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1.
Cancer Sci ; 112(4): 1579-1588, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506574

RESUMO

Traditional observational studies have reported a positive association between higher body mass index (BMI) and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, evidence from other approaches to pursue the causal relationship between BMI and CRC is sparse. A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study was undertaken using 68 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the Japanese genome-wide association study (GWAS) and 654 SNPs from the GWAS catalogue for BMI as sets of instrumental variables. For the analysis of SNP-BMI associations, we undertook a meta-analysis with 36 303 participants in the Japanese Consortium of Genetic Epidemiology studies (J-CGE), comprising normal populations. For the analysis of SNP-CRC associations, we utilized 7636 CRC cases and 37 141 controls from five studies in Japan, and undertook a meta-analysis. Mendelian randomization analysis of inverse-variance weighted method indicated that a one-unit (kg/m2 ) increase in genetically predicted BMI was associated with an odds ratio of 1.13 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.20; P value <.001) for CRC using the set of 68 SNPs, and an odds ratio of 1.07 (1.03-1.11, 0.001) for CRC using the set of 654 SNPs. Sensitivity analyses robustly showed increased odds ratios for CRC for every one-unit increase in genetically predicted BMI. Our MR analyses strongly support the evidence that higher BMI influences the risk of CRC. Although Asians are generally leaner than Europeans and North Americans, avoiding higher BMI seems to be important for the prevention of CRC in Asian populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
2.
Sci Adv ; 6(51)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355142

RESUMO

Rs671 in the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene (ALDH2) is the cause of Asian alcohol flushing response after drinking. ALDH2 detoxifies endogenous aldehydes, which are the major source of DNA damage repaired by the Fanconi anemia pathway. Here, we show that the rs671 defective allele in combination with mutations in the alcohol dehydrogenase 5 gene, which encodes formaldehyde dehydrogenase (ADH5FDH ), causes a previously unidentified disorder, AMeD (aplastic anemia, mental retardation, and dwarfism) syndrome. Cellular studies revealed that a decrease in the formaldehyde tolerance underlies a loss of differentiation and proliferation capacity of hematopoietic stem cells. Moreover, Adh5-/-Aldh2 E506K/E506K double-deficient mice recapitulated key clinical features of AMeDS, showing short life span, dwarfism, and hematopoietic failure. Collectively, our results suggest that the combined deficiency of formaldehyde clearance mechanisms leads to the complex clinical features due to overload of formaldehyde-induced DNA damage, thereby saturation of DNA repair processes.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158224

RESUMO

Although socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with cancer risk, little research on this association has been done in Japan. To evaluate the association between SES and digestive tract cancer risk, we conducted a case-control study for head and neck, esophageal, stomach, and colorectal cancers in 3188 cases and the same number of age- and sex-matched controls within the framework of the Hospital-based Epidemiological Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center III (HERPACC III). We employed the education level and areal deprivation index (ADI) as SES indicators. The association was evaluated with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by conditional logistic models adjusted for potential confounders. Even after allowance for known cancer risk factors, the education level showed linear inverse associations with head and neck, stomach, and colorectal cancers. Compared to those educated to junior high school, those with higher education showed statistically significantly lower risks of cancer (0.43 (95% CI: 0.27-0.68) for head and neck, 0.52 (0.38-0.69) for stomach, and 0.52 (0.38-0.71) for colorectum). Consistent with these results for the educational level, the ADI in quintiles showed positive associations with head and neck, esophageal, and stomach cancers (p-trend: p = 0.035 for head and neck, p = 0.02 for esophagus, and p = 0.013 for stomach). Interestingly, the positive association between ADI and stomach cancer risk disappeared in the additional adjustment for Helicobacter pylori infection and/or atrophic gastritis status. In conclusion, a lower SES was associated with an increased risk of digestive cancers in Japan and should be considered in cancer prevention policies for the target population.

