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1.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484572

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this pilot prospective cohort study was to investigate the effects of parafunctional masseter muscle activity on periodontitis progression among patients receiving supporting periodontal therapy (SPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data of patients treated at Okayama University Hospital from August 2014 to September 2018. The progression group was defined as patients with ≥2 teeth demonstrating a longitudinal loss of proximal attachment of ≥3 mm during the 3-year study period and/or at least one tooth extraction due to periodontitis progression. Surface electromyography of masseter muscles at baseline was continuously recorded while patients were awake and asleep. RESULTS: We analysed 48 patients (36 females) aged 66.8 ± 9.1 years (mean ± SD). The rate of parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours and sleeping hours at baseline was 60.4% and 52.1%, respectively. Cox's proportional hazards regression model showed that the incidence of periodontitis progression was significantly associated with number of teeth present (p = 0.001) and parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours (p = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours is a risk factor for periodontitis progression among patients receiving SPT.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466244

RESUMO

Although some studies showed that lifestyle was associated with oral health behavior, few studies investigated the association between household type and oral health behavior. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between household type, oral health behavior, and periodontal status among Japanese university students. Data were obtained from 377 students who received oral examinations and self-questionnaires in 2016 and 2019. We assessed periodontal status using the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP), probing pocket depth, oral hygiene status, oral health behaviors, and related factors. We used structural equation modeling to determine the association between household type, oral health behaviors, gingivitis, and periodontitis. At follow-up, 252 students did not live with their families. The mean ± standard deviation of %BOP was 35.5 ± 24.7 at baseline and 32.1 ± 25.3 at follow-up. In the final model, students living with their families were significantly more likely to receive regular dental checkup than those living alone. Regular checkup affected the decrease in calculus. The decrease in calculus affected the decrease in %BOP over 3 years. Living with family was directly associated with regular dental checkups and indirectly contributed to gingival status among Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Características da Família , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estudantes , Adolescente , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702010

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to examine whether oral hygiene knowledge, and the source of that knowledge, affect oral hygiene behavior in university students in Japan. An oral exam and questionnaire survey developed to evaluate oral hygiene knowledge, the source of that knowledge, and oral hygiene behavior, such as the frequency of tooth brushing and regular dental checkups and the use of dental floss, was conducted on university student volunteers. In total, 310 students with poor tooth brushing behavior (frequency of tooth brushing per day [≤ once]), 1,963 who did not use dental floss, and 1,882 who did not receive regular dental checkup during the past year were selected. Among these students, 50, 364, and 343 in each respective category were analyzed in over the 3-year study period (follow-up rates: 16.1%, 18.5%, and 18.2%, respectively). The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for oral hygiene behavior were calculated based on oral hygiene knowledge and the source of that knowledge using logistic regression models. The results showed that dental clinics were the most common (> 50%) source of oral hygiene knowledge, and that a more frequent use of dental floss was significantly associated with dental clinics being a source of oral hygiene knowledge (OR, 4.11; 95%CI, 1.871-9.029; p < 0.001). In addition, a significant association was seen between dental clinics being a source of oral hygiene knowledge and more frequent regular dental checkups (OR, 13.626; 95%CI, 5.971-31.095; p < 0.001). These findings suggest the existence of a relationship between dental clinics being the most common source of oral hygiene knowledge and improved oral hygiene behavior in Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Higiene Bucal , Estudantes , Universidades , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Escovação Dentária
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466124

RESUMO

The purpose of this 3-year prospective cohort study was to explore the relationship between an increase in dental caries and oral microbiome among Japanese university students. We analyzed 487 students who volunteered to receive oral examinations and answer baseline (2013) and follow-up (2016) questionnaires. Of these students, salivary samples were randomly collected from 55 students at follow-up and analyzed using next-generation sequencing. Students were divided into two groups: increased group (Δdecayed, missing, and filled teeth (ΔDMFT) score increased during the 3-year period) and non-increased group (ΔDMFT did not increase). Thirteen phyla, 21 classes, 32 orders, 48 families, 72 genera, and 156 species were identified. Microbial diversity in the increased group (n = 14) was similar to that in the non-increased group (n = 41). Relative abundances of the family Prevotellaceae (p = 0.007) and genera Alloprevotella (p = 0.007) and Dialister (p = 0.039) were enriched in the increased group compared with the non-increased group. Some bacterial taxonomic clades were differentially present between the two groups. These results may contribute to the development of new dental caries prevention strategies, including the development of detection kits and enlightenment activities for these bacteria.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Microbiota , Adolescente , Bactérias , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Boca/microbiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Saliva , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349308

