need for TLR at 3 years. The incidence of a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion thrombosis was similar between groups. The rates of individual endpoints, including all-cause mortality, were not significantly different between groups.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the procedural and clinical performance of dual- versus single-catheter strategy for transradial coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: The radial artery (RA) is recommended as the vascular access of choice in patients undergoing coronary angiography and intervention. The procedural and clinical performance of dual- versus single-catheter strategy in patients undergoing transradial coronary angiography remains a matter of debate. METHODS: This is a study-level meta-analysis of randomized trials. The primary outcome was procedure time. The main secondary outcome was fluoroscopy time. Other outcomes of interest were contrast volume, crossover to other catheter strategy and RA spasm. RESULTS: A total of 2,062 patients (978 randomly assigned to dual-catheter and 1,084 to single-catheter strategy) included in seven trials were available for the quantitative synthesis. A dual-catheter strategy was associated with procedure time (standardized mean difference [95% confidence intervals (CI)], 0.55 [-0.69, 1.78]; p = .32), fluoroscopy time (-0.36 [-2.39, 1.67]; p = .68) and contrast volume (-0.93 [-3.79, 1.94]; p = .44) comparable to a single-catheter strategy. The risk for crossover was lower (risk ratio [95% CI], 0.14 [0.03, 0.70]; p = .025) while the risk for RA spasm was higher (1.81 [1.54, 2.12]; p < .001) among patients assigned to dual- versus single-catheter strategy. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis provides evidence for a comparable procedural performance of either dual- or single-catheter strategy for transradial coronary angiography. The fewer crossovers with dual-catheter strategy occur at the expense of more frequent radial artery spasm.

13.
Eur. heart j ; 40(25)Jul. 1, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1009597

RESUMO

Non-adherence has been well recognized for years to be a common issue that significantly impacts clinical outcomes and health care costs. Medication adherence is remarkably low even in the controlled environment of clinical trials where it has potentially complex major implications. Collection of non-adherence data diverge markedly among cardiovascular randomized trials and, even where collected, is rarely incorporated in the statistical analysis to test the consistency of the primary endpoint(s). The imprecision introduced by the inconsistent assessment of non-adherence in clinical trials might confound the estimate of the calculated efficacy of the study drug. Hence, clinical trials may not accurately answer the scientific question posed by regulators, who seek an accurate estimate of the true efficacy and safety of treatment, or the question posed by payers, who want a reliable estimate of the effectiveness of treatment in the marketplace after approval. The Non-adherence Academic Research Consortium is a collaboration among leading academic research organizations, representatives from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and physician-scientists from the USA and Europe. One in-person meeting was held in Madrid, Spain, culminating in a document describing consensus recommendations for reporting, collecting, and analysing adherence endpoints across clinical trials. The adoption of these recommendations will afford robustness and consistency in the comparative safety and effectiveness evaluation of investigational drugs from early development to post-marketing approval studies. These principles may be useful for regulatory assessment, as well as for monitoring local and regional outcomes to guide quality improvement initiatives.(AU)


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14.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007734, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data examining the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on ischemic risk after percutaneous coronary intervention in women are limited as most clinical trial participants are male. We evaluated (1) the impact of DM on ischemic outcomes in women undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and (2) whether the outcomes of new- versus early-generation DES vary by DM status. METHODS AND RESULTS: We pooled patient-level data of 10 448 women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES from 26 randomized trials. Baseline characteristics and 3-year clinical outcomes were stratified according to DM status (noninsulin-dependent and insulin-dependent) and DES generation. The primary end point was the composite of all-cause death or myocardial infarction. Secondary end points were definite or probable stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with women without DM (n=7154, 68.5%), adjusted risks (adjusted hazard ratios [95% CI]) for death or myocardial infarction among women with noninsulin-dependent DM (n=2241, 21.4%) and insulin-dependent DM (n=1053, 10.1%) were 1.30 (1.11-1.53) and 1.71 (1.41-2.07), respectively ( Ptrend<0.001). Similar trends were observed for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with early-generation DES, use of newer-generation DES was associated with significant reductions in death or myocardial infarction in the absence of DM whereas differences were nonsignificant in the presence of DM, with similar findings for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of DM is associated with substantial, graded, and durable risks for ischemic events among women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. The safety and efficacy profile of newer-generation DES is preserved among women without DM, while benefits are nonsignificant among women with DM.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355753