4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3175, 2020 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581250

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Japan. To identify risk loci, we perform a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies comprising 2,039 pancreatic cancer patients and 32,592 controls in the Japanese population. Here, we identify 3 (13q12.2, 13q22.1, and 16p12.3) genome-wide significant loci (P < 5.0 × 10-8), of which 16p12.3 has not been reported in the Western population. The lead single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at 16p12.3 is rs78193826 (odds ratio = 1.46, 95% confidence interval = 1.29-1.66, P = 4.28 × 10-9), an Asian-specific, nonsynonymous glycoprotein 2 (GP2) gene variant. Associations between selected GP2 gene variants and pancreatic cancer are replicated in 10,822 additional cases and controls of East Asian origin. Functional analyses using cell lines provide supporting evidence of the effect of rs78193826 on KRAS activity. These findings suggest that GP2 gene variants are probably associated with pancreatic cancer susceptibility in populations of East Asian ancestry.


Assuntos
Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Loci Gênicos , Pleiotropia Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
5.
J Epidemiol ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a reported risk factor for various health problems. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified numerous independent loci associated with body mass index (BMI). However, most of these have been focused on Europeans, and little evidence is available on the genetic effects across the life course of other ethnicities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the associations of 282 GWAS-identified single nucleotide polymorphisms with three BMI-related traits, current BMI, BMI at 20 years old (BMI at 20) and change in BMI (BMI change), among 11 586 Japanese individuals enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort study. Associations were examined using multivariable linear regression models. RESULTS: We found a significant association (P < 0.05/282 = 1.77×10-4) between BMI and 11 polymorphisms in or near FTO, BDNF, TMEM18, HS6ST3, and BORCS7. The trend was similar between current BMI and BMI change, but differed from that of the BMI at 20. Among the significant variants, those on FTO were associated with all BMI traits, whereas those on TMEM18 and HS6SR3 were only associated with BMI at 20. The association of FTO loci with BMI remained even after additional adjustment for dietary energy intake. CONCLUSIONS: Previously reported BMI-associated loci discovered in Europeans were also identified in the Japanese population. Additionally, our results suggest that the effects of each loci on BMI may vary across the life course and that this variation may be caused by the differential effects of individual genes on BMI via different pathways.

6.
Cancer Res ; 80(7): 1601-1610, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005715

RESUMO

A genetic variant on aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2 rs671, Glu504Lys) contributes to carcinogenesis after alcohol consumption. Somewhat conversely, the ALDH2 Lys allele also confers a protective effect against alcohol-induced carcinogenesis by decreasing alcohol consumption due to acetaldehyde-related adverse effects. Here, we applied a mediation analysis to five case-control studies for head and neck, esophageal, stomach, small intestine, and colorectal cancers, with 4,099 cases and 6,065 controls, and explored the potentially heterogeneous impact of alcohol drinking on digestive tract carcinogenesis by decomposing the total effect of the ALDH2 Lys allele on digestive tract cancer risk into the two opposing effects of the carcinogenic effect (direct effect) and the protective effect (indirect effect mediated by drinking behavior). Alcohol was associated with an increased risk of most digestive tract cancers, but significant direct effects were observed only for upper gastrointestinal tract cancer risk, and varied substantially by site, with ORs (95% confidence interval) of 1.83 (1.43-2.36) for head and neck cancer, 21.15 (9.11-49.12) for esophageal cancer, and 1.65 (1.38-1.96) for stomach cancer. In contrast, a significant protective indirect effect was observed on risk for all cancers, except small intestine cancer. These findings suggest that alcohol is a major risk factor for digestive tract cancers, but its impact as a surrogate for acetaldehyde exposure appears heterogeneous by site. Meanwhile, the behavior-related effect of the ALDH2 Lys allele results in a decreased risk of most digestive tract cancers. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings support that genetic alcohol avoidance is a factor against alcohol-induced cancers.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Acetaldeído/metabolismo , Acetaldeído/toxicidade , Adulto , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Etanol/metabolismo , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
7.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1981-1987, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177299