RESUMO

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sleep quality and duration, and periodontal disease among a group of young Japanese university students. First-year students (n = 1934) at Okayama University who voluntarily underwent oral health examinations were included in the analysis. Sleep quality and duration were assessed by the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Dentists examined Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified (OHI-S), probing pocket depth (PPD), and percentage of sites with bleeding on probing (BOP). Periodontal disease was defined as presence of PPD ≥ 4 mm and BOP ≥ 30%. Overall, 283 (14.6%) students had periodontal disease. Poor sleep quality was observed among 372 (19.2%) students. Mean (± standard deviation) sleep duration was 7.1 ± 1.1 (hours/night). In the logistic regression analysis, periodontal disease was significantly associated with OHI-S (odds ratio [OR]: 2.30, 95% confident interval [CI]: 1.83-2.90; p < 0.001), but not sleep quality (OR: 1.09, 95% CI: 0.79-1.53; p = 0.577) or sleep duration (OR: 0.98, CI: 0.87-1.10; p = 0.717). In conclusion, sleep quality and duration were not associated with periodontal disease among this group of young Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Sono , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Estudantes , Universidades
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182740

RESUMO

The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the influence of the salivary microbiome on the worsening of the periodontal health status among Japanese young adults. We assessed the data of systemically healthy and non-smoking young (18-22 years) university students (n = 457) from Okayama University at baseline (2013) and follow-up (2016). The worsening group was defined based on an increase in the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP) or an increase in probing pocket depth (PPD) from <4 mm to ≥4 mm. Unstimulated saliva samples were randomly collected from 69 students for microbiome analysis at follow-up. The salivary microbiome was assessed through 16S rRNA metagenomic sequencing. The type of community in the salivary microbiome clustered by statistical analysis and diversity was not significantly associated with the worsening of the periodontal health status in cases of increasing %BOP and PPD (p > 0.05). The prevalence of some species was significantly higher in the worsening group than in the non-worsening group (p < 0.05) in both cases. The worsening of the periodontal health status was associated with some species, but not the type of community and diversity in the salivary microbiome among Japanese young adults.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Microbiota , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Saliva , Adulto Jovem
7.
Sleep Med ; 68: 57-62, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sleep bruxism, a major sleep disorder that causes serious harm to oral health, is considered a multifactorial disease. Sleep bruxism can be induced by smoking, which also adversely affects sleep quality. The objective of present study was to clarify the associations between sleep bruxism, sleep quality, and exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). METHODS: To assess the prevalence of sleep bruxism, sleep quality, and SHS exposure, we conducted oral examinations and self-report questionnaires on university students in Japan. Sleep bruxism and quality were screened using the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the third edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3). The inclusion criteria were adults aged between 18 and 19 years, non-smokers and non-alcohol drinkers. The exclusion criteria was failing to complete the questionnaire in full. RESULTS: We analyzed a total of 1781 Japanese young adults. Young adult females who had been exposed to SHS had worse sleep quality (p = 0.019) than those who had not. Young adult female with worse sleep quality showed a higher prevalence of sleep bruxism (p = 0.034) than those with better sleep quality. Using structural equation modeling, direct associations were identified between SHS exposure and poor sleep quality (standardized coefficients, 0.153; p = 0.008) and between sleep bruxism and poor sleep quality (standardized coefficients, 0.187; p = 0.022) in young adult females. However, no association was found among young adult males. CONCLUSION: SHS exposure is indirectly associated with sleep bruxism through poor sleep quality in Japanese young adult females.