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the incidence and predictors of superficial femoral artery (SFA) stent thrombosis (ST) in a large patient cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: 984 stented SFA-lesions were retrospectively analysed in 717 patients. We observed an overall ST rate of 7.5% (74/984) while 14% occurred early within 30 days after stenting, 51% during the first year thereafter and 35% later than one year. The estimated 5-year probability of ST was 13.4% [95% confidence interval CI: 10.0% to 16.7%]. Significant predictors of ST were stent-length (hazard ratio HR: 1.09 [95% CI: 1.06 to1.11], p<0.001), lesion-length (HR: 1.10 [1.08 to 1.13], p<0.001) female gender (HR: 1.79 [1.12 to 2.86], p=0.015), chronic total occlusion (CTO) (HR: 4.21 [2.51 to 7.05], p<0.001), implantation of more than one stent (2 stents: HR:6.06 [3.35 to 11.0], p<0.001), (3 or more stents: HR:16.83 [9.43 to 30.0], p<0.001) as well as lesion complexity criteria as expressed by TASC-II C/D (HR: 17.7 [5.56 to 56.1], p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ST after SFA stenting was a common adverse event in our cohort and peaked during the first year after stent implantation. Independent predictors of ST included lesion- and stent-length, female gender, presence of CTO, number of implanted stents and lesion complexity.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) demonstrated an increased risk of very late scaffold thrombosis (VLScT) in comparison with conventional drug-eluting stents. However, characterization of VLScT cases remains scant and the role of interim angiographic surveillance in identifying patients at risk of VLScT is unclear. We therefore set out to identify angiographic predictors of VLScT in our present case series. METHODS: We analyzed a series of consecutive patients with VLScT presenting to two centers in Munich, Germany. Of interest, all patients had undergone interim planned surveillance angiography. Angiographic films were collected and reviewed and quantitative coronary angiography analysis was done at a core laboratory. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) images at presentation with VLScT were analyzed in patients with available data. RESULTS: Nine patients presented with 10 VLScT events. Mean age was 62.6 years. Surveillance angiography (between 159 and 476 days) were unremarkable in all cases. Time from index intervention to VLScT ranged from 393 to 1494 days. Nine of 10 events occurred after discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy. Four patients underwent OCT. The dominant finding at the time of VLScT was scaffold discontinuity. CONCLUSIONS: In a series of patients with VLScT after treatment with BRS, routine interim surveillance angiography was available in all patients and failed to identify features predictive of subsequent adverse events.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155492

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bifurcation stenting is thought to be associated with delayed healing and a subsequent risk of stent failure. The aim of this study was to further evaluate healing of thin-strut bioabsorbable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (EES) post bifurcation stenting by optical coherence tomography (OCT) including grey-scale signal intensity (GSI) analysis. METHODS: Patients undergoing bifurcation stenting with a planned two-stent approach using EES with OCT follow-up at 3-6 months post-stenting were included in this study. Morphometric analysis of contiguous cross-sections was performed at 1 mm longitudinal intervals within the stented segment. GSI analysis of neointimal regions of interest (ROI) overlying stent struts was performed for each of these cross-sections. Tissue coverage was classified as mature or immature. RESULTS: Data on a total of 31 lesions (17 cases) was available at a median of 168 days post stenting. Mean length of stented segments was 27.7 ±â€¯16.6 mm. The mean minimum stent area was 6.50 ±â€¯2.71 mm2 while the mean stent area was 8.69 ±â€¯3.08 mm2. Amongst a total of 847 assessed frames, 9716 struts were visible. Overall strut coverage was 95.9%; 0.3% of struts were malapposed. The mean thickness of neointimal coverage was 100.95 ±â€¯42.03 µm and the mean percentage area stenosis was 9.03 ±â€¯7.80%. A total of 53.79% of ROIs were classified as mature. CONCLUSIONS: After implantation of EES in bifurcation lesions, rates of uncovered and malapposed struts were low. GSI analysis showed that more than half of neointimal areas analyzed were classified as mature in keeping with advanced vessel healing.