RESUMO

Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is associated with an increased risk of gastric malignant lymphoma. The chronic inflammation of gastric mucosa by H. pylori infection induces lymphomagenesis. Although this chronic mucosal inflammation also results in atrophic gastritis, evidence supporting the possible significance of atrophic gastritis in gastric lymphomagenesis is scarce. Here, to evaluate the association between gastric mucosal atrophy and the risk of gastric lymphoma, we conducted a matched case-control study at Aichi Cancer Center focusing on the attribution of H. pylori infection status and pepsinogen (PG) serum levels. In total, 86 patients with gastric lymphoma (including 49 cases of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and 24 cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)) and 1720 non-cancer controls were included. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were assessed by conditional logistic regression analysis with adjustment for potential confounders. Results failed to show a statistically significant association between atrophic gastritis and the risk of gastric lymphoma. The adjusted ORs of positive atrophic gastritis relative to negative for overall gastric lymphoma, MALT lymphoma, DLBCL, and other lymphomas were 0.77 (95% CI 0.45-1.33), 0.65 (0.30-1.39), 1.03 (0.38-2.79), and 0.84 (0.22-3.29), respectively. In contrast, a positive association between overall gastric lymphoma and H. pylori infection was observed (OR = 2.14, 95% CI 1.30-3.54). A consistent association was observed for MALT lymphoma, DLBCL, and other lymphomas with ORs of 1.96 (1.00-3.86), 1.92 (0.74-4.95), and 5.80 (1.12-30.12), respectively. These findings suggest that H. pylori infection triggers gastric lymphoma but that epithelial changes due to atrophic gastritis do not inherently affect the development of gastric lymphoma.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinogênese/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/complicações , Gastrite Atrófica/diagnóstico , Gastrite Atrófica/microbiologia , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Helicobacter pylori/fisiologia , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/etiologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/microbiologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/etiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/microbiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/etiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/microbiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pepsinogênio A/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
8.
Carcinogenesis ; 37(11): 1098-1109, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27559111

RESUMO

Mesotheliomas are frequently characterized by disruption of Hippo pathway due to deletion and/or mutation in genes, such as neurofibromin 2 ( NF2 ). Hippo disruption attenuates yes-associated protein (YAP) phosphorylation allowing YAP to translocate to the nucleus and regulate gene expression. The role of disrupted Hippo pathway in maintenance of established mesotheliomas has been extensively investigated using cell lines; however, its involvement in development of human mesothelioma has not been explored much. Here, we employed immortalized human mesothelial cells to disrupt Hippo pathway. YAP phosphorylation was reduced on NF2 knockdown and the cells exhibited altered growth in vitro , developing tumors when transplanted into nude mice. Similar results were obtained from enforced expression of wild-type or constitutively active (S127A) YAP, indicating the crucial role of activated YAP in the transformation of mesothelial cells. Gene expression analysis comparing control- and YAP-transduced immortalized human mesothelial cells revealed phospholipase-C beta 4 ( PLCB4 ) to be among the genes highly upregulated by YAP. PLCB4 was upregulated by YAP in immortalized human mesothelial cells and downregulated on YAP knockdown in Hippo-disrupted mesothelioma cell lines. PLCB4 knockdown attenuated the growth of YAP-transduced immortalized mesothelial cells and YAP-active, but not YAP-nonactive, mesothelioma cell lines. Our model system thus provides a versatile tool to investigate the mechanisms underlying mesothelioma development. We suggest that PLCB4 may be an attractive drug target for the treatment of mesothelioma.

9.
Cancer Sci ; 107(8): 1072-8, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27223899

RESUMO

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) develops in human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) carriers. Although the HTLV-1-encoded HBZ gene is critically involved, HBZ alone is insufficient and additional, cooperative "hits" are required for the development of ATL. Candidate cooperative hits are being defined, but methods to rapidly explore their roles in ATL development in collaboration with HBZ are lacking. Here, we present a new mouse model of acute type ATL that can be generated rapidly by transplanting in vitro-induced T cells that have been retrovirally transduced with HBZ and two cooperative genes, BCLxL and AKT, into mice. Co-transduction of HBZ and BCLxL/AKT allowed these T cells to grow in vitro in the absence of cytokines (Flt3-ligand and interleukin-7), which did not occur with any two-gene combination. Although transplanted T cells were a mixture of cells transduced with different combinations of the genes, tumors that developed in mice were composed of HBZ/BCLxL/AKT triply transduced T cells, showing the synergistic effect of the three genes. The genetic/epigenetic landscape of ATL has only recently been elucidated, and the roles of additional "hits" in ATL pathogenesis remain to be explored. Our model provides a versatile tool to examine the roles of these hits, in collaboration with HBZ, in the development of acute ATL.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/patologia , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Retroviridae/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Linfócitos T/transplante , Transdução Genética , Proteína bcl-X/metabolismo , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Células Clonais/imunologia , Células Clonais/metabolismo , Células Clonais/patologia , Citocinas , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , Proteínas dos Retroviridae/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Proteína bcl-X/genética
10.
Exp Hematol ; 41(8): 731-741.e9, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23583576