8.
Qual Life Res ; 28(12): 3213-3224, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359239

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This prospective cohort study of Japanese university students aimed to identify factors that might affect oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and longitudinal relationships over a period of 3 years. METHODS: Students (n = 487) provided complete data before entering and 3 years later (before university graduation) participated in the present study. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) scores, community periodontal index, ratios (%) of teeth with bleeding on probing, and malocclusion were determined during oral examinations. The questionnaire addressed age, sex, self-rated oral health, oral health behavior, subjective oral symptoms, and OHRQoL determined using the oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14. Associations were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). RESULTS: The OHRQoL significantly worsened according to OHIP-14 total score (p = 0.001). The final model in the symptoms of SEM analysis showed that OHRQoL at follow-up positively correlated with OHRQoL at baseline. Self-rated oral health was directly associated with the OHRQoL at baseline (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that OHRQoL at baseline was a direct predictor, and that self-rated oral health were indirect predictors of OHRQoL at follow-up among Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Oral Sci ; 61(1): 133-139, 2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814390

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the presence of gingivitis estimated using the salivary level of lactate dehydrogenase (LD) and related factors in young Japanese adults. Data from 1,915 participants (21.4 ± 2.5 years) were analyzed. Unstimulated saliva was collected from each participant and the salivary LD level was evaluated using a commercially available test kit with an integer scale ranging from 1 to 10. Gingivitis was defined as the LD level of ≥8. The number of permanent teeth, the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), the presence of partially erupted molars and body mass index were recorded. Additionally, participants answered a questionnaire. The percentage of male participants, the number of permanent teeth, the OHI-S and the presence of partially erupted molars were higher, whereas the proportion receiving dental check-ups was lower in the gingivitis group (n = 88, 4.6%) than in the healthy group. Logistic regression analysis showed that gingivitis was significantly associated with OHI-S (OR: 2.68, 95% CI: 1.94-3.69) and receiving dental checkups (OR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.10-0.99). The present findings indicated that the OHI-S and receiving dental checkups were significantly associated with gingivitis, as assessed by the salivary LD level, in this cohort.


Assuntos
Gengivite/enzimologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Saliva/enzimologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Japão , Índice de Higiene Oral , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813621

RESUMO

Bruxism is a parafunctional activity that can seriously affect quality of life. Although bruxism induces many problems in the oral and maxillofacial area, whether it contributes to the onset of malocclusion remains unclear. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between the onset of malocclusion and awareness of clenching during the daytime in young adults. Among 1,092 Okayama University students who underwent normal occlusion at baseline, we analysed 238 who had undergone a dental examination and had complete data after 3 years (2013⁻2016). We also performed subgroup analysis to focus on the association between awake bruxism and the onset of crowding (n = 216). Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression analyses. The incidences of malocclusion and crowding were 53.8% and 44.5%, respectively. In multivariate logistic regression, awareness of clenching was a risk factor for crowding (OR: 3.63; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08⁻12.17). Moreover, underweight (body mass index < 18.5 kg/m²) was related to the onset of malocclusion (OR: 2.34; 95%CI: 1.11⁻4.92) and crowding (OR: 2.52, 95%CI: 1.25⁻5.76). These results suggest that awareness of clenching during the daytime and underweight are risk factors for the onset of crowding in young adults.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Molecules ; 23(7)2018 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29937485

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest that the commensal microbiota affects not only host energy metabolism and development of immunity but also bone remodeling by positive regulation of osteoclast activity. However, the mechanism of regulation of bone cells by the commensal microbiota has not been elucidated. In this study, 8-week-old specific pathogen-free (SPF) and germ-free (GF) mice were compared in terms of alveolar bones and primary osteoblasts isolated from calvarias. Micro-CT analysis showed that SPF mice had larger body size associated with lower bone mineral density and bone volume fraction in alveolar bones compared with GF mice. Greater numbers of osteoclasts in alveolar bone and higher serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b were observed in SPF mice. Tissue extracts from SPF alveolar bone showed higher levels of cathepsin K, indicating higher osteoclast activity. SPF alveolar extracts also showed elevated levels of γ-carboxylated glutamic acid⁻osteocalcin as a marker of mature osteoblasts compared with GF mice. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array analysis of RNA directly isolated from alveolar bone showed that in SPF mice, expression of mRNA of osteocalcin, which also acts as an inhibitor of bone mineralization, was strongly enhanced compared with GF mice. Cultured calvarial osteoblasts from SPF mice showed reduced mineralization but significantly enhanced expression of mRNAs of osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, insulin-like growth factor-I/II, and decreased ratio of osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand compared with GF mice. Furthermore, PCR array analyses of transcription factors in cultured calvarial osteoblasts showed strongly upregulated expression of Forkhead box g1. In contrast, Gata-binding protein 3 was strongly downregulated in SPF osteoblasts. These results suggest that the commensal microbiota prevents excessive mineralization possibly by stimulating osteocalcin expression in osteoblasts, and enhances both osteoblast and osteoclast activity by regulating specific transcription factors.