18.
Clin Chim Acta ; 496: 55-61, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding the association between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the association of ALT with the prognosis of patients with CAD. METHODS: The study included 9523 patients with angiography-proven CAD who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Baseline ALT activity measurements were available for analysis in all patients. The primary outcome was 3-year cardiac mortality. RESULTS: Patients were divided into three groups: a group with ALT within the 1st tertile (ALT 2.0 U/L to ≤17.0 U/L; n = 3276 patients), a group with ALT within the 2nd tertile (ALT >17.0 U/L to ≤26.0 U/L; n = 3075 patients) and a group with ALT within 3rd tertile (>26 U/L to ≤50.0 U/L; n = 3172 patients). Cardiac death (primary outcome) occurred in 441 patients: 201 (7.1%), 126 (4.7%) and 114 (4.0%) of these occurring in patients in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd ALT tertiles, respectively (with percentages representing Kaplan-Meier estimates of 3-year cardiac mortality); adjusted hazard ratio = 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.11 to 1.85, P = 0.006 calculated for 1 unit decrement in the logarithmic scale of ALT. The multivariable model for cardiac mortality with baseline variables without ALT had a C-statistic of 0.827 [0.801-0.853], P < 0.001, which increased to 0.832 [0.806-0.857], P < 0.001 after incorporation of ALT (P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CAD, ALT was inversely and independently associated with the risk of 3-year cardiac mortality. Low ALT may reflect cardiovascular risk that is poorly mediated by traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

19.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(9): 1539-1545, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226721

RESUMO

Despite dual antiplatelet therapy patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continue to experience periprocedural ischemic events. In addition, all currently used antithrombotic drugs increase the bleeding risk. Thus, there is an unmet clinical need for antithrombotic strategies with improved efficacy and no increase in bleeding. Revacept is a novel, lesion-directed antithrombotic drug that does not interfere with the function of circulating platelets. This dimeric fusion protein of the extracellular domain of glycoprotein VI (the major platelet collagen receptor) and the human Fc-fragment inhibits collagen-mediated platelet adhesion and subsequent aggregation at the site of vascular injury. The randomized, double-blinded, phase II ISAR-PLASTER trial is based on extensive preclinical evaluation of Revacept and a favorable first-in-man trial. A total of 332 patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective PCI will be randomized to either Revacept 160 mg, Revacept 80 mg, or placebo administered as single intravenous infusion directly before the intervention, on top of standard dual antiplatelet therapy and either heparin or bivalirudin, based on local practice and current guidelines. The primary endpoint is the composite of death or myocardial injury (defined as increase in high sensitivity troponin T ≥ 5 times the upper limit of normal) at 48 hours. The safety endpoint is bleeding of class 2 or higher according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium at 30 days. This phase II randomized, double blind trial will assess for the first time the efficacy and safety of Revacept-a lesion-directed inhibitor of platelet adhesion-in patients undergoing elective PCI.

20.
Heart Lung Circ ; 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182269

RESUMO

AIM: Psoas muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) is a proposed marker of frailty associated with mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We assessed the impact of psoas CSA on medium-term mortality over 5 years in a large cohort, adjusted for pre-procedural variables. METHOD: This single-centre registry-derived analysis assessed 1,731 consecutive TAVI patients between 2007 and 31 April 2015 with available abdominal computed tomography scans. Sex-stratified, height-adjusted psoas CSA was measured mid-body of the fourth lumbar vertebra. Kaplan-Meier survival distributions across psoas CSA quartiles were compared. Cox and logistic regression models were used to assess baseline variables associated with the primary outcome, which was mortality within 5 years. RESULTS: Median age was 81 years (interquartile range, 77 - 85); 52.5% were women. The primary end point occurred in 555 patients over a mean follow-up of 775 days. Lower psoas CSA quartile patients were older, had a lower body mass index, lower creatinine clearance, and lower rates of previous cardiac surgery, with higher rates of diabetes, coronary artery disease, pacemaker, anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, and higher European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation. Unadjusted survival by psoas CSA quartile was significantly different in men (log rank p=0.041) but not women (p=0.099). In Bonferroni-adjusted multivariate analysis, psoas CSA quartiles were not significantly associated with mortality. Hypoalbuminaemia (hazard ratio [HR], 2.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.53 - 2.87 [p<0.001]) and increasing age (HR, 1.03 per year; 95% CI, 1.01 - 1.05 [p=0.002]) were associated with increased risk; female sex (HR, 0.63; 95% CI 0.51 - 0.78 [p<0.001]), and hypercholesterolaemia (HR, 0.67; 95%, CI 0.54 0.83 [p<0.001]) with reduced risk. CONCLUSIONS: Psoas CSA was not significantly associated with mortality after adjusting for pre-procedural variables. Hypoalbuminaemia, sex, hypercholesterolaemia, and age were significantly associated with mortality after TAVI.

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