RESUMO

Evidence is accumulating that hematologic malignancies develop following acquisition of multiple genetic changes. Despite providing many insights into the way by which given genetic changes contribute to the development of disease, the generation of animal models is often laborious. We show a simplified method that allows the retroviral transduction of genes of interest into mouse B or T cells, thus leading to the rapid generation of models of lymphoid neoplasm in mice. Specifically, germinal center B cells induced in vitro from naive mouse B cells and infected with retroviruses for Myc and Bcl2 rapidly developed a neoplasm of immunoglobulin-expressing mature B cells in transplanted mice. Likewise, T cells induced in vitro from immature hematopoietic cells and infected with retroviruses for Myc, Bcl2, and Ccnd1 rapidly developed CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cell neoplasm in transplanted mice. These findings support the use of our simplified method as a versatile tool for lymphoma research.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Linfoma/genética , Retroviridae/genética , Linfócitos T/patologia , Transdução Genética , Animais , Ciclina D1/genética , Genes bcl-2 , Genes myc , Vetores Genéticos , Técnicas In Vitro , Linfoma/patologia , Camundongos
11.
Cancer Sci ; 98(5): 698-706, 2007 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17374122

RESUMO

The TEL (ETV6)-AML1 (RUNX1) chimeric gene fusion is the most common genetic abnormality in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Evidence suggests that this chimeric gene fusion constitutes an initiating mutation that is necessary but insufficient for the development of leukemia. In a search for additional genetic events that could be linked to the development of leukemia, we applied a genome-wide array-comparative genomic hybridization technique to 24 TEL-AML1 leukemia samples and two cell lines. It was found that at least two chromosomal imbalances were involved in all samples. Recurrent regions of chromosomal imbalance (>10% of cases) and representative involved genes were gain of chromosomes 10 (17%) and 21q (25%; RUNX1) and loss of 12p13.2 (87%; TEL), 9p21.3 (29%; p16INK4a/ARF), 9p13.2 (25%; PAX5), 12q21.3 (25%; BTG1), 3p21 (21%; LIMD1), 6q21 (17%; AIM1 and BLIMP1), 4q31.23 (17%; NR3C2), 11q22-q23 (13%; ATM) and 19q13.11-q13.12 (13%; PDCD5). Enforced expression of TEL and to a lesser extent BTG1, both single genes known to be located in their respective minimum common region of loss, inhibited proliferation of the TEL-AML1 cell line Reh. Together, these findings suggest that some of the genes identified as lost by array-comparative genomic hybridization may partly account for the development of leukemia.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 12 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21 , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deleção Cromossômica , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
12.
Cancer Sci ; 97(6): 499-504, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16734728