Assuntos
Remodelação Óssea/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Vida Livre de Germes , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Simbiose/fisiologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/genética , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Catepsina K/genética , Catepsina K/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/microbiologia , Osteocalcina/genética , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/citologia , Osteoclastos/microbiologia , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/genética , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
12.
J Periodontol ; 89(10): 1213-1220, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Commensal flora are involved in the appropriate development of the mature immune system. However, it is unclear how commensal flora contribute to immune responses against periodontal pathogens, including the response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of immune responses after topical application of LPS in germ-free (GF) and specific-pathogen-free (SPF) mice. METHODS: GF and SPF mice at 8 weeks of age were randomly divided into four groups each: a baseline group (n = 4/group) and three experimental groups (n = 6/group). Experimental groups received topical application of Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (10 µg/µL) into the palatal gingival sulcus. Sampling was performed before LPS application (baseline) and at 3, 24, or 72 hours after LPS application. The numbers of neutrophils, CD4+ , and CD8+ T cells in periodontal tissue were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Expression of genes encoding cytokines, chemokines, and a transcription factor was determined by real-time PCR. RESULTS: SPF mice, but not GF mice, showed an increased number of CD4+ T cells in the periodontal tissue at 3 hours after LPS application, compared with the number at baseline (p < 0.05). Gene expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (Tnf-α) and forkhead box protein p3 (Foxp3) was also significantly higher in the SPF mice than in the GF mice at 3 hours after LPS application (p < 0.05). The number of neutrophils peaked at 24 hours in both GF and SPF mice. CONCLUSIONS: LPS-exposed SPF mice exhibited increases in the number of CD4+ T cells and in Tnf-α and Foxp3 gene expression in periodontal tissue compared with LPS-exposed GF mice.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Periodonto , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Simbiose
13.
Folia Microbiol (Praha) ; 63(5): 587-597, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29532421

RESUMO

Severe oral mucositis occurs frequently in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). Oral mucosal bacteria can be associated with progression of oral mucositis, and systemic infection may occur via ulcerative oral mucositis. However, little information is available regarding the oral microbiota after HCT. Here, PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) was performed to characterize the oral mucosal microbiota, which can be affected by antibiotics, before and after HCT. Sixty reduced-intensity HCT patients were enrolled. Three patients with the least antibiotic use (quinolone prophylaxis and/or ß-lactam monotherapy group) and three patients with the most antibiotic use (ß-lactam-glycopeptide combination therapy group) were selected. Bacterial DNA samples obtained from the oral mucosa before and after HCT were subjected to PCR-DGGE. The trajectory of oral mucositis was evaluated. The oral mucosal microbiota in the ß-lactam-glycopeptide combination therapy group was different from that in the quinolone prophylaxis and/or ß-lactam monotherapy group, and Staphylococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. were identified. Lautropia mirabilis was dominant in one patient. Ulcerative oral mucositis was observed only in the ß-lactam-glycopeptide combination therapy group. In conclusion, especially with the use of strong antibiotics, such as glycopeptides, the oral mucosal microbiota differed completely from that under normal conditions and consisted of Staphylococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., and unexpectedly L. mirabilis. The normal oral microbiota consists not only of bacteria, but these unexpected bacteria could be involved in the pathophysiology as well as systemic infection via oral mucositis. Our results can be used as the basis for future studies in larger patient populations.


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Bucal/microbiologia , Estomatite/microbiologia , Estomatite/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Glicopeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quinolonas/efeitos adversos , Quinolonas/uso terapêutico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/patologia , beta-Lactamas/efeitos adversos , beta-Lactamas/uso terapêutico
14.
Arch Oral Biol ; 87: 72-78, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29274620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Increasing age is a potential risk factor for periodontal tissue breakdown, which may be affected by commensal flora. The aim of this study evaluated age-related changes in CD4+ T cells, C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), interleukin (IL)-17A, and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) expression using germ-free (GF) and conventionally reared (SPF) mice. DESIGN: GF and SPF mice at 8 (n = 6/group) and 22 weeks old (n = 6/group) were used. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed to determine the effects of aging on protein expression in periodontal tissues. Age-related changes in alveolar bone were quantified using micro-CT analysis. RESULTS: SPF mice, but not GF mice, showed an age-related increase in alveolar bone loss (P < 0.01). SPF mice at 22 weeks of age increased expression of CD4+ T cells, CCL5, IL-17A, and RANKL compared to those at 8 weeks of age in connective tissue and alveolar bone surface (P < 0.01). Furthermore, there was increased CD4+ T cells, which were co-expressed with IL-17A and RANKL in SPF mice at 22 weeks of age. On the other hand, the GF mice did not show any significant differences in CD4+ T cells, CCL5, IL-17A and RANKL expression between the two age groups. CONCLUSIONS: SPF mice induced an age-related increase in CD4+ T cells co- expressed with IL-17A and RANKL, with occurring alveolar bone loss. In contrast, GF mice did not show age-related changes in CD4+ T cell migration and cytokine expression.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Periodonto/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Fatores Etários , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Quimiocina CCL5/metabolismo , Camundongos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Microtomografia por Raio-X
15.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0188171, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29145468

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only). METHODS: The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital. The periodontal treatment group (n = 20) received non-surgical periodontal therapy, including scaling and root planing plus oral hygiene instructions, and consecutive supportive periodontal therapy at 3 and 6 months. The control group (n = 17) received only oral hygiene instructions without treatment during the experimental period. The primary study outcome was the change in HbA1c levels from baseline to 3 months. Secondary outcomes included changes in oxidative stress balance (Oxidative-INDEX), the Diabetes Therapy-Related QOL and clinical periodontal parameters from baseline to 3 months and baseline to 6 months. RESULTS: Changes in HbA1c in the periodontal treatment group were not significantly different with those in the control group at 3 and 6 months. Systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL significantly improved in the periodontal treatment group compared to the control group at 3 months. In the subgroup analysis (moderately poor control of diabetes), the decrease in HbA1c levels in the periodontal treatment group was greater than that in the control group at 3 months but not significant. CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients, non-surgical periodontal treatment improved systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL, but did not decrease HbA1c levels at 3 months follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials UMIN-ICDR UMIN 000013278 (Registered April 1, 2014).


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo , Periodontite/terapia , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/metabolismo , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 12(6): e0179298, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28594914

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior in a group of students at a university in Japan. A total of 2,220 university students (1,276 males, 944 females) volunteered to undergo an oral examination and answer a questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior (e.g., daily frequency of tooth brushing, use of dental floss and regular dental checkups). The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for oral health behavior based on dental knowledge and source of dental knowledge were calculated using logistic regression models. Of the participants, 1,266 (57.0%) students obtained dental knowledge from dental clinics, followed by school (39.2%) and television (29.1%). Logistic regression analyses indicated that use of dental floss was significantly associated with source of dental knowledge from dental clinics (P = 0.006). Receiving regular dental checkups was significantly associated with source of dental knowledge; the positive source was dental clinic (P < 0.001) and the negative sources were school (P = 0.004) and television (P = 0.018). Dental clinic was the most common source of dental knowledge and associated with better oral health behavior among the Japanese university students in this study.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Universidades , Adolescente , Intervalos de Confiança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Adulto Jovem
17.
Dis Markers ; 2017: 9547956, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28337048