RESUMO

Amplification of 2p has been observed as a recurrent alteration in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Whereas two candidate oncogenes, REL and BCL11A, have been investigated as targets for 2p amplification, the question remains as to whether the true target gene in the amplicon is REL, BCL11A or both. We previously identified frequent genomic gains of chromosomal 2p in 25 out of 99 DLBCL cases by means of genome-wide array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). All of these 25 cases included recurrent copy number gain at 2p15-16. In the study presented here, cases were analyzed in greater detail by means of contig bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) array CGH for the 4.5-Mb region at 2p15-16, which contained 33 BAC clones. We confined the minimal common region to 500-kb in length, where only the candidate oncogene REL, and not BCL11A, is located. Real-time quantitative PCR was carried out to investigate the correlation between genomic gain and expression. It showed a significant correlation for both genes, indicating that these two genes are common targets for the 2p15-16 amplicon. However, given the fact that REL is more frequently amplified than BCL11A, the REL gene may play a more important role than BCL11A in the pathogenesis of DLBCL.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Cromossomos Artificiais Bacterianos , Humanos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
13.
Clin Cancer Res ; 11(23): 8265-72, 2005 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16322284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increases in gene dosage through DNA amplification represents a common feature of many tumors and can result in the up-regulation of tumor-promoting genes. Our recent genome-wide, array-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis of 66 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma found that genomic gain of 6p21 was observed in as many as 17 cases, including 14 cases with low-level copy number gain and three cases with high-level copy number gains (amplifications). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND RESULTS: To identify the target gene(s) for 6p21 amplification, we constructed a detailed amplicon map at the region of genomic amplification with the aid of high-resolution contig array-based comparative genomic hybridization glass slides, consisting of contiguously ordered bacterial artificial chromosome/P1-derived artificial chromosome clones covering 3 Mb throughout the 6p21 amplification region. Alignment of the amplifications identified a minimally overlapping 800 kb segment containing 15 genes. Quantitative expression analysis of the genes from both patient samples and the SUDHL9 cell line revealed that CCND3 and BYSL (1.9 kb telomeric to the CCND3 gene locus) are the targets of 6p21 genomic gain/amplification. CONCLUSIONS: Although it is known that t(6;14)(p21;q32) induces aberrant overexpression of CCND3 in B-cell malignancies, we were able to show that CCND3, which encodes the cyclin D family member protein that controls the G1-S phase of cell cycle regulation, can also be a target of genomic gain/amplification. Overexpression of CCND3 through genomic amplification is likely to lead to aberrant cell cycle control, although the precise biological role of BYSL with respect to tumorigenesis remains to be determined.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 6/genética , Ciclinas/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Northern Blotting , Southern Blotting , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos Artificiais Bacterianos , Ciclina D3 , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Oncogene ; 23(14): 2576-81, 2004 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14691450

RESUMO

Genetic amplification at chromosome 8p23.1 has been reported in some solid tumors. Translocation of 8p23.1 has also been reported in hematological malignancies and head and neck squamous cell cancer. In an attempt to clarify whether this translocation is implicated in lymphomagenesis, we performed FISH analysis of the immunoblastic B-cell lymphoma cell line OCI-LY8, which has chromosome translocation at 8p23.1, with various BAC clones. We found split signals on BAC, RP11-18L2 where the MASL1 gene is located. This translocation was found to produce a chimeric transcript of MASL1 exon 1 with a cryptic exon from the genome region at 14q21. Our study indicates that MASL1 is not only a target gene for genomic amplification but also for chromosomal translocation. Since tumorigenic activity of the MASL1 has not been proven, its in vitro transforming activity was studied and in vivo nude mice assay were performed. Although no in vitro transforming activity was detected by focus formation, the in vivo tumorigenesis assay with nude mice showed that both MASL1 and chimeric MASL1 possess tumorigenic activity. This suggests that MASL1 is an important oncogene not only for solid tumors but also for hematologic malignancies.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Oncogenes , Translocação Genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Mapeamento Cromossômico , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células NIH 3T3 , Transplante de Neoplasias , Proteínas Oncogênicas/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo
15.
Oncogene ; 22(50): 8085-92, 2003 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14603249

RESUMO

t(11; 18) (q21; q21) is a chromosomal aberration specific to low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and generates the chimeric product apoptosis inhibitor 2 (API2)-MALT1, which has been suggested to play an important role in MALT lymphomagenesis. However, little is known about the characteristics of API2, MALT1, and API2-MALT1 proteins. We therefore investigated the subcellular localization and stability of these products. API2 was localized in the nucleus and the cytoplasm, and MALT1 and API2-MALT1 in the cytoplasm only. Western blot analysis showed that the products of API2 and MALT1 were unstable, while the API2-MALT1 product was stable. The API2 deletion mutants at the end of the C-terminal and the MALT1 deletion mutants at the end of the N-terminal were stable compared with the full-length products. These results indicate that the domains responsible for protein instability are located in the end of the C-terminal of API2 and in that of the N-terminal of MALT1, and also that API2-MALT1 became stable because it lacks these domains. It has been suggested that NF-kappaB activation plays an important role in the tumorigenesis of MALT lymphoma. Our findings further suggest that the stabilized expression of API2-MALT1 products may continuously stimulate the NF-kappaB activating pathway, thus leading to MALT lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 11 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18 , Instabilidade Genômica , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Translocação Genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/fisiologia , Western Blotting , Caspases , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Proteína de Translocação 1 do Linfoma de Tecido Linfoide Associado à Mucosa , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo
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