RESUMO

Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of a new kit that can evaluate salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LD) level in real time for screening gingivitis. Materials and Methods. The study included 70 systemic healthy volunteers [29 males and 41 females; mean age ± SD: 24.1 ± 2.6 years]. Resting saliva was collected from each participant and LD level was evaluated in real time using the kit (a color-changing sheet with an integer scale ranging from 1 to 10). A dentist measured probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and the proportion of sites with bleeding on probing (% BOP) at six sites on all teeth. Gingivitis was diagnosed when the BOP value was ≥20%. Results. Salivary LD level was positively correlated with mean % BOP (odds ratio: 1.47, 95% confidence interval: 1.132-1.916, and P < 0.001) in a logistic regression model. The sensitivity and specificity of the kit were 0.89 and 0.98, respectively, at a cut-off value of 8.0 for LD level. Conclusions. The new kit for measurement of salivary LD level may be a useful tool to screen for gingivitis in young adults, which contributes to early detection of future periodontitis.


Assuntos
Gengivite/diagnóstico , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/análise , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico/normas , Saliva/química , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 16(1): 127, 2016 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27903265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to elucidate the associations among self-rated oral health, clinical oral health status, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a group of Japanese university students. METHODS: Of 2051 participants, 2027 (98.83%) students received an optional oral examination and answered a questionnaire including items regarding age, sex, self-rated oral health, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and OHRQoL [The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14]. On oral examination, the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) score, Community Periodontal Index (CPI), the percentage of teeth showing bleeding on probing (%BOP), and malocclusion were recorded. Structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis was used to test associations. RESULTS: The mean score (± SD) of OHIP-14 was 1.92 ± 5.47. In the SEM analysis, the final model showed that self-rated oral health, oral pain, malocclusion, and the DMFT score were directly associated with the OHRQoL, and subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and recurrent aphthous stomatitis were both directly and indirectly associated (p < 0.05). CPI, %BOP, and oral health behaviors were excluded from the final model. CONCLUSIONS: OHRQoL was associated with self-related oral health, subjective symptoms of TMD, oral pain and stomatitis, DMFT, and malocclusion in this group of Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Estudantes , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(11)2016 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27854327

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether a Keap1-dependent oxidative stress detector-luciferase (OKD-LUC) mouse model would be useful for the visualization of oxidative stress induced by experimental periodontitis. A ligature was placed around the mandibular first molars for seven days to induce periodontitis. Luciferase activity was measured with an intraperitoneal injection of d-luciferin on days 0, 1, and 7. The luciferase activity in the periodontitis group was significantly greater than that in the control group at seven days. The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and malondialdehyde in periodontal tissue were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the control group. Immunofluorescent analysis confirmed that the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) occurred more frequently in the periodontitis group than in the control group. This study found that under oxidative stress induced by experimental periodontitis, the Nrf2/antioxidant defense pathway was activated and could be visualized from the luciferase activity in the OKD-LUC model. Thus, the OKD-LUC mouse model may be useful for exploring the mechanism underlying the relationship between the Nrf2/antioxidant defense pathway and periodontitis by enabling the visualization of oxidative stress over time.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Luciferases/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica , Estresse Oxidativo , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Luminescência , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Periodontite/patologia
20.
Nutrients ; 8(3): 114, 2016 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26927163

RESUMO

In Japan, comprehensive food education (shokuiku) programs are carried out with the aim of improving dietary practices and thereby reducing the incidence of lifestyle-related diseases, including dental caries. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between knowledge about shokuiku and the increase in dental caries among Japanese university students who had attended a shokuiku program while in junior/senior high school. A total of 562 students volunteered to undergo oral examinations over a three-year follow-up period, during which the number of cases of dental caries were recorded. Additional information was collected using a questionnaire survey regarding knowledge about shokuiku, dietary habits, and oral health behaviors. In logistic regression analysis, males who lacked knowledge about shokuiku had significantly higher odds for dental caries than those who did not (odds ratio (OR), 2.00; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12-3.58; p = 0.019). On the other hand, among females, those who frequently consumed sugar-sweetened soft drinks had significantly higher odds for dental caries than those who did not (OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.05-3.42; p = 0.035). These results suggest that having no knowledge about shokuiku is associated with a risk of increase in dental caries in Japanese male university students.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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